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Canoeing at the 1972 Summer Olympics

At the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, seven events in sprint canoe racing were contested, and for the first time at the Olympic Games, four events in slalom canoeing were also contested, at the Augsburg Eiskanal.

Contents

Medal summaryEdit

SlalomEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Men's C-1
details
Reinhard Eiben
  East Germany
Reinhold Kauder
  West Germany
Jamie McEwan
  United States
Men's C-2
details
Walter Hofmann
and Rolf-Dieter Amend
  East Germany
Hans-Otto Schumacher
and Wilhelm Baues
  West Germany
Jean-Louis Olry
and Jean-Claude Olry
  France
Men's K-1
details
Siegbert Horn
  East Germany
Norbert Sattler
  Austria
Harald Gimpel
  East Germany
Women's K-1
details
Angelika Bahmann
  East Germany
Gisela Grothaus
  West Germany
Magdalena Wunderlich
  West Germany

SprintEdit

Men's eventsEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
C-1 1000 metres
details
Ivan Patzaichin
  Romania
Tamás Wichmann
  Hungary
Detlef Lewe
  West Germany
C-2 1000 metres
details
Vladas Česiūnas
and Yuri Lobanov
  Soviet Union
Ivan Patzaichin
and Serghei Covaliov
  Romania
Fedia Damianov
and Ivan Burtchin
  Bulgaria
K-1 1000 metres
details
Aleksandr Shaparenko
  Soviet Union
Rolf Peterson
  Sweden
Géza Csapó
  Hungary
K-2 1000 metres
details
Nikolai Gorbachev
and Viktor Kratasyuk
  Soviet Union
József Deme
and János Rátkai
  Hungary
Władysław Szuzkiewicz
and Rafał Piszcz
  Poland
K-4 1000 metres
details
  Soviet Union (URS)
Yuri Filatov
Yuri Stetsenko
Volodymyr Morozov
Valeri Didenko
  Romania (ROU)
Aurel Vernescu
Mihai Zafiu
Roman Vartolomeu
Atanase Sciotnic
  Norway (NOR)
Egil Søby
Steinar Amundsen
Tore Berger
Jan Johansen

Women's eventsEdit

Event Gold Silver Bronze
K-1 500 metres
details
Yulia Ryabchinskaya
  Soviet Union
Mieke Jaapies
  Netherlands
Anna Pfeffer
  Hungary
K-2 500 metres
details
Lyudmila Pinayeva
and Yekaterina Kuryshko
  Soviet Union
Ilse Kaschube
and Petra Grabowski
  East Germany
Maria Nichiforov
and Viorica Dumitru
  Romania

Medal tableEdit

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  Soviet Union (URS)6006
2  East Germany (GDR)4116
3  Romania (ROU)1214
4  West Germany (FRG)0325
5  Hungary (HUN)0224
6  Austria (AUT)0101
  Netherlands (NED)0101
  Sweden (SWE)0101
9  Bulgaria (BUL)0011
  France (FRA)0011
  Norway (NOR)0011
  Poland (POL)0011
  United States (USA)0011
Totals (13 nations)11111133


The introduction of slalom: A difficult caseEdit

During the Congress of the International Canoe Federation (ICF) in 1966 that the Deutscher Kanu-Verband (DKV) decides to make all possible efforts to include canoeing slalom at the Olympic Games.

During the 67th Session of the IOC in Mexico in 1968, Canoe Slalom and Wild-Water Racing asked to be included into the Olympic Programme. The ICF presents an exposed about these two disciplines.[1] The meeting decides to add canoe slalom to the program with the restriction that the event must not take place too far from the Olympic city.[2]

If this proposition is accepted at the Session in June 1969 these two events will be part of the canoeing events that will make up one of the 21 sports of the Olympic Program in 1972.

During the Executive Board meeting in 1969 in Lausanne, Mr. de Coquereaumont said that although the slalom could be held in the centre of Munich, but the river-racing event would have to be held in Garmisch, 300 km from Munich. The Executive Board decided to recommend slalom for Munich Olympic Games, but the question would later be reviewed. However, River-racing was not approved.[3]

The Organizing Committee examines the possibility of building the Canoe-Slalom tracks in Munich about 5–6 km from the Olympic Village. The architects and technical staff examine two possibilities on the Isar River in the center of Munich. But in the construction problem there are some technical difficulties. The third possibility is to organize the Canoe-Slalom competition in Augsburg, which is about 64 km from Munich too far of the Olympic Village : referencing to the decision which was taken in 1969 the canoe slalom competition have to be held as near as possible to this Village. IOC decides that Canoe slalom for the Munich Games will be omitted from the programme if they would have to take place in Augsburg.

Finally, IOC gives final approval to organize events on Eiskanal in Augsburg during the Amsterdam's session in 1970 : Request that the Canoe Slalom for the Munich Games 1972 be held at Augsburg because a railway service will be ensured between the Olympic Village and Augsburg and will take 30 minutes. However, the decision will be reviewed for the next Olympic Games.

The slalom events will not take part anymore of the program for the Montreal Games in 1976. This experiment will not be repeated before in 1992 in Barcelona.[4]

Ideological confrontation during slalom eventsEdit

The decision to include canoe slalom events at the Olympic program was taken during the Cold War. Moreover, Germany was the symbol of world division.[5] Consequently, the Olympic events become the scene of a confrontation between the West Germans and East Germans. Each seeking to assert its own ideological model. It was the West German who have the advantage because the Olympic Games take place in Munich and slalom events take place at Augsburg on Eiskanal. So, they used to train in this whitewater stadium. However, the East German National Federation canoe sends his national coach, Mr. Lempert in West-Germany. He pretends to be an entrepreneur of the International Canoe Federation. He can reproduce the plans of Eiskanal. A reproduction of the whitewater stadium is built around Zwickau.[6] The both Germanys are again equal. Finally it is the East Germans who win with four gold medals and one bronze against three silver medals and one bronze for West Germany.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ library.la84.org/OlympicInformationCenter/OlympicReview/1969
  2. ^ library.la84.org/OlympicInformationCenter/OlympicReview/1968
  3. ^ Minutes of the meeting of the executive board in Lausanne in 1969, Archives of olympic studies centre
  4. ^ www.olympic.org Archived February 14, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ Maurice VAÏSSE, Les relations internationales depuis 1945, Pars, A. Collin, 2002 (1ère éd. 1990), p.81.
  6. ^ Sportspionage bei Olympia 1972 - Einestages.spiegel.de

See alsoEdit