Cannonball Baker Sea-To-Shining-Sea Memorial Trophy Dash

The Cannonball Baker Sea-To-Shining-Sea Memorial Trophy Dash, widely known as the Cannonball Baker or Cannonball Run, was an unofficial, unsanctioned automobile race run five times in the 1970s from New York City and Darien, Connecticut, on the East Coast of the United States to the Portofino Inn in Redondo Beach, California. The Cannonball Run races have additionally inspired numerous contemporary efforts by independent teams to set the record time for the route, known as the Cannonball Run Challenge.

Conceived by car magazine writer and auto racer Brock Yates and fellow Car and Driver editor Steve Smith, the first run was not a competitive race as only one team was running. The run was intended both as a celebration of the United States Interstate Highway System and as a protest against strict traffic laws coming into effect at the time. Another motivation was the fun involved, which showed in the tongue-in-cheek reports in Car and Driver and other auto publications worldwide. The initial cross-country run was made by Yates; his son, Brock Yates, Jr.; Steve Smith; and friend Jim Williams beginning on May 3, 1971, in a 1971 Dodge Custom Sportsman van called the "Moon Trash II."[1]

The race was run four more times: November 15, 1971;[2] November 13, 1972;[3] April 23, 1975;[4] and April 1, 1979.[5]

Car and Driver magazine detailed the November 1971 running in its March 1972 issue.[6] That article was reprinted to represent the 1970s on the magazine's 50th anniversary in 2005. A remarkable effort was made by American racing legend Dan Gurney, winner of the 1967 24 hours of Le Mans. He won the second Cannonball in a Ferrari Daytona. Gurney said, "At no time did we exceed 175 mph [280 km/h]." He and Brock Yates as co-driver took 35 hours and 54 minutes to travel 2,863 miles (4,608 km) at an average of approximately 80 mph (130 km/h) while collecting one fine. Snow in the Rocky Mountains slowed them down considerably.[7][6][8]

In 1972 the team of Steve "Yogi" Behr, Bill Canfield, and Fred Olds won in a Cadillac Coupe deVille, the first American car to win a Cannonball.[9]

On April 23–25, 1975, Jack May and Rick Cline drove a Ferrari Dino (05984) from the Red Ball Garage in New York City in a world record time of 35 hours and 53 minutes, averaging 83 mph (134 km/h).[4][10][11]

The record for official Cannonballs is 32 hours and 51 minutes (about 87 mph or 140 km/h), set in the final run from Darien, Connecticut, to Los Angeles by Dave Heinz and Dave Yarborough in a Jaguar XJS in April 1979.[5][12]

After the original Cannonball races, Car and Driver sponsored legitimate closed-course tours, the One Lap of America. Outlaw successors in the United States, Europe, and Australia continue to use the Cannonball name without Yates's approval.[citation needed]

The raceEdit

The object of the Cannonball was to leave the Red Ball Garage on East 31st Street in Manhattan, New York City (1979: Darien, Connecticut, at now-defunct Lock, Stock, and Barrel restaurant, Goodwives Shopping Center), typically after midnight, and drive to the Portofino Inn in Redondo Beach, California, in the shortest time possible. Those were the only rules.[13]

Nothing was specified as to the route, type of vehicle, number of drivers or crew, or maximum speed permitted. There was a gentlemen's agreement that the vehicle entered would be driven the entire distance (not transported on another vehicle, not abandoned for an identical second vehicle hidden near the finish, etc.) Speeding citations received along the way were the driver's responsibility and did not disqualify the vehicle, although stopping to receive a ticket increased the vehicle's overall time.

The Cannonball Run was technically a race in that the team with the fastest time was declared the "winner" and the results were announced in order of time. However, times were not taken very seriously, and sheer speed did not guarantee a first-place finish.[14]

InspirationEdit

The Cannonball Run gained notoriety after the 1972 run, but the Time story on the 1975 Jack May-Rick Cline race solidified its place in the public consciousness.[15] To the surprise of many, the hilarious reports in Car and Driver were warmly received by press and public alike rather than condemned for the race's recklessness.

In his Cannonball! memoir, Yates reports that in 1972 an all-female team of Peggy Niemcek, Judy Stropus, and SCCA racer Donna Mae Mims ("The Pink Lady") suffered a crash near El Paso, Texas, resulting in a DNF (Did Not Finish). Mims explains that their Cadillac stretch limousine veered off the road and rolled over after the driver fell asleep at the wheel. Although the car was destroyed and she suffered a broken arm, no other vehicles were involved in the crash. This was the only serious accident in the official Cannonball races.[16]

Yates began working on a screenplay to be entitled Coast to Coast but was scooped by two "unofficial" films in 1976, Cannonball[17] and The Gumball Rally.[18] Eventually, an "official" Cannonball Run film was made, The Cannonball Run starring Burt Reynolds, Roger Moore and Dom DeLuise with Yates in a cameo appearance.[19] Two sequels, Cannonball Run II[20] and Speed Zone, also known as Cannonball Fever,[21] followed. A later USA Network television program, Cannonball Run 2001, was given official approval to use the name.

U.S. ExpressEdit

After the last Cannonball, Rick Doherty, a veteran of the 1975 and 1979 races, organized a successor, the U.S. Express (1980-1983).[22] The 1980 U.S. Express ran from Brooklyn, New York, to the beach in Santa Monica. Doherty won the first U.S. Express with co-driver and famous game designer Will Wright at the wheel of a Mazda RX-7. Their time was 33 hours, 9 minutes.[23]

In 1981 the U.S. Express ran from Long Island, New York, to Emeryville, California, which borders Oakland at the east end of the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge). Interstate 80 was largely the route of choice. The winning team in 1981 was the first-time Express team of David Morse and Steve Clausman driving Morse's gray Porsche 928. One unique road hazard in the 1981 run was an early snowfall that closed the Donner Pass for several hours to vehicles without chains just as the U.S. Express cars approached. The Porsche 928, which carried special plastic chains, was able to proceed. Others had to wait for the pass to open.[24] The Morse-Clausman team competed again the next two years. In 1982 (also to Emeryville), they endured several memorable police stops. In the final U.S. Express in 1983 to Newport Beach, California, they placed second.[citation needed]

Although longer than the Cannonball, the fastest time recorded for the U.S. Express was 32 hours 7 minutes in the 1983 race, 44 minutes faster than the fastest Cannonball, and the "official" cross-country record until it was broken in 2006 by Alex Roy and David Maher in 31 hours 4 minutes.[25][26]

LegacyEdit

Decades after the last official Cannonball in 1979, issues raised and revival possibilities interested some motorists. Yates recalled declining offers to revive the concept because it was unworkable. His reasons included: increased police activity, increased legal liabilities for any organizer, increased year-round traffic, and expanding urban areas. He also warned of the obvious dangers of a race on public roads.[27]

The Gumball 3000 gained publicity in the early 2000s as a similar event, sometimes held on coast-to-coast U.S. routes, but paced over a route several times as long and with no time-based winner.

The unofficial transcontinental record, known as the Cannonball Run Challenge, has been broken numerous times since the last official Cannonball Trophy Dash.

Post-US Express EventsEdit

C2C Express EventEdit

The C2C Express was an organized event that was created by Ben Wilson of New Zealand and Eric Propst of Michigan. The event was intended to be limited to pre 1980 automobiles that cost under $3000. This was intended to keep the cost affordable and In the spirit of the original runs of the 1970s. The event spanned from 2015–2019. The run Ran from the traditional Cannonball Route of Redball Garage in Manhattan to The Portofino Inn at Redondo beach California. The original event only had 3 competitors in which Wilson won in his Cadillac with a time of just under 40 hours. Over the next 3 years the event grew to the point that the final coast to coast run planned ballooned to over 40 entrants. The size of the event gave Wilson and Propst the idea to run their final coast to coast event from Darien, Connecticut to Portofino Inn located in Los Angeles. Darien to Portofino was the same route run as the 1979 Cannonball and became a 40-year anniversary tribute to the event. Over 40 teams registered for the event, 33 competed and 24 finished. Amongst the final event was a team of police officers in a 49 Pontiac, an ambulance driven by John Ficarra, a Lexus driven by record holder Ed Bolian, a vintage Monte Carlo piloted by current record holders Doug Tabbut & Arne Toman. Wilson and Propst both competed as well, Wilson drove a Ford Van and Propst a Crown Victoria. The winning time was 31:47.

On September 15, 2019, the Cannonball route event record of 32:05 set by Ed Bolian in 2015, was broken during the 2019 running of the C2C Express. Fred Ashmore Jr of Hancock, Maine, and Travis Hilton of College Station, Texas with Arthur Ashmore of Lamoine, Maine, set a new Cannonball Route event record of 31:47. Using the longer 1979 Cannonball Route, (from Darien to the Portofino Marina) the team was able to cover the 2872 miles in their period-accurate, minimally equipped 1979 Mustang. This made them the second team to ever eclipse the 32:07 benchmark on the Cannonball route in an event over 36 years.[28]

Results 1971-1979[29][30]Edit

+ indicates winners
* indicates overall record

Last name First name Run Time Place Vehicle Year
Adamowicz Tony 2 36:47 2 Chevrolet Van 1971 (2nd race)
Adelberg Harvey 5 36:19 9 Mercedes-Benz 300 SD 1979
Alden Al 5 32:59 2 Mercedes-Benz 450 SEL 6.9 1979
Allen Gerald 5 36:20 10 Excalibur 1979
Ammerman Craig 4 45:36 17 Travco Motorhome 1975
Arentz Gary 5 39:10 19 Jaguar XJS 1979
Armstrong Keith 5 39:20 20 Chevrolet El Camino 1979
Armstrong Ted 5 39:20 20 Chevrolet El Camino 1979
Arutunoff Anatoly 4 49:32 18 Bristol 410 1975
Arutunoff Anatoly 5 40:33 24 Volvo 242 GT 1979
Atwell Jim 4 38:56 7 Porsche Carrera 1975
Atwell Jim 5 42:28 29 Porsche Carrera 1979
Baker Clyde "C.J." 3 41:15 13 AMC Hornet 1972
Baker Terry 5 35:58 7 Ferrari 308 GTS 1979
Behr Steve 2 39:03 6 Dodge Van 1971 (2nd race)
Behr Steve + 3 37:16 1 Cadillac Coupe de Ville 1972
Behr Steve 4 38:03 3 Dodge Challenger 1975
Behr Steve 5 42:27 28 Porsche 928 1979
Bell Roger 5 58:04 39 Rolls-Royce Silver Wraith 1979
Bernius Terry 5 44:13 32 Lotus Esprit 1979
Blue Doug 3 49:04 25 Chevrolet Monte Carlo 1972
Brennan Peter 5 DNF 45 Pontiac Firebird Trans Am 1979
Brock Pete 3 37:33 3 Mercedes-Benz 280 SEL 1972
Brodrick Bill 2 57:25 7 Travco Motorhome 1971 (2nd race)
Brodrick Bill 3 44:42 19 Travco Motorhome 1972
Brodrick Bill 4 45:36 17 Travco Motorhome 1975
Brown Bob 3 37:26 2 Dodge Challenger 1972
Brownell Dave 5 61:51 40 Ford Panel Truck 1979
Browning Bob 5 40:33 24 Volvo 242 GT 1979
Bruerton Ed 2 37:48 5 AMC AMX 1971 (2nd race)
Bruerton Ed 3 39:42 8 AMC AMX 1972
Bruerton Tom 2 37:48 5 AMC AMX 1971 (2nd race)
Bruerton Tom 3 39:42 8 AMC AMX 1972
Buffum John 4 40:19 9 Porsche Carrera 1975
Buffum Vicki 4 40:19 9 Porsche Carrera 1975
Cady Jack 3 43:02 16 Ford Van 1972
Campbell Bill 5 41:00 26 Ford Thunderbird 1979
Canfield Bill + 3 37:16 1 Cadillac Coupe De Ville 1972
Cannata Richard 4 44:23 16 Studebaker 1975
Carey Bob 2 57:25 7 Travco Motorhome 1971 (2nd race)
Carlson Tim 4 40:37 11 Ford Van 1975
Catalano Christine 5 35:17 6 Mazda RX-7 1979
Chapin Kim 2 39:03 6 Dodge Van 1971 (2nd race)
Cline Rick + 4 35:53 1 Ferrari Dino 246 GTS 1975
Cooper Bill 5 38:52 18 Ferrari 308 GT 350 1979
Corrizzoni Tom 3 49:04 25 Chevrolet Monte Carlo 1972
Coumo Richard 3 DNF 33 Studebaker 1972
Cowell Jack 3 37:33 3 Mercedes-Benz 280 SEL 1972
Crabbe Paul 3 45:39 21 Opel Rallye 1972
Cripe Tom 5 44:13 32 Lotus Esprit 1979
Crittenden Jim 5 36:00 8 Buick Park Avenue 1979
Dainko Rainer 3 40:55 10 Chevrolet Van 1972
Davidson Stuart 5 46:48 36 Ferrari 330 GT 1979
Dawn Wes 2 DNF 8 MGB GT 1971 (2nd race)
Dawn Wes 3 39:35 7 Chevrolet Vega 1972
Dawn Wes 4 38:16 4 Mercedes-Benz 450 SL 1975
Dawn Wes 5 36:49 12 Cadillac Eldorado 1979
De Van Fred 3 39:29 6 Mazda RX-2 1972
Defty Peter 5 45:32 33 Chevrolet Suburban 1979
Denner Tom 3 41:06 12 Chevrolet Vega 1972
Dennison Scott 3 40:55 10 Chevrolet Van 1972
Doherty Richard 5 35:17 6 Mazda RX-7 1979
Dornsife Rod 5 42:27 28 Porsche 928 1979
Dunaj Jon 5 36:19 9 Mercedes-Benz 300 SD 1979
Durst Steve 3 DNF 27 Chevrolet Vega 1972
Egloff George 5 43:32 30 Suzuki 850 Motorcycle 1979
Ehrich Terry 5 61:51 40 Ford Panel Truck 1979
Epstein Wendy 5 43:32 30 Suzuki 850 Motorcycle 1979
Erickson Morris 3 46:17 22 Opel Rallye 1972
Fassler Paul 5 37:25 14 Porsche 930 1979
Faust David 5 36:51 13 Chevrolet Malibu 1979
Feiner Fred 3 DNF 33 Studebaker 1972
Feiner Fred 4 44:23 16 Studebaker 1975
Fergusson Alice 3 42:08 15 Citroën DS 19 1972
Fergusson Joe 3 42:08 15 Citroën DS 19 1972
Fernald Steve 4 40:31 10 Volvo 164 E 1975
Field Dick 5 32:59 2 Mercedes-Benz 450 SEL 6.9 1979
Fischer Paul 3 41:01 11 Ford Torino 1972
Fischer Paul 4 40:53 13 Ford Torino 1975
Fog Steven 5 34:07 4 Pontiac Firebird Trans Am 1979
Frankl Andrew 5 65:55 41 Ford Mini Truck 1979
Frasson Joe 3 44:42 19 Travco Motorhome 1972
Fuchs John 3 41:15 13 AMC Hornet 1972
Gafford Tom 5 45:32 33 Chevrolet Suburban 1979
Gallagher Jack 3 DNF 34 Honda 600 1972
Garbarini Steve 3 48:25 24 Datsun 240 Z 1972
Garcione William 3 48:25 24 Datsun 240 Z 1972
Gilmartin Richard 3 37:33 3 Mercedes-Benz 280 SEL 1972
Goodman Kirby 5 36:51 13 Chevrolet Malibu 1979
Gould Richard 4 41:35 15 Oldsmobile Cutlass 1975
Graham Paul 5 39:45 22 Chevrolet Camaro 1979
Gregory Fred 5 DNF 45 Pontiac Firebird Trans Am 1979
Gurney Dan + 2 35:54 1 Ferrari Daytona 1971 (2nd race)
Hammil Steve 3 DNF 29 Porsche 911 1972
Harmston Edwin 5 58:04 39 Rolls Royce Silver Wraith 1979
Harris Richard 3 DNF 33 Studebaker 1972
Harris Richard 4 44:23 16 Studebaker 1975
Harrison John 5 DNF 44 Lotus Esprit 1979
Heinz Dave + 5 32:51 * 1 Jaguar XJS 1979
Henry Bill 3 41:06 12 Chevrolet Vega 1972
Herisko Ron 2 36:56 3 Cadillac Coupe De Ville 1971 (2nd race)
Hickey Tom 5 32:59 2 Mercedes-Benz 450 SEL 6.9 1979
Hitchins John 5 65:55 41 Ford Mini Truck 1979
Honegger Pierre 4 39:22 8 Mazda RX-4 1975
Hopkins ` Danny 3 38:02 4 De Tomaso Pantera 1972
Hopkins Hoppy 3 38:02 4 De Tomaso Pantera 1972
Hoschek Gero 5 43:47 31 Jensen Interceptor 1979
Houge Larry 3 46:17 22 Opel Rallye 1972
Hourihan Bob 4 40:31 10 Volvo 164 E 1975
Howlett Jack 4 38:45 6 Buick Electra 1975
Hunt Jim 5 41:00 26 Ford Thunderbird 1979
James Dirk 5 43:32 30 Suzuki 850 Motorcycle 1979
Jeanes William 4 45:36 17 Travco Motorhome 1975
Jellison Rich 3 57:19 26 Chevrolet Corvette 1972
Jenkins Richard 3 38:37 5 Alfa Romeo Giulia 1972
Jessen John 3 57:19 26 Chevrolet Corvette 1972
Jessick Peter 5 40:53 25 Chrysler 1979
Johnson Don 3 DNF 31 Austin-Healey 1972
Johnson Gary 4 37:50 2 Chevrolet Pickup 1975
Jones David 5 38:10 17 Chevrolet Blazer 1979
Kendall-Lane Fiona 5 58:04 39 Rolls Royce Silver Wraith 1979
Kendall-Lane Stephen 5 58:04 39 Rolls Royce Silver Wraith 1979
Kenny Arnold 3 DNF 32 Chevrolet Camaro Z 28 1972
Kepler Fred 3 DNF 32 Chevrolet Camaro Z 28 1972
Key Robert 5 48:53 37 Shelby Mustang GT 350 1979
Kirby Jim 5 36:40 11 Chevrolet Camaro Z 28 1979
Kopec Rich 5 48:53 37 Shelby Mustang GT 350 1979
Kovaleski Oscar 2 36:47 2 Chevrolet Van 1971 (2nd race)
Kovaleski Bob 4 36:40 11 Chevrolet Camaro Z 28 1979
Kozlowski Tom 4 39:22 8 Mazda RX-4 1975
Lane John 5 37:31 15 Porsche 928 1979
Leib Dick 3 44:54 20 Pontiac 1972
Leonard Tom 5 37:46 16 Chevrolet Camaro Z 28 1979
Lincoln Sam 3 49:04 25 Chevrolet Monte Carlo 1972
Lloyd David 5 36:00 8 Buick Park Avenue 1979
Locke Pete 3 40:11 9 Chrysler 1972
Loveli Bill 5 41:00 26 Ford Thunderbird 1979
Lynch Leo 3 DNF 30 Porsche 911 1972
Lynch Leo 4 38:39 5 Porsche 911 1975
Mahler John 5 37:46 16 Chevrolet Camaro Z 28 1979
Marbut Tom 2 37:45 4 Dodge Van 1971 (2nd race)
Marget Pete 3 41:41 14 Datsun 510 1972
Marshall Pierce 5 36:51 13 Chevrolet Malibu 1979
Martin Charles 5 45:32 33 Chevrolet Suburban 1979
Martin Chauncey 3 43:02 16 Ford Van 1972
Martini Jeff 4 39:22 8 Mazda RX-4 1975
Martini Jeff 5 36:49 12 Cadillac Eldorado 1979
May Jack + 4 35:53 1 Ferrari Dino 246 GTS 1975
Mayo Edward 5 38:10 17 Chevrolet Blazer 1979
McCarthy Charlie 5 36:19 9 Mercedes-Benz 300 SD 1979
McConkey Ron 4 40:43 12 Pontiac Firebird Trans Am 1975
McCoy Jack 4 37:50 2 Chevrolet Pickup 1975
McCoy Peggy 4 37:50 2 Chevrolet Pickup 1975
McGovern John 4 41:35 15 Oldsmobile Cutlass 1975
McGovern John 5 58:04 39 Rolls Royce Silver Wraith 1979
McGrail Tom 3 44:42 19 Travco Motorhome 1972
McGrail Tom 4 45:36 17 Travco Motorhome 1975
McMeekan George 3 44:54 20 Pontiac 1972
McPherson Glen 3 DNF 31 Austin-Healey 1972
McWhorter Donald 5 41:17 27 Chevrolet Corvette 1979
McWhorter Gerald 5 41:17 27 Chevrolet Corvette 1979
Menesini Dennis 5 34:52 5 Chevrolet Pickup 1979
Menke Vern 4 40:53 13 Ford Torino 1975
Menzel Mike 5 DNF[31] 46 Fiat 127[32] 1979
Micek John 5 40:53 25 Chrysler 1979
Miller James 3 43:45 18 Bradley GT 1972
Miller Mark 5 34:52 5 Chevrolet Pickup 1979
Miller Robin 3 39:35 7 Chevrolet Vega 1972
Mims Donna Mae 3 DNF 28 Cadillac Limousine 1972
Mockett Doug 5 40:53 25 Chrysler 1979
Moody Dave 3 41:01 11 Ford Torino 1972
Moore Bill 5 40:53 25 Chrysler 1979
Morin Holly 2 39:03 6 Dodge Van 1971 (2nd race)
Morton Tom 3 41:01 11 Ford Torino 1972
Morton Tom 4 40:33 13 Ford Torino 1975
Moses Sam 5 39:29 21 Ford Mustang Boss 302 1979
Mullen Jim 5 40:11 23 Ferrari SWB 1979
Mullen Joan 5 40:11 23 Ferrari SWB 1979
Needham Hal 5 DNF 43 Dodge Van 1979
Nehl Tom 4 41:32 14 Porsche 911 1975
Nerger Ursula 5 43:47 31 Jensen Interceptor 1979
Nichols John 5 39:45 22 Chevrolet Camaro 1979
Nickel Gil 4 38:16 4 Mercedes-Benz 450 SL 1975
Niemcek Brad 2 36:47 2 Chevrolet Van 1971 (2nd race)
Niemcek Brad 3 DNF 27 Chevrolet Van 1972
Niemcek Brad 4 40:37 11 Ford Van 1975
Niemcek Peggi 3 DNF 28 Cadillac Limousine 1972
Nunn Spike 3 41:41 14 Datsun 510 1972
O'Brien Robert 4 41:35 15 Oldsmobile Cutlass 1975
O'Donnell Bill 5 53:00 38 Cadillac Eldorado 1979
Olds Fred + 3 37:16 1 Cadillac Coupe De Ville 1972
Olds Fred 4 40:31 10 Volvo 164 E 1975
Opert Larry 2 36:56 3 Cadillac Sedan De Ville 1971 (2nd race)
Poggio Massimo 5 DNF[31] 46 Fiat 127[32] 1979
Parker Pal 2 57:25 7 Travco Motorhome 1971 (2nd race)
Parker Pal 3 44:42 19 Travco Motorhome 1972
Parker Pal 4 45:36 17 Travco Motorhome 1975
Pash Phil 2 57:25 7 Travco Motorhome 1971 (2nd race)
Patchett Keith 5 72:54 42 BMW R 90/6 Motorcycle 1979
Pearson Jack 4 38:45 6 Buick Electra 1975
Peeler Jim 5 46:48 36 Ferrari 330 GT 1979
Perlow Bob 2 DNF 8 MGB GT 1971 (2nd race)
Pfeifer S. 3 47:28 23 Ford Pinto 1972
Pierce Jeff 5 33:42 3 Pontiac Firebird Trans Am 1979
Pitt Jesse 3 40:11 9 Chrysler 1972
Poston Becky 2 37:45 4 Dodge Van 1971 (2nd race)
Prentiss Larry 5 46:37 35 Porsche Carrera 1979
Pritch Mark 5 36:52 18 Ferrari 308 GT 350 1979
Pritzker Nate 2 36:56 3 Cadillac Sedan De Ville 1971 (2nd race)
Pryor Bill 4 49:32 18 Bristol 410 1975
Pryor Bill 5 40:33 24 Volvo 242 GT 1979
Quartararo Tony 5 46:48 36 Ferrari 330 GT 1979
Race Donald 5 53:00 38 Cadillac Eldorado 1979
Ralston Benjamin 5 46:37 35 Porsche Carrera 1979
Ramsey John 3 43:28 17 Ford Torino 1972
Rasmussen Buzz 5 39:20 20 Chevrolet El Camino 1979
Regan Ken 4 40:37 11 Ford Van 1975
Richardson Tad 5 35:17 6 Mazda RX-7 1979
Riggs Clyde 5 36:49 12 Cadillac Eldorado 1979
Robison Charlie 5 34:52 5 Chevrolet Pickup 1979
Roder Dick 3 40:55 10 Chevrolet Van 1972
Romine Chris 5 35:58 7 Ferrari 308 GTS 1979
Rosenblatt Joel 5 36:00 8 Buick Park Avenue 1979
Rost Bob 3 38:37 5 Alfa Romeo Giulia 1972
Rowzie Dan 4 38:39 5 Porsche 911 RSR 1975
Royer Lyle 5 DNF 43 Dodge Van 1979
Satullo Sandy 4 38:45 6 Buick Electra 1975
Satullo Sandy 5 36:49 12 Pontiac 1979
Satullo Stuart 5 36:49 12 Pontiac 1979
Satullo II Sandy 4 38:45 6 Buick Electra 1975
Satullo II Sandy 5 36:49 12 Pontiac 1979
Scarlato Jerry 4 45:36 17 Travco Motorhome 1975
Schmitt Charles 5 53:00 38 Cadillac Eldorado 1979
Scott Dick 3 DNF 30 Porsche 911 1972
Scribner Doug 3 49:04 25 Chevrolet Monte Carlo 1972
Sellyei Louis 5 39:10 19 Jaguar XJS 1979
Sencenbaugh Jim 5 45:32 33 Chevrolet Suburban 1979
Seneki Alex 5 46:31 34 Mercedes-Benz 300 SEL 6.3 1979
Shugars Dave 4 40:43 12 Pontiac Firebird Trans Am 1975
Sibio Albert Jr. 5 36:40 11 Chevrolet Camaro Z 28 1979
Simkin Daniel 5 36:20 10 Excalibur 1979
Smith Gary 5 39:45 22 Chevrolet Camaro 1979
Smith Ken 5 34:52 5 Chevrolet Pickup 1979
Smith Steve + 1 40:51 1 Dodge Sportsman Van 1971 (1st race)
Snyder Michael 5 33:42 3 Pontiac Firebird Trans Am 1979
Solski Paul 3 39:29 6 Mazda RX-2 1972
Sportiche Alain 5 46:31 34 Mercedes-Benz 300 SEL 6.3 1979
Spreadbury Bill 3 47:28 23 Ford Pinto 1972
Stanner Bud 3 37:26 2 Dodge Challenger 1972
Stanton Chick 4 38:56 7 Porsche Carrera 1975
Stanton Chick 5 42:28 29 Porsche Carrera 1979
Stephenson ? 3 DNF 34 Honda 600 1972
Stevens David 5 36:20 10 Excalibur 1979
Stropus Judy 3 DNF 28 Cadillac Limousine 1972
Taayjes Bob 3 43:45 18 Bradley GT 1972
Talbert R.A. 3 44:54 20 Pontiac 1972
Taylor Justus 5 61:51 40 Ford Panel Truck 1979
Thibeau John 3 45:39 21 Opel Rallye 1972
Trefethen Jon 3 43:28 17 Ford Torino 1972
Truesdale Loyal 5 72:54 42 BMW R 90/6 Motorcycle 1979
Turkovich Bob 4 40:37 11 Ford Van 1975
Unkefer Duane 3 43:02 16 Ford Van 1972
Villeneuve Jacques 5 37:31 15 Porsche 928 1979
Visniewski Scott 5 38:10 17 Chevrolet Blazer 1979
Walle Ray 4 39:22 8 Mazda RX-4 1975
Ward Ken 5 43:32 30 Suzuki 850 Motorcycle 1979
Ward Steve 5 43:32 30 Suzuki 850 Motorcycle 1979
Warner Bill 4 41:32 14 Porsche 911 1975
Waters Randy 2 37:45 4 Dodge Van 1971 (2nd race)
Weglarz Dennis 4 40:43 12 Pontiac Firebird Trans Am 1975
Whiteside Mark 5 34:07 4 Pontiac Firebird Trans Am 1979
Williams Jim + 1 40:51 1 Dodge Sportsman Van 1971 (1st race)
Williams Willie 5 38:10 17 Chevrolet Blazer 1979
Willig George 5 39:29 21 Ford Mustang Boss 302 1979
Yarborough Dave + 5 32:51 * 1 Jaguar XJS 1979
Yates Brock + 1 40:51 1 Dodge Sportsman Van 1971 (1st race)
Yates Brock + 2 35:54 1 Ferrari Daytona 1971 (2nd race)
Yates Brock 3 37:26 2 Dodge Challenger 1972
Yates Brock 4 38:03 3 Dodge Challenger 1975
Yates Brock 5 DNF 43 Dodge Van 1979
Yates Brock Jr. + 1 40:51 1 Dodge Sportsman Van 1971 (1st race)
Yates Pamela 5 DNF 43 Dodge Van 1979
Ziegel Robert 5 37:25 14 Porsche 930 1979
Zoeltner Andreas 5 43:47 31 Jensen Interceptor 1979

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Brock Yates, Cannonball! World's Greatest Outlaw Road Race. Motorbooks International. August 2003. p. 13. ISBN 978-0-7603-1633-7.
  2. ^ Brock Yates, Cannonball! World's Greatest Outlaw Road Race. Motorbooks International. August 2003. p. 61. ISBN 978-0-7603-1633-7.
  3. ^ Brock Yates, Cannonball! World's Greatest Outlaw Road Race. Motorbooks International. August 2003. p. 98. ISBN 978-0-7603-1633-7.
  4. ^ a b Brock Yates, Cannonball! World's Greatest Outlaw Road Race. Motorbooks International. August 2003. p. 144. ISBN 978-0-7603-1633-7.
  5. ^ a b Brock Yates, Cannonball! World's Greatest Outlaw Road Race. Motorbooks International. August 2003. p. 202. ISBN 978-0-7603-1633-7.
  6. ^ a b Yates, Brock (March 1972). "The Cannonball Baker Sea-to-Shining-Sea Memorial Trophy Dash". Car and Driver. Retrieved 2 November 2018.
  7. ^ Brock Yates, Cannonball! World's Greatest Outlaw Road Race. Motorbooks International. August 2003. p. 61. ISBN 0-7603-1090-4.
  8. ^ "Dan Gurney's All American Races". All American Racers. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  9. ^ Brock Yates, Cannonball! World's Greatest Outlaw Road Race. Motorbooks International. August 2003. p. 98. ISBN 978-0-7603-1633-7.
  10. ^ "Modern Living:The Cannonball Dash". Time. 105 (18): 63. 5 May 1975. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  11. ^ "Three-Thousand Mile Dash". Sports Illustrated: 10. 5 May 1975. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  12. ^ Gregory, Fred M.H. (Nov 2002). "The Last Cannonball". Car and Driver. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  13. ^ Brock Yates, Cannonball! World's Greatest Outlaw Road Race. Motorbooks International. August 2003. p. 80. ISBN 0-7603-1090-4.
  14. ^ Brock Yates, Cannonball! World's Greatest Outlaw Road Race. Motorbooks International. August 2003. p. 59. ISBN 0-7603-1090-4.
  15. ^ "The Cannonball Dash". Time. 105 (18): 63. 5 May 1975. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  16. ^ Brock Yates, Cannonball! World's Greatest Outlaw Road Race. Motorbooks International. August 2003. p. 111. ISBN 978-0-7603-1633-7.
  17. ^ "Cannonball". IMDB. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  18. ^ "The Gumball Rally". IMDB. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  19. ^ "Cannonball Run". IMDB. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  20. ^ "Cannonball Run II". IMDB. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  21. ^ "Speed Zone". IMDB. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  22. ^ "Life in the Fast Lane: The 1980 U.S. Express". Hagerty. Hagerty Insurance. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  23. ^ "Sims Designer Had the Wright Stuff for Street Racing Way Back When", wired.com; accessed March 21, 2016.
  24. ^ Nelson, Wayne (Dec 14, 1981). "U.S. Express Rolls Again" (PDF). Autoweek. Retrieved Dec 5, 2019.
  25. ^ "The Pedal-to-the-Metal, Totally Illegal, Cross-Country Sprint for Glory", wired.com; accessed December 9th, 2019.
  26. ^ Roy, Alexander (2007). The Driver. New York: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-137499-9.
  27. ^ Brock Yates, Cannonball! World's Greatest Outlaw Road Race. Motorbooks International. August 2003. p. 266. ISBN 0-7603-1090-4.
  28. ^ "Maine men sets transcontinental speed record". Up North Motorsports. 2019-11-04. Retrieved 2019-12-05.
  29. ^ Brock Yates, Cannonball! World's Greatest Outlaw Road Race. Motorbooks International. August 2003. p. 274. ISBN 978-0-7603-1633-7.
  30. ^ Hunt, Jim. "The Official Cannonball Baker Sea-to-Shining-Sea Memorial Trophy Dash Entrant List". One Lap of America. Compiler, Cannonball Historical Society. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  31. ^ a b Indio, CA
  32. ^ a b 1500 cc PBS Engine

External linksEdit