Canadian federal election, 1925
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The Canadian federal election of 1925 was held on October 29 to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 15th Parliament of Canada. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King's Liberal Party formed a minority government. This precipitated the "King-Byng Affair".
245 seats in the 15th Canadian Parliament
123 seats needed for a majority
The Liberals under Mackenzie King won fewer seats than Arthur Meighen's Liberal-Conservatives. A third party, the Progressives, which had nominated candidates for the first time in the 1921 election, held the balance of the seats. King decided to hold on to power with the help of the Progressives. The Progressives were closely aligned with the Liberals, and enabled King to form a minority government.
This plan was complicated by the fact that his party won fewer seats than the Liberal-Conservatives, and that King himself had lost his seat in the House of Commons. Meighen was outraged by King's move, and demanded that King resign from the Prime Minister's office. King asked a Liberal Member of Parliament from Prince Albert, Saskatchewan to resign so that he could run in the resulting by-election. Prince Albert was one of the safest seats in Canada for the Liberals, and King won easily.
With King back in Parliament, a huge scandal rocked the King cabinet when one of his appointees was discovered to be accepting bribes. Anticipating a vote of censure by the Commons, King asked the Governor General, Baron Byng of Vimy, to call an election. The Governor General refused, and King resigned on June 28, 1926. Meighen was then invited to form a government.
King claimed this was interference in Canadian politics by an official appointed by a foreign power. King showed rare fire, and rallied the Progressives back into his camp. He defeated Meighen on a vote of confidence after only three days, making the Meighen government of 1926 the shortest lived government in Canadian history. This time, Byng called an election.
|Party||Party leader||# of
|1921||Elected||% Change||#||%||pp Change|
|Liberal||W. L. Mackenzie King||216||118||100||-15.3%||1,252,684||39.74%||-1.41|
|United Farmers of Alberta||2||2||2||-||8,053||0.26%||-0.46|
|Sources: http://www.elections.ca -- History of Federal Ridings since 1867|
* not applicable - the party was not recognized in the previous election
Vote and seat summariesEdit
Results by provinceEdit
|Popular Vote (%):||49.3||31.8||25.4||41.3||56.3||34.2||59.7||56.4||33.1||59.4||46.1|
|United Farmers of Alberta||Seats:||2||2|
|Parties that won no seats:|
|Independent Liberal-Progressive||Vote (%):||3.3||0.2|
|Independent Labour||Vote (%):||1.7||0.1|
|Independent Progressive||Vote (%):||0.9||0.1|
|Farmer Labour||Vote (%):||0.1||xx|