Canadian Young Judaea (Hebrew: יְהוּדָה‬ הַצָעִיר‬ קָנָדָה, Yehuda HaTza'ir Canada) is the largest Zionist youth movement in Canada.[3] The movement was founded as the youth wing of Canadian Hadassah-WIZO and the Zionist Organization of Canada in 1917, and is affiliated with HaNoar HaTzioni. Young Judaea operates five Jewish summer camps across Canada.

Canadian Young Judaea
יהודה הצעיר קנדה[1]
Formation1917; 107 years ago (1917)
FounderBernard Joseph
TypeZionist youth movement
Headquarters788 Marlee Avenue
Toronto, Ontario
Membership (2017)
Executive Director
Risa Epstein
Staff (2017)



Canadian Young Judaea was established by Bernard Joseph at the 15th Zionist Convention in Winnipeg in 1917.[4] Acting as the youth wing of Canadian Hadassah-WIZO and the Zionist Organization of Canada, Young Judaea held biennial and regional conferences and facilitated transnational social contact between members with its Correspondence Club.[5] At weekly meetings, activities included lectures and discussions on Jewish history, current affairs and topics related to Zionism.[6]

By 1925, there were 75 clubs across Canada and by 1935 national membership reached 5,000.[7] Louis Rasminsky served as national vice-president in 1926.[8] A. M. Klein served as editor of The Judaean, the movement's magazine, from 1928 to 1932 and as national president in 1934.[9][10] Young Judaea became officially affiliated with HaNoar HaTzioni in 1950.[7]

Young Judaea soon grew from a city-based organization to one based around summer camps and Israel programs. The movement's summer camps were modelled after the pioneering kibbutzim in Israel.[11] Young Judaea opened Camp Hagshama (later renamed Camp Kinneret) in 1942 in Mont-Tremblant, Quebec, followed by Camp Kadima in Nova Scotia in 1943.[2] Camp Biluim was founded in 1951 in Perth, Ontario, which offered an intensive leadership development program for older teenagers.[12] Camp Biluim moved to the site of Camp Hagshama in 1972.[13]

Summer camps


Canadian Young Judaea is the umbrella organization for a number of Canadian Jewish summer camps, including Camp Shalom in Muskoka, Camp Kadimah in Lunenburg County, Camp Solelim in Sudbury, Camp Hatikvah in Kelowna, and Camp Kinneret–Biluim in Mont-Tremblant.[14] Young Judaea also runs a four-week summer tour of Israel and a post-secondary educational gap year program.[14]

In 2018, Canadian Young Judaea announced it would be launching a week-long overnight summer camp for LGBTQ Jewish campers called Machane Lev.[15]

See also



  1. ^ Robinson, Ira (2003). "They Work in Faithfulness: Constitutional Documents of Jewish Communal Organizations Other Than Synagogues". In Elazar, Daniel J.; Brown, Michael; Robinson, Ira (eds.). Not Written in Stone: Jews, Constitutions, and Constitutionalism in Canada. University of Ottawa Press. p. 132. ISBN 978-0-7766-0545-6. JSTOR j.ctt1ckpg27.11. {{cite book}}: |journal= ignored (help)
  2. ^ a b c Dodek, Michelle (31 March 2017). "Young Judaea at 100". Jewish Independent.
  3. ^ Dashefsky, Arnold; Sheskin, Ira, eds. (2013). American Jewish Year Book 2013: The Annual Record of the North American Jewish Communities. American Jewish Year Book. Vol. 113. Springer. p. 591. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-01658-0. ISBN 978-3-319-01657-3.
  4. ^ Tulchinsky, Gerald (1992). Taking Root: The Origins of the Canadian Jewish Community. Toronto: Lester Publishing. p. 185. ISBN 9780874516098.
  5. ^ Tulchinsky, Gerald (2008). Canada's Jews: A People's Journey. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. p. 337. ISBN 978-0-8020-9062-1.
  6. ^ Glass, Joseph B. (2001). "Isolation and Alienation: Factors in the Growth of Zionism in the Canadian Prairies, 1917-1939". Canadian Jewish Studies. 9: 111.
  7. ^ a b "Our Story". Canadian Young Judaea. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  8. ^ Muirhead, Bruce (1999). Against the Odds: The Public Life and Times of Louis Rasminsky. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. ISBN 978-0-8020-0629-5. OCLC 431543836.
  9. ^ Margolis, Rebecca (2011). "Ken men tantsn af tsvey khasenes? A. M. Klein and Yiddish". In Ravvin, Norman; Simon, Sherry (eds.). Failure's Opposite: Listening to A. M. Klein. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press. pp. 79–97. ISBN 9780773538320. JSTOR j.ctt802xm.10.
  10. ^ Tulchinsky, Gerald (Summer 1984). "The Third Solitude: A. M. Klein's Jewish Montreal, 1910-1950". Journal of Canadian Studies. 19 (2): 107. doi:10.3138/jcs.19.2.96. S2CID 151793805.
  11. ^ Sales, Amy L.; Saxe, Leonard (2004). "How Goodly are Thy Tents": Summer Camps as Jewish Socializing Experiences. Brandeis University Press. p. 25. ISBN 978-1-58465-347-9.
  12. ^ Pinsky, Marian. "National Headquarters of the Federation of Young Judaea of Canada". Museum of Jewish Montreal. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  13. ^ Caswell, Henny (1 September 1988). "Young Judaeans meet for reunion". The Canadian Jewish News. Montreal. p. 28.
  14. ^ a b Silverstein, Barbara (16 August 2017). "Young Judaea to reunite alumni for 100th anniversary". The Canadian Jewish News.
  15. ^ Minuk, Susan (25 January 2018). "Canada's first LGBTQ Jewish summer camp to open this summer". The Canadian Jewish News.