Campo de Cahuenga

The Campo de Cahuenga, (/kəˈwɛŋɡə/ (listen)) near the historic Cahuenga Pass in present-day Studio City, California, was an adobe ranch house on the Rancho Cahuenga where the Treaty of Cahuenga was signed between Lieutenant Colonel John C. Frémont and General Andrés Pico in 1847, ending hostilities in California between Mexico and the United States. The subsequent Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo of 1848, ceding California, parts of Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, and Arizona (but not Texas since it had seceded from Mexico in 1836, declared itself a republic, and joined the union in 1845) to the United States, formally ended the Mexican–American War. From 1858 to 1861 the Campo de Cahuenga became a Butterfield Stage Station.

Campo de Cahuenga
Campo de cahuenga detail.jpg
Campo de Cahuenga
Campo de Cahuenga is located in the Los Angeles metropolitan area
Campo de Cahuenga
Campo de Cahuenga is located in California
Campo de Cahuenga
Campo de Cahuenga is located in the United States
Campo de Cahuenga
Location3919 Lankershim Blvd.
Studio City, California 91604
Coordinates34°8′24″N 118°21′42″W / 34.14000°N 118.36167°W / 34.14000; -118.36167Coordinates: 34°8′24″N 118°21′42″W / 34.14000°N 118.36167°W / 34.14000; -118.36167
Built1847
ArchitectLandon and Spencer
Architectural styleMission Revival-Spanish Colonial Revival
NRHP reference No.72001602
CHISL No.151
LAHCM No.29
Significant dates
Added to NRHPDecember 19, 2003[2]
Designated LAHCM13 November 1964[1]
Tinted postcard of the original adobe ranch house, with Cahuenga Peak in the background.
Decorative pavement marks the location of the original adobe structure, which faced toward the upper left.
The foundation of the original adobe at Campo de Cahuenga.

HistoryEdit

The original adobe structure was demolished in 1900. The city of Los Angeles provided funds for the purchase of the property in 1923, and a Mission Revival and Spanish Colonial Revival style replica "adobe" ranch house was built by the city following an effort led by Irene T. Lindsay, then President of the San Fernando Valley Historical Society, and dedicated on November 2, 1950. It is now a park and interpretive center managed by the City of Los Angeles's Department of Recreation and Parks in partnership with the Campo de Cahuenga Historical Memorial Association. Campo de Cahuenga is registered on the National Register of Historic Places, as California Historical Landmark No. 151, and as Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument No. 29.

The foundations of the original adobe were unearthed beneath Lankershim Boulevard during construction of the Metro B Line subway. The parts of the foundations within the park are preserved as an exhibit, and the "footprint" of the foundations under the street and sidewalk is marked by decorative pavement.

Campo de Cahuenga is often confused with the nearby Rancho Cahuenga, an inholding within the Rancho Providencia land grant, now part of Burbank.

The building is used by various organizations for special programs and regular meetings, and it is open with a docent on the first Saturday of each month, from 12:00 PM to 4:00 PM.

California Historical LandmarkEdit

California Historical Landmark Marker No. 151 at the site reads:[3]

  • NO. 151 CAMPO DE CAHUENGA - 'Here was made the Treaty of Cahuenga by General Andrés Pico, commanding forces for Mexico, and Lieutenant-Colonel J. C. Frémont, U.S. Army, for the United States. By this treaty, agreed upon January 13th, 1847, the United States acquired California - finally secured to us by the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, made February 2nd, 1848.' This legend was written February 9, 1898 by Mrs. Jessie Benton Frémont.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Los Angeles Department of City Planning (2007-09-07). "Historic - Cultural Monuments (HCM) Listing: City Declared Monuments" (PDF). City of Los Angeles. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-25. Retrieved 2008-05-28.
  2. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. April 15, 2008.
  3. ^ californiahistoricallandmarks.com 151 Campo de Cahuenga
  • Jorgenson, Lawrence C.: The San Fernando Valley Past and Present, Pacific Rim Research, Los Angeles, 1982 ISBN 0-941014-00-2

External linksEdit