Camalaniugan

Camalaniugan, officially the Municipality of Camalaniugan (Ibanag: Ili nat Camalaniugan; Ilocano: Ili ti Camalaniugan; Tagalog: Bayan ng Camalaniugan), is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cagayan, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 25,236 people. [3]

Camalaniugan
Municipality of Camalaniugan
Spanish horno in Camalaniugan
Spanish horno in Camalaniugan
Flag of Camalaniugan
Official seal of Camalaniugan
Map of Cagayan with Camalaniugan highlighted
Map of Cagayan with Camalaniugan highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Camalaniugan is located in Philippines
Camalaniugan
Camalaniugan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 18°16′N 121°41′E / 18.27°N 121.68°E / 18.27; 121.68Coordinates: 18°16′N 121°41′E / 18.27°N 121.68°E / 18.27; 121.68
CountryPhilippines
RegionCagayan Valley
ProvinceCagayan
District 1st district
FoundedJune 15, 1596
Barangays28 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorAngelica C. dela Cruz
 • Vice MayorIsidro T. Cabaddu
 • RepresentativeRamon C. Nolasco Jr.
 • Electorate16,154 voters (2019)
Area
 • Total76.50 km2 (29.54 sq mi)
Elevation
8.0 m (26.2 ft)
Highest elevation
124 m (407 ft)
Lowest elevation
−2 m (−7 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total25,236
 • Density330/km2 (850/sq mi)
 • Households
5,383
Economy
 • Income class4th municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence11.92% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue₱79,140,334.55 (2016)
Service provider
 • ElectricityCagayan 2 Electric Cooperative (CAGELCO 2)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
3510
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)78
Climate typetropical monsoon climate
Native languagesIlocano
Ibanag
Tagalog

BarangaysEdit

Camalaniugan is politically subdivided into 28 barangays.

  • Abagao
  • Afunan Cabayu
  • Agusi
  • Alilinu
  • Baggao
  • Bantay
  • Bulala
  • Casili Norte
  • Catotoran Norte
  • Centro Norte (Poblacion)
  • Centro Sur (Poblacion)
  • Cullit
  • Dacal-Lafugu
  • Dammang Norte
  • Dugo
  • Fusina
  • Batalla
  • Jurisdiction
  • Luec
  • Minanga
  • Paragat
  • Tagum
  • Tuluttuging
  • Ziminila
  • Casili Sur
  • Catotoran Sur
  • Dammang Sur (Felipe Tuzon)
  • Sapping

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Camalaniugan, Cagayan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 25
(77)
26
(79)
29
(84)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
28
(82)
27
(81)
25
(77)
29
(84)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
20
(68)
21
(70)
23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
21
(70)
23
(73)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 120
(4.7)
77
(3.0)
62
(2.4)
40
(1.6)
118
(4.6)
138
(5.4)
162
(6.4)
173
(6.8)
143
(5.6)
198
(7.8)
185
(7.3)
248
(9.8)
1,664
(65.4)
Average rainy days 16.9 12.2 11.5 10.6 18.7 20.1 21.2 23.3 20.8 16.9 16.5 20.0 208.7
Source: Meteoblue (Use with caution: this is modeled/calculated data, not measured locally.) [5]

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Camalaniugan
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 6,216—    
1918 7,655+1.40%
1939 9,436+1.00%
1948 7,708−2.22%
1960 11,456+3.36%
1970 13,268+1.48%
1975 13,878+0.91%
1980 15,078+1.67%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1990 17,276+1.37%
1995 19,915+2.70%
2000 21,186+1.34%
2007 22,489+0.83%
2010 23,404+1.46%
2015 24,923+1.20%
2020 25,236+0.25%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[6][7][8][9]

In the 2020 census, the population of Camalaniugan was 25,236 people, [3] with a density of 330 inhabitants per square kilometre or 850 inhabitants per square mile.

EconomyEdit


EtymologyEdit

The town was named after the "malaniug" trees which grew in abundance during the early years.

HistoryEdit

Camalaniugan was founded on June 15, 1596, a rather early date because of its proximity to Nueva Segovia (Lallo). San Jacinto de Polonia was selected as their patron saint. The early settlers were the Ybanags and Ilocanos, both peace-loving citizens. They built their houses along the banks of the Cagayan River. They brought with them their knowledge of farming and skills in making weapons. According to the story related by the elders, among these "happy" settlers was Guiab, a famous strongman and leader of Camalaniugan. He did not like the missionaries. Because of this, he was arrested and later hanged from a malaniug tree by order of Juan Pablo Carreon. For years the people suffered injustice.

Between 1887 and 1888, Fray Marcelino Cascos, O.P., built a convent. It was in this convent where Col. Daniel Tirona billeted his men after arresting the missionaries when he occupied the town in 1898.

It is in this town where the oldest Christian bell in the Far East is located. It is also the birthplace of Don Vicente Nepomuceno, author of the history book "Historia Nac Cagayan" which is written in Ybanag.

The town has a church dedicated to San Jacinto or Saint Hyacinth which houses the oldest church bell (Sancta Maria, 1595) in the far east.

EducationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipality of Camalaniugan | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2020). "Region II (Cagayan Valley)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  5. ^ "Camalaniugan, Cagayan: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  6. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region II (Cagayan Valley)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  7. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region II (Cagayan Valley)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  8. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region II (Cagayan Valley)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  9. ^ "Province of Cagayan". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  10. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  11. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  12. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  13. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  14. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.

External linksEdit