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The Camões Prize (Portuguese, Prémio Camões, Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈpɾɛmju kaˈmõĩ̯ʃ]), named after Luís de Camões, is the most important prize for literature in the Portuguese language. It is awarded annually by the Portuguese Direção-Geral do Livro, dos Arquivos e das Biblioteca[1] (National Book, Archive an Libraries Department) and the Brazilian Fundação Biblioteca Nacional[2] (National Library Foundation) to the author of an outstanding oeuvre of work written in Portuguese. The monetary award is of 100,000, making it among the richest literary prizes in the world.

Camões Prize
Luís de Camões por François Gérard.jpg
A painting depicting Camões, made by François Gérard
CountryBrazil and Portugal
Presented byDireção-Geral do Livro, dos Arquivos e das Biblioteca (Portugal) and
Fundação Biblioteca Nacional (Brazil)
Reward(s)€100,000
First awarded1989

HistoryEdit

This award is considered the premier literary prize for an author in the Portuguese language for the entirety of their work.[3]

The Camões Prize is awarded annually, alternating between the two countries, and based on decision of a specially designated jury. The award consists of a cash amount resulting from the contributions from Brazil and Portugal, and is set annually by mutual agreement.

The Camões Prize was first introduced by the Additional Protocol to the Cultural Agreement between the Government of the Portuguese Republic and the Government of the Federal Republic of Brazil, dated September 7, 1966, which creates the Camões Prize, signed in Brasilia on June 22, 1988, and approved in Portugal by Decree No. 43/88 of November 30, 1988.[4]

This Protocol was replaced by a new one between the Portuguese Republic and the Federative Republic of Brazil, signed in Lisbon on April 17, 1999, approved by Portugal through Decree 47/99 in the official gazette of November 5, 1999.[5]

The LaureatesEdit

Year Author Country Genre(s) Ref(s)
1989   Miguel Torga (1907–1995)   Portugal poetry, short story, novel, drama, memoirs, essay
1990 João Cabral de Melo Neto (1920–1999)   Brazil poetry
1991 José Craveirinha (1922–2003)   Mozambique poetry, journalism
1992 Vergílio Ferreira (1916–1996)   Portugal novel, short story, memoirs, essay
1993   Rachel de Queiroz (1910–2003)   Brazil novel, short story, translation, journalism, drama, memoirs, children's literature [6]
1994   Jorge Amado (1912–2001)   Brazil novel, short story, poetry, children's literature, biography, journalism
1995   José Saramago (1922–2010)   Portugal novel, short story, drama, poetry, memoirs, journalism, children's literature
1996   Eduardo Lourenço (1923 – )   Portugal philosophy, literary criticism, essay
1997   "Pepetela"-Artur Carlos Maurício Pestana dos Santos (1941 – )   Angola novel, drama
1998   António Cândido de Mello e Sousa (1918–2017)   Brazil literary criticism, literary theory, essay, poetry
1999   Sophia de Mello Breyner (1919–2004)   Portugal poetry, short story, drama, children's literature, translation, essay
2000 Autran Dourado (1926–2012)   Brazil novel, short story, essay, memoirs
2001   Eugénio de Andrade (1923–2005)   Portugal poetry, children's literature, translation, short story
2002   Maria Velho da Costa (1938 – )   Portugal novel, short story, drama, essay, screenplay
2003 Rubem Fonseca (1925 – )   Brazil novel, short story, screenplay
2004 Agustina Bessa-Luís (1922–2019)   Portugal novel, short story, drama, essay, children's literature, biography, memoirs
2005   Lygia Fagundes Telles (1923 – )   Brazil novel, short story
2006 José Luandino Vieira (1935 – ) – refused   Portugal /   Angola novel, short story, journalism, children's literature, translation [7]
2007   António Lobo Antunes (1942 – )   Portugal novel, short story
2008   João Ubaldo Ribeiro (1941 – 2014)   Brazil novel, short story, journalism, children's literature, essay
2009   Arménio Vieira (1941 – )   Cape Verde poetry, journalism
2010   Ferreira Gullar (1930–2016)   Brazil poetry, short story, essay, art criticism, biography [8]
2011 Manuel António Pina (1943–2012)   Portugal poetry, children's literature, drama, short story, journalism [9]
2012 Dalton Trevisan (1925 – )   Brazil short story, novel
2013   Mia Couto (1955 -)   Mozambique novel, short story, poetry [10]
2014 Alberto da Costa e Silva (1931 -)   Brazil history, poetry, memoirs, essay, biography [11]
2015 Hélia Correia (1949 -)   Portugal novel, children's literature, drama, poetry [12]
2016   Raduan Nassar (1935 -)   Brazil short story, novel [13]
2017   Manuel Alegre (1936 -)   Portugal poetry, novel [14]
2018   Germano Almeida (1945 -)   Cape Verde novel [15]
2019   Chico Buarque (1944-)   Brazil songwriting, novel, drama [16]

Winners per countryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Arquivo de Notícias, na categoria Prémios". Direção-Geral do Livro, dos Arquivos e das Bibliotecas (DGLAB) (in Portuguese). DGLAB. 2019-05-22. Retrieved 2019-06-22.
  2. ^ "Prêmio Camões de Literatura". Biblioteca Nacional (in Portuguese). Biblioteca Nacional. 2019. Retrieved 2016-06-22.
  3. ^ Standish, Peter (26 March 1997). "Prizes". In Verity Smith (ed.). Encyclopedia of Latin American Literature. Routledge. p. 1252. ISBN 978-1-135-31425-5.
  4. ^ "Decreto n.o 43/88" (PDF). Diário da República. November 11, 1988. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
  5. ^ "Decreto n.o 47/99" (PDF). Diário da República. November 5, 1999. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
  6. ^ "Rachel de Queiroz". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
  7. ^ Lucas, Isabel (2006-05-25). "Luandino Vieira recusa Camões por "razões pessoais"". Diário de Notícias. Archived from the original on 2015-06-18. Retrieved 2015-06-18.
  8. ^ Schiavo, Leda. "Literature: Year In Review 2010: Portugal". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
  9. ^ Queirós, Luís Miguel; Coelho, Alexandra Lucas (2011-05-12). "Manuel António Pina ganha prémio Camões" (in Portuguese). Publico. Retrieved 2011-05-12.
  10. ^ Andrade, Sérgio C. (2013-05-27). "Mia Couto é o vencedor do Prémio Camões 2013". Publico. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
  11. ^ Carvalho, Cláudia Lima (2014-05-30). "O Prémio Camões 2014 é o brasileiro Alberto da Costa e Silva" (in Portuguese). Publico. Retrieved 2014-05-30.
  12. ^ Queirós, Luís Miguel; Gomes, Kathleen; Coutinho, Isabel; Lucas, Isabel (2015-06-17). "Hélia Correia é a vencedora do Prémio Camões" (in Portuguese). Publico. Retrieved 2015-06-18.
  13. ^ Marques, Ana Cristina (2016-05-30). "Raduan Nassar vence Prémio Camões de 2016" (in Portuguese). Observador. Retrieved 2016-05-30.
  14. ^ Luís Miguel, Queirós (2017-06-08). "Manuel Alegre é o vencedor do Prémio Camões" (in Portuguese). Público. Retrieved 2017-06-08.
  15. ^ "Cabo-verdiano Germano Almeida vence Prémio Camões 2018" (in Portuguese). Observador. 2018-05-21. Retrieved 2018-05-21.
  16. ^ "Chico Buarque é o novo ganhador do prêmio Camões de literatura" (in Portuguese). Folha de S. Paulo. 2019-05-21. Retrieved 2019-05-21.