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"California Love" is a hip hop song by 2Pac featuring Dr. Dre and Roger Troutman. The song was released as 2Pac's comeback single after his release from prison in 1995 and was his first single as the newest artist of Death Row Records. This is one of 2Pac's most widely known singles and his most successful, reaching number one on the Billboard Hot 100 for two weeks (as a double A-side single with "How Do U Want It") and five weeks at number one in New Zealand. The song was nominated for a posthumous Grammy Award as a Best Rap Solo Performance and Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group (with Dr. Dre and Roger Troutman) in 1997.
|Single by 2Pac featuring Dr. Dre and Roger Troutman|
|from the album All Eyez on Me (UK version)|
|A-side||"How Do U Want It"|
|Released||December 3, 1995|
|Recorded||October 1995; Can-Am Studios (Los Angeles)|
|2Pac singles chronology|
|Dr. Dre singles chronology|
The original version was not available on any of Shakur's studio albums due to it being intended for Dr. Dre's shelved album The Chronic II: A New World Odor (Poppa's Got A Brand New Funk), but it can now be found on Shakur's compilation of Greatest Hits and on the United Kingdom version of All Eyez on Me. The original version also exists in extended form and is 6:29 in length. This particular version was never released to the public and is now only available on 12" promo vinyl records. Aside from the extended track being on limited quantities of vinyl promo records, very few uploads to YouTube exist of the original, 6:29-length extended song.
Writing, samples and backgroundEdit
"California Love" was one of two songs produced by Dr. Dre on All Eyez on Me—the other one being "Can't C Me". The first version of the song has three verses featuring Dr. Dre's rapping. The only copy of this session is now in the possession of DJ Jam, Snoop Dogg's personal concert DJ. 2Pac first heard Dr. Dre's session while at Dre's in-house studio and asked Dre to put him on the song. Dre also did an additional remix of this song. The original was released as a double-A side single together with "How Do U Want It" and intended for the Dr. Dre album The Chronic II, while the remix was included on 2Pac's All Eyez on Me. The song was made and written in Dr. Dre's in house studio, 2Pac came in and wrote his verse straight away; it took him just 15 minutes to write his verse. The weekend after the song was completed the video was then recorded.
The original version contains a sample taken from Joe Cocker's 1972 song "Woman to Woman". The remix version contains a sample taken from Kleeer's 1984 song "Intimate Connection". The chorus, "California knows how to party", was sung by Roger Troutman using his characteristic talk box and was taken from the 1982 song "West Coast Poplock" by Ronnie Hudson & The Street People which was written by Ronnie Hudson and Mikel Hooks. In the song where Troutman sings "shake it, shake it baby", he interpolates the chant he used on his 1982 Zapp single, "Dance Floor".
Two versions of the music video exist. The first video (directed by Hype Williams) was inspired by the film Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome and was Jada Pinkett Smith's idea. It takes place in a desert in the year 2095. The casting includes funk mastermind George Clinton as the evil tribal chief, actor Chris Tucker (then known for his role in the 1995 film Friday), Tony Cox as the dwarf soldier and Roger Troutman (formerly with the band Zapp) carrying a talk box. The shooting took place in the Thunderdome set known from the movie. Filming for the music video began on November 10 and ended on November 13 of 1995. It ends with a cliffhanger cut by a "To Be Continued" closing. An alternative version, featuring the remix song re-cut, removes the final caption and features 2Pac and Dr. Dre naming West Coast towns.
The second video is based on the remix version of the song from the album All Eyez on Me and is a continuation of the video's story. The premise is that the desert scenes of the previous videos were merely a nightmare 2Pac was having. When he wakes up, he finds himself in his bed beside a woman. He calls Dr. Dre, who tells him to get over to his summer house because he's throwing a house party. The rest of the music video takes place as if it were a home video celebrating 2Pac's welcome to Death Row and features several cameos, notably Roger Troutman who is now playing the piano, and guest appearances from DJ Quik, Big Syke, Deion Sanders, Danny Boy, Jodeci, B-Legit and E-40.
The first video can be found on the DualDisc of All Eyez on Me and the second video can be found on Tupac: Live at the House of Blues DVD. The first video was shot November 10, 1995 and the second one 18 days later. It also won the 1996 MOBO Award for Best Video.
"California Love" was voted the 11th best single of 1996 in the Pazz & Jop, an annual critics poll run by The Village Voice. Robert Christgau, the poll's creator, ranked it 10th in his own year-end list. The song's first video was nominated for an MTV Video Music Award for Best Rap Video in 1996. It achieved number 9 of the top 10 on MTV's 100 Greatest Videos Ever Made list in 1999. In April 2005 it reached the Bronze medal spot on MTV2 and XXL's 25 Greatest West Coast Videos. It also achieved number 1 on the French MTV's 100 Greatest Rap Music Videos in 2006 (featured from 23 till 30 of July). It went number 51 on VH1's countdown of the 100 Greatest songs of the 90s.
- The information regarding accolades attributed to California Love is adapted from Acclaimed Music.
|Ego Trip||United States||Hip Hop's 40 Greatest Singles by Year 1980–98||1999||22|
|VH1||100 Greatest Songs of the 90's||2014||51|
|Blender||The 1001 Greatest Songs to Download Right Now!||2003||*|
|rap.about.com||50 Great Hip Hop Songs||2001||6|
|Rolling Stone||The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time||2004||346|
|Bruce Pollock||The 7,500 Most Important Songs of 1944–2000||2005||*|
|Rolling Stone||The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time (Updated 2010)||2010||355|
|Rock and Roll Hall of Fame||The Songs That Shaped Rock (Additions 2011)||2011||*|
|Slant||The 100 Best Singles of the 90s||17|
|TIME||The All-Time 100 Songs||*|
|Pause & Play||Songs Inducted into a Time Capsule, One Track at Each Week||*|
|Gary Mulholland||United Kingdom||This Is Uncool: The 500 Best Singles Since Punk Rock||2002||*|
|Paul Morley||Words and Music, 210 Greatest Pop Singles of All Time||2003||*|
|Q||The 1001 Best Songs Ever||118|
|The 1010 Songs You Must Own||2004||*|
|Giannis Petridis||Greece||2004 of the Best Songs of the Century||2003||*|
|Technikart||France||Top 20 Songs per Year 1991–2011||2012||13|
|Village Voice||United States||Singles of the Year||11|
In popular cultureEdit
- My American Heart covered this song for the Punk Goes Crunk compilation album.
- A spoof version with different lyrics was featured in the South Park episode "Night of the Living Homeless". In another episode "#Rehash", an instrumental remake was used when a Hologram of 2Pac came down the stairs of the Marsh House after sleeping with Sharon.
- MMA/UFC bantamweight fighter "The California Kid" Urijah Faber uses the song as his entry music before each fight.
- It was performed by Justin Timberlake and Jimmy Fallon on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon.
- It was one of the songs featured in Holler if Ya Hear Me, a 2014 jukebox musical of Tupac's work. The cast performed the song on Good Morning America on July 8, 2014.
- The song also appears in the films Valentine's Day, Iron Man 2, Marmaduke, Battle: Los Angeles, and CHiPs.
- A sample of it is used in a commercial promoting a series between the Los Angeles Dodgers, and San Francisco Giants on ESPN.
- A sample was also used at the beginning of German Singer Sarah Connor's "He's Unbelievable".
- The recording of the song and "Hail Mary" are briefly portrayed in the film Straight Outta Compton.
- It was played at least once during every batting practice prior to the baseball games, in the 1997 season for the Cleveland Indians at Jacobs Field.
- Honey G covered the song in the first live show of series 13 of The X Factor.
- The song appeared on the April 30, 1996 episode of sitcom Moesha, in the ditch party scene.
- The song appeared in The Simpsons episode "Angry Dad: The Movie".
- Los Angeles Dodgers pitcher Kenley Jansen uses the song as his walkout music.
- The Oakland Athletics play the song every time a home run is hit by one of the players at the Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum.
- This song was played in 2Pac's biopic, All Eyez On Me, with 2Pac fresh out of jail, and recording the song with Dr. Dre.
- Eve and Julie Chen covered the song on their show The Talk as part of Chen's New Year's Evolution to learn how to rap.
- Ellen DeGeneres occasionally "dances" through the audience section of the studio of her talk show, The Ellen DeGeneres Show, while her DJ plays this song, between the opening monologue and her first guest.
There are several different versions (and duration lengths) of California Love recorded and released by 2Pac.
- California Love [Official/"Full" Original Track] – 6:29 (the unmodified, uncut original track, released only on promo vinyl records)
- California Love [Remix/"Full" Original Track] – 6:25 (the unmodified, uncut remixed track, released on All Eyez On Me)
- California Love ["Original"] – 4:45 (the "original" released track, shortened down from 6:29 to 4:45)
- California Love [Short Radio Edit] – 4:01 (modified version of the cut "original" track [shorter, modified outro])
- California Love [LP Instrumental] – 4:15 (instrumental version of the "original" track)
- California Love [Short Remix Edit] – 4:07 (remixed version of the "original")
- California Love [Remix Instrumental] – 4:12 (instrumental version of remix)
Some tracks listed above are available through iTunes and other music providers, while others are from CD discs only believed to be released in the UK. The "official/original" track can only be found on promo vinyl records or through YouTube.
- Writer – Tupac "2Pac" Shakur (2nd Verse); James "J-Flexx" Anderson (1st verse)
- Keyboards – Sean "Barney" Thomas
- Percussion – Carl "Butch" Small
- Producer, mixing, featuring (Rap) – Dr. Dre
- Vocals, talkbox – Roger Troutman
- Background vocals – Danette Williams, Dorothy Coleman, Barbara Wilson
- Engineer – Keston E. Wright
- Engineer – Rick Clifford
- Assistant Engineer: Alvin McGill
- Production assistant – Larry Chatman
- Video direction – Hype Williams
|Canada (Music Canada)||Gold||20,000*|
|New Zealand (RMNZ)||Platinum||10,000*|
|Norway (IFPI Norway)||Gold||5,000*|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Gold||400,000|
|United States (RIAA)||2× Platinum||2,404,000|
*sales figures based on certification alone
Notes and referencesEdit
- Allah, Sha Be (2015-12-03). "TODAY IN HIP HOP HISTORY: TUPAC'S "CALIFORNIA LOVE" FEATURING DR. DRE TURNS 20". thesource.com. Retrieved 2018-05-21.
- "HipHop-Elements.Com - Rap, R&B, Neo Soul, Pop, Rock, Latin, Reggae, Celebrity News and Gossip - HipHop-Elements.com". hiphop-elements.com. Archived from the original on 2012-02-15.
- YouTube. youtube.com.
- "Hype Williams: His 10 Greatest Videos: 2". Factmag.com. 2012-03-09. Retrieved 2014-03-24.
- Wilson, Elliott (April 2005). "XXL". Pop Shots. Harris Publications. pp. 131–135.
- "Robert Christgau: Pazz & Jop 1996: Critics Poll". robertchristgau.com.
- Christgau, Robert (1997). "Pazz & Jop 1996: Dean's List". The Village Voice (February 25). New York. Retrieved September 14, 2014.
- "Week Ending June 19, 2011. Bad Teenage Dreams – Chart Watch". New.music.yahoo.com. 2011-06-22. Archived from the original on September 2, 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-25.
- "Acclaimed Music – California Love". Acclaimed Music.
- Kung, Michelle (September 30, 2010). "Justin Timberlake and Jimmy Fallon's 'History of Rap' Duet: The Full Set List". The Wall Street Journal.
- Weber, Imogen Lloyd (July 8, 2014). "Watch the Cast of Holler If Ya Hear Me Get Some 'California Love'". Broadway.com.
- "Moesha S01E11 The Ditch Party". YouTube. Retrieved January 3, 2017.
- "The Talk – Julie Chen Performs 'California Love' with Eve". YouTube. Retrieved January 26, 2018.
- "Australian-charts.com – 2Pac feat. Dr. Dre – California Love". ARIA Top 50 Singles.
- "Austriancharts.at – 2 Pac feat. Dr. Dre – California Love" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40.
- "Ultratop.be – 2 Pac feat. Dr. Dre – California Love" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50.
- "Ultratop.be – 2 Pac feat. Dr. Dre – California Love" (in French). Ultratop 50.
- "Top Singles – Volume 63, No. 9, April 15, 1996". RPM. Retrieved 2011-02-21.
- "Item Display – RPM – Library and Archives Canada". Retrieved 28 December 2012.
- "2 Pac feat. Dr. Dre: California Love" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland.
- "Lescharts.com – 2 Pac feat. Dr. Dre – California Love" (in French). Les classement single.
- "Offiziellecharts.de – 2 Pac feat. Dr. Dre – California Love". GfK Entertainment Charts.
- "Íslenski Listinn Nr. 161: Vikuna 16.3. – 22.3. '96" (PDF). Dagblaðið Vísir. March 16, 1996. p. 26. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
- "Hit Parade Italia – Indice per Interprete: 0". Hit Parade Italia. Retrieved July 6, 2012.
- "Nederlandse Top 40 – 2 Pac feat. Dr. Dre" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40.
- "Dutchcharts.nl – 2 Pac feat. Dr. Dre – California Love" (in Dutch). Single Top 100.
- "Charts.nz – 2 Pac feat. Dr. Dre – California Love". Top 40 Singles.
- "Norwegiancharts.com – 2 Pac feat. Dr. Dre – California Love". VG-lista.
- "Official Scottish Singles Sales Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company.
- "Swedishcharts.com – 2 Pac feat. Dr. Dre – California Love". Singles Top 100.
- "Swisscharts.com – 2 Pac feat. Dr. Dre – California Love". Swiss Singles Chart.
- "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company.
- "Official R&B Singles Chart Top 40". Official Charts Company.
- "2Pac Chart History (Mainstream Top 40)". Billboard. Retrieved June 29, 2019.
- "The ARIA Australian Top 100 Singles 1996". Imgur.com (original document published by ARIA). Retrieved June 14, 2017.
- "Item Display – RPM – Library and Archives Canada". collectionscanada.gc.ca.
- "Top 100 Single-Jahrescharts" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved August 7, 2015.
- "End of Year Charts 1996". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
- "Billboard Top 100 – 1996". Archived from the original on 2009-03-01. Retrieved 2010-08-27.
- Geoff Mayfield (December 25, 1999). 1999 The Year in Music Totally '90s: Diary of a Decade – The listing of Top Pop Albums of the '90s & Hot 100 Singles of the '90s. Billboard. Retrieved October 15, 2010.
- "Canadian single certifications – 2 Pac – California Love". Music Canada.
- "New Zealand single certifications – 2Pac & Dr Dre – California Love". Recorded Music NZ.
- "Norwegian single certifications – 2Pac – California Love" (in Norwegian). IFPI Norway.
- "British single certifications – 2Pac ft Dr Dre – California Love". British Phonographic Industry. Select singles in the Format field. Select Gold in the Certification field. Type California Love in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
- "Nielsen SoundScan Charts". Nielsen. April 4, 2016.
- "American single certifications – 2 Pac – How Do U Want It/California Love". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH.