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Caldercruix /ˌkɔːldərˈkrʊks/ is a semi-rural village in North Lanarkshire, Scotland. The nearest major town is Airdrie, 4 miles (6 km) to the west. It has a population of about 2,440.[1] The village is about 20 miles (32 km) east of Glasgow and 32 miles (50 km) west of Edinburgh.

Caldercruix
Caldercruix is located in North Lanarkshire
Caldercruix
Caldercruix
Location within North Lanarkshire
Population2,440 
OS grid referenceNS8268
Council area
Lieutenancy area
CountryScotland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townAIRDRIE
Postcode districtML6
Dialling code01236
PoliceScotland
FireScottish
AmbulanceScottish
EU ParliamentScotland
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
55°53′N 3°53′W / 55.89°N 03.88°W / 55.89; -03.88Coordinates: 55°53′N 3°53′W / 55.89°N 03.88°W / 55.89; -03.88

The local Church of Scotland congregation is the Caldercruix and Longriggend Parish Church and the local Roman Catholic Church is Saint Mary’s located on Glen Road.

The village is home to an active community council.[2] There is a combined primary school (Glengowan/St. Mary's Primary School) which serves the village and surrounding rural area.[3] There are two Orange Lodges in Caldercruix.

HistoryEdit

Caldercruix developed in the 19th century as the papermaking and mining industries grew. The village was formerly home to a large paper mill, which closed in 1970.[4]

The village is situated by the North Calder Water and probably takes its name from the bends or crooks (cruiks) in the river.[5] North Calder Water was dammed in the late 18th century to create Hillend Loch, which is used recreationally by angler and sailors.

RailwayEdit

Caldercruix railway station was built in 1863, on the Bathgate and Coatbridge Railway. The line closed to passengers in January 1956, and reopened in December 2010 as the Airdrie-Bathgate Rail Link, although the opening of Caldercruix station itself (alongside Drumgelloch and Armadale) was delayed until February 2011 due to bad weather conditions. Trains run east to Bathgate and Edinburgh Waverley, and west to Airdrie and Glasgow Queen Street (usually continuing to Dalmuir and Helensburgh Central).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Estimated population of localities by broad age groups, mid-2012" (PDF). Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  2. ^ "Caldercruix Community Council". Caldercruix Community Council. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
  3. ^ "Glengowan/St. Mary's Primary School". Culture NL. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
  4. ^ "Caldercruix Mill". Canmore. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
  5. ^ Drummond, Peter, John (2014). An analysis of toponyms and toponymic patterns in eight parishes of the upper Kelvin basin (PDF). Glasgow: Glasgow University. p. 332. Retrieved 3 July 2017.

External linksEdit