Walton, Milton Keynes(Redirected from Caldecotte)
Walton Hall, the former manor house of Walton.
|Population||11,923 (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||MILTON KEYNES|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Walton (historically) was a hamlet that is now a district and civil parish in Milton Keynes, ceremonial Buckinghamshire, England. For local government purposes, it is part of the Danesborough and Walton electoral ward.
The historic hamlet is located about four miles south of Central Milton Keynes and just east of Simpson, mostly along Walton Road in the modern Walnut Tree district. The modern H9 Groveway grid road severs a few of its houses into Walton Hall and the V10 Brickhill Street separates the Manor Farm off into the Walton grid square. The Manor Farm has been redeveloped, first into a research centre for Hoechst and subsequently as the UK headquarters of MSD Animal Health.
The village name is a common one in England, and is an Old English language word, meaning either 'village of the Britons' (wale being a word meaning Briton) or 'walled village'. The village is first recorded (in the 12th century) as Wauton.
The modern Walton district is a light-industrial and residential district on the banks of the River Ouzel, a tributary of the Great Ouse and on the other side of Brickhill Street from the hamlet that gives it its name. It is largely the grounds of Walton Manor Farm. The other village farm, Walnut Tree Farm, still exists and the Walnut Tree district is on its lands.
Walton Civil ParishEdit
The civil parish of Walton includes the districts of Browns Wood, Caldecotte, Old Farm Park, Tilbrook, Towergate, Walton, Walton Hall, Walton Park, Walnut Tree and Wavendon Gate. Caldecotte Lake is one of the more significant geographic features, extending from Caldecotte and Walton Park. The Parish Council is entitled a 'Community Council".
Walton Community Council is the first tier of local government serving those living, attending and working in this area of Milton Keynes. The Community Council is responsible for the estates and villages of Browns Wood, Caldecotte, Old Farm Park, Tilbrook, Tower Gate, Walnut Tree, Walton Hall, Walton Park and Wavendon Gate.
Browns Wood is a district in the south-east corner of the civil parish which, in the 2001 Census, also gave its name to an Office for National Statistics designated 'urban sub-area'.
Caldecotte is another district in the parish, that includes the site of an ancient village of the same name. It is also includes the larger part of Caldecotte Lake, an important manmade balancing lake that manages flood water on the River Ouzel just as it enters Milton Keynes. The lake is used by a number of local clubs for rowing and other water sports.
The place name is fairly common in England, and is Old English meaning "cold cottage". This refers to a resting place for travellers or other strangers on the road. The original Northampton to London road (modern Brickhill Street) runs nearby, just short of its junction with Watling Street (itself a major route in continuous use since Roman times). The village declined when the Northampton road was rerouted in 1728 through Broughton and Woburn to join the Watling Street at Hockliffe.
Old Farm ParkEdit
Old Farm Park is a residential area in the south-east of the parish.
The industrial area of Tilbrook is noted for being the home of Red Bull Racing.
Walton itself is to the north-west of the parish, contained by Groveway, Brickhill Street, Bletcham Way and the River Ouzel. I contains a research centre for Hoechst AG as well as housing.
The Walton Hall district, contained by Standing Way, Brickhill Street, Groveway and the river Ouzel, is mainly noted for containing the campus of The Open University. It also contains former parish church of St Michael.
Walnut Tree is a residential district in Walton, with a population of 3,354 in the last UK census Walnut Tree (pdf) – Milton Keynes Council. It is named after the Walnut Tree Farm, on whose land the estate was built. All the street names in Walnut Tree are named after either Wild Flowers and Herbs or 18th century Turnpike Trusts
Walnut Tree is home to a local centre, including small shopping outlets and takeaway restaurants. The district also contains the Blackberry Sports Injury Clinic and a GP surgery. Walnut Tree also has a pub, The Tawny Owl, and a pet supplies business  based on Walnut Tee Farm.
The area features three schools – Walton High School (Milton Keynes) for secondary education as well as the Heronshaw and Heronsgate Schools  for primary education, serving both Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2 respectively.
There is a cricket ground and football pitch with changing facilities. There are a number of play parks for children scattered throughout the area.
Wavendon Gate is a district within the civil parish which borders on the village of Wavendon. It is a mainly residential area which contains the Wavendon Gate junior school  and also a cricket green and pavilion  for recreational activities.
ONS Urban Sub-AreasEdit
For the 2001 Census, the Office for National Statistics designated urban sub-areas called Walnut Tree and Browns Wood that are far bigger than the districts of that name. The Walnut Tree and Browns Wood urban sub-areas together approximated to that part of the former Newport Pagnell Rural District that is west of the River Ouzel and east of the M1. The ONS discontinued this usage in the 2011 Census.
- Neighbourhood Statistics 2011 census, Accessed 4 February 2013
- Milton Keynes parishes as of 2002 (map) Archived 8 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
- MSD Animal Health contact details
- Victoaria History of the Counties of England: Buckinghamshire Vol IV: Newport Hundred : Walton
- Anne Baker – Street Names of Milton Keynes East ISBN 978-1-86077-411-9
- Blackberry Clinic
- KS01 Usual resident population: Census 2001, Key Statistics for urban areas Archived 20 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine. (lines 1808 to 1815).
Media related to Walton, Milton Keynes at Wikimedia Commons