Calcomp plotter

Calcomp plotters (sometimes referred to as CalComp plotters) were the best known products of California Computer Products (Calcomp or CalComp).[1][2]

A Calcomp 565 drum plotter.
Closeup of Calcomp plotter right side, showing controls for manually moving the drum. Similar controls on the left move the pen carriage.

OverviewEdit

The Calcomp 565 drum plotter,[3][4] introduced in 1959, was one of the first computer graphics output devices sold. The computer could control in 0.01 inch increments the rotation of an 11 inch (280 mm) wide drum and the horizontal movement of a pen holder over the drum. The pen was pressed by a spring against paper scrolling across the drum. A solenoid could lift the pen off the paper. This arrangement allowed line drawings to be made under computer control. Years later Calcomp made model 563 which used a 30" wide drum.

The paper rolls were 120 feet (37 m) long. A metal bar above the take-up reel allowed a finished plot to be torn off and removed. The drum would then be advanced using the manual controls and the fresh paper end taped to the take-up reel. The standard pen was a ball-point, but liquid ink pens were available, and typically used for higher quality plots intended for publication. Other paper stock could be taped to the drum if desired. A chart drive switch was provided to turn off the motorized paper supply and take-up reels for this purpose.

IBMEdit

IBM sold the Calcomp 565 as the IBM 1627[5] for use with its low-end scientific computers, first the IBM 1620, and, later, the IBM 1130. It was perhaps the first non-IBM peripheral that IBM allowed to be attached to one of its computers.

A Calcomp plotter attached to an IBM 1401 was used to develop Bresenham's line algorithm in 1962.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ John Canaday (August 30, 1970). "Art". The New York Times. The machine in question, a Calcomp 702 plotter
  2. ^ "Computer Rates Raiders Tepid Choice". The New York Times. December 24, 1975. into the CalComp computer
  3. ^ "computers and automation" (PDF). BitSavers.
  4. ^ "August 1968" (PDF). BitSavers. Programmed in Fortran, and plotted off line on a CalComp 565 digital plotter
  5. ^ "The International Hotel Los Angeles, California. December 6" (PDF). BitSavers. our CalComp 565 graph plotter (alias IBM 1627)
  6. ^ Paul E. Black. Dictionary of Algorithms and Data Structures, NIST. https://xlinux.nist.gov/dads/HTML/bresenham.html

External linksEdit