Calascibetta

Calascibetta (Sicilian: Calascibbetta) is a comune in the Province of Enna, Sicily, southern Italy.

Calascibetta
Comune di Calascibetta
Panorama of Calascibetta
Panorama of Calascibetta
Location of Calascibetta
Calascibetta is located in Italy
Calascibetta
Calascibetta
Location of Calascibetta in Italy
Calascibetta is located in Sicily
Calascibetta
Calascibetta
Calascibetta (Sicily)
Coordinates: 37°35′N 14°16′E / 37.583°N 14.267°E / 37.583; 14.267Coordinates: 37°35′N 14°16′E / 37.583°N 14.267°E / 37.583; 14.267
CountryItaly
RegionSicily
ProvinceEnna (EN)
FrazioniCacchiamo, Buonriposo, Lago Morello
Government
 • MayorPiero Antonio Santi Capizzi
Area
 • Total88.18 km2 (34.05 sq mi)
Elevation
691 m (2,267 ft)
Population
 (30 November 2017)[2]
 • Total4,409
 • Density50/km2 (130/sq mi)
DemonymXibetani
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
94010
Dialing code0935
Patron saintSt. Peter in chains
Saint dayFirst Sunday of August
WebsiteOfficial website

HistoryEdit

It was assumed that Calascibetta was founded in the 9th century as a Muslim military camp, on the fortress in front of Henna, to attempt the siege of the Byzantine stronghold. The territory was already inhabited in ancient times, as evidenced by the necropolis of Calcarella (11th and 10th centuries BC), of Realmese (with tombs of the 9th and 6th centuries BC), of Valle Coniglio (10th and 7th century BC) and of Malpasso (Copper Age).

Frequented in the Byzantine era as evidenced by nineteenth-century documents relating to frescoed caves used by Basilian eremitic monks, it is believed that a real foundation of Calascibetta took place with the Norman conquest of the island, where it appears mentioned in 1062, when it was fortified by Roger I, who had built the castle called "Marco", the first walls, the first village, during the siege of Castrogiovanni, and the great cathedral dedicating it to the Virgin Mary and to the Apostle St. Peter.

Unlike many of the small towns in Sicily, Calascibetta remained a city owned by the central royal government, and not a private feudal property. As such, it experienced a period of unmatched splendor, favored and preferred as it was by the Aragonese kings, including Peter II who died there during a stay, who endowed it, following the example of the Normans, with churches and monuments. Its inhabitants are called Xibetans.

In 1492, Calascibetta was one of about 50 towns in Sicily which included a giudecca, or a Jewish urban neighborhood, typically now labeled as a ghetto.[3]

Main SightsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ Italia Judaica: Gli ebrei in Sicilia sino all'espulsione del 1492, article titled Gli ebrei prima e dopo il 1492 by Francisco Renda, page 36.

External linksEdit