Caister-on-Sea

Caister-on-Sea, also known colloquially as Caister and formerly Caister-next-Yarmouth, is a large village and seaside resort in Norfolk, England. It is close to the large town of Great Yarmouth. At the 2001 census it had a population of 8,756 and 3,970 households,[1] the population increasing to 8,901 at the 2011 Census.[2]

Caister-on-Sea
Caister-on-Sea is located in Norfolk
Caister-on-Sea
Caister-on-Sea
Location within Norfolk
Population8,901 (2011 Census)
OS grid referenceTG512125
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townGREAT YARMOUTH
Postcode districtNR30
Dialling code01493
PoliceNorfolk
FireNorfolk
AmbulanceEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Norfolk
52°39′04″N 1°43′59″E / 52.651°N 1.733°E / 52.651; 1.733Coordinates: 52°39′04″N 1°43′59″E / 52.651°N 1.733°E / 52.651; 1.733

It used to be served by Caister-on-Sea railway station. Following its closure in 1959, Great Yarmouth railway station, 4 km (2.5 mi) to the south, became the nearest station.[3] There was also a Caister Camp Halt, opened in 1933 to serve the holiday camp, which also closed in 1959.

The wind farm at Scroby Sands has thirty 2–megawatt wind turbines, 2.5 km (1.6 mi) off shore.

Caister Castle, a 15th century tower, and part of which is now a car museum, is about 2 km (1.2 mi) to the west.

HistoryEdit

Caister's history dates back to Roman times. In around AD 200 a fort was built here as a base for a unit of the Roman army and navy. However its role as a fort appears to have been reduced following the construction of the Saxon Shore fort at Burgh Castle on the southern side of the estuary in the latter part of the 3rd century. The name 'Caister' derives from the Anglo-Saxon word 'ceaster' meaning 'Roman fort'

In the 1950s, a building near the south gate at Caister was excavated in advance of a housing development. These buildings do not appear to be military as they include a hypocaust and painted wall plaster as well as female jewellery, and it has been suggested that this building may have been an officer's house, or possibly a ‘seamen's hostel’ which may be a polite name for a brothel. The site appears to have been abandoned in the 5th century, but 150 Saxon burials have been found to the south of the enclosure.[4] The remains excavated in the 1950s are now managed by English Heritage and are open free of charge to the public as Caister Roman Site.

There has been an offshore lifeboat in the area since 1791.[5] It was used by a beach company to salvage ships wrecked on the sand banks. Between 1856 and 1969 lifeboats were operated by the RNLI. In the 1901 Caister lifeboat disaster, nine crew were lost while attempting a rescue during heavy seas. At the time it was said, "If they had to keep at it 'til now, they would have sailed about until daylight to help her. Going back is against the rules when we see distress signals like that".[6] A monument to the men lost in the disaster bearing the inscription "Caister men never turn back" stands in the village cemetery, unveiled in 1903 and was listed Grade II by Historic England in 2020.[7][8] A pub called the "Never Turn Back" is named after the incident.

Today, Caister is also host to a National Coastwatch Institution (NCI) Station.[citation needed]

21st centuryEdit

There is a Haven caravan and holiday park near the coast. One of the oldest in the UK, it began as the "Great Yarmouth Social Club" in 1906.[9] In the 1950s and early 1960s, it used to be on both sides of the road. Opposite the beach was a dining room, paper shop, sports facilities and tourist chalets. These facilities were sold to a property developer who turned it into housing in the 1970s. In the 1980s a brand new holiday camp was opened, under the ownership of Ladbrokes, which was later sold to Warners in the 1990s.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Office for National Statistics & Norfolk County Council (2001).Census population and household counts for unparished urban areas and all parishes. Retrieved 2 December 2005.
  2. ^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 24 August 2015.
  3. ^ "Railway Passenger Stations in England, Scotland and Wales: A Chronology" by M E Quick; 2005.
  4. ^ A Guide to the Roman Remains in Britain by Roger Wilson (Constable)
  5. ^ BBC Online. Caister Lifeboat
  6. ^ Storey, Neil R. (1 November 2011). Little Book of Norfolk. The History Press. ISBN 9780752494609.
  7. ^ "Beauchamp Lifeboat Memorial, Caister-on-Sea, Caister-on-Sea - 1468694 | Historic England". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 26 December 2020.
  8. ^ "Captivating Sites Across England Listed During 2020 | Historic England". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 26 December 2020.
  9. ^ Holiday camps at Seaside History. Accessed May 2008.

http://kepn.nottingham.ac.uk/map/place/Norfolk/Caister%20next%20Yarmouth

External linksEdit