Caishikou Execution Grounds
The execution ground was located at the crossroads of Xuanwumen Outer Street and Luomashi Street. The exact location is under debate today. However, contemporary sources and photographs put it across from an apothecary shop named He Nian Tang (鶴年堂藥店).
Executions were usually carried out at 11:30AM. On the day of the execution, the convict would be carted from the jail cell to the execution grounds. The cart stopped at a wine shop named Broken Bowl (Chinese:破碗居) on the east side of Xuanwu Gate, where the convict would be offered a bowl of rice wine. The bowl would be smashed after it was drunk. During the executions of infamous convicts, it was common for a large crowd to gather and watch. The torture death by a thousand cuts was also carried out at the execution ground.
Famous people executed at CaishikouEdit
- Zhu Yousong, or Hongguang Emperor, the first emperor of the Southern Ming Dynasty.
- Zhu Changfang, a member of the Royal family of Southern Ming Dynasty.
- Zheng Zhilong, father of Koxinga.
- Jahangir Khoja, East Turkic rebel leader.
- The Six gentlemen of the Hundred Days' Reform, including Tan Sitong and Lin Xu.
- Xu Jingcheng, Qing diplomat, during the Boxer Rebellion.
- Qixiu (啟秀), Manchu pro-Boxer official
- Henriot, Christian; Yeh, Wen-hsin (2012). Visualising China, 1845-1965: Moving and Still Images in Historical Narratives. BRILL. p. 66. ISBN 900423375X.
- The time was 午時三刻 in old Chinese timekeeping, which corresponded to 11:30AM. "古代中國斬首行刑奇聞". Archived from the original on 24 Aug 2015.
- "Beijingers of the Past Seen in Photos (part three)". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 23 Aug 2015.
- Chan, Shelley W. (2011). A Subversive Voice in China: The Fictional World of Mo Yan. Cambria Press. ISBN 1604977191.