Cagnes-sur-Mer

Cagnes-sur-Mer (French pronunciation: ​[kaɲ syʁ mɛʁ], Occitan: Canha de Mar) is a French Riviera town in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.

Cagnes-sur-Mer
The old village of Haut-de-Cagnes as seen from the château
The old village of Haut-de-Cagnes as seen from the château
Flag of Cagnes-sur-Mer
Flag
Coat of arms of Cagnes-sur-Mer
Coat of arms
Location of Cagnes-sur-Mer
Cagnes-sur-Mer is located in France
Cagnes-sur-Mer
Cagnes-sur-Mer
Cagnes-sur-Mer is located in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Cagnes-sur-Mer
Cagnes-sur-Mer
Coordinates: 43°39′52″N 7°08′56″E / 43.6644°N 7.1489°E / 43.6644; 7.1489Coordinates: 43°39′52″N 7°08′56″E / 43.6644°N 7.1489°E / 43.6644; 7.1489
CountryFrance
RegionProvence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
DepartmentAlpes-Maritimes
ArrondissementGrasse
CantonCagnes-sur-Mer-1 and 2
IntercommunalityMétropole Nice Côte d'Azur
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Louis Nègre[1] (LR)
Area
1
17.95 km2 (6.93 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
51,411
 • Density2,900/km2 (7,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
06027 /06800
Elevation0–187 m (0–614 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

GeographyEdit

Cagnes-sur-Mer is a town in south-eastern France located on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, between Saint-Laurent-du-Var and Villeneuve-Loubet. It stretches along a cove offering nearly four kilometers of beach and is surrounded by hills, including that of the castle which rises to 90 meters above sea level.

HistoryEdit

It was the retreat and final address of the painter Pierre-Auguste Renoir, who moved there in 1907 in an attempt to improve his arthritis, and remained until his death in 1919. In the late 1920s, Cagnes-sur-Mer became a residence for many American renowned literary and art figures, such as Kay Boyle, George Antheil and Harry and Caresse Crosby.[3][4] Author Georges Simenon (1903–1989), creator of the fictional detective Commissaire Jules Maigret, lived at 98, montée de la Bourgade in the 1950s with his third wife and their three children; his initial "S" may still be seen in the wrought iron on the stairs. Parisian artist, poet, and philosopher Georges Charaire had a home In Cagnes for many years. Creating his lithographs in the former studio of Paul Gauguin, and also as a co-founder of the Theatre du Tertre in Montmartre, he had a great influence on French art and thought in the 20th century. He helped his friend Eugène Ionesco with his first plays at the Theatre du Tertre. Charaire kept his second home in Cagnes sur Mer until his death in 2001.

Belarusian-French artist Chaim Soutine created powerful, fanciful landscapes of southern France. A friend of Amedeo Modigliani, Soutine left colourful landscapes from Cagnes from 1924 on. Fauvist painter Francisco Iturrino also resided in the town where he died. The town may have been an inspiration for Neo-impressionist Henri-Edmond Cross (1856–1910), the artist who painted Cypresses at Cagnes (1908).

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 1,304—    
1800 1,168−1.56%
1806 1,519+4.48%
1821 1,936+1.63%
1831 2,349+1.95%
1836 2,317−0.27%
1841 2,102−1.93%
1846 2,454+3.15%
1851 2,443−0.09%
1856 2,280−1.37%
1861 2,435+1.32%
1866 2,793+2.78%
1872 2,582−1.30%
1876 2,400−1.81%
1881 2,855+3.53%
1886 3,057+1.38%
1891 2,962−0.63%
1896 3,029+0.45%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 3,381+2.22%
1906 3,705+1.85%
1911 5,044+6.36%
1921 5,395+0.67%
1926 7,499+6.81%
1931 7,866+0.96%
1936 9,038+2.82%
1946 9,315+0.30%
1954 11,066+2.18%
1962 15,392+4.21%
1968 22,110+6.22%
1975 29,538+4.22%
1982 35,214+2.54%
1990 40,902+1.89%
1999 43,942+0.80%
2007 48,941+1.36%
2012 46,686−0.94%
2017 50,928+1.75%
Source: EHESS[5] and INSEE (1968-2017)[6]

SightsEdit

Places of interest include Renoir's estate, Les Collettes, surrounded by olive trees; the Medieval castle at le Haut-de-Cagnes and the Cros quarter, founded by Italian fishermen in the nineteenth century.

It is also known for its horse racing venue, the Hippodrome de la Côte d'Azur, and a four-kilometre beach.

TransportEdit

The Gare de Cagnes-sur-Mer railway station offers local services in the directions of Nice and Cannes.

International relationsEdit

The commune is twinned with:

Photo galleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ Antheil, George (1952); Bad Boy of Music
  4. ^ "A(braham) Lincoln Gillespie, Jr. Biography | Dictionary of Literary Biography". Bookrags.com. 2010-11-02. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
  5. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Cagnes-sur-Mer, EHESS. (in French)
  6. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE

External linksEdit