Cabinet of Turkey

The Cabinet of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Kabinesi) or Presidential Cabinet (Turkish: Cumhurbaşkanlığı Kabinesi) is the body that exercises supreme executive authority in Turkey. It is composed of the President and the heads of the ministries.

From 1923 to 2018, Ministers were ceremonially appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister. From 2018, Turkey adopts an Executive Presidency meaning that the President has the full responsibility to appoint and relinquish Ministers from their duties. The cabinet is the executive power and is responsible for the management of the state.

Process of nomination and appointmentEdit

The President of Turkey is elected by the people every five years. The president then appoints and dismiss the deputies of the president as well as the ministers according to article 104 of the Constitution. The deputies of the president and the ministers are required to take oath before the Parliament.

After the transition to a presidential system in 2017, the cabinet does not require a parliamentary approval anymore to be formed, and thus the number of technocrats in the cabinet has increased.[1]

Separation of powersEdit

Cabinet members and other members of the executive power cannot occupy any position in the Parliament. Cabinet ministers, and other executive branch appointees, must resign their seat in [[Member of Parliament}Parliament]] to serve in the government. These restrictions are in place to alleviate external pressure and influence on ministers, and to enable them to focus on their governmental work.

The Parliament has no role in confirming presidential appointments for the cabinet. However, a majority vote in the Parliament can overturn a presidential decree. It can also table a motion requesting that the ministers to be investigated on allegations of perpetration of a crime regarding their duties. The Parliament also can dismiss the President (and thus the whole cabinet) by calling for early presidential elections. In order to achieve this, a three-fifth majority in the Parliament is required. In this case, both the presidential election as well as the parliamentary election shall be renewed.[2]

FunctioningEdit

The president is the chief executive leader. Therefore, the whole cabinet's tenure is linked to the president's tenure: The president's (and the cabinet's) term automatically ends, if a newly elected president sits for the first time, or if the president resigns or dies.

The President is responsible for guiding the cabinet and deciding its political direction. According to the principle of departmentalization, the cabinet ministers are free to carry out their duties independently within the boundaries set by the President's political directives. The Parliament may at any time ask the President to dismiss a minister or to appoint a new minister. The President also decides the scope of each minister's duties and can nominate ministers to lead a department and so called ministers for special affairs without an own department. The president can also lead a department himself.

The president's freedom to shape its cabinet is only limited by some constitutional provisions: The president has to appoint a Minister of Defence, a Minister of Internal Affairs, Minister of Foreign Affairs and a Minister of Justice and is implicitly forbidden to head one of these departments himself, as the constitution invests these ministers with some special powers. For example, the Minister of Justice is also the President of the Council of Judges and Prosecutors. If two ministers disagree on a particular point, the cabinet resolves the conflict by a majority vote or the President decides the case itselves. This often depends on the President's governing style.

The President may appoint one or more deputies after being elected, who may deputise for the President in their absence. If the President dies or is unwilling or unable to act as President, the Deputy President shall act as and exercise the powers of the President until the next President of the Republic is elected.

According to established practice, decisions on important security issues are made by the National Security Council, a government agency chaired by the President. Pursuant to its (classified) rules of procedure, its sessions are confidential.

Meetings of the cabinetEdit

The cabinet regularly meets bi-weekly every Monday afternoon. Depending on how busy the schedule is, it is sometimes held on Tuesdays as well. After the meetings, a press conference is held by the head of government or a government spokesperson. The meetings, from which minutes will be drawn up, may be deliberative and/or decision-making. The minutes will include, exclusively, the circumstances related to the time and place of its celebration, the list of attendees, the resolutions adopted and the reports presented. Therefore, the deliberations that the different members of the Government maintain, since these by law are of a secret nature, can not be collected.

The meetings of the cabinet are convened and chaired by the President though, in his absence, Deputy President take the responsibility to chair over the cabinet. Before the transition to the presidential system in 2017, the meetings were chaired by the Prime Minister. Occasionally, the cabinet was also chaired by the President who then attended the meetings solely on a consultative basis.

Location of cabinet meetingsEdit

The cabinet meetings are held at the Presidential Complex, the official resident of the President and the headquarters of the government. Previously, the meetings were also held in the Çankaya Mansion and the prime minister's office.[3]

Current cabinetEdit

The current and 66th cabinet of Turkey (Erdoğan IV) has been in office since 9 July 2018. It currently consists of the following ministers:

Office Image Incumbent Party In office
 
President of Turkey
  Recep Tayyip Erdoğan[4] Justice and Development 9 July 2018 – present
 
Vice President of Turkey
  Fuat Oktay[5] Independent 10 July 2018 – present
 
Ministry of Justice
  Bekir Bozdağ[6] Justice and Development 29 January 2022 – present
 
Ministry of Family and Social Services
  Derya Yanık[7] Justice and Development 21 April 2021 – present
 
Ministry of Labour and Social Security
  Vedat Bilgin[8] Independent 21 April 2021 – present
 
Ministry of Environment and Urbanisation
  Murat Kurum[9] Independent 10 July 2018 – present
 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu[10] Justice and Development 10 July 2018 – present
 
Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources
  Fatih Dönmez[11] Independent 10 July 2018 – present
 
Ministry of Youth and Sports
  Mehmet Kasapoğlu[12] Independent 10 July 2018 – present
 
Ministry of Treasury and Finance
  Nureddin Nebati[13] Justice and Development 2 December 2021 – present
 
Ministry of the Interior
  Süleyman Soylu[14] Justice and Development 10 July 2018 – present
 
Ministry of Culture and Tourism
  Mehmet Nuri Ersoy[15] Independent 10 July 2018 – present
 
Ministry of National Education
  Mahmut Özer[16] Independent 6 August 2021 – present
 
Ministry of National Defense
  Hulusi Akar[17] Independent 10 July 2018 – present
 
Ministry of Health
  Fahrettin Koca[18] Independent 10 July 2018 – present

Ministry of Industry and Technology
  Mustafa Varank[19] Independent 10 July 2018 – present
 
Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry
  Vahit Kirişçi[20] Justice and Development 4 March 2022 – present
 
Ministry of Trade
  Mehmet Muş[21] Justice and Development 21 April 2021 – present
 
Ministry of Transport and Infrastructure
  Adil Karaismailoğlu[22] Independent 28 March 2020 – present

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Editorial. "Turkey's Erdogan to name cabinet as signals action on economy". Reuters. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  2. ^ Makovsky, Alan (19 December 2017). "Turkey's Parliament". Center for American Progress. Retrieved 12 May 2021.
  3. ^ Aydoğan, Merve (21 September 2016). "Cabinet to ensure appointment of administrators means better municipal service". Daily Sabah. Retrieved 12 May 2021.
  4. ^ "Presidency Of The Republic Of Turkey : Biography". Presidency of Republic of Türkiye. Retrieved 3 February 2022.
  5. ^ "Presidency Of The Republic Of Turkey : Fuat OKTAY". Presidency of Republic of Türkiye. Retrieved 3 February 2022.
  6. ^ "Presidency Of The Republic Of Turkey : Bekir BOZDAĞ". Presidency of Republic of Türkiye. Retrieved 3 February 2022.
  7. ^ "Presidency Of The Republic Of Turkey : Derya YANIK". Presidency of Republic of Türkiye. Retrieved 3 February 2022.
  8. ^ "Presidency Of The Republic Of Turkey : Vedat BİLGİN". Presidency of Republic of Türkiye. Retrieved 3 February 2022.
  9. ^ "Presidency Of The Republic Of Turkey : Murat KURUM". Presidency of Republic of Türkiye. Retrieved 3 February 2022.
  10. ^ "Presidency Of The Republic Of Turkey : Mevlüt ÇAVUŞOĞLU". Presidency of Republic of Türkiye. Retrieved 3 February 2022.
  11. ^ "Presidency Of The Republic Of Turkey : Fatih DÖNMEZ". Presidency of Republic of Türkiye. Retrieved 3 February 2022.
  12. ^ "Presidency Of The Republic Of Turkey : Mehmet M. KASAPOĞLU". Presidency of Republic of Türkiye. Retrieved 3 February 2022.
  13. ^ "Presidency Of The Republic Of Turkey : Nureddin NEBATİ". Presidency of Republic of Türkiye. Retrieved 3 February 2022.
  14. ^ "Presidency Of The Republic Of Turkey : Süleyman SOYLU". Presidency of Republic of Türkiye. Retrieved 3 February 2022.
  15. ^ "Presidency Of The Republic Of Turkey : Mehmet Nuri ERSOY". Presidency of Republic of Türkiye. Retrieved 3 February 2022.
  16. ^ "Presidency Of The Republic Of Turkey : Mahmut ÖZER". Presidency of Republic of Türkiye. Retrieved 3 February 2022.
  17. ^ "Presidency Of The Republic Of Turkey : Hulusi AKAR". Presidency of Republic of Türkiye. Retrieved 3 February 2022.
  18. ^ "Presidency Of The Republic Of Turkey : Fahrettin KOCA". Presidency of Republic of Türkiye. Retrieved 3 February 2022.
  19. ^ "Presidency Of The Republic Of Turkey : Mustafa VARANK". Presidency of Republic of Türkiye. Retrieved 3 February 2022.
  20. ^ "Presidency Of The Republic Of Turkey : Vahit KİRİŞCİ". Presidency of Republic of Türkiye. Retrieved 3 February 2022.
  21. ^ "Presidency Of The Republic Of Turkey : Mehmet MUŞ". Presidency of Republic of Türkiye. Retrieved 3 February 2022.
  22. ^ "Presidency Of The Republic Of Turkey : Adil KARAİSMAİLOĞLU". Presidency of Republic of Türkiye. Retrieved 3 February 2022.

External linksEdit