Cabinet of Nikola Pašić VIII

After the 1912 Parliamentary Election, a Caretaker Government had to be formed quickly because of the sudden death of the Prime Minister Milovan Milovanović. Marko Trifković of the People's Radical Party was asked to lead it, because Nikola Pašić, the leader of this party was in Russia at the time. On August 29 (in the Old Calendar; September 11 in the New Calendar), Trifković was summoned to the Royal Court by King Peter I, who told him that he has accepted the resignation of the cabinet, and that he had entrusted the formation of the new cabinet to Pašić.[1]

Cabinet of Nikola Pašić VIII
Flag of Serbia (1882–1918).svg
46th Cabinet of Kingdom of Serbia
Coat of Arms of Serbia (1882-1918 2004-2010).svg
Coat of arms of Kingdom of Serbia
Date formedSeptember 12, 1912
Date dissolvedDecember 5, 1914
People and organisations
Head of statePeter I
Head of governmentNikola Pašić
Election(s)April 14, 1912
PredecessorCabinet of Marko Trifković
SuccessorCabinet of Nikola Pašić IX

The New Cabinet of Nikola Pašić consisted only of Ministers from the People's Radical Party. Right from the start, it was clear that the cabinet would not be able to function normally with such a small majority in the National Assembly. Also, new election was out of the question because Serbia, along with the other members of the Balkan league, planned a war with the Ottoman Empire. Therefore, a strong majority in the Parliament had to be secured. Because of this, Pašić was forced to reconcile with the Radical dissidents in the Parliament, which is the main reason why Marko Trifković, a strong opponent of collaboration with the dissidents, couldn't find a place in the new cabinet.[2] The Independent Radical Party refused a coalition with Pašić's Radical Party, but has promised to support the new cabinet's foreign policy.[3]

The Ministers of the New Cabinet started performing their duties on August 31, 1912 (September 13 in the New Calendar).[4]

This cabinet saw two Balkan Wars, in which Serbia almost doubled its size with the territories which were at the time considered Old Serbia (Kosovo, Metohija and Vardar Macedonia). They were reconquered after five centuries of Ottoman rule. Nikola Pašić and his cabinet clashed with some military structures about the handling of the newly acquired territories. Pašić believed the area should be included into the Serbian political and administrative system through the democratic elections, while the army sought to keep the areas under military occupation. After one year of tension, Pašić dismissed the military administrator of Old Serbia and scheduled new elections for 1914, but the outbreak of World War I prevented it.

In this war, Serbian defeat was considered to be imminent, at least by external onlookers, compared to the strength of the Austria-Hungary. Serbia had prepared well, however, and after a series of battles in 1914 (Battle of Cer, Battle of Kolubara), the loss and recapture of Belgrade, and a Serbian counter-offensive with occupation of some Austrian territories with huge Serbian population (in Syrmia and eastern Bosnia), the Austro-Hungarian army backed off. On July 5 1914, things changed as old King Peter I relinquished his duties to the heir apparent Alexander, making him his regent.

On 17 September 1914, Pašić and Albanian leader Essad Pasha Toptani signed in Niš the secret Treaty of Serbian-Albanian Alliance.[5] The treaty had 15 points which focused on setting up joint Serbian-Albanian political and military institutions and military alliance of Albania and Kingdom of Serbia. Also treaty envisaged building of the rail-road to Durres, a financial and military support of Kingdom of Serbia to Essad Pasha's position of Albanian ruler and drawing of the demarcation by special Serbo-Albanian commission.[6] In October 1914, Essad Pasha returned to Albania. With Italian and Serbian financial backing, he established armed forces in Dibër and captured the interior of Albania and Dures. Pašić ordered that his followers be aided with money and arms.[7]

On December 5, 1914, Nikola Pašić formed a new cabinet.

Cabinet membersEdit

Position Portfolio Name Image In Office
Prime Minister General Affairs Nikola Pašić   Sep 12, 1912 - Dec 5, 1914
Minister Foreign Affairs Sep 12, 1912 - Dec 5, 1914
Minister Internal Affairs Stojan Protić   Sep 12, 1912 - Dec 5, 1914
Minister Finance Lazar Paču   Sep 12, 1912 - Dec 5, 1914
Minister Justice Mihailo Polićević   Sep 12, 1912 - Aug 31, 1913
Marko Đuričić   Aug 31, 1913 - Dec 5, 1914
Minister Education and Church Affairs Ljubomir Jovanović   Sep 12, 1912 - Dec 5, 1914
Minister Army Radomir Putnik   Sep 12, 1912 - Oct 2, 1912
Radivoje Bojović   Oct 2, 1912 - Jan 16, 1913
Miloš Božanović   Jan 16, 1913 - Jan 17, 1914
Dušan Stefanović   Jan 17, 1914 - Dec 5, 1914
Minister Construction Jovan Jovanović Pižon
Also Acting Minister of People's Economy
Aug 31 - Sep 1, 1913
  Sep 12, 1912 - Sep 20, 1914
Andra Stanić   Nov 3, 1914 - Dec 5, 1914
Minister People's Economy Kosta Stojanović   Sep 12, 1912 - Aug 31, 1913
Velizar Janković
Also Acting Minister of Construction
Sep 20 - Nov 3, 1914
  Sep 1, 1913 - Dec 5, 1914

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ [1] Politika, 30.08.1912
  2. ^ [2] Politika, 30.08.1912
  3. ^ [3] Politika, 31.08.1912
  4. ^ [4] Politika, 01.09.1912
  5. ^ Bataković, Dušan T. "Serbian government and Essad Pasha Toptani". The Kosovo Chronicles. Belgrade, Serbia: Knižara Plato. ISBN 86-447-0006-5. Archived from the original on 6 September 2010. Retrieved 19 January 2011. Essad Pasha signed a secret alliance treaty with Pasic on September 17.
  6. ^ Bataković, Dušan T. "Serbian government and Essad Pasha Toptani". The Kosovo Chronicles. Belgrade, Serbia: Knižara Plato. ISBN 86-447-0006-5. Archived from the original on 6 September 2010. Retrieved 19 January 2011. The 15 points envisaged the setting up of joint political and military institutions,... focused on a military alliance, the construction of an Adriatic railroad to Durazzo and guarantees that Serbia would support Essad Pasha's election as the Albanian ruler. ...The demarcation between the two countries was to be drawn by a special Serbo-Albanian commission
  7. ^ Serbian government and Essad Pasha Toptani