Cabinet of Indonesia

The Cabinet of the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Kabinet Republik Indonesia) is part of the executive branch of the Indonesian government. It is composed of the most senior appointed officers of the executive branch of the government serving under the president. Members of the Cabinet (except for the vice president) serve at the pleasure of the president, who can dismiss them at will for no cause.

Indonesia has seen dozens of cabinets since independence in 1945. Although after the New Order most cabinets remained unchanged for five years at a time. Most cabinets are referred to by the names given them at the time of formation. The current presidential cabinet is the Onward Indonesia Cabinet of Joko Widodo.[1]

HistoryEdit

The concept of a cabinet is not mentioned explicitly in the 1945 Constitution, so Indonesia's cabinets since 14 November 1945 are the result of administrative convention. There have been two types of cabinet in Indonesian history; presidential and parliamentary. In presidential cabinets, the president is responsible for government policy as head of state and government, while in parliamentary cabinets, the cabinet carries out government policy, and is responsible to the legislature.[2]

During the War of Independence from 1945 to 1949, the cabinet changed from a presidential to a parliamentary system, despite this not being the system intended by those who drew up the Constitution; however, at several critical periods, it reverted to a presidential system. During this period, the cabinet had between 16 and 37 ministers with 12-15 ministries.[3]

On 27 December 1949, the Netherlands recognised the sovereignty of the United States of Indonesia (RIS). Under the Federal Constitution of 1949, the RIS had a parliamentary cabinet as ministers were responsible for government policy. With the return to the unitary state of Indonesia in August 1950, the parliamentary cabinet system remained due to an agreement between the governments of the RIS and the Republic of Indonesia (a constituent of the RIS). Article 83 of the Provisional Constitution of 1950 stated that ministers had full responsibility for government policy. Over the following nine years there were seven cabinets with between 18 and 25 members.[4]

On 5 July 1959, President Sukarno issued a decree abrogating the 1950 Constitution and returning to the 1945 Constitution. The cabinet was also dissolved. A new presidential cabinet was formed shortly after, but this new cabinet did not follow the 1945 Constitution either, as the office of prime minister still existed, along with deputy prime ministers. Moreover, the offices of Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Indonesia and Speaker of the People's Representative Council which were supposed to be equal to the president, and the office of Chairman of the People's Consultative Assembly, which was supposed to be above all government branches, were included into the Cabinet. During the final years of Sukarno's presidency, cabinets were larger, peaking at 111 ministers.

During the New Order under President Suharto, cabinets were smaller, and from 1968 until 1998 lasted for the five-year presidential term. Offices that were not sanctioned by the 1945 Constitution were abolished. Following the fall of Suharto and the beginning of the Reformasi era, the presidential cabinet system has been retained.[5]

Until 2010, cabinet ministries were dubbed 'Departments' (Departemen) following the United States model. After 2010, all 'departements' were renamed into 'ministries' (Kementerian), thus bringing them in line with the Netherlands model of ministries and a state secretariat.

List of Indonesian CabinetsEdit

Parliamentary cabinets were usually known by the name of the prime minister, but after 1959 they were named after their principal tasking.[6] The complete list of cabinets follows:[7][8]

Name of Cabinet Head of Cabinet Period of Office

War of IndependenceEdit

Presidential Cabinet Sukarno 2 September 1945 – 14 November 1945
First Sjahrir Cabinet Sutan Sjahrir 14 November 1945 – 12 March 1946
Second Sjahrir Cabinet 12 March 1946 – 2 October 1946
Third Sjahrir Cabinet 2 October 1946 – 27 June 1947
First Amir Sjarifuddin Cabinet Amir Sjarifuddin 3 July 1947 – 11 November 1947
Second Amir Sjarifuddin Cabinet 11 November 1947 – 29 January 1948
First Hatta Cabinet Mohammad Hatta 29 January 1948 – 19 December 1949
Emergency Cabinet Sjafruddin Prawiranegara 22 December 1948 – 13 July 1949
First Hatta Cabinet Mohammad Hatta 13 July 1949 – 4 August 1949
Second Hatta Cabinet 4 August – 14 December 1949

United States of IndonesiaEdit

RUSI Cabinet Mohammad Hatta 20 December 1949 – 7 September 1950

Cabinets of the Republic of IndonesiaEdit

Susanto Cabinet Susanto Tirtoprodjo 27 December 1949 – 21 January 1950
Halim Cabinet Abdul Halim 21 January 1950 – 7 September 1950

Cabinets of the State of East IndonesiaEdit

First Nadjamoedin Cabinet Nadjamoedin Daeng Malewa 13 January 1947 – 2 June 1947
Second Nadjamoedin Cabinet 2 June 1947 – 11 October 1947
Warrouw Cabinet S.J. Warrouw 11 October 1947 – 15 December 1947
First Gde Agung Cabinet Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung 15 December 1947 – 12 January 1949
Second Gde Agung Cabinet 12 January 1949 – 27 December 1949
Tatengkeng Cabinet Jan Engelbert Tatengkeng 27 December 1949 – 14 March 1950
Diapari Cabinet D.P. Diapari 14 March 1950 – 10 May 1950
Poetoehena Cabinet J. Poetoehena 10 May 1950 – 17 August 1950

Cabinets of the State of PasundanEdit

Adil Cabinet Adil Puradiredja 8 May 1948 – 10 January 1949
First Djumhana Cabinet Djumhana Wiriaatmadja 10 January 1949 – 31 January 1949
Second Djumhana Cabinet 31 January 1949 – 18 July 1949
Third Djumhana Cabinet 18 July 1949 – 11 January 1950
Anwar Cabinet Anwar Tjokroaminoto 11 January 1950 – 23 January 1950

Liberal DemocracyEdit

Natsir Cabinet Muhammad Natsir 7 September 1950 – 27 April 1951
Sukiman Cabinet Sukiman Wirjosandjojo 27 April 1951 – 3 April 1952
Wilopo Cabinet Wilopo 3 April 1952 – 30 July 1953
First Ali Sastroamidjojo Cabinet Ali Sastroamidjojo 30 July 1953 – 1 August 1955
Burhanuddin Harahap Cabinet Burhanuddin Harahap 1 August 1955 – 24 March 1956
Second Ali Sastroamidjojo Cabinet Ali Sastroamidjojo 26 March 1956 – 9 April 1957
Djuanda Cabinet Djuanda Kartawidjaja 10 April 1957 – 10 July 1959

Guided DemocracyEdit

First Working Cabinet Sukarno 10 July 1959 – 18 February 1960
Second Working Cabinet 18 February 1960 – 8 March 1962
Third Working Cabinet 8 March 1962 – 23 November 1963
Fourth Working Cabinet 23 November 1963 – 2 September 1964
Dwikora Cabinet 2 September 1964 – 24 February 1966
Revised Dwikora Cabinet 24 February 1966 – 30 March 1966
Second Revised Dwikora Cabinet 30 March – 25 July 1966
Ampera Cabinet 28 July 1966 – 12 March 1967
Suharto 12 March 1967 – 14 October 1967
Revised Ampera Cabinet 14 October 1967 – 10 June 1968

New OrderEdit

First Development Cabinet Suharto 10 June 1968 – 28 March 1973
Second Development Cabinet 28 March 1973 – 31 March 1978
Third Development Cabinet 31 March 1978 – 19 March 1983
Fourth Development Cabinet 19 March 1983 – 23 March 1988
Fifth Development Cabinet 23 March 1988 – 17 March 1993
Sixth Development Cabinet 17 March 1993 – 14 March 1998
Seventh Development Cabinet 16 March 1998 – 21 May 1998

Reform EraEdit

Development Reform Cabinet B.J. Habibie 23 May 1998 – 20 October 1999
National Unity Cabinet Abdurrahman Wahid 29 October 1999 – 23 July 2001
Mutual Assistance Cabinet Megawati Sukarnoputri 10 August 2001 – 20 October 2004
First United Indonesia Cabinet Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono 21 October 2004 – 20 October 2009
Second United Indonesia Cabinet 22 October 2009 – 20 October 2014
Working Cabinet Joko Widodo 27 October 2014 – 20 October 2019[9]
Onward Indonesia Cabinet 23 October 2019 – present
Source: Simanjuntak 2003

Current cabinetEdit

The present Indonesian cabinet, the Onward Indonesia Cabinet (Indonesian: Kabinet Indonesia Maju), was sworn in on 23 October 2019. The cabinet consists of 34 ministers.

Coordinating MinistersEdit

Coordinating Ministry Ministry Coordinating Minister Party Assumed Office Portrait
Coordinating Ministry for Political, Legal, and Security Affairs

Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Politik, Hukum, dan Keamanan

Mahfud MD Independent
23 October 2019
 
Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs

Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Ekonomi

Airlangga Hartarto Golkar
23 October 2019
 
Coordinating Ministry for Maritime and Investments Affairs

Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Kemaritiman dan Investasi

Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan
(2nd term)
Golkar
23 October 2019
 
Coordinating Ministry for Human Development and Cultural Affairs

Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Pembangunan Manusia dan Kebudayaan

Muhadjir Effendy Independent
23 October 2019
 

MinistersEdit

Portfolio Minister Party In Office since Portrait
Ministry of State Secretariat
Kementerian Sekretariat Negara
Pratikno
(2nd term)
Independent
23 October 2019
 
Ministry of Home Affairs
Kementerian Dalam Negeri
Tito Karnavian Independent
23 October 2019
 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Kementerian Luar Negeri
Retno Marsudi
(2nd term)
Independent
23 October 2019
 
Ministry of Defense
Kementerian Pertahanan
Prabowo Subianto Gerindra
23 October 2019
 
Ministry of Law and Human Rights
Kementerian Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia
Yasonna Laoly
(2nd term)
PDIP
23 October 2019
 
Ministry of Finance
Kementerian Keuangan
Sri Mulyani Indrawati
(4th term)
Independent
23 October 2019
 
Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources
Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral
Arifin Tasrif Independent
23 October 2019
 
Ministry of Industry
Kementerian Perindustrian
Agus Gumiwang Kartasasmita Golkar
23 October 2019
 
Ministry of Trade
Kementerian Perdagangan
Muhammad Lutfi Independent
23 December 2020
 
Ministry of Agriculture
Kementerian Pertanian
Syahrul Yasin Limpo Nasdem
23 October 2019
 
Ministry of Environment and Forestry
Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan
Siti Nurbaya Bakar
(2nd term)
Nasdem
23 October 2019
 
Ministry of Transportation
Kementerian Perhubungan
Budi Karya Sumadi
(2nd term)
Independent
23 October 2019
 
Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries
Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan
Sakti Wahyu Trenggono Independent
23 December 2020
 
Ministry of Manpower
Kementerian Ketenagakerjaan
Ida Fauziyah PKB
23 October 2019
 
Ministry of Villages, Development of Disadvantaged Regions, and Transmigration
Kementerian Desa, Pembangunan Daerah Tertinggal dan Transmigrasi
Abdul Halim Iskandar PKB
23 October 2019
 
Ministry of Public Works and Housing
Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum dan Perumahan Rakyat
Basuki Hadimuljono
(2nd term)
Independent
23 October 2019
 
Ministry of Health
Kementerian Kesehatan
Budi Gunadi Sadikin Independent
23 December 2020
 
Ministry of Education, Culture, Research and Technology
Kementerian Pendidikan, Kebudayaan, Riset dan Teknologi
Nadiem Makarim Independent
23 October 2019
 
Ministry of Social Affairs
Kementerian Sosial
Tri Rismaharini PDIP
23 December 2020
 
Ministry of Religious Affairs
Kementerian Agama
Yaqut Cholil Qoumas PKB
23 December 2020
 
Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy / Tourism and Creative Economy Agency
Kementerian Pariwisata dan Ekonomi Kreatif/
Badan Pariwisata dan Ekonomi Kreatif
Sandiaga Uno Gerindra
23 December 2020
 
Ministry of Communication and Informatics
Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika
Johnny Gerard Plate Nasdem
23 October 2019
 
Ministry of Cooperatives and Small & Medium Enterprises
Kementerian Koperasi dan Usaha Kecil dan Menengah
Teten Masduki Independent
23 October 2019
 
Ministry of Women's Empowerment and Child Protection
Kementerian Pemberdayaan Perempuan dan Perlindungan Anak
I Gusti Ayu Bintang Darmawati PDIP
23 October 2019
 
Ministry of State Apparatus Utilization and Bureaucratic Reform
Kementerian Pendayagunaan Aparatur Negara dan Reformasi Birokrasi
Tjahjo Kumolo PDIP
23 October 2019
 
Ministry of National Development Planning / National Development Planning Agency
Kementerian Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional/
Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional
Suharso Monoarfa PPP
23 October 2019
 
Ministry of Agrarian Affairs and Spatial Planning / National Land Agency
Kementerian Agraria dan Tata Ruang/
Badan Pertanahan Nasional
Sofyan Djalil
(2nd term)
Independent
23 October 2019
 
Ministry of State-Owned Enterprises
Kementerian Badan Usaha Milik Negara
Erick Thohir Independent
23 October 2019
 
Ministry of Youth and Sports Affairs
Kementerian Pemuda dan Olahraga
Zainudin Amali Golkar
23 October 2019
 
 
Ministry of Invesment / Investment Coordinating Board
Kementerian Investasi/ Badan Koordinasi Penanaman Modal
Bahlil Lahadalia Independent
28 April 2021
 

Cabinet-level OfficialsEdit

Portfolio Incumbent Head In office since Portrait
Attorney General's Office
Kejaksaan Agung
ST Burhanuddin
23 October 2019
 
National Armed Forces
Tentara Nasional Indonesia
Hadi Tjahjanto
8 December 2017
 
National Police
Kepolisian Negara Republik Indonesia
Listyo Sigit Prabowo
27 January 2021
 
 
Secretariat of the Cabinet
Sekretariat Kabinet
Pramono Anung
(2nd Term)
23 October 2019
 
State Intelligence Agency
Badan Intelijen Negara
Budi Gunawan
9 September 2016
 
 

National Cyber and Crypto Agency
Badan Siber dan Sandi Negara

Hinsa Siburian
21 May 2019
 
 
National Research and Innovation Agency
Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional
Laksana Tri Handoko
28 April 2021
 
 
Presidential Staff Office
Staf Kepresidenan
Moeldoko
(2nd Term)
23 October 2019
 

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Daniel Dhaidae & H. Witdarmono (Eds) (2000)Wajah Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Republic Indonesia Pemilihan Umum 1999 (Faces of the Republic of Indonesia People's Representative Council 1999 General Election) Harian Kompas, Jakarta, ISBN 979-9251-43-5
  • Feith, Herbert (2007) The Decline of Constitutional Democracy in Indonesia Equinox Publishing (Asia) Pte Ltd, ISBN 9793780452
  • Simanjuntak, P. N. H. (2003). Kabinet-Kabinet Republik Indonesia: Dari Awal Kemerdekaan Sampai Reformasi (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Djambatan. ISBN 979-428-499-8.
  • Yayasan API (2001),Panduan Parlemen Indonesia (Indonesian Parliamentary Guide), ISBN 979-96532-1-5

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Indonesian President Jokowi announces new Cabinet". The Straits Times. 23 October 2019. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  2. ^ Simanjuntak (2003) p1
  3. ^ Simanjuntak (2003) p2
  4. ^ Simanjuntak (2003) pp. 3-4
  5. ^ Simanjuntak (2003) pp. 5-6
  6. ^ Simanjuntak (2003) p66
  7. ^ Simanjuntak (2003)
  8. ^ Feith (2007)
  9. ^ "Cabinet Announcement Still Elusive but State Palace Targets Monday Inauguration". Jakarta Globe.

External linksEdit