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The Cabinet of the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Kabinet Republik Indonesia) is part of the executive branch of the Indonesian government. It is composed of the most senior appointed officers of the executive branch of the government serving under the President. Members of the Cabinet (except for the Vice President) serve at the pleasure of the President, who can dismiss them at will for no cause.

Indonesia has seen dozens of cabinets since independence in 1945. Although after the New Order most cabinets remained unchanged for five years at a time. Most cabinets are referred to by the names given them at the time of formation. The current presidential cabinet is the Working Cabinet of Joko Widodo.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The concept of a cabinet is not mentioned explicitly in the 1945 Constitution, so Indonesia's cabinets since 14 November 1945 are the result of administrative convention. There have been two types of cabinet in Indonesian history; presidential and parliamentary. In presidential cabinets, the president is responsible for government policy as head of state and government, while in parliamentary cabinets, the cabinet carries out government policy, and is responsible to the legislature.[1]

During the War of Independence from 1945-1949, the cabinet changed from a presidential to a parliamentary system, despite this not being the system intended by those who drew up the Constitution; however, at several critical periods, it reverted to a presidential system. During this period, the cabinet had between 16 and 37 ministers with 12-15 ministries.[2]

On 27 December 1949, the Netherlands recognised the sovereignty of the United States of Indonesia (RIS). Under the Federal Constitution of 1949, the RIS had a parliamentary cabinet as ministers were responsible for government policy. With the return to the unitary state of Indonesia in August 1950, the parliamentary cabinet system remained due to an agreement between the governments of the RIS and the Republic of Indonesia (a constituent of the RIS). Article 83 of the Provisional Constitution of 1950 stated that ministers had full responsibility for government policy. Over the following nine years there were seven cabinets with between 18 and 25 members.[3]

On 5 July 1959, President Sukarno issued a decree abrogating the 1950 Constitution and returning to the 1945 Constitution. The cabinet was also dissolved. A new presidential cabinet was formed shortly after, but this new cabinet did not follow the 1945 Constitution either, as the office of prime minister still existed, along with deputy prime ministers. Moreover, the offices of Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Indonesia and Speaker of the People's Representative Council which were supposed to be equal to the President, and the office of Chairman of the People's Consultative Assembly, which was supposed to be above all government branches, were included into the Cabinet. During the final years of Sukarno's presidency, cabinets were larger, peaking at 111 ministers.

During the New Order under President Suharto, cabinets were smaller, and from 1968 until 1998 lasted for the five-year presidential term. Offices that were not sanctioned by the 1945 Constitution were abolished. Following the fall of Suharto and the beginning of the Reformasi era, the presidential cabinet system has been retained.[4]

Until 2010, cabinet ministries were dubbed 'Departments' (Departemen) following the United States model. After 2010, all 'departements' were renamed into 'ministries' (Kementerian), thus bringing them in line with the Netherlands model of ministries and a state secretariat.

Current CabinetEdit

The present Indonesian cabinet, the Working Cabinet (Indonesian: Kabinet Kerja), was sworn in on 27 October 2014. The cabinet consists of 34 ministers.[5] On 12 August 2015, President Jokowi held the first reshuffle of his cabinet, replacing 6 ministers just 10 months after his inauguration. He further reshuffled his ministerial team on 27 July 2016[6][7]

Coordinating MinistersEdit

Coordinating Ministry Ministry Coordinating Minister Party Assumed Office Portrait
Coordinating Ministry for Political, Legal, and Security Affairs

Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Politik, Hukum, dan Keamanan

Wiranto Hanura 27 July 2016  
Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs

Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Ekonomi

Darmin Nasution Independent 12 August 2015  
Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs and Natural Resources

Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Kemaritiman dan Sumber Daya

Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan Golkar 27 July 2016  
Coordinating Ministry for Human Development and Culture

Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Pembangunan Manusia dan Kebudayaan

Puan Maharani PDIP 27 October 2014  

MinistersEdit

Portfolio Minister Party In Office since Portrait
Ministry of State Secretariat
Kementerian Sekretariat Negara
Pratikno Independent 27 October 2014  
Ministry of Home Affairs
Kementerian Dalam Negeri
Tjahjo Kumolo PDIP 27 October 2014  
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Kementerian Luar Negeri
Retno Marsudi Independent 27 October 2014  
Ministry of Defense
Kementerian Pertahanan
Ryamizard Ryacudu Independent 27 October 2014  
Ministry of Law and Human Rights
Kementerian Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia
Yasonna Laoly PDIP 27 October 2014  
Ministry of Finance
Kementerian Keuangan
Sri Mulyani Indrawati Independent 27 July 2016  
Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources
Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral
Ignasius Jonan Independent 27 July 2016  
Ministry of Industry
Kementerian Perindustrian
Airlangga Hartarto Golkar 26 July 2016  
Ministry of Trade
Kementerian Perdagangan
Enggartiasto Lukita Nasdem Party 27 July 2016  
Ministry of Agriculture
Kementerian Pertanian
Amran Sulaiman Independent 27 October 2014  
Ministry of Environment and Forestry
Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan
Siti Nurbaya Bakar Nasdem 27 October 2014  
Ministry of Transportation
Kementerian Perhubungan
Budi Karya Sumadi Independent 27 July 2016  
Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries
Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan
Susi Pudjiastuti Independent 27 October 2014  
Ministry of Manpower
Kementerian Ketenagakerjaan
Muhammad Hanif Dhakiri PKB 27 October 2014  
Ministry of Villages, Disadvantaged Regions and Transmigration
Kementerian Desa, Pembangunan Daerah Tertinggal dan Transmigrasi
Eko Putro Sandjojo PKB 27 July 2016  
Ministry of Public Works and Public Housing
Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum dan Perumahan Rakyat
Basuki Hadimuljono Independent 27 October 2014  
Ministry of Health
Kementerian Kesehatan
Nila Moeloek Independent 27 October 2014  
Ministry of Education and Culture
Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan
Muhadjir Effendy Independent 27 July 2016  
Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education
Kementerian Riset, Teknologi, dan Pendidikan Tinggi
Muhammad Nasir Independent 27 October 2014  
Ministry of Social Affairs
Kementerian Sosial
Agus Gumiwang Kartasasmita Golkar 24 August 2018  
Ministry of Religious Affairs
Kementerian Agama
Lukman Hakim Saifuddin PPP 27 October 2014  
Ministry of Tourism
Kementerian Pariwisata
Arief Yahya Independent 27 October 2014  
Ministry of Communication and Informatics
Kementerian Komunikasi dan Informatika
Rudiantara Independent 27 October 2014  
Ministry of Cooperatives and Small & Medium Enterprises
Kementerian Koperasi dan Usaha Kecil dan Menengah
Anak Agung Gede Ngurah Puspayoga PDIP 27 October 2014  
Ministry of Female Empowerment and Child Protection
Kementerian Pemberdayaan Perempuan dan Perlindungan Anak
Yohana Yembise Independent 27 October 2014  
Ministry of Administrative and Bureaucratic Reform
Kementerian Pendayagunaan Aparatur Negara dan Reformasi Birokrasi
Syafruddin Independent 15 August 2016  
Ministry of National Development Planning/
National Development Planning Agency
Kementerian Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional/
Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional
Bambang Brodjonegoro Independent 27 July 2016  
Ministry of Land and Spatial Planning / National Land Agency
Kementerian Agraria dan Tata Ruang/ Badan Pertanahan Nasional
Sofyan Djalil Independent 27 July 2016  
Ministry of State-Owned Enterprises
Kementerian Badan Usaha Milik Negara
Rini Soemarno Independent 27 October 2014  
Ministry of Youth and Sports Affairs
Kementerian Pemuda dan Olahraga
Imam Nahrawi PKB 27 October 2014  

Cabinet-level OfficialsEdit

Portfolio Incumbent Head In office since Portrait
Attorney General's Office
Kejaksaan Agung
Muhammad Prasetyo 20 November 2014  
National Armed Forces
Tentara Nasional Indonesia
Hadi Tjahjanto 8 December 2017  
National Police
Kepolisian Negara Republik Indonesia
Tito Karnavian 17 April 2015  
 
Secretariat of the Cabinet
Sekretariat Kabinet
Pramono Anung 12 August 2015  
State Intelligence Agency
Badan Intelijen Negara
Budi Gunawan 9 September 2016
 
Investment Coordinating Board
Badan Koordinasi Penanaman Modal
Thomas Trikasih Lembong 27 July 2016  
 
Presidential Staff Office
Staf Kepresidenan
Moeldoko 17 January 2018  

List of Indonesian CabinetsEdit

Parliamentary cabinets were usually known by the name of the prime minister, but after 1959 they were named after their principal tasking.[8] The complete list of cabinets follows:[9][10]

Name of Cabinet Head of Cabinet Period of Office

War of IndependenceEdit

Presidential Cabinet Sukarno 2 September 1945 – 14 November 1945
First Sjahrir Cabinet Sutan Sjahrir 14 November 1945 – 12 March 1946
Second Sjahrir Cabinet 12 March 1946 – 2 October 1946
Third Sjahrir Cabinet 2 October 1946 – 27 June 1947
First Amir Sjarifuddin Cabinet Amir Sjarifuddin 3 July 1947 – 11 November 1947
Second Amir Sjarifuddin Cabinet 11 November 1947 – 29 January 1948
First Hatta Cabinet Mohammad Hatta 29 January 1948 – 19 December 1949
Emergency Cabinet Sjafruddin Prawiranegara 22 December 1948 – 13 July 1949
First Hatta Cabinet Mohammad Hatta 13 July 1949 – 4 August 1949
Second Hatta Cabinet 4 August – 14 December 1949

United States of IndonesiaEdit

RUSI Cabinet Mohammad Hatta 20 December 1949 – 7 September 1950
Susanto Cabinet Susanto Tirtoprodjo 27 December 1949 – 21 January 1950
Halim Cabinet Abdul Halim 21 January 1950 – 7 September 1950
Cabinet of the State of East Indonesia Various 13 January 1947 – 16 August 1950

Liberal DemocracyEdit

Natsir Cabinet Muhammad Natsir 7 September 1950 – 27 April 1951
Sukiman Cabinet Sukiman Wirjosandjojo 27 April 1951 – 3 April 1952
Wilopo Cabinet Wilopo 3 April 1952 – 30 July 1953
First Ali Sastroamidjojo Cabinet Ali Sastroamidjojo 30 July 1953 – 1 August 1955
Burhanuddin Harahap Cabinet Burhanuddin Harahap 1 August 1955 – 24 March 1956
Second Ali Sastroamidjojo Cabinet Ali Sastroamidjojo 26 March 1956 – 9 April 1957
Djuanda Cabinet Djuanda Kartawidjaja 10 April 1957 – 10 July 1959

Guided DemocracyEdit

First Working Cabinet Sukarno 10 July 1959 – 18 February 1960
Second Working Cabinet 18 February 1960 – 8 March 1962
Third Working Cabinet 8 March 1962 – 23 November 1963
Fourth Working Cabinet 23 November 1963 – 2 September 1964
Dwikora Cabinet 2 September 1964 – 24 February 1966
Revised Dwikora Cabinet 24 February 1966 – 30 March 1966
Second Revised Dwikora Cabinet 30 March – 25 July 1966
Ampera Cabinet 28 July 1966 – 12 March 1967
Suharto 12 March 1967 – 14 October 1967
Revised Ampera Cabinet 14 October 1967 – 10 June 1968

New OrderEdit

First Development Cabinet Suharto 10 June 1968 – 28 March 1973
Second Development Cabinet 28 March 1973 – 31 March 1978
Third Development Cabinet 31 March 1978 – 19 March 1983
Fourth Development Cabinet 19 March 1983 – 23 March 1988
Fifth Development Cabinet 23 March 1988 – 19 March 1993
Sixth Development Cabinet 19 March 1993 – 16 March 1998
Seventh Development Cabinet 16 March 1998 – 23 May 1998

Reform EraEdit

Development Reform Cabinet Jusuf Habibie 23 May 1998 – 29 October 1999
National Unity Cabinet Abdurrahman Wahid 29 October 1999 – 9 August 2001
Mutual Assistance Cabinet Megawati Sukarnoputri 10 August 2001 – 20 October 2004
United Indonesia Cabinet Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono 21 October 2004 – 22 October 2009
Second United Indonesia Cabinet 22 October 2009 – 20 October 2014
Working Cabinet Joko Widodo 27 October 2014 – present[11]
Source: Simanjuntak 2003

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Daniel Dhaidae & H. Witdarmono (Eds) (2000)Wajah Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Republic Indonesia Pemilihan Umum 1999 (Faces of the Republic of Indonesia People's Representative Council 1999 General Election) Harian Kompas, Jakarta, ISBN 979-9251-43-5
  • Feith, Herbert (2007) The Decline of Constitutional Democracy in Indonesia Equinox Publishing (Asia) Pte Ltd, ISBN 9793780452
  • Simanjuntak, P. N. H. (2003). Kabinet-Kabinet Republik Indonesia: Dari Awal Kemerdekaan Sampai Reformasi (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Djambatan. ISBN 979-428-499-8.
  • Yayasan API (2001),Panduan Parlemen Indonesia (Indonesian Parliamentary Guide), ISBN 979-96532-1-5

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Simanjuntak (2003) p1
  2. ^ Simanjuntak (2003) p2
  3. ^ Simanjuntak (2003) pp. 3-4
  4. ^ Simanjuntak (2003) pp. 5-6
  5. ^ "Jokowi's Cabinet announced, here is the lineup". The Jakarta Post. 26 October 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  6. ^ "Presiden Jokowi lantik enam menteri baru". BBC.com. 12 August 2015.
  7. ^ Ayomi Amindoni (27 July 2016), "Jokowi's new Cabinet announced", The Jakarta Post, retrieved 5 August 2016
  8. ^ Simanjuntak (2003) p66
  9. ^ Simanjuntak (2003)
  10. ^ Feith (2007)
  11. ^ "Cabinet Announcement Still Elusive but State Palace Targets Monday Inauguration". thejakartaglobe.beritasatu.com/news/cabinet-announcement-still-elusive-state-palace-targets-monday-inauguration/. Jakarta Globe.

External linksEdit