COVID-19 pandemic in the Netherlands

The COVID-19 pandemic in the Netherlands is part of the ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus was confirmed to have spread to the Netherlands on 27 February 2020, when its first COVID-19 case was confirmed in Tilburg.[3] It involved a 56-year-old Dutchman who had arrived in the Netherlands from Italy, where the COVID-19 pandemic seemed to enter Europe. As of the 12th of December 2020, there are 603,603 confirmed cases of infections and 10,019 confirmed deaths.[4] The first death occurred on 6 March, when an 86-year-old patient died in Rotterdam.[5]

COVID-19 pandemic in the Netherlands
Corona - Empty streets in Amsterdam - Dam met Paleis.jpgDefensie levert een röntgenapparaat aan een ziekenhuis tijdens de coronacrisis 1.jpgEmpty chips shelves in AH Delft 02.jpg
From left to right: An empty Dam Square in Amsterdam after social distancing measures, military bringing in medical equipment in a hospital, empty shelves in a supermarket because of panic buying.
COVID-19 outbreak the Netherlands per capita cases map.svg
COVID-19 outbreak the Netherlands per capita cases map (last 14 days).svg
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationNetherlands
Index caseTilburg
Arrival date27 February 2020
(10 months and 3 weeks)
Confirmed cases883,135 (January 12, 2021)[1]
Recoveredno data[a]
Deaths
12,563[1]
Fatality rate1.42%

On the advice of the Outbreak Management Team, under supervision of Jaap van Dissel, measures were taken by the Rutte III cabinet for the public health to prevent the spread of this viral disease, including the "intelligent lockdown".[6] The government strategy on pandemic control has been criticized[7] for the refusal to acknowledge the role of asymptomatic spread[8] and the role of masks in preventing spread,[9] and for the lack of testing capacity, in particular during the first half of 2020.[10] In March 2020, PM Mark Rutte called for herd immunity as an important method to stop the pandemic.[11]

BackgroundEdit

On 12 January, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, who had initially come to the attention of the WHO on 31 December 2019.[12][13]

Unlike SARS of 2003, the case fatality rate for COVID-19 [14][15] has been much lower, but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[16][14]

TimelineEdit

COVID-19 cases in the Netherlands  ()
     Deaths        Confirmed cases
Date
# of cases
# of deaths
2020-02-27 1(n.a.)
2020-02-28 2(+100%)
2020-02-29 6(+200%)
2020-03-01 9(+50%)
2020-03-02
19(+111%)
2020-03-03
24(+26%)
2020-03-04
38(+58%)
2020-03-05
82(+116%)
2020-03-06
128(+56%) 1(n.a.)
2020-03-07
188(+47%) 1(=)
2020-03-08
264(+40%) 3(+200%)
2020-03-09
321(+22%) 4(+33%)
2020-03-10
382(+19%) 4(=)
2020-03-11
503(+32%) 5(+25%)
2020-03-12
614(+22%) 5(=)
2020-03-13
804(+31%) 10(+100%)
2020-03-14
959(+19%) 12(+20%)
2020-03-15
1,135(+18%) 20(+67%)
2020-03-16
1,413(+24%) 24(+20%)
2020-03-17
1,705(+21%) 43(+79%)
2020-03-18
2,051(+20%) 58(+35%)
2020-03-19
2,460(+20%) 76(+31%)
2020-03-20
2,994(+22%) 106(+39%)
2020-03-21
3,631(+21%) 136(+28%)
2020-03-22
4,204(+16%) 179(+32%)
2020-03-23
4,749(+13%) 213(+19%)
2020-03-24
5,560(+17%) 276(+30%)
2020-03-25
6,412(+15%) 356(+29%)
2020-03-26
7,431(+16%) 434(+22%)
2020-03-27
8,603(+16%) 546(+26%)
2020-03-28
9,762(+13%) 639(+17%)
2020-03-29
10,866(+11%) 771(+21%)
2020-03-30
11,750(+8.1%) 864(+12%)
2020-03-31
12,595(+7.2%) 1,039(+20%)
2020-04-01
13,614(+8.1%) 1,173(+13%)
2020-04-02
14,697(+8%) 1,339(+14%)
2020-04-03
15,723(+7%) 1,487(+11%)
2020-04-04
16,627(+5.7%) 1,651(+11%)
2020-04-05
17,851(+7.4%) 1,766(+7%)
2020-04-06
18,803(+5.3%) 1,867(+5.7%)
2020-04-07
19,580(+4.1%) 2,101(+13%)
2020-04-08
20,549(+4.9%) 2,248(+7%)
2020-04-09
21,762(+5.9%) 2,396(+6.6%)
2020-04-10
23,097(+6.1%) 2,511(+4.8%)
2020-04-11
24,413(+5.7%) 2,643(+5.3%)
2020-04-12
25,587(+4.8%) 2,737(+3.6%)
2020-04-13
26,551(+3.8%) 2,823(+3.1%)
2020-04-14
27,419(+3.3%) 2,945(+4.3%)
2020-04-15
28,153(+2.7%) 3,134(+6.4%)
2020-04-16
29,214(+3.8%) 3,315(+5.8%)
2020-04-17
30,449(+4.2%) 3,459(+4.3%)
2020-04-18
31,589(+3.7%) 3,601(+4.1%)
2020-04-19
32,655(+3.4%) 3,684(+2.3%)
2020-04-20
33,405(+2.3%) 3,751(+1.8%)
2020-04-21
34,134(+2.2%) 3,916(+4.4%)
2020-04-22
34,842(+2.1%) 4,054(+3.5%)
2020-04-23
35,729(+2.5%) 4,177(+3%)
2020-04-24
36,535(+2.3%) 4,289(+2.7%)
2020-04-25
37,190(+1.8%) 4,409(+2.8%)
2020-04-26
37,845(+1.8%) 4,475(+1.5%)
2020-04-27
38,245(+1.1%) 4,518(+0.96%)
2020-04-28
38,416(+0.45%) 4,566(+1.1%)
2020-04-29
38,802(+1%) 4,711(+3.2%)
2020-04-30
39,316(+1.3%) 4,795(+1.8%)
2020-05-01
39,791(+1.2%) 4,893(+2%)
2020-05-02
40,236(+1.1%) 4,987(+1.9%)
2020-05-03
40,571(+0.83%) 5,056(+1.4%)
2020-05-04
40,770(+0.49%) 5,082(+0.51%)
2020-05-05
41,087(+0.78%) 5,168(+1.7%)
2020-05-06
41,319(+0.56%) 5,204(+0.7%)
2020-05-07
41,774(+1.1%) 5,288(+1.6%)
2020-05-08
42,093(+0.76%) 5,359(+1.3%)
2020-05-09
42,382(+0.69%) 5,422(+1.2%)
2020-05-10
42,627(+0.58%) 5,440(+0.33%)
2020-05-11
42,788(+0.38%) 5,456(+0.29%)
2020-05-12
42,984(+0.46%) 5,510(+0.99%)
2020-05-13
43,211(+0.53%) 5,562(+0.94%)
2020-05-14
43,481(+0.62%) 5,590(+0.5%)
2020-05-15
43,681(+0.46%) 5,643(+0.95%)
2020-05-16
43,870(+0.43%) 5,670(+0.48%)
2020-05-17
43,995(+0.28%) 5,680(+0.18%)
2020-05-18
44,141(+0.33%) 5,694(+0.25%)
2020-05-19
44,249(+0.24%) 5,715(+0.37%)
2020-05-20
44,447(+0.45%) 5,748(+0.58%)
2020-05-21
44,700(+0.57%) 5,775(+0.47%)
2020-05-22
44,888(+0.42%) 5,788(+0.23%)
2020-05-23
45,064(+0.39%) 5,811(+0.4%)
2020-05-24
45,236(+0.38%) 5,822(+0.19%)
2020-05-25
45,445(+0.46%) 5,830(+0.14%)
2020-05-26
45,578(+0.29%) 5,856(+0.45%)
2020-05-27
45,768(+0.42%) 5,871(+0.26%)
2020-05-28
45,950(+0.4%) 5,903(+0.55%)
2020-05-29
46,126(+0.38%) 5,931(+0.47%)
2020-05-30
46,257(+0.28%) 5,951(+0.34%)
2020-05-31
46,442(+0.4%) 5,956(+0.08%)
2020-06-01
46,545(+0.22%) 5,962(+0.1%)
2020-06-02
46,647(+0.22%) 5,967(+0.08%)
2020-06-03
46,733(+0.18%) 5,977(+0.17%)
2020-06-04
46,942(+0.45%) 5,990(+0.22%)
2020-06-05
47,152(+0.45%) 6,005(+0.25%)
2020-06-06
47,335(+0.39%) 6,011(+0.1%)
2020-06-07
47,574(+0.5%) 6,013(+0.03%)
2020-06-08
47,739(+0.35%) 6,016(+0.05%)
2020-06-09
47,903(+0.34%) 6,031(+0.25%)
2020-06-10
48,087(+0.38%) 6,042(+0.18%)
2020-06-11
48,251(+0.34%) 6,044(+0.03%)
2020-06-12
48,461(+0.44%) 6,053(+0.15%)
2020-06-13
48,640(+0.37%) 6,057(+0.07%)
2020-06-14
48,783(+0.29%) 6,059(+0.03%)
2020-06-15
48,948(+0.34%) 6,065(+0.1%)
2020-06-16
49,087(+0.28%) 6,070(+0.08%)
2020-06-17
49,204(+0.24%) 6,074(+0.07%)
2020-06-18
49,319(+0.23%) 6,078(+0.07%)
2020-06-19
49,426(+0.22%) 6,081(+0.05%)
2020-06-20
49,502(+0.15%) 6,089(+0.13%)
2020-06-21
49,593(+0.18%) 6,090(+0.02%)
2020-06-22
49,658(+0.13%) 6,090(=)
2020-06-23
49,722(+0.13%) 6,095(+0.08%)
2020-06-24
49,804(+0.16%) 6,097(+0.03%)
2020-06-25
49,914(+0.22%) 6,100(+0.05%)
2020-06-26
50,005(+0.18%) 6,103(+0.05%)
2020-06-27
50,074(+0.14%) 6,105(+0.03%)
2020-06-28
50,147(+0.15%) 6,105(=)
2020-06-29
50,223(+0.15%) 6,107(+0.03%)
2020-06-30
50,273(+0.1%) 6,113(+0.1%)
2020-07-07
50,694(n.a.) 6,132(n.a.)
2020-07-14
51,146(n.a.) 6,135(n.a.)
2020-07-21
52,073(n.a.) 6,136(n.a.)
2020-07-28
53,374(n.a.) 6,145(n.a.)
2020-08-04
55,955(n.a.) 6,151(n.a.)
2020-08-11
59,973(n.a.) 6,159(n.a.)
2020-08-18
63,973(n.a.) 6,175(n.a.)
2020-08-25
67,543(n.a.) 6,207(n.a.)
2020-09-01
71,129(n.a.) 6,231(n.a.)
2020-09-08
76,548(n.a.) 6,244(n.a.)
2020-09-15
84,778(n.a.) 6,258(n.a.)
2020-09-22
98,240(n.a.) 6,291(n.a.)
2020-09-29
117,551(n.a.) 6,393(n.a.)
2020-10-06
144,999(n.a.) 6,482(n.a.)
2020-10-13
188,876(n.a.) 6,631(n.a.)
2020-10-20
244,391(n.a.) 6,814(n.a.)
2020-10-27
311,889(n.a.) 7,142(n.a.)
2020-11-03
375,890(n.a.) 7,576(n.a.)
2020-11-10
419,412(n.a.) 8,141(n.a.)
2020-11-17
457,003(n.a.) 8,616(n.a.)
2020-11-24
493,744(n.a.) 9,035(n.a.)
2020-12-01
527,523(n.a.) 9,438(n.a.)
2020-12-08
570,437(n.a.) 9,775(n.a.)
2020-12-15
628,577(n.a.) 10,168(n.a.)
2020-12-22
710,683(n.a.) 10,633(n.a.)
2020-12-29
777,902(n.a.) 11,212(n.a.)
2021-01-05
834,064(n.a.) 11,826(n.a.)
2021-01-12
883,135(n.a.) 12,563(n.a.)
Source:
  • "Actuele informatie over het nieuwe coronavirus (COVID-19)". rivm.nl (in Dutch). 22 September 2020. Retrieved 22 September 2020.

Notes:

On 20 March 2020 RIVM announced that 'the actual number of infections with COVID-19 is higher than those reported beginning with this update, because not everyone with potential infection is tested any more.

On 25 March 2020, GPs report that the number of deaths due to COVID-19 is also much higher since GPs have no way of reporting statistics on deaths of suspected patients without having them tested.

From July 2020, the number of confirmed cases and confirmed deaths will only be updated each Tuesday.

January 2020Edit

  • As of 22 January 2020, the main international airport Schiphol was not taking extra measures against the spread of the virus, stating the lack of direct flights from or to Wuhan.[17]
  • On January 29 the RIVM stated that the virus did not appear highly contagious, thus spread of COVID-19 in the Netherlands was unlikely.[18]

February 2020Edit

  • 22 February - 1 March: Spring holiday for Dutch south and middle regions, where a significant number of families went skiing to Trentino, a northern province of Italy.[19]
  • 26 February: the Dutch foreign ministry updated its travel advice for Italy, advising citizens not to travel to areas affected by the COVID-19 outbreak.[20]
  • 27 February: the first confirmed case of COVID-19, a man from Loon op Zand who had been in the Lombardy region of Italy was admitted to Elisabeth-TweeSteden Hospital in Tilburg.[21][22]
  • 28 February: a second case confirmed, a woman from Amsterdam who had visited the Lombardy region in Italy was in home isolation in Diemen.[23] She is an employee of the Academic Medical Center in Amsterdam.[24]
  • 29 February: third and fourth cases confirmed, the husband and the youngest child of the second case.[25] On the same day the wife and daughter of the first case were also confirmed to have the virus.[26] Another case is a woman from Delft, who had recently been travelling to Italy and is isolated at home.[27][28]

March 2020Edit

1–10 MarchEdit

  • 1 March: three new cases were confirmed: a 49-year-old woman from Nieuwendijk who had been hospitalised at Erasmus MC in Rotterdam, a woman in Tilburg and a man in Dalen, Coevorden. The 49-year-old woman had been admitted to the Beatrix Hospital in Gorinchem on 21 February before being transferred to Rotterdam later. She arrived at the Beatrix Hospital with respiratory problems and stayed in intensive care for a week. A test for SARS-CoV-2 was not conducted since she had no connection to infected areas or people. Therefore, her infection went unnoticed for over a week. On 1 March it was announced that she had COVID-19 and that she had been relocated to Erasmus MC due to her deteriorating condition earlier. Since then the Beatrix Hospital went into lock-down out of precaution for a few days. Only personnel was allowed to enter and leave the building. The hospital fully reopened on 5 March, after all employees had tested negative.[29][30][31]
  • 4 March: all of northern Italy had an "only necessary travel"-advice. Some tourists were still in Italy, including a group of 900 students, something which received a lot of media attention.[32] In the Netherlands the total number of cases climbed to 38, which included one person passing through the Netherlands who was isolated in Hoofddorp.[33][34] The next day this number more than doubled to 82. According to Bruno Bruins, Dutch minister for Medical Care, this was due to a catch-up in conducted tests.[35]
  • 6 March: the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) announced the first death due to COVID-19, an 86-year-old patient.[5][36] The RIVM stated that most COVID-19 patients were infected in northern Italy and advised inhabitants of the North Brabant province to reduce their social contacts if they showed symptoms.[37]
  • 9 March: the total number of cases was 321, of which more than one-third were found in North Brabant.[38][39] The prime minister Mark Rutte asked citizens to stop shaking hands and asked people in North Brabant to work from home if possible.[40]
  • 10 March: stricter measures were introduced in the province of North Brabant. Larger events were banned, including professional football, a number of dance festivals, carnival parades and concerts. A scholarship program was cancelled at the University of Eindhoven. In addition to this, the mayor of Tilburg Theo Weterings called to limit social contacts for a week.[41]

11–20 MarchEdit

  • 12 March: the government announced new measures that will be in effect through the end of the month. All events (concerts, sports) and all meetings with more than 100 people are now forbidden and the RIVM is encouraging people to work from home. The restriction also applies to museums. All Dutch universities will suspend physical teaching until 1 April, but online teaching will continue. Schools remain open.[42]
This press conference was the first time the Dutch government used a sign language interpreter to ensure good communication to deaf people. Irma Sluis filled this position and quickly gained some fame with her performance.[43][44]
  • 13 March, the government cancelled all flights from China, Iran, Italy, and South Korea, the countries with the highest number of coronavirus cases, for two weeks. Flights leaving the destinations before 18:00 on that day could still land in the Netherlands.[45]
  • 15 March: the total number of cases was 1,135. The Public Health Service (GGD) estimated that as of this day, 6,000 people in the Netherlands had been infected. This is because since 12 March people with mild complaints had not been tested any more.[46] Public measures were also tightened up. Schools and childcare centres will remain closed until 6 April, as well as cafés, restaurants, sports clubs, saunas, sex clubs and coffeeshops.[47]
  • 16 March: In the evening Prime Minister Mark Rutte addressed the nation about the coronavirus. It was the first time a prime minister had addressed the nation since the 1973 oil crisis.[48] In his speech he announced that the government chooses not to resort to population confinement measures, but to rely on the measures taken earlier in order to try to assert maximum control over the spread of the virus. Reasoning that the virus is here to stay, the preferred approach would be to tackle the epidemic by building population immunity.[49]
  • 17 March: the total number of confirmed cases was 1,705, of which 314 patients had been admitted to the hospital.[50][1] Arie Slob notified that schools could stay open for the sole purpose of letting final exam candidates finish their last schoolwork. Schools will only open if certain conditions are met. This measure is taken to ensure that final exam candidates are prepared for the national exam at the start of May.[citation needed]
  • 18 March: the Dutch minister for Medical care, Bruno Bruins became unwell during a debate and collapsed.[51] On 19 March he resigned from his position as minister for Medical care. In a press conference it was announced that Hugo de Jonge would from then on handle the Coronavirus pandemic in the Netherlands.[52]
  • 19 March: A traveller from the Netherlands was described as "Patient Zero of the Winelands" in South Africa.[53]
  • 20 March: in a press conference it was announced that Martin van Rijn will become the new minister for Medical care.[54] In the evening, King of the Netherlands Willem-Alexander addressed the nation, due to the coronavirus outbreak.[55]

21–31 MarchEdit

 
An empty Dam Square in Amsterdam on 27 March
  • 22 March: NOC*NSF (Dutch Olympic Committee*Dutch Sports Federation) sent a letter to the IOC. It states the advice that the 2020 Summer Olympics only can take place when the coronavirus crisis is under control worldwide.[56] The NOC also asked for more certainty for the athletes. The letter was supported by most of the National Sport Federations.[57]
  • 23 March: stricter social distancing rules were announced in a press conference.[58]
  • 24 March: in a press conference, the Dutch Minister for Primary and Secondary Education announced all final examinations (centraal eindexamen) for secondary education were cancelled.[59]
  • 26 March: NOC*NSF (Dutch Olympic Committee*Dutch Sports Federation) provided hundreds of cooling vests for healthcare personnel at the intensive care departments in several hospitals. Doctors have to work in warm conditions among others due to the protective clothing they have to wear. The vests would initially be used by the Dutch athletes at the 2020 Summer Olympics.[60]
  • 29 March: The total number of positive coronavirus cases in the country surpassed 10,000. Upon the announcement, RIVM stated that 'the number of hospitalised patients and the number of deaths are increasing less quickly than would have been expected without measures'. It further said that since testing was done mostly only for the very sick and healthcare workers, the actual number of infections is likely to be far higher.[61]
  • 31 March: In a press conference it was announced that all measures initiated on 15 March will be extended until 28 April.[62]

April 2020Edit

 
Exercise machines have been taken outside of a gym in Delft and placed on safe distance apart so that people could exercise while the gym itself is closed
  • 7 April: Prime Minister Mark Rutte announced in a press conference that the measures could possibly be loosened a bit after 28 April, however getting back to 'normal' will take considerable time. Furthermore, the Dutch Government are researching possibilities to use an app to register corona infections and use this app to warn others who were in proximity of an infected person. However, concerns were raised whether this app would harm privacy.[63]
  • 8 April: This day marked the first day since the outbreak in the Netherlands that the number of corona patients in intensive care units declined. It was a sign to many that the curve was 'flattened' in the Netherlands.[64]
  • 15 April: Prime Minister Mark Rutte held a press conference. The numbers of infections, deaths and hospitalisations were declining. He announced that loosening the measures could only be done in small steps, and with several restrictions in mind: keeping 1.5 meter distance, sufficient health care capacity and adequate protection of older and/or weaker people.[65]
  • 20 April: A total number of 32,655 people tested positive for COVID-19 and 3,684 people died due to the coronavirus. Admittance to hospitals and ICUs was steadily declining, leading to conclusions that the lock-down measures had the desired effect.[66]
  • 22 April: All measures were extended until 20 May. An exception was made for elementary schools: these will open on 11 May. Mark Rutte also announced that secondary education would gradually open after 2 June.[67] Furthermore, events that require a permit are forbidden until 1 September. Among others this means that football matches are also not allowed, resulting in the end of the 2019–20 Eredivisie season.[68]
  • 23 April: Research of the RIVM indicated that the first infection in the Netherlands was possibly on 15 February, almost two weeks before the first confirmed infection. Among others this research was based on patients who had similar symptoms but were not tested for COVID-19.[69]
  • 26 April: COVID-19 has been confirmed in mink at two fur farms in the Netherlands, the agriculture ministry confirmed.[70]
  • 28 April: After the Netherlands Trade and Investment Office was renamed “Netherlands Office Taipei" to reflect the increased scope of cooperation between the two countries, the Chinese ambassador made "solemn representations"[clarification needed] and reminded the Dutch government to dutifully adhere to the "one-China principle." The Global Times warned of a backlash. It[who?] then claimed rising sentiment that China should immediately stop exporting medical supplies and that Chinese citizens were demanding a boycott of Dutch products and cancelling their travel plans to the Netherlands.[71]

May 2020Edit

 
Waiting lines in theme park Toverland.
  • 6 May: The Dutch government announces that starting from 11 May so-called "contact jobs" such as hairdressers and beauty salons, can open again. From 1 June, bars can open their outside areas again.[72] From that date the government also aims to test anyone with COVID-19 symptoms, instead of only health care workers. The advice "Stay home" changes to "Stay home when showing symptoms". Face masks become mandatory in public transport, despite the RIVM still doubting the effectivity.[73]
  • 7 May: Minister Hugo de Jonge indicates in a letter to the House of Representatives that large-scale events will not be possible until a vaccine is found.[74]
  • 11 May: Indoor pools were also allowed to open again. Visitors are required to dress at home beforehand and shower at home afterward. All visitors older than 12 years old have to maintain 1.5 meter distance.[75]
  • 19 May: On a press conference the Dutch government announces that more restrictions can be loosened, provided that no new outbreaks will occur. From 2 June secondary schools will partly open for students. From 8 June primary schools will fully open. And from 15 June onwards, middle level (mbo) and high educations (hbo/wo) will partly open.[76]

June 2020Edit

 
Thousands of protesters at Dam Square in Amsterdam on 1 June in response to the killing of George Floyd
  • 1 June: Bars, hotels and restaurants are allowed to open from 12:00. Inside a maximum of 30 guests are allowed who have to reserve beforehand. On outdoor terraces no maximum is enforced. Both in- and outside guests and personnel have to maintain 1.5 meter distance, unless they are from the same household.[77] On this day there was also a large demonstration on Dam Square in Amsterdam. This was part of the George Floyd protests. About 5,000 people converged on the square. While most of them wore face masks, it was impossible to maintain 1.5 metre distance.[78] The mayor of Amsterdam, Femke Halsema, opted to not stop the demonstration, as she feared riots. She faced harsh criticism afterwards, as this demonstration could cause a new outbreak of COVID-19.[79] However, almost no cases linked to the demonstration (or similar demonstrations in other cities) were found in the weeks after.[80]

July 2020 - present: second waveEdit

Since mid-July, there has been a large increase in positive cases, from about 50 positive tested people/day to over 7000 positive tested people per day. Measures were tightened in late September to achieve control over the spread again. About 1 in 120 people were deemed infectious in late September.

A record number of 11,107 new cases in one day was reported on 30 October.[81]

From 14 October 22:00, a partial lockdown came into effect.[82] Cafes, restaurants, and bars were to be closed for at least two weeks.

Starting 1 December, masks were made compulsory to wear while indoors.[83]

From 15 December 2020 through 19 January 2021, a hard lockdown is in effect, and all non-essential shops are closed.

On 19 December 2020, it was discovered that a mutant strain of COVID-19, Variant of Concern 202012/01, had entered the Netherlands. The Dutch government banned flights from the United Kingdom, where the strain was originally identified, in response. The travel ban is scheduled to remain in place until at least 1 January.[84][85][86]

Shortly after Christmas 2020, most European countries started COVID-19 vaccination programs, however the Netherlands expected to start vaccination on 8 January 2021.[7] The government cited issues with the digital registration system as the cause of the delayed vaccination start.[87]

The Dutch government banned all school parties (like costume shows, musicals and birthdays) for 6 weeks from 4 January 2021 to 1 february 2021, but with the exception for Carnival 2021, on 12, 14, 15 and 16 february 2021, the carnival party will reciving 3 guests with 2 kids, this is to prevent the students from becoming infected with the coronavirus.[citation needed]

As of January 9, 2021, a total of 30,000 healthcare workers have been vaccinated.[88]

As of January 9 2021, 96 cases of the B.1.1.7 variant, which was suspected to be more contagious had been reported. As of January 16, 2021, 200 cases of that variant had been reported. These cases caused concerned because of that variant was suspected to be more contagious.[89]

Prevention measures and responseEdit

Temporary sign mandating physical distance by the entrance of Westerpark, Amsterdam

In late March, the government announced strict social distancing rules as cases surged over 5,000. All large public events and gatherings are banned until 1 September. Furthermore, in public space a distance of at least 1.5 metres between people not from the same household must be observed, and shops and other venues are to enforce this distancing among their visitors. Fines will be issued to those not complying with the new rules. Companies may face a fine up to €4,000, individuals risk a fine up to €400. Prime Minister Mark Rutte repeated his call to keep distance from each other.[58] Final examinations of secondary school were cancelled on 24 March.[59] Other measures were that schools and day-cares were closed, except for children whose parents work in the 'vital' sectors, like health care. People were required to work from home as much as possible. These measures also resulted in modified schedules for public transport, as much less transportation of individuals was necessary.[90]

Reaction to second waveEdit

As a response to the large increase in positive tests since July, the Dutch government released additional regulations on 13 October. These include:[91]

  • Closing the hospitality industry.
  • Banning the sale of alcohol in the evening, as well as closing non-essential stores.
  • Limiting group sizes and the number of guests received at home.
  • Banning events and amateur sports for adults.
  • Requiring face masks in public indoor spaces, including schools outside classrooms.

Additionally the government advised people to work from home and limit unnecessary travel.[82]

Holiday seasonEdit

The Dutch government also stated that people should be mindful of the regulations during the holiday season. Sint Maarten, a holiday where children collect sweets from neighbors, was still held with social distancing and maximum group size regulations in place. Sinterklaas will also be held with the same regulations, with people also being advised not to delay holiday shopping to the last possible moment.[92]

There is also a ban on all fireworks for the coming New Year's Eve with the intention of protecting the healthcare system.[93][94]

Reaction to the B.1.1.7 variantEdit

In January 2021, the government extended its regulations and considered tightening them in order to limit the spread of the B.1.1.7 variant of Covid-19, which was suspected to be more contagious.[95]

Contact tracing applicationEdit

The Dutch Ministry of Public Health officially maintains an application called CoronaMelder for Android and Apple iOS. [96] The applications, including the backend are open source software under the European Union Public License. [96][97]

CoronaMelder launched nationwide on 10 October, and was downloaded 2,6 million times 2 days later. The maintainers stated that they are unable to track the number of users that actively use the application owing to privacy reasons.[98] Later that month on 26 October the app had reportedly 3,5 million downloads and around 14.000 reports of positive test results.[99]

TestingEdit

By mid-March, the country could test about 1,000 samples per day, which is less than the capabilities of other European countries.[100] This also explains a relatively large ratio of the number of deaths to the number of confirmed cases.[101] As of 25 March, 2,500 samples have been tested daily and a total number of 38,000 tests performed. Because of the limited availability of testing capacity, certain groups were prioritised in testing, such as healthcare workers, elderly, and people with acute symptoms.[102] A lack of testing capacity causes a distinct number of deaths by COVID-19 that are not registered as such, although local doctors can recognise the symptoms.[103] By the end of March, the country was testing about 4,000 people per day, with the goal of expanding the testing capacity to about 17,500 daily tests in a couple of weeks. Once such a testing capacity has been reached the Dutch government wants to expand its testing capacity to 29,000 tests a day.[104] According to a report by the RIVM, an average of 4,280 tests per day have been performed in the period between 9 March and 26 April.[105] Several health organizations have started testing themselves, claiming the procedures of the GGD testing centers take too long.[106]

In a press conference on 6 May, the government announced that starting from 1 June it wants to test all people with COVID-19 symptoms. The coordination has been criticized, with the regional GGD offices stating there is no clear national plan to scale up testing.[107] Nonetheless, the test capacity was increased to 30,000 per day with the GGD's being able to conduct 600 to 2400 contact traces for positively tested applicants with 2-8% of the tests done assumed to result positive for the virus.[108] On 1 June, a national telephone number was made public through which a test time and location could be scheduled. The new system, although initially overwhelmed by the number of callers on the first day, tested 50,000 people in the first week and had 100,000 applicants by 11 June.[109][110] By 9 June, most regions where successful in handling the increased demand, with people often being able to schedule a test the same day or the day after.[111] The GGD's strive for a test result to be made known to the applicant within 48 hours, with 96% of results being successfully returned within that time by 11 June.[110]

ImpactEdit

 
Empty shelves in a supermarket in Delft as a result of hoarding, 15 March

In response to regulations announced on 12 March, panic buying of food, toilet paper and medicines, resulted in empty shelves in supermarkets. Prime Minister Mark Rutte appealed to the nation to stop this behaviour.[112] On 12 March it was announced that all public events with more than 100 people will be cancelled until 6 April.[113] On 24 March this period was extended to 1 June for all permit-requiring events.[114] Three days later it was announced in a press conference that all restaurants, museums, sport clubs and schools had to close.[47] A Dutch "grassroots" initiative, Mond Kapjes Nodig[115] was formed to address the local PPE shortages. More than 400,000 masks[116] was delivered within weeks to those fighting the pandemic in the Netherlands. This helped relieve the coordination efforts on a national level.

EconomicEdit

On 26 March, the Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis published the first calculations of the economic expectations. These expectations are based on the length of the prevention measures against the coronavirus pandemic. If these measures are present for three months, the Dutch economy is expected to shrink by 1.2 percent in 2020. If these measures are required for a year the economy would decline by 10 percent.[117] In all cases it is expected that the economy will slightly grow the following year.[citation needed]

On 8 June, three months into the crisis, an analysis of Rabobank was published. They expected that the economy between March and June shrunk by 8%, with the catering sector being hit the most. They expected that, whereas the crisis was over the peak, the economy would continue shrinking, and the industries, in particular the construction industry, which were doing relatively well, would be hit as well. The forecast was that the unemployment rate would grow from 3% to 7% by the end of 2020.[118]

As a result of the ban on fireworks for the 2020-2021 New Year's Eve the Dutch government has compensated the fireworks industry for around 40 million euros.[94]


StatisticsEdit

Date[b] Cases by province[c] Cases[c][d] Hospitalisations[d] Deaths[d] Source(s)
 
NB
 
NH
 
ZH
 
DR
 
UT
 
GD
 
FL
 
OV
 
LB
 
ZL
 
FR
 
GR
Unk. New Total Diff. New Total ICU New Total Diff.
2020-02-27 1 1 1 [119][120]
2020-02-28 1 1 2 +100% [121]
2020-02-29 2 1[e] 1 4 6 +200% [123][124][125][122]
2020-03-01 1 1 1 3 9 +50% [126][127]
2020-03-02 4 1 1 1 3 10 19 +111% [128][129][130][131][132]
2020-03-03 4 1[e] 5 24[e] +26% [133][122]
2020-03-04 5 4[f] 4 1 14 38 +58% [135][134]
2020-03-05 7 2 5 1 20 1 1 1 2 4 44 82 +116% [136][137]
2020-03-06 10 1 10 10 8 1 7 -1 46 128 +56% 1 1 [138][139][140]
2020-03-07 26 7 7 14 3 3 2 1 -3 60 188 +47% 1 [141][142][143]
2020-03-08 33 5 5 5 5 13 5 5 76 264 +40% 2 3 +200% [144][145]
2020-03-09 42 1 3 2 1 1 7 57 321 +22% 1 4 +33% [146][147][148][149]
2020-03-10 22 7 10 2 3 3 9 2 2 1 61 382 +19% 4 [150][149]
2020-03-11 66 5 10 12 6 1 2 16 3 1 -1 121 503 +32% 1 5 +25% [141][151][152]
2020-03-12 50 7 11 1 13 12 1 5 3 3 3 2 111 614 +22% 86 86 5 [141][153][154]
2020-03-13 87 21 13 3 16 4 5 14 1 1 25 190 804 +31% 29 115 5 10 +100% [141][155][156]
2020-03-14 47 23 14 2 5 13 7 6 35 1 1 1 155 959 +19% 21 136 2 12 +20% [141][157][158]
2020-03-15 53 12 18 23 24 7 5 25 2 2 5 176 1,135 +18% 26 162 8 20 +67% [141][159][160]
2020-03-16 112 28 30 1 31 35 2 8 22 5 3 1 278 1,413 +24% 43 205 96 4 24 +20% [141][161][162]
2020-03-17 73 37 41 2 34 40 2 9 50 3 1 292 1,705 +21% 109 314 135 19 43 +79% [141][163][164]
2020-03-18 97 28 55 5 25 40 6 14 62 6 4 4 346 2,051 +20% 94 408 177 15 58 +35% [141][165][166]
2020-03-19 111 71 71 3 39 34 7 16 36 5 2 14 409 2,460 +20% 81 489 210 18 76 +31% [141][167][168]
2020-03-20 142 108 93 7 30 63 5 25 65 5 2 4 -15 534 2,994 +22% 154 643 281 30 106 +39% [141][169][170]
2020-03-21 168 108 81 6 46 59 9 63 52 10 11 13 11 637 3,631 +21% 193 836 354 30 136 +28% [141][171][172]
2020-03-22 224 74 100 4 31 62 7 27 31 2 1 10 573 4,204 +16% 152 988 405 43 179 +32% [141][173][174]
2020-03-23 155 66 62 7 62 83 7 29 52 6 5 11 545 4,749 +13% 242 1,230 487 34 213 +19% [175][176]
2020-03-24 181 139 114 6 63 73 7 31 186 8 3 811 5,560 +17% 265 1,495 546 63 276 +30% [177][178]
2020-03-25 177 130 128 5 93 106 11 69 95 14 10 14 852 6,412 +15% 341 1,836 644 80 356 +29% [179][180]
2020-03-26 247 159 155 12 83 125 10 72 94 14 18 30 1,019 7,431 +16% 315 2,151 761 78 434 +22% [181][182]
2020-03-27 327 206 207 9 87 131 13 61 90 18 12 11 1,172 8,603 +16% 349 2,500 873 112 546 +26% [183][184]
2020-03-28 260 166 259 17 81 135 12 66 127 11 13 12 1,159 9,762 +13% 454 2,954 914 93 639 +17% [185][186]
2020-03-29 269 153 161 15 90 182 19 74 97 14 22 8 1,104 10,866 +11% 529 3,483 975 132 771 +21% [187][188]
2020-03-30 214 148 141 4 66 107 7 58 115 14 5 5 884 11,750 +8.1% 507 3,990 1,053 93 864 +12% [189][190]
2020-03-31 181 143 139 9 66 98 20 41 117 13 7 11 845 12,595 +7.2% 722 4,712 1,151 175 1,039 +20% [191][192]
2020-04-01 148 172 244 20 65 140 23 81 87 17 14 8 1,019 13,614 +8.1% 447 5,159 1,191 134 1,173 +13% [193][194]
2020-04-02 230 184 223 14 89 112 14 86 85 17 21 8 1,083 14,697 +8.0% 625 5,784 1,273 166 1,339 +14% [195][196]
2020-04-03 156 171 206 11 69 155 22 79 113 23 15 6 1,026 15,723 +7.0% 502 6,286 1,324 148 1,487 +11% [197][198]
2020-04-04 138 174 195 19 61 103 9 113 51 17 17 7 904 16,627 +5.7% 336 6,622 1,360 164 1,651 +11% [199][200]
2020-04-05 179 230 298 16 94 125 20 83 142 7 17 13 1,224 17,851 +7.4% 253 6,875 1,385 115 1,766 +7.0% [201][202]
2020-04-06 193 115 246 9 52 100 10 71 107 37 8 4 952 18,803 +5.3% 260 7,135 1,409 101 1,867 +5.7% [203][204]
2020-04-07 158 124 139 3 52 90 10 68 88 33 5 7 777 19,580 +4.1% 292 7,427 1,424 234 2,101 +13% [205][206]
2020-04-08 185 130 247 14 71 91 19 66 82 18 33 13 969 20,549 +4.9% 308 7,735 1,408 147 2,248 +7.0% [207][208]
2020-04-09 212 180 317 17 60 135 10 80 126 30 37 9 1,213 21,762 +5.9% 237 7,972 1,417 148 2,396 +6.6% [209][210]
2020-04-10 253 236 208 25 60 164 25 191 103 26 29 15 1,335 23,097 +6.1% 225 8,197 1,384 115 2,511 +4.8% [211][212]
2020-04-11 203 157 411 22 53 155 39 97 125 26 15 13 1,316 24,413 +5.7% 189 8,386 1,391 132 2,643 +5.3% [213][214]
2020-04-12 254 188 223 14 80 170 14 71 116 15 19 10 1,174 25,587 +4.8% 196 8,582 1,358 94 2,737 +3.6% [215][216]
2020-04-13 139 94 263 9 68 214 34 51 45 26 13 8 964 26,551 +3.8% 147 8,729 1,338 86 2,823 +3.1% [217][218]
2020-04-14 173 100 142 6 52 115 7 60 186 18 8 1 868 27,419 +3.3% 210 8,939 1,303 122 2,945 +4.3% [219][220]
2020-04-15 115 111 193 7 65 119 13 52 39 5 10 5 734 28,153 +2.7% 188 9,127 1,279 189 3,134 +6.4% [221][222]
2020-04-16 206 134 274 11 66 120 21 91 100 2 29 7 1,061 29,214 +3.8% 182 9,309 1,258 181 3,315 +5.8% [223][224]
2020-04-17 177 203 258 14 71 163 45 124 135 20 21 4 1,235 30,449 +4.2% 156 9,465 1,235 144 3,459 +4.3% [225][226]
2020-04-18 197 156 303 19 69 161 45 52 115 10 11 2 1,140 31,589 +3.7% 129 9,594 1,201 142 3,601 +4.1% [227][228]
2020-04-19 178 131 262 13 52 204 20 76 99 13 14 4 1,066 32,655 +3.4% 110 9,704 1,176 83 3,684 +2.3% [229][230]
2020-04-20 163 99 141 10 44 147 6 46 80 7 3 4 750 33,405 +2.3% 75 9,779 1,158 67 3,751 +1.8% [231][232]
2020-04-21 140 99 144 4 54 98 23 65 87 4 6 5 729 34,134 +2.2% 118 9,897 1,087 165 3,916 +4.4% [233][234]
2020-04-22 122 107 162 5 51 90 18 35 94 8 13 3 708 34,842 +2.1% 124 10,021 1,050 138 4,054 +3.5% [235][236]
2020-04-23 128 143 211 15 63 136 28 62 75 14 8 4 887 35,729 +2.5% 137 10,158 1,008 123 4,177 +3.0% [237][238]
2020-04-24 159 85 182 16 69 110 11 48 102 3 12 9 806 36,535 +2.3% 123 10,281 963 112 4,289 +2.7% [239][240]
2020-04-25 127 74 185 10 45 93 25 38 47 3 4 4 655 37,190 +1.8% 100 10,381 959 120 4,409 +2.8% [241][242]
2020-04-26 151 91 139 75 75 20 43 53 4 4 655 37,845 +1.8% 75 10,456 934 66 4,475 +1.5% [243][244]
2020-04-27 99 45 96 13 23 44 5 8 64 2 1 400 38,245 +1.1% 65 10,521 905 43 4,518 +1.0% [245][246]
2020-04-28 33 34 20 22 22 4 5 18 10 3 171 38,416 +0.4% 88 10,609 861 48 4,566 +1.1% [247][248]
2020-04-29 33 71 96 5 18 74 7 29 48 1 3 1 386 38,802 +1.0% 76 10,685 804 145 4,711 +3.2% [249][250]
2020-04-30 101 51 138 6 47 56 9 37 60 3 3 3 514 39,316 +1.3% 84 10,769 783 84 4,795 +1.8% [251][252]
2020-05-01 90 79 117 2 36 71 14 18 39 3 3 3 475 39,791 +1.2% 85 10,854 735 98 4,893 +2.0% [253][254]
2020-05-02 78 71 94 6 30 68 15 26 49 3 5 445 40,236 +1.1% 97 10,951 708 94 4,987 +1.9% [255][256]
2020-05-03 74 35 90 1 24 62 21 26 2 335 40,571 +0.8% 44 10,995 688 69 5,056 +1.4% [257][258]
2020-05-04 31 23 31 4 16 25 5 12 44 5 2 1 199 40,770 +0.5% 42 11,037 683 26 5,082 +0.5% [259][260]
2020-05-05 33 70 80 3 52 29 15 17 14 2 -1 3 317 41,087 +0.8% 89 11,126 644 86 5,168 +1.7% [261][262]
2020-05-06 17 58 54 2 3 34 17 9 20 12 5 1 232 41,319 +0.6% 27 11,153 628 36 5,204 +0.7% [263][264]
2020-05-07 52 50 97 172 25 5 18 24 8 3 1 455 41,774 +1.1% 39 11,192 584 84 5,288 +1.6% [265][266]
2020-05-08 36 42 82 1 22 38 10 20 44 5 19 319 42,093 +0.8% 35 11,227 564 71 5,359 +1.3% [267][268]
2020-05-09 55 48 82 1 28 16 15 16 23 1 4 289 42,382 +0.7% 58 11,285 541 63 5,422 +1.2% [269][270]
2020-05-10 31 40 69 1 23 25 15 7 27 1 5 1 245 42,627 +0.6% 22 11,307 507 18 5,440 +0.3% [271][272]
2020-05-11 19 36 46 1 12 23 1 -6 18 2 6 3 161 42,788 +0.4% 36 11,343 498 16 5,456 +0.3% [273][274]
2020-05-12 40 25 60 1 10 25 8 12 8 1 6 196 42,984 +0.5% 35 11,378 463 54 5,510 +1.0% [275][276]
2020-05-13 18 32 97 1 20 19 3 13 21 1 2 227 43,211 +0.5% 52 11,430 432 52 5,562 +0.9% [277][278]
2020-05-14 48 54 86 20 24 2 12 19 2 2 1 270 43,481 +0.6% 27 11,457 410 28 5,590 +0.5% [279][280]
2020-05-15 22 39 56 1 14 15 6 5 36 4 2 200 43,681 +0.5% 35 11,492 378 53 5,643 +0.9% [281][282]
2020-05-16 33 27 54 26 16 4 11 16 2 189 43,870 +0.4% 45 11,537 346 27 5,670 +0.5% [283][284]
2020-05-17 10 14 39 16 26 6 4 8 1 1 125 43,995 +0.3% 15 11,552 349 10 5,680 +0.2% [285][286]
2020-05-18 19 14 64 1 17 12 2 1 11 3 2 146 44,141 +0.3% 27 11,579 323 14 5,694 +0.2% [287][288]
2020-05-19 19 17 35 10 16 1 6 3 1 108 44,249 +0.2% 34 11,613 293 21 5,715 +0.4% [289][290]
2020-05-20 -8 11 78 4 34 26 23 5 14 10 8 -7 198 44,447 +0.4% 14 11,627 275 33 5,748 +0.6% [291][292]
2020-05-21 21 32 92 25 41 5 8 17 8 2 2 253 44,700 +0.6% 13 11,640 255 27 5,775 +0.5% [293][294]
2020-05-22 16 35 49 2 23 30 4 7 18 2 2 188 44,888 +0.4% 9 11,649 252 13 5,788 +0.2% [295][296]
2020-05-23 33 22 37 3 19 19 9 30 4 176 45,064 +0.4% 10 11,659 227 23 5,811 +0.4% [297][298]
2020-05-24 23 12 45 19 52 2 7 7 4 1 172 45,236 +0.4% 13 11,672 223 11 5,822 +0.2% [299][300]
2020-05-25 20 10 50 1 23 76 1 5 17 6 209 45,445 +0.5% 8 11,680 223 8 5,830 +0.1% [301][302]
2020-05-26 25 7 31 9 41 6 6 7 1 133 45,578 +0.3% 10 11,690 188 26 5,856 +0.4% [303][304]
2020-05-27 21 28 65 22 34 5 6 5 3 1 190 45,768 +0.4% 7 11,697 189 15 5,871 +0.3% [305][306]
2020-05-28 45 11 39 22 38 4 5 14 3 1 182 45,950 +0.4% 16 11,713 182 32 5,903 +0.5% [307][308]
2020-05-29 23 14 42 22 45 3 2 11 12 2 176 46,126 +0.4% 9 11,722 180 28 5,931 +0.5% [309][310]
2020-05-30 24 21 28 13 31 2 3 6 1 1 1 131 46,257 +0.3% 5 11,727 170 20 5,951 +0.3% [311][312]
2020-05-31 37 23 31 4 38 27 6 4 9 5 1 185 46,442 +0.4% 8 11,735 159 5 5,956 +0.1% [313][314]
2020-06-01 6 9 35 16 24 2 1 9 1 103 46,545 +0.2% 9 11,744 158 6 5,962 +0.1% [315][316]
2020-06-02 21 5 24 2 23 16 7 4 102 46,647 +0.2% 6 11,750 154 5 5,967 +0.1% [317][318]
2020-06-03 18 8 26 12 9 2 9 2 86 46,733 +0.2% 9 11,759 116 10 5,977 +0.2% [319][320]
2020-06-04 49 11 66 2 30 21 8 5 7 6 3 1 209 46,942 +0.4% 12 11,771 113 13 5,990 +0.2% [321][322]
2020-06-05 43 11 61 3 27 36 3 4 18 3 1 210 47,152 +0.4% 11 11,782 97 15 6,005 +0.3% [323][324]
2020-06-06 29 9 70 1 19 26 4 7 15 1 2 183 47,335 +0.4% 3 11,785 96 6 6,011 +0.1% [325][326]
2020-06-07 20 83 58 4 22 29 2 4 14 2 1 239 47,574 +0.5% 4 11,789 96 2 6,013 +0.0% [327][328]
2020-06-08 37 28 38 12 37 4 9 165 47,739 +0.3% 5 11,794 92 3 6,016 +0.0% [329][330]
2020-06-09 22 14 76 15 20 1 4 10 2 164 47,903 +0.3% 6 11,800 91 15 6,031 +0.2% [331][332]
2020-06-10 27 33 50 1 23 31 3 4 6 5 1 184 48,087 +0.4% 5 11,805 80 11 6,042 +0.2% [333][334]
2020-06-11 28 29 56 2 15 19 1 2 8 1 2 1 164 48,251 +0.3% 3 11,808 77 2 6,044 +0.0% [335][336]
2020-06-12 42 15 84 -1 21 31 3 1 8 1 4 1 210 48,461 +0.4% 5 11,813 73 9 6,053 +0.1% [337][338]
2020-06-13 42 31 55 10 21 1 12 3 4 179 48,640 +0.4% 9 11,822 77 4 6,057 +0.1% [339][340]
2020-06-14 24 22 41 3 12 18 2 9 9 1 2 143 48,783 +0.3% 6 11,828 79 2 6,059 +0.0% [341][342]
2020-06-15 11 25 45 1 18 40 7 12 3 2 1 165 48,948 +0.3% 3 11,831 87 6 6,065 +0.1% [343][344]
2020-06-16 29 31 47 16 4 1 6 5 139 49,087 +0.3% 3 11,834 78 5 6,070 +0.1% [345][346]
2020-06-17 22 21 40 2 12 9 2 1 5 2 1 117 49,204 +0.2% 2 11,836 73 4 6,074 +0.1% [347][348]
2020-06-18 14 24 47 1 -1 14 3 3 6 2 2 115 49,319 +0.2% -1 11,835 67 4 6,078 +0.1% [349][350]
2020-06-19 20 12 39 8 17 3 4 3 1 107 49,426 +0.2% 11 11,846 57 3 6,081 +0.0% [351][352]
2020-06-20 4 10 34 1 10 10 4 3 1 -1 76 49,502 +0.2% 11,846 57 8 6,089 +0.1% [353][354]
2020-06-21 16 5 25 14 13 13 5 91 49,593 +0.2% 3 11,849 55 1 6,090 +0.0% [355][356]
2020-06-22 8 7 25 7 11 4 2 1 65 49,658 +0.1% 2 11,851 59 6,090 [357][358]
2020-06-23 10 12 25 10 5 -2 1 2 1 64 49,722 +0.1% 2 11,853 48 5 6,095 +0.1% [359][360]
2020-06-24 17 17 25 5 3 4 3 3 1 1 3 82 49,804 +0.2% 6 11,859 49 2 6,097 +0.0% [361][362]
2020-06-25 16 10 42 17 15 1 2 4 1 2 110 49,914 +0.2% 4 11,863 49 3 6,100 +0.0% [363][364]
2020-06-26 11 18 38 8 9 5 1 1 91 50,005 +0.2% 5 11,868 39 3 6,103 +0.0% [365][366]
2020-06-27 8 13 22 6 16 2 1 1 69 50,074 +0.1% 11,868 29 2 6,105 +0.0% [367][368]
2020-06-28 2 11 37 8 6 2 6 1 73 50,147 +0.1% 3 11,871 30 6,105 [369][370]
2020-06-29 10 9 34 9 9 4 1 76 50,223 +0.2% 3 11,874 32 2 6,107 +0.0% [371][372]
2020-06-30 5 9 27 5 1 3 3 -3 50 50,273 +0.1% 3 11,877 29 6 6,113 +0.1% [373][374]
2020-07-01 8 12 26 4 6 1 2 3 62 50,335 +0.1% 1 11,878 2 6,115 +0.0% [375]
2020-07-02 9 19 32 1 1 6 2 3 2 2 77 50,412 +0.2% 11,878 3 6,118 +0.0%
2020-07-03 7 20 32 2 2 1 5 5 1 75 50,487 +0.1% 4 11,882 2 6,120 +0.0%
2020-07-04 13 12 21 -2 11 1 2 1 1 1 61 50,547 +0.1% 1 11,883 6 6,126 +0.1%
2020-07-05 9 10 27 13 4 3 1 3 1 2 73 50,621 +0.1% 1 11,884 1 6,127 +0.0%
2020-07-06 3 5 19 -1 6 2 1 1 36 50,657 +0.1% 11,884 1 6,128 +0.0%
2020-07-07 11 7 10 3 1 4 1 37 50,694 +0.1% 2 11,886 4 6,132 +0.1%
2020-07-08 10 12 18 1 5 2 1 1 1 1 52 50,746 +0.1% 3 11,889 3 6,135 +0.0%
2020-07-09 8 7 24 -1 12 2 -3 2 1 52 50,798 +0.1% -2 11,887 2 6,137 +0.0%
2020-07-10 12 13 18 1 -3 4 -6 1 1 1 42 50,840 +0.1% 1 11,888 -1 6,136 -0.0%
2020-07-11 14 13 35 10 2 4 2 1 81 50,921 +0.2% 3 11,891 1 6,137 +0.0%
2020-07-12 21 9 50 8 5 4 3 1 101 51,022 +0.2% 2 11,893 6,137
2020-07-13 13 16 25 9 4 1 1 2 71 51,093 +0.1% 1 11,894 6,137
2020-07-14 -21 8 52 6 8 1 -9 7 1 53 51,146 +0.1% -2 11,892 -2 6,135 -0.0%
2020-07-15 5 14 48 2 14 5 5 5 8 106 51,252 +0.2% 5 11,897 1 6,136 +0.0%
2020-07-16 14 24 47 14 -11 2 1 6 2 99 51,351 +0.2% 1 11,898 1 6,137 +0.0%
2020-07-17 17 19 47 2 9 -2 -1 4 1 6 1 103 51,454 +0.2% -4 11,894 1 6,138 +0.0%
2020-07-18 16 21 49 3 10 6 2 5 14 1 127 51,581 +0.2% 1 11,895 -2 6,136 -0.0%
2020-07-19 19 43 52 15 3 4 1 6 1 144 51,725 +0.3% 3 11,898 6,136
2020-07-20 23 35 74 25 7 1 10 4 6 185 51,910 +0.4% 2 11,900 6,136
2020-07-21 14 36 80 1 11 10 1 3 3 3 1 163 52,073 +0.3% 2 11,902 6,136
2020-07-22 26 36 75 2 13 6 4 1 3 2 168 52,241 +0.3% 11,902 3 6,139 +0.0%
Total 10,029 7,667 12,188 544 4,228 6,681 984 3,173 4,923 807 647 370 0 52,241 11,902 6,139 [141]
 
NB
 
NH
 
ZH
 
DR
 
UT
 
GD
 
FL
 
OV
 
LB
 
ZL
 
FR
 
GR
Unk. New Total Diff. New Total ICU New Total Diff.
Cases by province[c] Cases[c][d] Hospitalisations[d] Deaths[d]
For notes, see the Notes section.
 
Public Health Service (GGD) districts by number of COVID-19 infections (updated: 30 March)[1]
 
Public Health Service (GGD) districts by date of first COVID-19 infection[1]
 
Number of cases (blue), number of deaths (red), and their respective increments (dotted lines) on a logarithmic scale
Total confirmed cases, hospitalisations and deaths[376][377]

<span class="legend-color" style=" background-color:Script error: The function "barColors" does not exist.; color:; ">  Confirmed cases   Hospitalisations <span class="legend-color" style=" background-color:Script error: The function "barColors" does not exist.; color:; ">  Deaths

Growth rate of confirmed cases[376]
(a rising straight line indicates exponential growth, while a horizontal line indicates linear growth)
New confirmed cases per day
(due to late and incorrect reports, the figures might still change, reference date 3 August)[376]
New hospitalisations per day
(due to late and incorrect reports, the figures might still change, reference date 30 June)[376]
New deaths per day
(due to late and incorrect reports, the figures might still change, reference date 30 June)[376]

Notable deathsEdit

Name Known for Date (Aged)
Harry Aarts Politician 25 March 2020 (aged 90)
Kees Bakker Football chairman and police officer 25 March 2020 (aged 76)
Kim H. Veltman Historian 1 April 2020 (aged 71)
Hans Prade Surinamese diplomat and politician 3 April 2020 (aged 81)
Frits Flinkevleugel Footballer 10 April 2020 (aged 80)
Ing Yoe Tan Lawmaker 10 April 2020 (aged 71)
Bas Mulder Dutch-Surinamese priest 10 April 2020 (aged 88)
Kishen Bholasing Surinamese singer 12 April 2020 (aged 35)
Martine Crefcoeur Actress 18 April 2020 (aged 84)
Ton van den Heuvel Make-up artist 19 April 2020 (aged 94)
Koos van den Berg Politician 21 April 2020 (aged 77)
Henk Overgoor Footballer 23 April 2020 (aged 75)
Chavalit Soemprungsuk Thai painter 27 April 2020 (aged 80)
Hans Cohen Microbiologist 14 May 2020 (aged 97)
Bram van der Vlugt Actor 19 December 2020 (aged 86)

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The Netherlands National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) does not count its number of recoveries.[2]
  2. ^ From 4 through 25 March 2020 and from 2 May 2020 onwards, the numbers per province were deduced from the difference in statistics between the current and previous day.
  3. ^ a b c d Reported, confirmed cases. Actual case numbers may be higher.
  4. ^ a b c d e f New numbers per day are based on the day of reporting, not the actual day of the positive test, hospitalisation or death.
  5. ^ a b c On 3 March 2020, the RIVM corrected the count from 24 to 23 when one earlier case in North Holland turned out to be negative. Later that day a new case in North Holland was reported, bringing the count back to 24.[122]
  6. ^ Includes 1 non-resident passing through the Netherlands who was isolated in Hoofddorp.[134]

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

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  156. ^ "Nog vijf doden door coronavirus, zeker 190 nieuwe besmettingen". nu.nl (in Dutch). 13 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
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  158. ^ "Twee nieuwe corona-doden, 155 geregistreerde patiënten erbij". nos.nl (in Dutch). 14 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
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  160. ^ "Acht nieuwe coronadoden, 162 mensen opgenomen in ziekenhuis". nos.nl (in Dutch). 15 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
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  164. ^ "19 nieuwe sterfgevallen in Nederland, bevestigde besmettingen naar 1.705". nu.nl (in Dutch). 17 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  165. ^ "Totaal aantal testen positief in Nederland: 2051, aantal per 18 maart 2020 14.00 uur". rivm.nl (in Dutch). 18 March 2020. Archived from the original on 18 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  166. ^ "Songfestival gaat niet door, niet duidelijk wanneer wel". Vijftien nieuwe doden door coronavirus. nos.nl (in Dutch). 18 March 2020. Retrieved 18 March 2020.
  167. ^ "Totaal aantal testen positief in Nederland: 2460, aantal per 19 maart 2020 14.00 uur". rivm.nl (in Dutch). 19 March 2020. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
  168. ^ "RIVM: achttien doden erbij sinds woensdag". nos.nl (in Dutch). 19 March 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2020.
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  170. ^ "30 nieuwe doden, meer dan 10.000 aanmeldingen extra zorgverleners". RIVM: 30 mensen overleden in laatste 24 uur in Nederland. nos.nl (in Dutch). 20 March 2020. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
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  172. ^ "Dodental stijgt met 30, nu 3.631 bevestigde coronabesmettingen in Nederland". nu.nl (in Dutch). 21 March 2020. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  173. ^ "Totaal aantal testen positief in Nederland: 4204, aantal per 22 maart 2020 14.00 uur". rivm.nl (in Dutch). 22 March 2020. Archived from the original on 22 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
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  176. ^ "Corona in Nederland: cijfers van 23 maart". nos.nl (in Dutch). 23 March 2020. Archived from the original on 23 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  177. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. 24 maart 2020" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 24 March 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020. Lay summary.
  178. ^ "Beademingsapparatuur: we hebben liever te veel dan te weinig". nos.nl (in Dutch). 24 March 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
  179. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. 25 maart 2020" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 25 March 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020. Lay summary.
  180. ^ "Woensdag 98 nieuwe coronapatiënten op de ic's, stijging van 18 procent". nu.nl (in Dutch). 25 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  181. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. 26 maart 2020" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 26 March 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020. Lay summary.
  182. ^ "117 nieuwe coronapatiënten op de intensive care, 761 in totaal". nu.nl (in Dutch). 26 March 2020. Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  183. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. 27 maart 2020" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 27 March 2020. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 March 2020.
  184. ^ "Aantal coronapatiënten op intensive care met 112 gestegen tot 873". nu.nl (in Dutch). 27 March 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  185. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. 28 maart 2020" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 28 March 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020. Lay summary.
  186. ^ "Nu ruim negenhonderd coronapatiënten op Nederlandse intensive cares". nu.nl (in Dutch). 28 March 2020. Retrieved 28 March 2020.
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  188. ^ "Coronanieuws 29 maart: zorgen om IC-capaciteit en rouw in Madrid". nos.nl (in Dutch). 29 March 2020. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  189. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 30-03-2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 30 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020. Lay summary.
  190. ^ "In totaal 864 Nederlandse coronapatiënten overleden, 1.053 mensen op ic's". nu.nl (in Dutch). 30 March 2020. Retrieved 30 March 2020.
  191. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 31-03-2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 31 March 2020. Retrieved 31 March 2020. Lay summary.
  192. ^ "'Zware tijd' voor horeca en recreatie, eerste besmetting in azc". 1151 coronapatiënten op intensive care, 1900 van 2400 bedden gerealiseerd. nos.nl (in Dutch). 31 March 2020. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
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  194. ^ "Aantal IC-opnames coronapatiënten stijgt met 40, minder dan verwacht". 1191 IC-patienten met coronavirus, toename lager dan verwacht. nos.nl (in Dutch). 1 April 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  195. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 02-04-2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 2 April 2020. Retrieved 2 April 2020. Lay summary.
  196. ^ "1.273 coronapatiënten op intensive care, stijging van 82". nu.nl (in Dutch). 2 April 2020. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  197. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 03-04-2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 3 April 2020. Retrieved 3 April 2020. Lay summary.
  198. ^ "1.324 coronapatiënten op intensive care, 51 meer dan donderdag". nu.nl (in Dutch). 3 April 2020. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  199. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 04-04-2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 4 April 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2020. Lay summary.
  200. ^ "1.360 coronapatiënten op intensive care, 36 meer dan vrijdag". nu.nl (in Dutch). 4 April 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  201. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 05-04-2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 5 April 2020. Retrieved 5 April 2020. Lay summary.
  202. ^ "Aantal coronapatiënten op de intensive cares stijgt met 25 naar 1385". nu.nl (in Dutch). 5 April 2020. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  203. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 06-04-2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 6 April 2020. Retrieved 6 April 2020. Lay summary.
  204. ^ "Lichte stijging ic-patiënten geeft 'reden tot optimisme'". nu.nl (in Dutch). 6 April 2020. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  205. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 07 april 2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 7 April 2020. Retrieved 7 April 2020. Lay summary.
  206. ^ "Aantal coronapatiënten op ic stijgt licht, 'geen zorgen over capaciteit'". nu.nl (in Dutch). 7 April 2020. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  207. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 08 april 2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 8 April 2020. Retrieved 8 April 2020. Lay summary.
  208. ^ "Aantal patiënten op intensive care neemt voor het eerst af". nu.nl (in Dutch). 8 April 2020. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  209. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 09 april 2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 9 April 2020. Retrieved 9 April 2020. Lay summary.
  210. ^ "Aantal patiënten op intensive care neemt weer licht toe". nu.nl (in Dutch). 9 April 2020. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
  211. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 10 april 2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 10 April 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020. Lay summary.
  212. ^ "Aantal patiënten op ic daalt, maar het blijft 'onveranderd druk'". nu.nl (in Dutch). 10 April 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  213. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 11 april 2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 11 April 2020. Retrieved 11 April 2020. Lay summary.
  214. ^ "Vrijwel evenveel coronapatiënten op intensive care als vrijdag: 1.391". nu.nl (in Dutch). 11 April 2020. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  215. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 12 april 2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 12 April 2020. Retrieved 12 April 2020. Lay summary.
  216. ^ "33 mensen minder op IC • Boris Johnson uit het ziekenhuis". Aantal IC-patiënten afgenomen. nos.nl (in Dutch). 12 April 2020. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
  217. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 13 april 2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 13 April 2020. Retrieved 13 April 2020. Lay summary.
  218. ^ "Opnieuw minder patiënten op intensive care, 'daling lijkt stabiel'". nu.nl (in Dutch). 13 April 2020. Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  219. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 14 april 2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 14 April 2020. Retrieved 14 April 2020. Lay summary.
  220. ^ "Aantal patiënten op intensive care daalt voor derde dag op rij". nu.nl (in Dutch). 14 April 2020. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
  221. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 15 april 2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 15 April 2020. Retrieved 15 April 2020. Lay summary.
  222. ^ "Volgende week meer duidelijk over app • Kabinet: mondkapjes zijn nodig in de zorg". Opnieuw daling aantal IC-patiënten. nos.nl (in Dutch). 15 April 2020. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
  223. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 16 april 2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 16 April 2020. Retrieved 16 April 2020. Lay summary.
  224. ^ "Lockdown VK en New York verlengd • Poetin stelt overwinningsparade uit". Aantal coronapatiënten op IC's opnieuw gedaald. nos.nl (in Dutch). 16 April 2020. Retrieved 16 April 2020.
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  226. ^ "Aantal coronapatiënten op intensive care in week tijd met 150 gedaald". nu.nl (in Dutch). 17 April 2020. Retrieved 17 April 2020.
  227. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 18 april 2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 18 April 2020. Retrieved 18 April 2020. Lay summary.
  228. ^ "Aantal coronapatiënten op ic-afdelingen daalt verder naar 1.201". nu.nl (in Dutch). 18 April 2020. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  229. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 19 april 2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 19 April 2020. Retrieved 19 April 2020. Lay summary.
  230. ^ "1.176 coronapatiënten op intensive care, 'gestage daling zet door'". nu.nl (in Dutch). 19 April 2020. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  231. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 20 april 2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 20 April 2020. Retrieved 20 April 2020. Lay summary.
  232. ^ "Bekijk de coronacijfers van 20 april in zes grafieken". nu.nl (in Dutch). 20 April 2020. Retrieved 20 April 2020.
  233. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 21 april 2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 21 April 2020. Retrieved 21 April 2020. Lay summary.
  234. ^ "Aantal coronapatiënten op intensive care 'fors' gedaald met 71". nu.nl (in Dutch). 21 April 2020. Retrieved 21 April 2020.
  235. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 22 april 2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 22 April 2020. Retrieved 22 April 2020. Lay summary.
  236. ^ "Tot scholen opengaan daalt aantal coronapatiënten op ic naar ongeveer 500". nu.nl (in Dutch). 22 April 2020. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  237. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 23 april 2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 23 April 2020. Retrieved 23 April 2020. Lay summary.
  238. ^ "Aantal coronapatiënten op ic blijft dalen, 'maand van lucht' breekt aan". nu.nl (in Dutch). 23 April 2020. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  239. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 24 april 2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 24 April 2020. Retrieved 24 April 2020. Lay summary.
  240. ^ "Bekijk de coronacijfers van 24 april in vijf grafieken". nu.nl (in Dutch). 24 April 2020. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  241. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 25 april 2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 25 April 2020. Retrieved 25 April 2020. Lay summary.
  242. ^ "Aantal coronapatiënten op intensive care neemt af naar 959". nu.nl (in Dutch). 25 April 2020. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  243. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 26 april 2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 26 April 2020. Retrieved 26 April 2020. Lay summary.
  244. ^ "Aantal Nederlandse coronapatiënten op intensive care afgenomen tot 934". nu.nl (in Dutch). 26 April 2020. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  245. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 27 april 2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 27 April 2020. Retrieved 27 April 2020. Lay summary.
  246. ^ "Aantal coronapatiënten op intensive care daalt verder tot 905". nu.nl (in Dutch). 27 April 2020. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  247. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 28 april 2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 28 April 2020. Retrieved 28 April 2020. Lay summary.
  248. ^ "Aantal coronapatiënten op ic's daalt naar 861". Aantal patiënten op intensive care opnieuw gedaald. nu.nl (in Dutch). 28 April 2020. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  249. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 29 april 2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 29 April 2020. Retrieved 29 April 2020. Lay summary.
  250. ^ "Aantal patiënten op ic nadert capaciteit van vóór coronacrisis". nu.nl (in Dutch). 29 April 2020. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  251. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 30 april 2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 30 April 2020. Retrieved 30 April 2020. Lay summary.
  252. ^ "Aantal coronapatiënten op intensive care daalt tot onder achthonderd". nu.nl (in Dutch). 30 April 2020. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
  253. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland. Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu - RIVM. 01 mei 2020, 10:00" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 1 May 2020. Retrieved 1 May 2020. Lay summary.
  254. ^ "Aantal coronapatiënten op intensive care wederom fors gedaald". nu.nl (in Dutch). 1 May 2020. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  255. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland 2 mei 2020" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 2 May 2020. Retrieved 4 May 2020. Lay summary.
  256. ^ "Coronacijfers van 2 mei: IC-bezetting onder 700, verschil tussen regio's". nos.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 4 May 2020.
  257. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland 3 mei 2020" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 3 May 2020. Retrieved 4 May 2020. Lay summary.
  258. ^ "Coronacijfers van 3 mei: minste ziekenhuisopnames in anderhalve maand". nos.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 4 May 2020.
  259. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland 4 mei 2020" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 4 May 2020. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  260. ^ "Coronacijfers van 4 mei: relatief weinig doden, grote verschillen tussen regio's". nos.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  261. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland 5 mei 2020" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 5 May 2020. Retrieved 6 May 2020. Lay summary.
  262. ^ "Coronacijfers van 5 mei: 86 doden en 89 ziekenhuisopnames". nos.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  263. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland 6 mei 2020" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 6 May 2020. Retrieved 6 May 2020. Lay summary.
  264. ^ "Coronacijfers van 6 mei: laagste aantal opnames in zeven weken tijd". nos.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  265. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland 7 mei 2020" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 7 May 2020. Retrieved 8 May 2020. Lay summary.
  266. ^ "Coronacijfers van 7 mei: aantal patiënten op IC duikt onder 600". nos.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 8 May 2020.
  267. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland 8 mei 2020" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 8 May 2020. Retrieved 8 May 2020. Lay summary.
  268. ^ "20 coronapatiënten minder op IC • Werkloosheid VS in 80 jaar niet zo hoog". nos.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 8 May 2020.
  269. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland 9 mei 2020" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 9 May 2020. Retrieved 9 May 2020. Lay summary.
  270. ^ "63 nieuwe doden, 58 nieuwe opnames • 541 patiënten op de IC, daling zet door". nos.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  271. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland 10 mei 2020" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 10 May 2020. Retrieved 14 May 2020. Lay summary.
  272. ^ "Coronacijfers van 10 mei: laagste aantal ziekenhuisopnames in twee maanden". nos.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  273. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland 11 mei 2020" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 11 May 2020. Retrieved 14 May 2020. Lay summary.
  274. ^ "Coronacijfers van 11 mei: in 168 gemeenten een week lang geen opnames en doden". nos.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  275. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland 12 mei 2020" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 12 May 2020. Retrieved 14 May 2020. Lay summary.
  276. ^ "Coronacijfers van 12 mei: meerderheid IC-patiënten heeft geen corona". nos.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  277. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland 13 mei 2020" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 13 May 2020. Retrieved 14 May 2020. Lay summary.
  278. ^ "Coronacijfers van 13 mei: 52 doden en 52 ziekenhuisopnames". nos.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  279. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland 14 mei 2020" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 14 May 2020. Retrieved 14 May 2020. Lay summary.
  280. ^ "Coronacijfers van 14 mei: 28 doden en 27 opnames gemeld". nos.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  281. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland 15 mei 2020" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 15 May 2020. Retrieved 15 May 2020. Lay summary.
  282. ^ "De coronacijfers van 15 mei: 3600 niet-geteste coronadoden". nos.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 15 May 2020.
  283. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland 16 mei 2020" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 16 May 2020. Retrieved 16 May 2020. Lay summary.
  284. ^ "Coronacijfers van 16 mei: IC-bezetting daalde afgelopen week extra snel". nos.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 16 May 2020.
  285. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland 17 mei 2020" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 17 May 2020. Retrieved 18 May 2020. Lay summary.
  286. ^ "Coronacijfers van 17 mei: daling aantal IC-patiënten gestokt". nos.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  287. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland 18 mei 2020" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 18 May 2020. Retrieved 18 May 2020. Lay summary.
  288. ^ "Coronacijfers van 18 mei: 200 gemeenten met week zonder doden en opnames". nos.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  289. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland 19 mei 2020" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 19 May 2020. Retrieved 23 May 2020. Lay summary.
  290. ^ "Coronacijfers van 19 mei: minder dan 300 coronapatienten op de IC". nos.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 23 May 2020.
  291. ^ "Epidemiologische situatie COVID-19 in Nederland 20 mei 2020" (PDF). rivm.nl (in Dutch). 20 May 2020. Retrieved 23 May 2020. Lay summary.
  292. ^ "Coronacijfers van 20 mei: nog maar 1 patiënt in Duitsland". nos.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 23 May 2020.
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External linksEdit

  • RIVM
  • Data and maps, frequently updated:
    • "Coronavirus Netherlands updates and news" [Latest news and statistics of coronavirus in Netherlands.] (in English, French, Spanish, Portuguese, German, Italian, Swedish, Norwegian, Finnish, Estonian, and Russian). Retrieved 4 April 2020.