COVID-19 pandemic in Saint Lucia

The COVID-19 pandemic in Saint Lucia is part of the ongoing global viral pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which was confirmed to have reached Saint Lucia on 13 March 2020.[2] As of 17 May, there are a total of 18 confirmed cases, of which all 18 have recovered and no deaths have occurred.[1]

COVID-19 pandemic in Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia map.gif
Map of Saint Lucia
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationSaint Lucia
First outbreakWuhan, Hubei, China
Arrival date13 March 2020
(2 months, 2 weeks and 1 day)
Confirmed cases18[1] (17 May)
Recovered18[1]
Deaths
0[1]
Government website
covid19response.lc

BackgroundEdit

On 12 January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which was reported to the WHO on 31 December 2019.[3][4]

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003,[5][6] but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[7][5]

TimelineEdit

COVID-19 cases in Saint Lucia  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
Date
# of cases
2020-03-13
1
2020-03-14
2(+100%)
2(=)
2020-03-23
3(+50%)
3(=)
2020-03-26
3(=)
3(=)
2020-03-29
9(+200%)
2020-03-30
9(=)
2020-03-31
13(+44%)
13(=)
2020-04-04
14(+7.7%)
14(=)
2020-04-10
15(+7.1%)
2020-04-11
15(=)
2020-04-12
15(=)
2020-04-13
15(=)
2020-04-14
15(=)
15(=)
2020-04-20
15(=)
2020-04-21
15(=)
2020-04-22
15(=)
15(=)
2020-04-28
17(+13%)
17(=)
2020-05-03
18(+6%)
2020-05-13
18(=)
Data sourced from official tracker.


March 2020Edit

On 13 March 2020, the first case in Saint Lucia was confirmed.[2] The patient is a 63-year-old woman with a travel history from the United Kingdom.[8] The Department of Health and Wellness confirmed a second case on 14 March 2020.[9] The patients were repatriated to the United Kingdom on 24 and 25 March.[10]

On 20 March 2020, Prime Minister Allen Chastanet announced that Saint Lucia would implement social distancing measures, including the suspension of nonessential commercial activity from 23 March through 5 April.[11] The government also imposed a 11 p.m. to 5 a.m. curfew. On 29 March, the Prime Minister extended the shutdown to 14 April and extended the curfew to 8 p.m. to 5 a.m.[12][13]

On 23 March 2020, the Government of Saint Lucia declared a state of emergency and announced the closure of the country's airports to incoming passenger flights until 5 April.[14][15]

On 27 March 2020, the Ministry of Health began local testing for COVID-19 and, on 29 March, it reported the first instance of local transmission among six new confirmed cases. The ministry also reported that 300 persons were under supervised quarantine.[16][17]

On 29 March 2020, the government banned the sale of alcoholic beverages, suspending all liquor licenses and closing all bars.[18]

On 31 March 2020, the Prime Minister announced a 24-hour curfew confining all persons to their place of residence from 5 a.m. 1 April to 5 a.m. 7 April.[19] At the time of the announcement, persons were already under curfew meaning they could not make any arrangements for the new curfew.[20]

April 2020Edit

On 1 April 2020, the Prime Minister announced that mini-marts and bakeries would be open for a limited time to allow people to buy goods.[21] On 2 April, St. Lucians queued up in long lines outside the briefly opened shops, mostly ignoring the prime minister's calls to practise social distancing.[20]

On 5 April 2020, the Prime Minister announced that St. Lucia would revert to a 10-hour 7 p.m. to 5 a.m. curfew from 7 April through 13 April. Essential businesses would be allowed to operate from 7 a.m. to 4 p.m., except during the Good Friday, Easter and Easter Monday holidays.[22]

On 8 April 2020, a social stabilization program was announced for people who have become unemployed as a result of the coronavirus pandemic, or who are vulnerable, and an economic support package for businesses.[23]
Sarah Flood Beaubrun, Minister for External Affairs, announced that they working with the United States and Canada to return Saint Lucians stranded abroad.[24]

On 12 April 2020, the government extended the 10-hour 7 p.m. to 5 a.m. curfew and partial commercial shutdown through 26 April. The government added hardware and home supply stores to the list of businesses permitted to operate to allow preparation for the drought and hurricane seasons.[25]

On 21 April 2020, the first home nationals have been repatriated. The repatriants are eight employees of Norwegian Cruise Line who had been anchored on the coast of Barbados since 9 April.[26]

On 22 April 2020, Chief Medical Officer Dr Sharon Belmar-George announced that all 15 of the country's confirmed cases had recovered, including those at high risk because of their age or preexisting conditions. All measures including the curfew will remain in effect for now, and Belmar-George warned against a resurge in the future.[27] Prime Minister Allen Chastanet was asked about lifting the alcohol restriction. Chastanet will look in it, but wants to follow the advice by the Chief Medical Officer.[18] On 30 April, Chastenet announced that the alcohol ban will not be lifted.[28]
The Cabinet of Saint Lucia agreed to cut their salary by 75% due to the economic crisis caused by the coronavirus and the loss of income from tourism. The government will meet on 28 April to deal with the loss of revenue.[29]

On 24 April 2020, the Ministry of Health announced: "Though this 100 percent recovery rate provides us with a milestone worth recognizing, we at the Ministry of Health continue to caution the public that any gains attained should not be understood as a reason to let down our guard or to throw caution to the wind." Between 21 and 24 April, 60 tests have been performed all resulting negative.[30]

On 28 April 2020, there are now 17 confirmed cases, of whom 15 have recovered. The two new cases are a 54-year mother who had been isolating since 4 March and her 20-year old son.[31]

On 30 April 2020, the World Bank will provide US$10.5 million to Saint Lucia for their COVID-19 response.[32]

May 2020Edit

On 2 May 2020, the Saint Lucia Diaspora Affairs Unit reported that 29 Saint Lucians abroad have died from COVID-19. 22 in the United States, six in the United Kingdom and one in Switzerland.[33]

On 8 May 2020, the government partially lifted the ban on the sale of alcohol, allowing the sale of alcohol in stores.[34]

Preventive measuresEdit

  • All schools are closed.[35]
  • Non-essential businesses are closed.[11]
  • Curfew between 23:00 and 05:00.[12] Changed to 19:00 to 05:00 on 5 April.[22]
  • Bars are closed, and restaurants are limited to take-out and drive-through service only. Alcohol sales were prohibited from 29 March until 8 May.[14][18][34]
  • Air and sea ports are closed, except for cargo shipments and outgoing flights to repatriate foreign nationals.[36][14]
  • Limited reopening of minimarts and bakeries.[21] Home supplies and hardware shorts reopened.[25] Construction will be allowed under conditions, reopening of fabric stores.[37]

StatisticsEdit

Chronology of the number of active cases

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "SAINT LUCIA'S COVID-19 DASHBOARD". Saint Lucia's COVID-19 Dashboard. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  2. ^ a b "UK National Is Saint Lucia's First Coronavirus Case". St. Lucia Times. 11 March 2020.
  3. ^ Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  4. ^ Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  6. ^ "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  7. ^ "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  8. ^ "St. Lucia confirms its first COVID-19 case: woman, 63, with UK travel history". St. Lucia News Online. 11 March 2020.
  9. ^ "BREAKING NEWS: Saint Lucia confirms its second COVID-19 case" (Press release). Department of Health and Wellness. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  10. ^ "Saint Lucia's only coronavirus patient "has recovered"; two other patients repatriated" (Press release). Ministry of Health and Wellness. 25 March 2020. Retrieved 27 March 2020.
  11. ^ a b "St Lucia closing non-essential commercial services for 2 weeks". Loop News. 20 March 2020. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
  12. ^ a b "Prime Minister extends quarantine, increases curfew" (Press release). Government Information Service. 30 March 2020. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  13. ^ Gaillard, Sharefil (29 March 2020). "St Lucia extends curfew due to uncooperative public; COVID-19 spread". Loop News. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  14. ^ a b c "BREAKING NEWS: Saint Lucia declares state of emergency". St. Lucia News Online. 23 March 2020. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  15. ^ "BREAKING NEWS: St. Lucia airports closed to arriving passengers" (Press release). Office of the Prime Minister. 23 March 2020. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  16. ^ "Saint Lucia's 4th COVID-19 victim 'doing well'; over 300 in quarantine" (Press release). Ministry of Health and Wellness. 28 March 2020. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  17. ^ "Saint Lucia now experiencing local transmission of COVID-19" (Press release). Ministry of Health. 30 March 2020. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  18. ^ a b c "Lifting of COVID-19 liquor ban in St Lucia being considered". Loopnews Barbados. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  19. ^ "BREAKING NEWS: Saint Lucia gov't implements 24-hour curfew". St. Lucia News Online. 31 March 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  20. ^ a b Stuart, Jonathan (2 April 2020). "St Lucians again fail at social distancing during curfew shopping". Loop News. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  21. ^ a b "PM: Mini marts, bakeries open April 2 and 6; minimal farming allowed". Loop News. 1 April 2020. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  22. ^ a b Stuart, Jonathan (5 April 2020). "PM announces no shopping Monday; 10-hour curfew begins Tuesday". Loop News. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  23. ^ "Prime Minister Honourable Allen M. Chastanet Address to Nation on the Government of Saint Lucia's Response to COVID-19 Impact: Social Stabilization Programme (Phase 1) 8th April, 2020". RCI St Lucia. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  24. ^ "Statement by Honourable Sarah Flood Beaubrun, Minister with responsibility for External Affairs, on Status of Nationals Abroad – North America". RCI St Lucia. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  25. ^ a b Andrews, Merrick (12 April 2020). "Chastanet: 10-hour curfew extended to April 26; hardware stores, home suppliers to open". St. Lucia News Online. Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  26. ^ "BREAKING NEWS: Saint Lucia has started to bring home nationals; 8 arrived today!". St Lucia News Online. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  27. ^ "All of St Lucia's COVID-19 patients have now recovered". Loop News. 22 April 2020.
  28. ^ "PM explains why 'caring and compassionate' alcohol ban will continue". Loop News St Lucia. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  29. ^ "St. Lucia Cabinet agrees to 75 per cent salary cut in face of economic crisis". The Daily Herald.sx. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  30. ^ "St Lucia will likely record new COVID-19 cases - Health Ministry". Loop News. 24 April 2020.
  31. ^ "BREAKING NEWS: Saint Lucia records two new cases of COVID-19" (Press release). Saint Lucia News Online. 29 April 2020. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
  32. ^ "World Bank provides US$10.5 million to Saint Lucia for COVID-19 response". St. Lucia News Online. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  33. ^ "Twenty-nine St Lucians living abroad have died from COVID-19". Loop St Lucia. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  34. ^ a b Kingsley Emanuel (8 May 2020). "Long lines for liquor in the south as sales once again allowed". Loop News. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  35. ^ "Educational Institutions Closed from Monday 16th, 2020". RCI St Lucia. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  36. ^ "Saint Lucia Closes Borders to All Incoming Travellers". RCI St Lucia. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  37. ^ "THE ECONOMY AMIDST THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC". Saint Lucia Government via Youtube. Retrieved 27 April 2020.

External linksEdit