COVID-19 pandemic in Jamaica

The COVID-19 pandemic in Jamaica is part of an ongoing global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). On 12 January, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, who had initially come to the attention of the WHO on 31 December 2019.[1][2] Unlike SARS outbreak of 2003, the case fatality ratio for COVID-19 [3][4] has been much lower, but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant total death toll.[5][3]

COVID-19 pandemic in Jamaica
DiseaseCOVID-19
Virus strainSARS-CoV-2
LocationJamaica
First outbreakWuhan, China
(global pandemic)
Kingston, Jamaica
(Local outbreak)
Arrival date10 March 2020
(2 months, 2 weeks and 3 days)
Confirmed cases564
Active cases288
Recovered267
Deaths
9

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed in Jamaica on 10 March 2020; and, coincides with the ongoing 2019–2020 dengue fever epidemic in Latin America and the Caribbean.

TimelineEdit

COVID-19 cases in Jamaica  ()
     Deaths        Recoveries        Active cases
Date
# of cases
2020-03-10
1
2020-03-11
2(+100%)
2020-03-12
2(=)
2020-03-14
8(=)
2020-03-15
10(+25%)
2020-03-13
8(+300%)
2020-03-16
12(+20%)
2020-03-17
13(+8%)
2020-03-18
15(+15%)
2020-03-19
16(+7%)
2020-03-20
19(+19%)
2020-03-21
19(=)
2020-03-22
19(=)
2020-03-23
21(+11%)
2020-03-24
25(+19%)
2020-03-25
26(+4%)
2020-03-26
26(=)
2020-03-27
30(+15%)
2020-03-28
32(+6%)
2020-03-29
36(+13%)
2020-03-30
36(=)
2020-03-31
38(+6%)
2020-04-01
44(+16%)
2020-04-02
47(+7%)
2020-04-03
53(+13%)
2020-04-04
55(+4%)
2020-04-05
58(+5%)
2020-04-06
59(+2%)
2020-04-07
63(+6%)
2020-04-08
63(=)
2020-04-09
63(=)
2020-04-10
65(+3%)
2020-04-11
69(+6%)
2020-04-12
72(+4%)
2020-04-13
73(+1%)
2020-04-14
105(+44%)
2020-04-15
125(+19%)
2020-04-16
143(+14%)
2020-04-17
163(+14%)
2020-04-18
173(+6%)
2020-04-19
196(+13%)
2020-04-20
223(+14%)
2020-04-21
233(+4%)
2020-04-22
252(+8%)
2020-04-23
257(+2%)
2020-04-24
288(+12%)
2020-04-25
305(+6%)
2020-04-26
348(+14%)
2020-04-27
364(+5%)
2020-04-28
381(+5%)
2020-04-29
396(+4%)
2020-04-30
422(+7%)
2020-05-01
432(+2%)
2020-05-02
463(+7%)
2020-05-03
469(+1%)
2020-05-04
471(+0.4%)
2020-05-05
473(+0.4%)
2020-05-06
478(+2%)
2020-05-07
488(+2%)
2020-05-08
490(+0.4%)
2020-05-09
498(+2%)
2020-05-10
502(+0.8%)
2020-05-11
505(+0.5%)
2020-05-12
507(+0.3%)
2020-05-13
509(+0.4%)
2020-05-14
509(=)
2020-05-15
511(+0.4%)
2020-05-16
517(+1%)
2020-05-17
520(+0.6%)
2020-05-18
520(=)
2020-05-19
520(=)
2020-05-20
529(+2%)
2020-05-21
534(+1%)
2020-05-22
544(+2%)
2020-05-23
550(+1%)
2020-05-24
552(+0.4%)
2020-05-25
556(+0.7%)
2020-05-26
564(+1%)


March 2020Edit

On 10 March 2020, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed the first case in Jamaica, a female patient who arrived from the United Kingdom on 4 March. The health minister reported that the patient has been in isolation since 9 March after showing respiratory symptoms. Following the update, the travel ban imposed was expanded to include France, Germany, and Spain.[6]

On 11 March, the country's health minister Christopher Tufton confirmed the second "imported corona virus" case.[7]

On 13 March, the country announced six additional cases – including the father and another female patient of the first patient.[8] Later that day, the government announced that the community of Bull Bay — where the funeral attended by the first patient took place — was placed under quarantine for 14 days.[9] With four of the cases involving patients travelling through or from the United Kingdom, the country's foreign minister Kamina Johnson-Smith announced that the travel ban would be expanded to include the United Kingdom.[10]

On 15 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed that 19 suspected cases were reported and the patients tested. Of the 19 suspected cases, only two patients were confirmed as having the virus - one coming from Trinidad and Tobago and the other who had "contact tracing from the index case".[11] In the same update, the Ministry confirmed that there were twenty-seven patients in isolation facilities and that Patients 1 and 2 no longer exhibit any symptoms.[citation needed]

On 16 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) and the Office of the Prime Minister (OPM) reported that there were five preliminary confirmed cases.[12] Later that day, the government confirmed that only two of the five reported cases tested positive for COVID-19. In response to the increase in cases, the government announced further social distancing measures such as imposed work-from-home directives, the banning of all mass gatherings of more than 20 people, and the shuttering of bars, restaurants, sporting events, et cetera.[citation needed]

On 17 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) and the Office of the Prime Minister (OPM) confirmed another case[13] - someone who attended the same funeral as Patient 1.

On 18 March, the Chief Medical Officer of Jamaica confirmed the first COVID-19 death in the country.[14] At the same press conference, the health ministry confirmed two additional cases.[15]

0n 19 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed one additional case bringing the total to 16.

On 20 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed three additional cases bringing the total to 19 (of which, five cases are of local transmission).[16]

On 23 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed two additional cases bringing the total to 21.[17] Of the two new cases, one was identified through contact tracing and was found to have been within close proximity to two patients.[18]

On 24 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed four additional cases bringing the total to 25.[19]

On 25 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed an additional case bringing the total to 26.[20]

On 27 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed four additional cases bringing the total to 30.[21]

On 28 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed two additional cases bringing the total to 32.[22]

On 29 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed four additional cases bringing the total to 36 - including two female patients with a travel history from New York and the first healthcare worker.[23][24] The government also reported the recovery of the first patient in Jamaica.

On 31 March, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed two additional cases bringing the total to 38 - including one patient with a travel history from Boston and Atlanta; and, the first patient under the age of 18 years old. In the same release, the health ministry announced the second coronavirus related death, a previously recovering patient who was determined to have succumbed to cardiac arrest; and, the second recovered patient who has since been released from hospital.[25]

April 2020Edit

On 1 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed six additional cases bringing the total to 44.[26] All six cases are from the Corn Piece community in Hayes, Clarendon, which has been under quarantine since 19 March. Earlier that day, the health minister tweeted that the country "had reported another COVID19 related death".[27]

On 2 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed three additional cases bringing the total to 47. The patients include a couple in their 70s with a travel history from New York and a 32-year-old male with no known travel history.[28]

On 3 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed six additional cases bringing the total to 53.[29] Of these cases: four were determined to be from contact with a confirmed case, one with a travel history from New York, and the other yet to be determined.[30][31] The health ministry also confirmed the recovery and release of five patients bringing the recovery total to 07.[32]

On 4 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed two additional cases bringing the total to 55. The patients include a 73-year-old female who has been in contact with a confirmed case and a 63-year-old female whose mode of transmission is under investigation.[33] In the later tweet, the ministry confirmed the recovery and release of another patient bringing the recovery total to 08.[34]

On 5 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed three additional cases bringing the total to 58. The patients include a 52-year-old male with a travel history from Brazil; a 41-year-old female with a travel history from New York; and, a 41-year-old female with no travel history.[35]

On 6 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed an additional case bringing the total to 59. The patient is a 43-year-old male with no known travel history; his mode of transmission is being investigated.[36]

On 7 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed four additional cases bringing the total to 63.[37] The new patients - all from Kingston and Saint Andrew - include: two 48-year-old females, a 26-year-old female and a 26-year-old male; and, all have been determined to have come in contact with a confirmed case.[38][39] The health ministry also confirmed the recovery and release of two additional patients bringing the recovery total to 10.[40]

On 8 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed an additional COVID-19 related death bringing the total to 04.[41] The health ministry also noted the recovery and release of two additional patients bringing the recovery total to 12.

On 9 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) announced that the recovery and release total stood at 13.[42]

On 10 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed two additional cases bringing the total to 65. The new patients include: a 50-year-old female from Saint James with a travel history from New York; and, a 21-year-old female from Saint Catherine whose mode of transmission is currently being investigated.[43]

On 11 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed four additional cases bringing the total to 69. The new patients include: a 52-year-old male and a 73-year-old male from Manchester who both had been in contact with a confirmed case; a 46-year-old female from Clarendon who had been in contact with a confirmed case; and, a 19-year-old male also from Clarendon whose mode of transmission is currently being investigated.[44]

On 12 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed three additional cases bringing the total to 72. The new patients include: a 17-year-old male from Saint Ann whose mode of transmission is being investigated; a 52-year-old female from Kingston and Saint Andrew who had been in contact with a previous case; and, a 65-year-old male from Saint Elizabeth who had been in contact with tourists and whose mode of transmission is being investigated. Simultaneously, the ministry announced the recovery and release of three patients bringing the recovery total to 16.[45]

On 13 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed an additional case bringing the total to 73. The patient is a 52-year-old male from Kingston and Saint Andrew who had been in contact with a confirmed case. Simultaneously, the ministry announced the recovery and release of three more patients bringing the recovery total to 19.[46]

On 14 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed an additional 32 cases bringing the total to 105. This marked the largest increase in daily confirmed cases to date.[47] The new cases include: 05 males and 27 females who range from the ages 19 and 70-years-old; and whose mode of transmission varies.[48] The majority of the cases are related to a call centre in Portmore, Saint Catherine. In response, the Government of Jamaica announced a week long lockdown for the parish of Saint Catherine.[49] In a later release, the health ministry announced the fifth COVID-19 related death;[50] and, the recovery and release of two more patients bringing the recovery total to 21.[51]

On 15 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed an additional 20 cases bringing the total to 125. The new cases include: 05 males and 15 females who range from the ages of 02 and 43-years-old; and whose mode of transmission varies. Both the youngest and the oldest patients in this latest batch were “imported cases” whereas the remaining 18 are connected to the outbreak announced at the Alorica call centre on 14 April. According to the health ministry, there are 52 cases to date that are connected to that single facility.[52]

On 16 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed an additional 18 cases bringing the total to 143. The new cases include: 05 males and 13 females who range from the ages of 04 to 56-years-old. According to the ministry, most cases are suspected to be connected to the outbreak announced at the Alorica call centre on 14 April.[53] The health ministry in a subsequent release announced that one of its staff tested positive for the novel coronavirus; and, that its head offices will be closed on 17 April for cleaning and that staff (including, Permanent Secretary Mr. Dunstan Bryan) ordered to home quarantine.[54] It was similarly reported the health minister tested negative for the virus. As of 21:17 local time, there were also 25 recoveries according to the health ministry's website.

On 17 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed an additional 20 cases bringing the total to 163. The new cases include: two females workers from the Alorica call centre aged 33 and 19-years-old; and a 42-year-old male whose mode of transmission is being investigated. The health ministry has not yet revealed details for the other 17 patients.[55]

On 18 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed an additional 10 cases bringing the total to 173. The 10 new cases and the 17 for which no details were provided for on 17 April are said to include: 18 females and 09 males mostly from within the 20-29 age bracket. According to the press release, 22 of the total 27 cases are workers of the Alorica call centre in Portmore, Saint Catherine and 02 are contacts of said workers.[56] Additionally, the health ministry reported the recovery and release of two more patients bringing the recovery total to 27.[57]

On 19 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed an additional 23 cases bringing the total to 196; no details on the patients were provided. According to the health ministry, 95 cases are “associated with a workplace cluster.”[58]

On 20 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed an additional 27 cases bringing the total to 223. Of the new patients, 19 are female and 08 are male; and, 26 of the 27 are related to the same “workplace cluster” announced on 14 April (bringing the total related to the call centre outbreak to 120).[59][60]

On 21 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed an additional 10 cases bringing the total to 233. Of the new patients, 05 are staffers of the health ministry (bringing that workplace cluster to 06) and a further 03 are related to the workplace cluster in Portmore, Saint Catherine.[61]

On 22 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed an additional 19 cases bringing the total to 252.[62][63]

On 23 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed 05 additional cases bringing the total to 257 and an additional recovery and release bringing that total to 28.[64][65] In a subsequent update, the health ministry announced the seventh COVID-19 related death in the country - a 04-year-old patient who succumbed at the Cornwall Regional Hospital in Montego Bay, Saint James[66]

On 24 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed 31 additional cases bringing the total to 288.[67]

On 25 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed 17 additional cases bringing the total to 305. Of the new patients, 06 are male and 11 are female ranging between the ages of 21 and 59. Additionally, 12 of the patients are employees linked to the workplace outbreak in Portmore, Saint Catherine; 03 have been determined to have been in contact with a confirmed case; and the remaining two are under investigation. To date, 165 out of 305 cases are linked to the Alorica call centre.[68]

On 26 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed 43 additional cases bringing the total to 348. This marked the largest increase in daily confirmed cases to date.[69] In the same press release, the health ministry announced an investigation into the death of a young mother who succumbed to complications from childbirth after being reportedly turned away from several public and private hospitals owing her showing symptoms of COVID-19.The health ministry had originally reported 45 new cases (bringing the total to 350) but that was subsequently revised.[70][71][72]

On 27 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed 16 additional cases bringing the total to 364. Of the new patients: 07 are males and 09 are females; and, they range between the ages of 03 and 77-years-old. Seven (07) patients are associated with the workplace cluster in Portmore, Saint Catherine, one patient was determined to be a contact of a confirmed case and the other eight (08) patients are having their mode of transmission being investigated. In a detailed press briefing, the health minister added that 182 of the confirmed cases were “related to the workplace cluster”; and, that a total of 3621 samples have been tested to date, with the results of 26 pending. The health ministry also confirmed the recovery and release of another patient, bringing the recovery total to 29.[73]

On 28 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) website counted 381 confirmed cases - an increase of 17.

On 29 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed an additional 15 cases bringing the total to 396. Of the 32 new patients confirmed within the 48 hour period:[74] 11 are male and 25 are female; and, they range between the ages of 01 to 71-years-old. Fifteen (15) patients are associated with the workplace cluster in Portmore, Saint Catherine; eleven (11) patients are determined to be contacts of a confirmed case; one (01) is determined to be an imported case; and, the remaining five (05) are having the modes of transmission being investigated. To date, 245 cases have been directly and indirectly linked to the aforementioned workplace cluster.[75][76][77]

On 30 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed an additional 26 cases bringing the total to 422. Of the new patients, 09 are male and 17 are female; and, they range between the ages of 08 months to 63-years-old. Twelve (12) patients are directly and indirectly linked to the workplace cluster in Portmore, Saint Catherine;[78] six (06) patients are contacts of confirmed cases and the remaining eight (08) are having their modes of transmission investigated. The health ministry also announced that nineteen (19) of its employees have tested positive for COVID-19; and, an additional COVID-19 related death - bringing the death total to 08.[79][80]

May 2020Edit

On 1 May, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed an additional 10 cases bringing the total to 432. Of the new patients, 02 were male and 08 were female with ages ranging from 02 to 49-years-old. Eight (08) patients are directly or indirectly linked to the workplace outbreak in Portmore, Saint Catherine;[81] and, the remaining two (02) patients are having their modes of transmission investigated. The health ministry also announced the recovery and release of two more patients, bringing the recovery total to 31.[82][83]

On 2 May, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed an additional 31 cases bringing the total to 463. Of the new patients, 11 are male and 20 are females; and, they range between the ages of 08 to 72-years-old. Twelve (12) patients are directly and indirectly linked to the workplace cluster in Portmore, Saint Catherine;[84] and, the remaining nineteen (19) are having their modes of transmission investigated. Additionally, the health ministry announced the recovery and release of two more patients bringing the recovery total to 33.[85]

On 3 May, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed an additional 06 cases bringing the total to 469. Of the new patients, 04 are males and 02 are females, with ages ranging from 09 to 37-years-old. All the cases are from Saint Mary and are contacts of confirmed cases. The health ministry also reported its ninth COVID-19 related death (a 73-year-old man from Kingston and Saint Andrew); and, the recovery and release of five more patients bringing the recovery total to 38.[86][87]

On 4 May, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed 02 additional cases bringing the total to 471. The new patients include: a 12-year-old child from St Catherine and a 20-year-old woman Clarendon, who have been determined to be contacts of confirmed cases. Additionally, the health ministry reported the recovery and release of 11 more patients bringing the recovery total to 49.[88][89]

On 5 May, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed 02 additional cases bringing the total to 473. The new patients are both male, aged 34 and 34-years-old and from Kingston and Saint Andrew. One is a contact of a confirmed case linked to the workplace cluster in Portmore, Saint Catherine; and, the other is a contact of a confirmed case whose mode of transmission is being investigated. Additionally, the health ministry reported the recovery and release of 07 more patients bringing the recovery total to 56.[90]

On 6 May, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed an additional five cases bringing the total to 478. The new patients include: an 18-year-old male from Saint Mary (a contact of a previously confirmed case); three men ages ranging from 16 and 69-years-old; and, one female aged 17-years-old. The health ministry also reported the recovery and release of one more patient, bringing the recovery total to 57.[91][92]

On 7 May, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed an additional 10 cases bringing the total to 488. The health ministry also reported the recovery and release of an additional patient bringing the recovery total to 58.[93][94]

On 8 May, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed 02 additional cases bringing the total to 490. The health ministry also reported the recovery and release of four more patients bringing the recovery total to 62.[95]

On 9 May, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed 08 additional cases bringing the total to 498. The health ministry also reported the recovery and release of 16 more patients bringing the recovery total to 78.[96]

On 10 May, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed 04 additional cases bringing the total to 502. The new patients - all male - include: a 31-year-old man from Saint Ann who was determined to be an imported case from the batch of recently repatriated residents; and the others - between the ages of 17 and 63; and, all from Kingston and Saint Andrew - were determined to contacts of previously confirmed cases. The health ministry also reported the recovery and release of 12 more patients bringing the recovery total to 90.[97][98]

On 11 May, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed 03 additional cases bringing the total to 505.[99][100]

On 12 May, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed 02 additional cases bringing the total to 507. Of the new patients, one is a 57-year-old female and the other is a 06-year-old male; both are from Kingston and Saint Andrew. The health ministry also reported the recovery and release of 10 more patients bringing the recovery total to 100. [101]

On 13 May, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed 02 additional cases bringing the total to 509. The two new patients are both male, with one being 48-years-old and from Saint Catherine; and, the other being 74-years-old and from Kingston and Saint Andrew. One has been determined to be a contact of a confirmed case related to the workplace cluster in Portmore, Saint Catherine and the other is having his mode of transmission investigated. The health ministry also reported the recovery and release of 13 more patients bringing the recovery total to 113.[102][103][104][105]

On 14 May, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) reported no new cases - marking “the first time in 50 days that the country has recorded no such increase”. However, the healthy ministry did report the recovery and release of five more patients bringing the recovery total to 118.[106][107]

On 15 May, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed 02 additional cases bringing the total to 511. The two new patients are: a 20-year-old female from Kingston and Saint Andrew who is an employee of the workplace cluster in Portmore; and, a 45-year-old female from Saint Catherine who was determined to be a contact of a confirmed case. The health ministry also reported the recovery and release of three more patients bringing the recovery total to 121.[108][109]

On 16 May, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed 06 additional cases bringing the total to 517. The six new patients, aged between 3 and 62-years, include two males and four females who are all from Kingston and Saint Andrew and are determined to be contacts of a confirmed case.[110]

On 17 May, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed 03 additional cases bringing the total to 520. The three new cases are imported - from a cohort of Jamaicans repatriated from the United States on 13 May. They are all female ranging between 37 and 72-years-old; two are from Kingston and Saint Andrew and the other hailing from Saint Thomas. The health ministry also reported the recovery and release of six more patients bringing the recovery total to 127.[111]

On 18 May, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) reported the recovery and release of four more patients bringing the recovery total to 131.[112]

On 19 May, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) reported the recovery and release of 14 more patients bringing the recovery total to 145.[113]

On 20 May, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed 09 additional cases bringing the total to 529. The new patients (all male) include six who were recently repatriated from the United Kingdom, two who are directly and indirectly linked to the workplace cluster in Saint Catherine; and, another who is the contact of confirmed case. The patients ranging from 17 to 53-years-old hail from addresses in the parishes of Saint Catherine, Saint Ann, Portland, Saint Mary; and, Kingston and Saint Andrew. The health ministry also reported the recovery and release of 26 more patients bringing the recovery total to 171.[114][115][116]

On 21 May, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed 05 additional cases bringing the total to 534. Of the new patients, three were male and two were female; and, they hail from addresses in Kingston and Saint Andrew, Saint Mary and Portland parishes. Of the five patients, two were recently repatriated from the United Kingdom whilst the other three are having their modes of transmission investigated. The health ministry also reported the recovery and release of 10 more patients bringing the recovery total to 181.[117]

On 22 May, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed 10 additional cases bringing the total to 544. Of the new patients: five were male and five were female; five were recently repatriated from the United Kingdom with the others hailing from addresses in Kingston and Saint Andrew and Saint Catherine parishes. Of the five local cases, three were determined to be contacts of previously confirmed cases and the other two are having their modes of transmission investigated. Additionally, the health ministry reported the recovery and release of 10 more patients bringing the recovery total to 191.[118]

On 23 May, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed 06 additional cases bringing the total to 550. Of the new patients: five were recently repatriated from the United Kingdom and other countries with the sixth case currently under investigation; and, they hailed from addresses in Kingston and Saint Andrew, Saint Catherine and Saint Ann parishes. The health ministry also reported the recovery and release of 09 more patients bringing the recovery total to 200.[119]

On 24 May, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed 02 additional cases bringing the total to 552. Of the new cases, one is a 25-year-old female from Kingston and Saint Andrew; and, the other being a 22-year-old male from Saint Ann parish. The health ministry also reported the recovery and release of 11 more patients bringing the recovery total to 211.[120]

On 25 May, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed 04 additional cases bringing the total to 556. Of the new cases, three were recently repatriated to Jamaica by cruise ship with the fourth being a contact of a confirmed case. The patients - two males and two females, between the ages of 28 and 55-years-old - hail from Saint Ann and Saint Catherine parishes. The health ministry also reported the recovery and release of 27 more patients - the highest single day recovery to date - bringing the recovery total to 238.[121]

On 26 May, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) confirmed 08 additional cases bringing the total to 564. Of the new cases, one was female and the others male; and, they range between 28 and 62-years-old. The health ministry also reported the recovery and release of 29 more patients - the highest single day recovery to date - bringing the recovery total to 267.[122][123]

Government responseEdit

January and February 2020Edit

The government announced a travel ban between China and Jamaica. All people entering Jamaica from China will be subject to immediate quarantine for at least 14 days, and anyone who was allowed to land and shows symptoms of the virus will be put in immediate isolation.[124] In keeping with the new policy, 19 Chinese nationals who arrived at the Norman Manley International Airport on the evening of 31 January were denied entry, quarantined, and put on a flight back to China on 1 February.[125]

March 2020Edit

On 12 March, Prime Minister Andrew Holness ordered all primary and secondary schools closed for 14 days.[126]

On 13 March, the Prime Minister announced the invocation of the special powers[127] to combat further spread of COVID-19.[128] He said the country was seeking 100 Cuban nurses to help, and recruiting retired medical professionals.[129]

On 17 March, the Government of Jamaica issued work-from-home directives to non-essential workers in Jamaica.[130]

On 19 March, the Government of Jamaica placed the community of Corn Piece in Hayes District, Clarendon under quarantine; the community was the home of the patient who succumbed to the illness on 18 March.

On 20 March, the Government of Jamaica announced that all sea and airports will be closed to incoming traffic for a period of 14 days effective 21 March.[131] The Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) announced that it will be drafting final year medical students and retired medical practitioners to "support clinical and surveillance activities".[132]

On 23 March, the Government of Jamaica imposed a stay-at-home order for all Jamaican citizens and residents 75 years and older for a period of 14 days; the order coming into effect on 25 March.[133] Prime Minister Andrew Holness also announced that all public sector workers 65 years and older must work from home;[134] school closures shall extend to the end of the Easter term (8 April);[135] and, that all persons who entered the country on 18 March will be placed on an additional 14 days quarantine.[136]

On 25 March, the Minister of Finance and Public Service Nigel Clarke announced in Parliament the institution of the multi-billion dollar COVID-19 Allocation of Resources for Employees (CARE) Programme which aims to provided financial assistance to workers and business affected by the pandemic.[137] The programme becomes operational on 9 April.

On 30 March, the Government of Jamaica announced an all-island curfew commencing on 1 April to combat what it believed was an "increase in movement over the weekend". The curfew, between 08pm and 06am each day, should end on 8 April.[138]

April 2020Edit

On 3 April, Prime Minister Andrew Holness confirmed that of the 7000 individuals who arrived in Jamaica between 18–24 March, 4500 have failed to report to the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) as required by the Disaster Risk Management Act despite much pleading. In response to their failure to report, he announced that the Passivity, Immigration and Citizenship Agency (PICA) has been directed not to allow said individuals to leave the country. The individuals who failed to report to the health ministry, once found, would face a fine of up to $1 million and/or imprisonment, and may be forced into government-run quarantine facilities when found. That same day, the Minister of Health and Wellness Christopher Tufton announced in Parliament that these individuals could ultimately be named in the press.[139]

On 3 April, Prime Minister Andrew Holness also announced that the country should receive 25 additional ventilators by 1 May increasing the number of ventilators to 105. The Prime Minister and the Minister of Foreign Affairs Kamina Johnson-Smith indicated that a number of the ventilators, N95 masks, other medical equipment and non-medical support are being obtained through donations from international partners - including the European Union, South Korea, the People's Republic of China and the International Atomic Energy Agency. Minister Johnson-Smith added that United States has donated US$700,000 ($95 million JMD) which will go towards the national COVID-19 response; the allocation of funds will be directed by the newly formed External Support Coordination Committee.[140][141]

On 5 April, the Minister of Culture, Sports, Entertainment and Gender Affairs Olivia 'Babsy' Grange announced that a telethon with the aims of raising US$10 million to fund the government's COVID-19 response will take place on 12 April. In subsequent reports, she unveiled details and the line-up for the show.[142]

On 6 April, the Chief Medical Officer Dr. Jacquiline Bisasor McKenzie issued guidelines on the usage of masks following similar announcements by the United States' Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the World Health Organisation.[143]

On 7 April, the Minister of Health and Wellness Christopher Tufton announced that of the 7000 individuals who arrived in Jamaica between 18–24 March, 4500 have reported to the health ministry out of 5400 who remain on the island.[144] At the same press conference, Minister Tufton announced several public-private partnerships designed “to manage the care of persons with co-morbid conditions, including diabetes and chronic hypertension, who utilize the public health system”; which effectively meant controlled patients would be outsourced to private practitioners and the freeing up the resources at the island's hospitals.[145] Minister Tufton announced the authorisation by Cabinet for the use of the National Arena as a field hospital; the welcoming of 80 medical students from the University of the West Indies to help operate the MoHW Call Centre; and, the donation of 100,000 N95 masks by the Medical Association of Jamaica.[146][147][148] That same day, the Prime Minister in a tweet announced that the night time curfew which commenced on 1 April will be extended.[149]

On 8 April, the Prime Minister Andrew Holness announced that the nightly curfew in place since 1 April will be extended to 21 April; that the stay-at-home and work-from-home orders in place from mid-March will be extended until 21 April; and, that the wearing of masks will becoming mandatory for some class of persons and strongly advised for other Jamaicans.[150][151] Additionally, Prime Minister Holness announced that schools in Jamaica will remain closed until 22 April;[152] and, that the government is considering controlled re-entry of Jamaican expatriates.[153][154]

On 9 April, the COVID-19 Allocation of Resources for Employees (CARE) Programme announced on 25 March begun accepting applications. In a tweet, Finance and Public Service Minister Nigel A. L. Clarke said “As at 2:35pm this afternoon the CARE Programme received 71,182 completed applications where confirmation numbers have been sent to applicants.”.[155]

On 13 April, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade (MFAFT) and the Ministry of National Security (MNS) issued a statement that it was considering protocols to permit the controlled re-entry of 45 Jamaicans when possible, contingent on quarantine and isolation capacity, among other variables, pending the full re-opening of our borders to passenger traffic. This announcement came following news of Jamaicans workers on the Marella Discovery 2 cruise ship who were denied entry into the country when the ship was in the country's territorial waters. The ship was later denied entry into Portugal and is now seeking refuge in Southampton in the United Kingdom.[156] According to the released statement: “We understand the disappointment and anxiety of these cruise line workers and similar sentiments experienced by other Jamaican workers overseas who await the reopening of our borders to return home... It is surmised that the captain may have taken the decision not to wait for a process, for which neither a guarantee of success, nor a timeline could be given, in light of the existing legal restrictions regarding our borders”[157]

On 13 April, the Minister of Health and Wellness Christopher Tufton announced the operation and deployment of new mobile testing units.[158][159]

On 14 April, the Prime Minister Andrew Holness announced a complete lockdown for the parish of Saint Catherine for seven days in light of the outbreak at the Alorica call centre in Portmore, Saint Catherine. Included in this parish-wide lockdown are all employees in the business process outsourcing sector (classified as essential workers in previous orders from the Government) who live and/or work at call centres in the parish.[160][161]

On 16 April, the Minister of Finance and Public Service Nigel A. L. Clarke announced that the government will be working with umbrella groups to ensure compliance of business entities in relation to applications for individual assistance under the Supporting Employees with Transfer (SET) of Cash component of the $10-billion COVID-19 Allocation of Resources for Employees (CARE) programme. He added that the collaboration was “to ensure that their former employees or their employees whom they have laid off can be verified, and by being verified they can be in receipt of their SET cash grant”.[162] That same day, the Auditor General Pamela Munroe Ellis and her office will be reviewing the application and disbursement of funds from the COVID-19 Allocation of Resources for Employees (CARE) programme.[163]

On 17 April, the Minister of Tourism Edmund Bartlett announced a six-month moratorium on the payment for licences and of fees by entities in the tourism sector (resulting in JMD$9.7 million in lost revenue for the government). He also confirmed that all 160,000 persons directly employed by the tourism sector would benefit from the government's stimulus package.[164]

On 20 April, the Prime Minister Andrew Holness - in response to the sharp increase in the number of confirmed cases - announced the curtailing of the previously loosened island-wide curfew. The curfew, originally 08pm to 07am and then amended to 09pm to 05am, was adjusted to 06pm to 06am for a period of 14 days starting on 22 April.[165][166] This was followed by the extension of the Saint Catherine lockdown on 21 April for a further seven days.[167]

On 21 April, the Prime Minister Andrew Holness ordered the closure of all the business process outsourcing (BPO) centres on the island for a period of 14 days. This was response to the workplace outbreak at one such BPO call centres, which has been credited for the sharp increase in confirmed cases of COVID-19. The order came into effect on 22 April.[168] Additionally, the government announced that the wearing of masks in public was now mandatory and that they will be bringing back the Jamaicans trapped on board the Marella Discovery 2.

Also on 21 April, the Minister of National Security Dr. Horace Chang announced that 46 deportees from the United States were received at the Norman Manley International Airport. They arrived on a specially chartered flight and were transported to a government quarantine center. Their arrival follows US President Donald Trump signing of an Executive Order that imposes visa sanctions on countries that refuse to accept the deportation of their citizens, even amid the global new coronavirus pandemic.[169] This also follows discussions with the US Embassy that the United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement (US ICE) would not deport individuals suspected of having the coronavirus,.[170] One of those deported however tested positive for COVID-19 on 27 April.

Also on 21 April, the Minister of Industry, Commerce, Agriculture and Fisheries Audley Shaw made a declaration during a morning show interview where he detailed measures taken by the ministry to mitigate the financial challenges being endured by the country's farmers. Of these measures were the delivery and sale of farm fresh produce to Portmore, Saint Catherine which was under lockdown.[171]

On 23 April, the Minister of Culture, Gender, Entertainment and Sports Olivia Babsy Grange announced the receipt of JMD$4 million from Jamaica Cooperative Credit Union League towards the government's drive to raise funds for the purchasing from personal protective equipment.[172]

On 24 April, the country's central bank (the Bank of Jamaica) announced the suspension of dividend payments during the 2020 financial year.[173]

On 27 April, the Ministry of Health and Wellness (MoHW) announced the orders mandating the quarantine of Alorica employees remain in effect. To date, employees of Alorica and their contacts accounted for nearly 60% of all the COVID-19 cases during the pandemic.[174]

StatisticsEdit

Cumulative Cases, Deaths and Recoveries
(last updated 26 May 2020)
New Cases per Day
(last updated 26 May 2020)
Geographical Distribution of Cases
(last updated 25 May 2020)
Gender Profile of Cases
(last updated 23 May 2020)
Age Profile of Cases
(last updated 23 May 2020)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Elsevier. "Novel Coronavirus Information Center". Elsevier Connect. Archived from the original on 30 January 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  2. ^ Reynolds, Matt (4 March 2020). "What is coronavirus and how close is it to becoming a pandemic?". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Archived from the original on 5 March 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Crunching the numbers for coronavirus". Imperial News. Archived from the original on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  4. ^ "High consequence infectious diseases (HCID); Guidance and information about high consequence infectious diseases and their management in England". GOV.UK. Archived from the original on 3 March 2020. Retrieved 17 March 2020.
  5. ^ "World Federation Of Societies of Anaesthesiologists – Coronavirus". www.wfsahq.org. Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  6. ^ "Update: Jamaica confirms first case of Coronavirus, travel ban expanded". jamaica-gleaner.com. 10 March 2020.
  7. ^ @IRIE_FM (11 March 2020). "Breaking News" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 12 March 2020. Retrieved 12 March 2020 – via Twitter.
  8. ^ @darylvazmp (13 March 2020). "6 New COVID-19 cases confirmed" (Tweet). Retrieved 14 March 2020 – via Twitter.
  9. ^ "7, 8 Miles, Bull Bay under quarantine". Jamaica Observer. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  10. ^ "Jamaica imposes travel restriction for UK". Jamaica Observer. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  11. ^ @themohwgovjm (15 March 2020). "#COVID19 Update" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  12. ^ JA, MOHW (15 March 2020). "Covid-19 Update: 5 more cases preliminary confirmed.pic.twitter.com/bBWQls5cv7".
  13. ^ Holness, Andrew (17 March 2020). "Jamaica now has 13 confirmed cases of Covid-19-@christufton".
  14. ^ Gleaner, Jamaica (18 March 2020). "BREAKING NEWS: Jamaica has reported its first death from the #COVID-19. The patient died at the isolation facility at Mandeville Regional Hospital this afternoon. Up to Tuesday, Jamaica had recorded 13 cases of the virus.pic.twitter.com/KFLm3kmOR3".
  15. ^ Holness, Andrew (18 March 2020). ""Jamaica now has 15 confirmed cases of Covid-19." -Dunstan Bryan, Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Health and Wellness".
  16. ^ Tufton, Dr Chris (20 March 2020). "Jamaica now has a total of 19 confirmed cases of COVID-19. 5 of which are from local cases. #Jacovid19".
  17. ^ Tufton, Dr Chris (23 March 2020). "#JaCovid19 Update: Jamaica now has a total of 21 confirmed cases of COVID-19. The Breakdown is as follows: •14 imported cases • 6 import-related • 1 still under investigation".
  18. ^ Tufton, Dr Chris (23 March 2020). "Details: 1. 61 year old male from Manchester. Travel History: Florida, Dubai, Tanzania and Egypt 2. 51 year old male from Westmoreland. Connected to two imported confirmed cases. He was identified through contact tracing and admitted to a government quarantine facility".
  19. ^ Fitz-Henley, Abka (24 March 2020). "UPDATE: 25 confirmed cases of the #Covid19 in Jamaica. An increase of 4. Details below.pic.twitter.com/nUx7BsknSf".
  20. ^ Tufton, Dr Chris (25 March 2020). "We have tested 150 samples: • 26 confirm • 18 pending • 142 home quarantine • 254 released #Jacovid19 #COVID19JAMAICA".
  21. ^ Tufton, Dr Chris (27 March 2020). "There are four (4) new confirmed case in the last 24 hours. Jamaica now has a total of 30 confirmed cases of COVID-19. •20 are imported cases (with 1 death) •8 are import-related •2 are under investigation #JaCovid19 #Covid19Jamaica".
  22. ^ JA, MOHW (28 March 2020). "Jamaica now has 32 confirmed cases of #COVID19. @christuftonpic.twitter.com/4KuvebzO97".
  23. ^ Tufton, Dr Chris (29 March 2020). "#JaCOVID19 Update: Jamaica now has 34 confirmed cases. Protect yourself and others by taking the necessary precautions to help in the fight against the coronavirus. ⠀pic.twitter.com/fEmcdSBiNm".
  24. ^ Tufton, Dr Chris (29 March 2020). "pic.twitter.com/sqWlO1rvvw".
  25. ^ Tufton, Dr Chris (31 March 2020). "pic.twitter.com/E2fQMg7ejT".
  26. ^ Tufton, Dr Chris (1 April 2020). "Jamaica how has 44 confirmed cases and 3 deaths for #Covid19Jamaica #JaCovid19".
  27. ^ Tufton, Dr Chris (1 April 2020). "Jamaica has reported an additional COVID-19 related death. Further details will be announced at the @themohwgovjm press briefing".
  28. ^ Dr. Chris Tufton (2 April 2020). "Dr. Chris Tufton on Twitter: "#JaCovid19 Update: There are now 47 confirmed cases in Jamaica. @themohwgovjm release". Twitter.com. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  29. ^ Dr. Chris Tufton (18 June 2009). "Dr. Chris Tufton on Twitter: "Jamaica now has 53 confirmed cases of COVID-19. This follows six (6) new additions over the last 48 hours. #JaCovid19 #Covid19Jamaica"". Twitter.com. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  30. ^ Dr. Chris Tufton (18 June 2009). "Dr. Chris Tufton on Twitter: "The new cases: - A 57-year-old male from Manchester, who is the contact of a confirmed case; - A 57-year-old male from Kingston and St. Andrew, who is a contact of a confirmed case; - A 40-year-old male from Kingston and St. Andrew whose mode of transmission (1/2) #JaCovid19"". Twitter.com. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  31. ^ Dr. Chris Tufton (18 June 2009). "Dr. Chris Tufton on Twitter: "is under investigation; - A 23-year-old male from Clarendon who is the contact of a confirmed case; - A 42-year-old male from Clarendon who has a travel history to the United States; and - A 22-year-old female from Clarendon who is a contact of a confirmed case. #JaCovid19"". Twitter.com. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  32. ^ Dr. Chris Tufton (18 June 2009). "Dr. Chris Tufton on Twitter: "To date, seven (7) persons have been Isolated, Treated and RELEASED #JaCovid19 #Covid19Jamaica"". Twitter.com. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  33. ^ Mohw Ja (4 November 2014). "MOHW JA on Twitter: "Jamaica records 55 #COVID19 cases. @christufton‌ "". Twitter.com. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  34. ^ https://twitter.com/themohwgovjm/status/1246627882262245378
  35. ^ Mohw Ja (4 November 2014). "MOHW JA on Twitter: "#JaCovid19 Update as of April 5, 2020: - 3 samples have tested positive bringing the total number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Jamaica to 58"". Twitter.com. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  36. ^ Jamaica Gleaner (18 May 2009). "Jamaica Gleaner on Twitter: "The Health Ministry is reporting that one more person has tested positive for the #coronavirus in Jamaica pushing the total to 59. The new patient is a 43-year-old male from Portland, whose case is still under investigation. So far, 32 males and 27 females have tested positive."". Twitter.com. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
  37. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1247637883554598913
  38. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1247639408049782785
  39. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1247639594432180226
  40. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1247638216120901632
  41. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1247958286684618757
  42. ^ https://twitter.com/themohwgovjm/status/1248410781202272257/photo/1
  43. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1248783203755835392/photo/1
  44. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1249095902784036865/photo/1
  45. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1249480650643701764
  46. ^ https://twitter.com/themohwgovjm/status/1249824602693533696
  47. ^ The record lasted 12 days until it was superseded by 43 confirmed cases on 26 April.
  48. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1250206400514600961
  49. ^ https://twitter.com/AndrewHolnessJM/status/1250207243674562562
  50. ^ https://twitter.com/JamaicaGleaner/status/1250272622761275402
  51. ^ https://twitter.com/themohwgovjm/status/1250256067243569152
  52. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1250518315056988163
  53. ^ https://twitter.com/JamaicaGleaner/status/1250821307287175172?s=20
  54. ^ https://twitter.com/themohwgovjm/status/1251015023616548866
  55. ^ https://twitter.com/themohwgovjm/status/1251322952169078784
  56. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1251675290587316226
  57. ^ https://twitter.com/themohwgovjm/status/1251720547811164160
  58. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1252039350562496512
  59. ^ https://twitter.com/AbkaFitzHenley/status/1252371642027663360
  60. ^ https://twitter.com/AbkaFitzHenley/status/1252376548037951488
  61. ^ https://twitter.com/Nationwideradio/status/1252757959236608005
  62. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1253104091104006147
  63. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1253102350509543424
  64. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1253484393043296256/photo/1
  65. ^ https://twitter.com/themohwgovjm/status/1253150478319398912/photo/1
  66. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1253531088770736129
  67. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1253845102096678912/photo/1
  68. ^ https://twitter.com/themohwgovjm/status/1254222127420641280
  69. ^ This daily increase overtook the previous record of 32 new cases on 14 April.
  70. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1254567274557603842
  71. ^ Of the originally reported 45 cases, 19 were male and 26 were female ranging between the ages of 01 and 75-years-old. 25 patients are directly or indirectly linked to the “workplace cluster” outbreak in Portmore, Saint Catherine; 10 were determined to have been in contact with other confirmed cases; and, the remaining 10 are having their modes of transmission investigated. However, on 27 April the health minister announced that “two samples from yesterday’s announcement were repeat samples for patients, who were already confirmed positive and awaiting discharge. This would have brought the number of cases to 348.”
  72. ^ https://jis.gov.jm/speaking-notes-of-the-minister-of-health-and-wellness-dr-the-hon-christopher-tufton-mp/
  73. ^ https://twitter.com/themohwgovjm/status/1254947396586536961
  74. ^ Statistics released on 29 April include information from the previous day, where no update was provided by the health ministry.
  75. ^ 202 patients are employees of the call centre and the other 43 patients are contacts of said employees
  76. ^ https://twitter.com/AbkaFitzHenley/status/1255629314017673219
  77. ^ https://twitter.com/themohwgovjm/status/1255680107571826689
  78. ^ Three (03) patients are employees of the call centre and the remaining nine (09) are contacts of other confirmed employees.
  79. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1256019853959405574
  80. ^ https://twitter.com/themohwgovjm/status/1256053086629646339
  81. ^ Seven (07) are contacts of employees confirmed as having the virus; and, the remaining patient is an employee of the call centre.
  82. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1256365309436583936
  83. ^ https://twitter.com/themohwgovjm/status/1256398054384709633
  84. ^ Seven (07) are contacts of employees confirmed as having the virus; and, the other five (05) are employees of the call centre.
  85. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1256741633787387904
  86. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1257097556078800896
  87. ^ https://twitter.com/themohwgovjm/status/1257130568128569352
  88. ^ https://twitter.com/themohwgovjm/status/1257449820085727241
  89. ^ https://twitter.com/JamaicaGleaner/status/1257454167658049547
  90. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1257798636488069121
  91. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1258171935088877568
  92. ^ https://twitter.com/themohwgovjm/status/1258169757477613571
  93. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1258537456497946625/photo/1
  94. ^ "Worldometer Jamaica". worldometer. 8 May 2020.
  95. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1258887741498183684
  96. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1259311968483258369
  97. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1259619967521173509
  98. ^ https://twitter.com/themohwgovjm/status/1259668130370146304
  99. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1260006341302800384
  100. ^ https://twitter.com/themohwgovjm/status/1260016545603846146
  101. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1260366492815818755
  102. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1260702193713319936
  103. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1260702198335504390
  104. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1260702199761469441
  105. ^ https://twitter.com/themohwgovjm/status/1260770336674590726/photo/1
  106. ^ https://twitter.com/themohwgovjm/status/1261078266649157632
  107. ^ https://twitter.com/themohwgovjm/status/1261096019162542081
  108. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1261451763846189056
  109. ^ https://twitter.com/themohwgovjm/status/1261452716074651648
  110. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1261788044128071680
  111. ^ https://twitter.com/themohwgovjm/status/1262156867591176192
  112. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1262533740095553537
  113. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1262871691543396354
  114. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1263245197196083200
  115. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1263245199641391105
  116. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1263245200782172160
  117. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1263607295356919810
  118. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1263980040448065542
  119. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1264344125840789505
  120. ^ https://twitter.com/themohwgovjm/status/1264711610440003590
  121. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1265080097616396289
  122. ^ https://twitter.com/themohwgovjm/status/1265430717728731136
  123. ^ https://twitter.com/AndrewHolnessJM/status/1265420849290424322
  124. ^ "Jamaica imposes travel ban over coronavirus". jamaica-gleaner.com. 31 January 2020. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  125. ^ "Jamaica turns back 19 Chinese nationals under coronavirus travel ban". loopjamaica.com. Archived from the original on 8 February 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  126. ^ "Holness orders closure of all schools". The Star. 12 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  127. ^ The Disaster Risk Management Act, the Emergency Powers Act and the Public Health Act
  128. ^ "Jamaica treating COVID-19 outbreak as a disaster". Jamaica Observer. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  129. ^ "Jamaica declares disaster over coronavirus, seeks Cuban nurses". Reuters. 14 March 2020.
  130. ^ Commerce, JA Chamber (17 March 2020). "Prime Minister Andrew Holness clarifies what is meant by "work from home" for the public and private sector as we as a nation continue to fight the spread of COVID19.pic.twitter.com/TQfXo8H1KA".
  131. ^ Tufton, Dr Chris (20 March 2020). "With effect from 11:59PM on Saturday March 21, 2020, and for a period of fourteen (14) days in the first instance, Jamaica's air and seaports will be closed to incoming passenger traffic. Outgoing passenger and cargo will be allowed #JaCovid19".
  132. ^ Tufton, Dr Chris (20 March 2020). "PM @AndrewHolnessJM: "Final year med students will support clinical & surveillance activities of the Health and Wellness Ministry A Quarantine Centre will be established at University Hospital" #JaCovid19".
  133. ^ Holness, Andrew (23 March 2020). "With effect from the 25th day of March 2020 for a period of fourteen (14) days, all persons 75 years and older must stay at home, subject to exemptions to be specified. #COVIDー19 #COVID19JAMAICA #covid19containment".
  134. ^ Holness, Andrew (23 March 2020). "With effect from the 25th day of March 2020, for a period of fourteen (14) days, all public sector workers, 65 years and older are to work from home, subject to exemptions to be specified. #COVIDー19 #COVID19JAMAICA #covid19containment".
  135. ^ Holness, Andrew (23 March 2020). "Schools are to remain closed until the end of the Easter Term. #COVIDー19 #COVID19JAMAICA #covid19containment".
  136. ^ Holness, Andrew (23 March 2020). "Every person who entered Jamaica as at 18th March, 2020 must be in quarantine for a further fourteen days after the initial seven days expire. #COVIDー19 #COVID19JAMAICA".
  137. ^ "Multi-Billion Dollar Care Programme for Workers, Small Businesses". 26 March 2020.
  138. ^ "Prime Minister Announces All-Island Curfew". Jamaica Information Service. 31 March 2020.
  139. ^ "Travel ban placed on thousands for not reporting to health authorities | Loop News". Loopjamaica.com. 10 March 2020. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  140. ^ "Gov't Receiving Additional Equipment and Support for National COVID-19 Response". 6 April 2020.
  141. ^ The Committee comprises the Ministers (and/or representatives) of Health and Wellness; Finance and the Public Service; Education Youth and Information; Labour and Social Security; Transport and Mining; and, Local Government and Community Development.
  142. ^ "Jamaica Observer Limited".
  143. ^ "Ministry issues recommendations for the wearing of Masks – Ministry of Health & Wellness, Jamaica".
  144. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1247654107508281346
  145. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1247640594148659212
  146. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1247641362503262208
  147. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1247645076433633282
  148. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1247642774331166721
  149. ^ https://twitter.com/AndrewHolnessJM/status/1247647191386279936
  150. ^ https://twitter.com/AndrewHolnessJM/status/1248024496109477888
  151. ^ https://twitter.com/televisionjam/status/1248020734091440129
  152. ^ https://twitter.com/AndrewHolnessJM/status/1248032958235230211
  153. ^ https://twitter.com/AndrewHolnessJM/status/1248030125511368706
  154. ^ https://twitter.com/AndrewHolnessJM/status/1248029003946102786
  155. ^ https://twitter.com/DrNigelClarkeJa/status/1248337675226099713
  156. ^ "Rejected again! - Jamaicans aboard ship denied landing in Portugal". 13 April 2020.
  157. ^ "Jamaica Observer Limited".
  158. ^ "Jamaica Observer Limited".
  159. ^ https://twitter.com/christufton/status/1250012111457193984
  160. ^ https://jis.gov.jm/pm-urges-strict-adherence-to-lockdown-guidelines/
  161. ^ https://jis.gov.jm/st-catherine-covid-19-lockdown/
  162. ^ https://jis.gov.jm/finance-ministry-to-work-with-business-groups-on-covid-19-assistance/
  163. ^ https://jis.gov.jm/auditor-general-to-review-applications-disbursement-under-care-programme/
  164. ^ https://jis.gov.jm/moratorium-on-the-payment-of-fees-in-tourism-sector/
  165. ^ https://jis.gov.jm/27-new-cases-of-covid-19/
  166. ^ https://jis.gov.jm/new-curfew-hours/
  167. ^ https://jis.gov.jm/st-catherine-lockdown-extended-more-time-for-residents-to-shop/
  168. ^ https://jis.gov.jm/all-bpos-to-be-closed-as-of-april-22/
  169. ^ http://jamaica-gleaner.com/article/lead-stories/20200421/forty-six-deportees-arrive-us
  170. ^ https://buzz-caribbean.com/news/us-embassy-in-kingston-says-no-sick-person-will-be-deported-to-jamaica/
  171. ^ https://jis.gov.jm/farm-fresh-vegetables-for-portmore/
  172. ^ https://jis.gov.jm/credit-union-league-gives-j4-million-to-covid-19-telethon/
  173. ^ https://jis.gov.jm/suspension-of-dividends-due-to-the-novel-covid-19-virus/
  174. ^ https://jis.gov.jm/quarantine-orders-for-all-employees-of-the-alorica-call-centre-remain-in-effect/