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Cable News Network (CNN), an American basic cable and satellite television channel, has been the subject of several controversies. This article recounts controversies and allegations relating to both the domestic version of CNN, and its sister channels CNN International and CNN-IBN.

Contents

Allegations of biasEdit

CNN has often been the subject of allegations of liberal bias. In research conducted by the Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy at Harvard University and the Project for Excellence in Journalism, the authors found disparate treatment by the three major cable networks of Republican and Democratic candidates during the earliest five months of presidential primaries in 2007: "The CNN programming studied tended to cast a negative light on Republican candidates – by a margin of three-to-one. Four-in-ten stories (41%) were clearly negative while just 14% were positive and 46% were neutral. The network provided negative coverage of all three main candidates with McCain faring the worst (63% negative) and Romney faring a little better than the others only because a majority of his coverage was neutral. With the exception of Obama, Democrats tended not to fare well either. Nearly half of the Illinois Senator’s stories were positive (46%), vs. just 8% that were negative, but both Clinton and Edwards ended up with more negative than positive coverage overall. While Democrats on average tended to have more positive coverage, the trend was skewed by particularly positive coverage of Obama."[1]

Accuracy in Media and Media Research Center (MRC) have claimed that CNN's reporting contains liberal editorializing within news stories as well as omission of important facts.[citation needed] Former Republican House Majority Leader Tom DeLay, and MRC founder Brent Bozell, among others, have referred to CNN as the "Clinton News Network".[2] DeLay has also called it the "Communist News Network".[3] In its early days, CNN was sometimes referred to as "Chicken Noodle News".[4] In September 2009, a Pew Research Poll showed that Democrats were much more likely than Republicans to rate the network favorably, and Republicans were much more likely than Democrats to see CNN unfavorably.[5]

Octavia Nasr firingEdit

Chief Middle East correspondent Octavia Nasr was fired after a tweet saying she was "Sad to hear of the passing of Sayyed Mohammed Hussein Fadlallah... One of Hezbollah's giants I respect[ed] a lot." Parisa Khosravi, senior vice president of CNN International, said she spoke with Nasr and "we have decided that she will be leaving the company." His reason for her removal was given as "As you know, her tweet over the weekend created a wide reaction. As she has stated in her blog on CNN.com, she fully accepts that she should not have made such a simplistic comment without any context whatsoever. However, at this point, we believe that her credibility in her position as senior editor for Middle Eastern affairs has been compromised going forward."[6]

Fadlallah was directly responsible for the murder of 260 Americans.[citation needed][tone] In 1995, President Bill Clinton labeled him a terrorist and froze his assets. Fadlallah encouraged suicide bombers and his final words called for the destruction of the state of Israel.[citation needed][tone]

The pro-Israel media watchdog group Honest Reporting, one of the first organizations to respond to her tweet, noted Fadlallah’s controversial praise for the Mercaz HaRav massacre, the 1983 Beirut barracks bombing, the Iran hostage crisis and Iran’s efforts to build long-range ballistic missiles.

Robert Fisk criticised CNN for the firing saying, "Poor old CNN goes on getting more cowardly by the hour. That's why no one cares about it any more."[7] According to a July 2010 (Iranian-run) Press TV poll, nearly two-thirds (65.99%) of the respondents described CNN's recent move to sack Nasr as "an instance of intellectual terrorism reflecting the influence of Zionists on mainstream Western media outlets".[8]

Israel–Gaza conflictEdit

During the 2014 Gaza conflict, hundreds of protesters came to the Time Warner Center, where CNN's New York City production facilities and bureau are housed. Various people accused CNN of biased coverage during live interviews on the network.[9][clarification needed]

Semi-automatic weaponsEdit

CNN apologized for a May 15, 2003, story in which CNN's John Zarella and Broward County, Florida Sheriff Ken Jenne demonstrated the rapid firing of fully automatic firearms while covering the federal Assault Weapons Ban, due to expire the following year. The Assault Weapons Ban was concerned solely with semi-automatic firearms, not fully automatic ones, which had already been restricted by the National Firearms Act of 1934, and the subsequent 1986 Firearm Owners Protection Act.[10][11]

Coverage of 2016 US Presidential ElectionEdit

On April 3, 2016, hundreds of supporters of Bernie Sanders protested outside of CNN Los Angeles. Sanders supporters were protesting CNN's coverage of the 2016 United States presidential elections, specifically in regards to the lack of airtime Sanders has received. Known as Occupy CNN, protesters claimed that major media networks have intentionally blacked out Sanders' presidential campaign in favor of giving much more airtime to candidates such as Hillary Clinton.[12]

Donna Brazile and Roland MartinEdit

In October 2016, WikiLeaks published emails from John Podesta which showed CNN contributor Donna Brazile passing the questions for a CNN-sponsored debate to the Clinton campaign.[13] In the email, Brazile discussed her concern of Clinton's ability to field a question regarding the death penalty. The following day Clinton would receive the question about the death penalty, verbatim from an audience member at the CNN-hosted Town Hall event.[14] According to a CNNMoney investigation, the debate moderator Roland Martin of TV One "did not deny sharing information with Brazile."[15] CNN severed ties with Brazile on October 14, 2016.[16][17]

Wikileaks emailsEdit

CNN anchor Chris Cuomo said on a live coverage of the 2016 elections that downloading the Podesta emails from the Wikileaks website was illegal, and that only the media could legally do so. The statement drew criticism to the network for being false.[18][19][20]

Conflicts with Trump administrationEdit

On January 10, 2017, CNN reported on the existence of classified documents that said Russia had compromising personal and financial information about then President-elect Donald Trump. CNN did not publish the dossier, or any specific details of the dossier. Later that day, BuzzFeed published the entire 35-page dossier with a disclaimer that it was unverified and "includes some clear errors".[21][22][23] The dossier had been read widely by political and media figures in Washington, and had been sent to multiple other journalists who had declined to publish it as it was unsubstantiated.[21] At a press conference the following day, Trump referred to CNN as fake news and refused to take a question from CNN reporter Jim Acosta.[24]

On February 24, 2017, CNN and other media organizations such as The New York Times were blocked from a White House press briefing. The network responded in a statement: "Apparently this is how they retaliate when you report facts they don't like. We'll keep reporting regardless."[25]

On June 26, 2017, three network investigative journalists; Thomas Frank, Eric Lichtblau, and Lex Haris, resigned from CNN over a retracted a false story that connected Anthony Scaramucci to a $10 billion Russian investment fund. The network apologized to Scaramucci and stated that the online story did not meet their editorial standards.[26]

On November 6, 2017, CNN ran a story entitled "Trump asks Japan to build cars in the U.S. It already does." [27] The story included only a partial quote from President Trump stating that he would like Japan (more)to make cars in America. However, CNN originally omitted the remainder of his statement congratulating two Japanese automakers for investing more money in the US to build another factory. The Washington Post took notice and criticized the report.[28] The Post called the headline "snarky," and told the network, and others, to stop "cherry-picking the quote." CNN later changed the quote and the headline, issuing the following correction: "The original version of this article and its headline did not make clear that President Trump had praised Japanese automakers for expanding existing U.S. facilities and for making new investments in the U.S. The article and headline have been updated." [29]

The network also imposed new rules on Russia related stories being published to social, video, editorial, or MoneyStream without going through the chain of command within CNN.[30]

Coverage on international incidentsEdit

Persian Gulf WarEdit

During the Persian Gulf War, CNN was criticized for excessively pushing human interest stories and avoiding depictions of violent images; the result of all this being an alleged "propagandistic" presentation of news.[31] A report by Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting (FAIR) quotes an unnamed CNN reporter as describing "the 'sweet beautiful sight' of bombers taking off from Saudi Arabia".[32]

Coverage of Iranian protestsEdit

In 2014, the network was criticized for an unusual absence of live coverage of a large set of protests that followed the 2014 elections in Iran.[33]

Coverage of Margaret Thatcher's deathEdit

CNN was criticized for using a photograph of former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Margaret Thatcher with disgraced BBC presenter Jimmy Savile four times during coverage of her death on April 8, 2013.[34] Allegations of sexual abuse against Savile were made public in 2012, a year after his death, leading UK police to believe that Savile may have been one of Britain's most prolific sex offenders.[35] An image of Thatcher with Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet was also run during the broadcast, leading some commentators to accuse CNN of bias.[36][37]

Conflict with Venezuelan governmentEdit

On February 8, 2017, a joint CNN and CNN en Español investigation – based on the information provided by a whistleblower exiled in Spain and subsequent investigations, reported that employees of the Venezuelan embassy in Baghdad, Iraq has been selling passports and visas to persons from Middle Eastern countries with dubious backgrounds for profits, including to members of the Lebanese group Hezbollah. The Venezuelan immigration department, SAIME, confirmed the sold passports' genuineness as each passport came with an assigned national identification number, although the names of these individuals were altered when checking against the national database. At least one individual's place of birth was also changed from Iraq to Venezuela. The Venezuelan foreign minister, Delcy Rodriguez, denied the government's involvement when questioned by the reporters during the Seventy-first session of the United Nations General Assembly and accused the network of performing what she described as an "imperialistic media operation" against Venezuela for airing the year-long fraud investigation.[38] On February 14, 2017, Venezuelan authorities banned CNN en Español from broadcasting two days after the Venezuelan president, Nicolas Maduro, ordered CNN to "[get] well away from here".[39][40]

After the decision, CNN responded by providing a live-streaming service on YouTube and CNN en Español's website free of charge for Venezuelan viewers. The English-language CNN International channel is still being broadcast in Venezuela.[41]

Operation TailwindEdit

In 1998, CNN, in partnership with sister Time magazine, ran a report that Operation Tailwind in 1970 in Vietnam involved the use of Sarin gas to kill a group of defectors from the United States military. The Pentagon denied the story. Skeptics deemed it improbable that such an extraordinary and risky atrocity could have gone unnoticed at the height of the Vietnam War's unpopularity. CNN, after a two-week inquiry, issued a retraction.[42] The story's producers were summarily fired, and one of them has been highly critical of CNN's handling of the story, saying that the network bowed to pressure from high-ranking officials to kill the story.[43][44]

Suppression of Bahraini protests, and reporting of Iran and SyriaEdit

In October 2011, correspondent Amber Lyon met with Tony Maddox, president of CNN International, twice about a documentary on advances of democracy in the Middle East in which she was featured, and which was aired in the US but never by CNN International - the most watched English news channel in the middle east - despite a high production cost, international acclaim and awards. She claimed that during the second meeting she was threatened and intimated to stop speaking on the matter. According to a CNN employee, officials from the Bahrain regime called CNN constantly complaining about Lyon's participation in the network. She was later laid-off.[45]

ExecutivesEdit

Resignation of Eason JordanEdit

In February 2005, Jordan resigned from CNN. The resignation came in response to controversy sparked after bloggers wrote that, at the recent World Economic Forum, Jordan had seemed to accuse the U.S. military of having purposely killed journalists. While Jordan acknowledged his remarks were not sufficiently clear, he denied that this was what he had meant to imply, saying that he had "great admiration and respect for the men and women of the U.S. armed forces."[46]

Jeff ZuckerEdit

CNN was criticized for its coverage of the Boston Marathon bombings, after erroneously reporting that a "dark-skinned male" had been arrested in connection with the attack.[47][48][49] In the aftermath of the broadcast, Jeff Zucker – who was appointed as president of CNN in 2012 – lauded the coverage, claiming that "CNN shined this week",[50] and boasted ratings success that CNN achieved during the coverage, adding that "viewers respected the network's accountability when it admitted its mistakes".[51] Jon Stewart criticized Zucker's comments after calling CNN's coverage of the Washington Navy Yard shooting "breathless wrongness", claiming that "The lesson they take from this is – it doesn't matter how much they betray our trust."[51]

Individual commentatorsEdit

Reza AslanEdit

In 2017, CNN began a documentary series titled Believer on various religious traditions in the world. The first episode was criticized by Indian Americans and American Hindus after presenter Reza Aslan ate human brains with members of the fringe Aghori sect of Hinduism. This was criticized in India for misrepresenting Indian religious traditions,[52][53] as well as potentially stirring up racism and xenophobia against Americans of Indian origin.[54][55]

Among those who spoke up is U.S. India Political Action Committee chairman Sanjay Puri: “In a charged environment a show like this can create a perception about Indian Americans which could make them more vulnerable to further attacks.” The Hindi American Foundation also stated they were: “extremely concerned that while they are not Aslan’s intentions, erroneous depictions, misleading imagery, and provocative first half of the program could exacerbate Hinduphobia in the face of widespread religious illiteracy about Hinduism.”[56]

After the June 2017 London Bridge attack, Aslan took to Twitter to call President Trump "a piece of shit" and a "man baby" for his response to the attack.[57] In response to his remarks, CNN announced on June 9 that they had severed ties with Aslan and said they would not move forward with season two of the Believer series.[58] Aslan said of the cancellation, "I am not a journalist. I am a social commentator and scholar. And so I agree with CNN that it is best that we part ways."[58]

Brooke BaldwinEdit

During the 2015 Baltimore riots, Brooke Baldwin suggested that veterans were responsible for the unrest, saying soldiers who become police officers "are coming back from war, they don’t know the communities, and they’re ready to do battle." Baldwin initially pushed back critics, claiming she was just repeating something a city official had told her. She later apologized via Twitter and on-air.[59]

Glenn BeckEdit

In January 2006, CNN Headline News president Ken Jautz hired conservative talk radio host Glenn Beck to host a primetime commentary and interview show on the network, which premiered on May 8, 2006. Jautz stated that Beck was "cordial," and that his radio show was "conversational, not confrontational."[60] However, Media Matters for America and FAIR have reported that Beck had a history of making controversial statements on his radio program, including calling former President Jimmy Carter a "waste of skin",[61] hoping for the deaths of Dennis Kucinich and Michael Moore,[62] and telling a caller who claimed to have tortured foreign prisoners for the U.S. military, "I appreciate your service"[63] (Beck left CNN on October 16, 2008 to join Fox News Channel, where he hosted a similar commentary/interview program that ran until 2011).

Carol CostelloEdit

On October 22, 2014, CNN Newsroom host Carol Costello reported on the audio release of Bristol Palin being assaulted by a man at a get-together in Alaska. Costello laughed and called it "quite possibly the best minute and a half of audio we’ve ever come across."[64] She was instantly criticized for making fun of a woman who was being physically abused by a man she didn't know, as well as for being a hypocrite after recently calling for ESPN to suspend Stephen A. Smith after comments he made about women during the Ray Rice controversy. Costello eventually apologized in a statement to Politico, stating: "Over the past few days, I have been roundly criticized for joking about a brawl involving the Palin family. In retrospect, I deserve such criticism and would like to apologize."[65]

Lou DobbsEdit

In 2000, longtime business correspondent and Moneyline host Lou Dobbs left CNN, reportedly due to heated clashes with the network's president at the time, Rick Kaplan, over programming priorities and questions about Kaplan's political objectivity.[66] Dobbs returned the following year at the behest of CNN founder Ted Turner. From the time he rejoined the network, Dobbs had continuously railed against illegal immigration, offshoring, globalization and free trade in his "War on the Middle Class" and "Broken Borders" segments. Journalist Kurt Andersen in an article in New York criticized CNN for allowing Dobbs' program, "Lou Dobbs Tonight", to become "an amazingly tendentious nightly CNN 'news' program that goes well beyond the line-blurring that Fox [News] pioneered."[67] Dobbs announced his resignation from CNN on November 11, 2009 on what would be his last show for that network. He did not immediately explain the reason for his departure in his sign-off speech, but it was reported that CNN wanted him out and offered him $8 million to leave.[68] Later upon questioning Dobbs discussed his exit, "I tried to accommodate them as best I could, but I've said for many years now that neutrality is not part of my being."[68]

Don LemonEdit

On June 22, 2015, Lemon attempted to spark debate by holding up the Confederate flag and a sign with the N-word in large capital letters while asking, "does this offend you?" He received immediate criticism for the stunt.[69] It also started a series of memes on the internet, which featured the original screen shot of Lemon holding the sign, the headline "Does this Offend You?" and different images or sayings photo-shopped over the sign.[70]

Fredricka WhitfieldEdit

On June 13, 2015, while discussing the 2015 attack on the Dallas police headquarters, host Fredricka Whitfield referred to the gunman, James Boulware, as "courageous and brave, if not crazy". The comment received immediate backlash and calls for her to apologize. The next day, Whitfield stated on air that she misspoke and in no way believed the gunman was courageous or brave.[71] After the backlash continued, she issued another on-air apology on June 15, saying she terribly misused those words, now understood how offensive it was and was sincerely sorry.[72][73]

OtherEdit

Jon Stewart's Crossfire appearanceEdit

Comedian Jon Stewart appeared on Crossfire on October 15, 2004 and criticized its format and the style of arguments presented on the show. He called hosts Tucker Carlson and Paul Begala "partisan hacks", and asked them to "stop hurting America". Begala argued that the purpose of the show was that it was intended as for debate, to which Stewart responded "To do a debate would be great. But that's like saying Pro Wrestling is a show about athletic competition" and called Carlson's signature bow-tie an example of "theater". At one point Carlson told Stewart "I think you're more fun on your show", Stewart replied by saying: "You know what's interesting though? You're as big a dick on your show as you are on any show." Carlson later told Stewart that "You need to get a job at a journalism school, I think" to which Stewart quipped "You need to go to one."[74][75][76]

Carlson departed CNN in January 2005; the network cancelled Crossfire at that same time.[77] CNN president Jonathan Klein stated that "I agree wholeheartedly with Jon Stewart's overall premise."[76][78] Carlson said that he had resigned from CNN before Stewart's appearance claiming: "I resigned from Crossfire in April, many months before Jon Stewart came on our show, because I didn't like the partisanship, and I thought in some ways it was kind of a pointless conversation... each side coming out, you know, [raises fists] 'Here's my argument', and no one listening to anyone else. [CNN] was a frustrating place to work."[79][80][81] Begala remained with CNN after Crossfire's cancellation.

M.I.A. InterviewEdit

In June 2009, musician M.I.A. stated she did an hour-long interview with CNN condemning the mass bombing and Tamil civilian fatalities at the hands of Government forces in Sri Lanka in 16 weeks the same year, "and they cut it down to one minute and made it about my single Paper Planes. When I went to the Grammys, I saw the same reporter from CNN, and I was like, 'Why did you do that?' And she said, 'Because you used the G-word.'" "Genocide. I guess you're not allowed to say that on CNN".[82][83]

Steubenville High School rape case coverageEdit

Candy Crowley, Poppy Harlow and Paul Callan were criticized for portraying the two convicted rapists in the Steubenville High School rape case sympathetically and for placing very little focus on the victim on March 17, 2013.[84] During the course of the delinquent verdict, Harlow stated that it was "Incredibly difficult, even for an outsider like me, to watch what happened as these two young men that had such promising futures, star football players, very good students, literally watched as they believed their lives fell apart...when that sentence came down, [Ma'lik] collapsed in the arms of his attorney...He said to him, 'My life is over. No one is going to want me now.'"[85] An online petition garnered over 200,000 signatures protesting the coverage and demanding an apology.[86]

CNN also revealed the name of the 16-year-old victim on March 17 by broadcasting unedited footage of one of the convicted rapists' post-conviction statements. This practice is against the Associated Press guidelines for coverage.[87]

Coverage of the Cleveland kidnapping victimsEdit

On the morning of May 7, 2013, CNN interrupted coverage of the Jodi Arias murder trial with an update of the release of three young women from Cleveland, Ohio who were kidnapped by Ariel Castro between 2002 and 2004. CNN correspondent Ashleigh Banfield appeared to interview HLN host Nancy Grace from a remote location, and it appeared that both were filming from parking lots. The channel graphics later alerted viewers that both reporters were in Phoenix, Arizona. The same cars were noticeable driving behind the two anchors, first behind Banfield and then by Grace. It became obvious that Grace and Banfield were, in fact, sitting in the same parking lot, pretending to be in remote locations when both were actually approximately 30 feet from each other.[88]

Milwaukee riots coverageEdit

During the 2016 Milwaukee riots, CNN showed a clip of Sylville Smith's sister, Sherelle Smith, urging rioters: "Don't bring that violence here," and referred to her as calling for peace.[89] The rest of her speech, which was not included in the broadcast, included the following: "Burning down shit ain't going to help nobody! Y'all burning down shit we need in our community. Take that shit to the suburbs! Burn that shit down! We need our weave. I don't wear it, but we need it." After being called out for selective editing,[90] a CNN reporter involved in the story tweeted that they had "shorthanded" the quote and posted a link to a corrected video on CNN's website, which began with the screen shot that read: "An earlier version of this story mischaracterized what the victim's sister was trying to convey. She was calling for peace in her community, urging the protesters to go elsewhere."[91]

Redditor controversyEdit

On July 2, 2017, President Donald Trump posted a video on Twitter depicting him repeatedly clotheslining and punching Vince McMahon on the ground at WrestleMania 23. The clip had been edited to place a CNN logo over McMahon's face. Two days later, CNN published a story entitled, "How CNN found the Reddit user behind the Trump wrestling GIF", which labeled Reddit user "HanAssholeSolo" as the creator of the viral video. In the article, political reporter Andrew Kaczynski explained the process that allowed the organization to discover the identity of the user.[92]

After the publication of the article, the user posted an apology to CNN, including apologies for previous Reddit postings that could be taken as well as containing racist, Islamophobic, and anti-Semitic language and imagery on the Reddit group /r/The_Donald. Immediately afterwards, his apology was locked and deleted by the subreddit's moderators[92][93][94] while the user deleted his Reddit account.[95][96] After confirming the identity of the Reddit user, HanAssholeSolo expressed his unwillingness for his name to be released to the public. In response, CNN stated that they would not reveal his name, as he was "[a] private citizen who has issued an extensive statement of apology, showed his remorse by saying he has taken down all his offending posts, and because he said he is not going to repeat this ugly behavior on social media again. In addition, he said his statement could serve as an example to others not to do the same. CNN reserves the right to publish his identity should any of that change."[92]

CNN was subsequently accused of blackmailing the user by Julian Assange and various personalities.[97] Meanwhile, Madison Malone Kircher of New York Magazine opined that CNN could've avoided the internet vigilantism if the network did not indicate that they could potentially publish his identity.[98][99] Kaczynski responded by stating that CNN's statement was "misinterpreted" and that the user said that he was not threatened prior to his apology.[100]

CNN's decision to withhold the user's name was also criticized by William Grueskin, a professor at Columbia University. Grueskin argued that the user was neither an abuse victim nor a confidential witness nor a juvenile. Meanwhile, Indira Lakshmanan of Poynter Institute said that it was more likely that, out of fear, the user begged CNN to have his name withheld.[101] Kirsten Powers, a commentator at CNN, also criticized CNN's decision, asking in a USA Today article "what about the people he routinely dehumanizes and degrades online?"[102] Powers also wrote on Twitter that "people do not have a 'right' to stay anonymous so they can spew their racist, misogynist, homophobic garbage."[103]

Appearances in fictionEdit

Some controversy was created by the use of CNN on-air staff for fictionalized reports and broadcasts in the science-fiction movie Contact (1997).[104]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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