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Chandra Kant Raut (Nepali: चन्द्र कान्त राउत), PhD (Cambridge), is a formerly US-based computer scientist, author and political leader, who has been involved in demanding a separate Madhesh country for the Madhesi people.[1] He is often placed under house-arrest by the Government of Nepal .[2][3]

Dr. C. K. Raut
डा. सी. के. राउत
Personal details
BornMahadeva, Saptari District, Province No. 2, Nepal
Alma materCambridge University, Tribhuvan University and University of Tokyo

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Raut was born in Mahadeva Village, in the Saptari district, Sagarmatha Zone of Nepal. He attended primary school in his home village, and secondary school in nearby Katti. He went on to study at Tribhuvan University (Nepal), Tokyo University (Japan) and Cambridge University (UK). He is a recipient of Young Nepalese Engineer Award, Mahendra Bidhya Bhusan, Kulratna Gold Medal, and Trofimenkoff Academic Achievement Award.[4]

Professional careerEdit

He worked as a computer scientist for the US based company Raytheon BBN technologies.

Political movementEdit

Raut is the founding president of the Non-Resident Madhesi Association, a global diaspora organisation of Madhesi people living abroad.[5] He is also the founder of the Injot Movement, a social transformation initiative targeted at Nepal, Ethiopia, and Bangladesh. In recent years, he has been advocating for an end to racism, colonisation and discrimination imposed on the Madheshi people, by the Nepali "ruling class" by his definition.

ArrestEdit

On September 13th of 2014, the Government of Nepal arrested Raut for on the grounds of sedition after giving a speech to a gathering of Santhals, an indigenous population of Nepalese, in their annual festival. After his arrest, Raut began to fast in protest, arguing that his right to freedom and expression was being violated by the government.[6][7][8][9] He was subsequently hospitalized on the 25th of September after complaints of severe stomach pain. Nepali Congress Vice-President Ram Chandra Poudel, Minister for Information and Communications Minendra Rijal, and Agriculture Minister Hari Parajuli visited Raut in the hospital to urge him to end his fast.[10] Raut ended his fast on the October 1st, after 11 days, upon the Nepalese government's request and commitment to respect freedom of expression. The Attorney Office filed a sedition case at the Special Court on October 8th.[11]

International supportEdit

New York City based Human Rights Watch issued this statement on the arrest and subsequent filing of sedition charges against Dr Raut:

"The Nepal authorities should immediately withdraw sedition charges and unconditionally release rights campaigner Chandra Kant Raut. His arrest threatens the chances of a robust debate on federalism, and undermines the promise of inclusion. Raut's arrest shows that minority voices can and will be easily sidelined."[12]

Asian Human Rights Commission stated:

"Acknowledging that everyone has the rights to freedom of speech, movement, peaceful assembly and association are the fundamental rights of all human beings everywhere, as also mandated by the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, of which Nepal is a signatory, we expect acknowledgement and assurance of our rights from the state and its agencies. The AHRC urges the government of Nepal to immediately release Dr Chandra Kant Raut. The AHRC fears possible torture, harassment and other ill treatment during their arbitrary arrest by the Morang Police."[13]

Amnesty International also wrote a letter to the Nepalese Minister for Home Affairs, demanding Raut's release.[14][15]

Speech in BiratnagarEdit

On January 3rd of 2015, Raut was again arrested while giving a speech at Jutwa College. Many supporters were injured following a clash with police. A dozen police personnel were also injured. Raut's supporters claimed police had used brutal force and didn't allow him to be hospitalised locally for injuries incurred during the clash.[16]

Alliance for Independent MadheshEdit

Dr. Raut is the president and the founding member of Alliance for Independent Madhesh, which in its manifesto has described itself as a coalition of Terai people discriminated by Pahari civilisation. It has people of various sub-ethnicities, activists, parties and various organisations who are working towards establishing an independent Madhesh. Although it was established in 2007, it did not announce their manifesto until a press conference in Kathmandu on 21 May 2012. The manifesto states the main objective of the alliance is to achieve independence of Madhesh through peaceful and non-violent means. It has also demanded an end an end to racism, slavery and discrimination imposed on Nepali people of Madheshi origin by the Pahari people. It claims to have three pillars: independent Madhesh of Nepal, non-violence and peaceful means, and a democratic system.[17]

Books and filmsEdit

  1. मधेश स्वराज / Madhesh Swaraj
  2. मधेश का इतिहास / A History of Madhesh
  3. वीर मधेशी / Bir Madheshi
  4. वैरागदेखि बचावसम्म (आत्मकथा) [Denial to Defense]
  5. Black Buddhas: The Madheshis of Nepal (documentary)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "" मुख्य समाचार " :: नेपाल ::". Ekantipur.com. 24 May 2015. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  2. ^ "Police intrudes Dr. Raut's privacy and security keeping him under 24 hours surveillance : July 3, 2015". Asian Human Rights Commission. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
  3. ^ "Police going berserk in Nepal's Terai : July 29, 2015". Asian Human Rights Commission. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
  4. ^ "Celebrating the Anniversary : Non-Resident Madhesh Association, USA : June 2011" (PDF). Madhesh.org. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  5. ^ "Bio | CK Raut". Ckraut.wordpress.com. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  6. ^ "CK Raut charged with sedition". Myrepublica.com. 8 October 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  7. ^ [1] Archived 25 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "Free Raut immediately: FRA – Detail News : Nepal News Portal". Thehimalayantimes.com. 25 September 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  9. ^ "CK Raut ends hunger strike". Ekantipur.com. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  10. ^ "Nepal charges political activist with treason". GlobalPost.com. October 8, 2014. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  11. ^ "Govt files sedition case against CK Raut – Detail News : Nepal News Portal". Thehimalayantimes.com. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  12. ^ Brad Adams (14 October 2014). "Nepal: Drop Sedition Charges against Madhesi Activist". Human Rights Watch. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  13. ^ "Nepal: Immediately release Doctor Chandra Kant Raut who have been confined into illegal and arbitrary confinement — Asian Human Rights Commission". Humanrights.asia. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  14. ^ "CK Raut's case hearing on Sunday, Special court sentences 2 additional days' imprisonment". Nepalnews.com. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  15. ^ "Document". Amnesty International. 5 December 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  16. ^ "CK Raut arrested again in Biratnagar". Goonlinenews.com. 3 January 2015. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  17. ^ [2] Archived 17 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine