CBWFT-DT (channel 3) is an Ici Radio-Canada Télé station in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, serving the province's Franco-Manitoban population. It has common ownership with CBC Television station CBWT-DT (channel 6). Both stations share studios on Portage Avenue and Young Street in Downtown Winnipeg, while CBWFT-DT's transmitter is located atop the Richardson Building.

CBWFT-DT
Ici Manitoba logo.jpg
Channels
BrandingICI Manitoba
Programming
AffiliationsIci Radio-Canada Télé
Ownership
OwnerSociété Radio-Canada
CBWT-DT
History
First air date
April 24, 1960 (62 years ago) (1960-04-24)
Former call signs
CBWFT (1960–2011)
Former channel number(s)
Analogue:
6 (VHF, 1960–1964)
3 (VHF, 1964–2011)
Digital:
51 (UHF, 2011–2020)
Call sign meaning
CBC Winnipeg Français Télévision
Technical information
Licensing authority
CRTC
ERP9.5 kW
HAAT135.1 m (443 ft)
Transmitter coordinates49°53′43″N 97°8′17″W / 49.89528°N 97.13806°W / 49.89528; -97.13806
Links
WebsiteICI Manitoba

HistoryEdit

The CBC announced on February 17, 1959 that they would appear before the BBG (predecessor to the CRTC) in Ottawa on March 18 to apply for a license to extend Radio-Canada's television signal into the Winnipeg area.[1]

 
CBWFT logo from 1977.

CBWFT first signed on at 3 p.m. on April 24, 1960, using channel 6 with an EIRP of 2,800 watts. At the same time two VTRs, worth $75,000 each were installed at the station.[2] It was the first francophone television station west of Ontario. Its opening broadcast was a ceremony held at the Notre Dame Auditorium in St. Boniface. Dignitaries included in attendance were Lieutenant-Governor Errick Willis; Premier Duff Roblin; CBC President Alphonse Ouimet; Marcel Ouimet, general manager of Radio-Canada; J. R. Finlay, CBC Prairie Region Director; and Leo Remillard, CBWFT's program director.[3]

At first, CBWFT's broadcast day ran between 6 and 12 hours, with a longer programming day on weekends. Over the years, this was extended to encompass most of the day. Initially, Radio-Canada's microwave link did not reach as far as Winnipeg. Instead, videotapes and films were "bicycled" from Montreal and delayed by one week, except for news and live events like La Soirée du hockey.[4]

 
CBWFT logo from 1986 to 1992.

On November 15, 1964, it swapped frequencies with CBWT and a higher-powered transmitter was installed at the new site near Starbuck.[5][6] From 1964 till the early 1980s, it referred to itself simply as "CBWFT canal 3 Winnipeg". During the early 1980s, CBWFT was known as "CBWFT 3/10", signifying its position on Channel 3, Cable 10 in Winnipeg. On January 1, 1986, it became known as "Radio-Canada Manitoba".

By October 31, 1966, CBWFT was connected to the Radio-Canada microwave signal, allowing the live feed of Le Téléjournal at 6 p.m. Prior to this the newscast consisted of Radio-Canada's radio news with locally inserted images.[7] Several months after the first Anik A satellite was launched in 1972, CBWFT switched to the satellite feed of Radio-Canada and dropped the microwave feed, except to distribute its signal within its coverage area, Manitoba and Northwestern Ontario, and part of Saskatchewan. In 1976, a rebroadcaster of CBWFT programming in Regina became CBKFT. In 1985, CBKFT was issued a separate license to broadcast its own Ce Soir regional news program.

News operationEdit

In 2005, the long-running Ce Soir news program was renamed to Le Téléjournal, which is the same name of the French national news program on Radio-Canada. The Téléjournal local edition is normally 30 minutes in length, however the Wednesday edition is 60 minutes. The program is also rebroadcast at 11 p.m.

Technical informationEdit

SubchannelEdit

Channel Video Aspect Short name Programming[8]
3.1 720p 16:9 Main CBWFT-DT programming / Ici Radio-Canada Télé

Analogue-to-digital conversionEdit

CBWFT switched from analogue to digital television broadcasting on December 9, 2011, from its Winnipeg transmitter atop the Richardson Building, after several delays, due to an "unforeseen delay that is outside of the Corporation's control," involving antenna erection.[9] CBWFT's digital signal operates on UHF channel 51. Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers will display CBWFT's virtual channel as 3.1.[10]

TransmittersEdit

CBWFT operated 11 analogue television retransmitters in Manitoba (e.g. Brandon) and Northwestern Ontario (in the parts of that region which fall in the Central Time Zone, e.g. Kenora). Due to federal funding reductions to the CBC, in April 2012, the CBC responded with substantial budget cuts, which included shutting down CBC's and Radio-Canada's remaining analog transmitters on July 31, 2012.[11] None of CBC or Radio-Canada's television rebroadcasters were converted to digital.

ManitobaEdit

City of license Callsign Channel
Brandon CBWFT-10 21 (UHF)
Flin Flon CBWFT-2 3 (VHF)
Oak Lake CBWFT-12 32 (UHF)
Pine Falls CBWFT-6 11 (VHF)
St. Lazare CBWFT-3 13 (VHF)
Sainte Rose du Lac CBWFT-4 3 (VHF)
The Pas CBWFT-1 6 (VHF)
Thompson CBWFT-5 5 (VHF)

Northwest OntarioEdit

City of license Callsign Channel
Dryden CBWFT-9 6 (VHF)
Fort Frances CBWFT-11 15 (UHF)
Kenora CBWFT-7 2 (VHF)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Phillips, Bruce (February 17, 1959). "CBC Asks to Build TV in St. Boniface". Winnipeg Tribune. p. 1.
  2. ^ "Viewers To Get Choice Of Channels This Year". Winnipeg Free Press. April 26, 1960. p. 31.
  3. ^ "French TV Channel Here Now Operating Full-Scale". Winnipeg Tribune. April 25, 1960. p. 15.
  4. ^ "French TV On April 24". Winnipeg Tribune. April 8, 1960. p. 5.
  5. ^ "October Set As Target Date For Change In CBC Channels". Winnipeg Free Press - TV-Radio. April 15, 1964. p. 15.
  6. ^ "CBWT Will Switch to Channel 6". Winnipeg Free Press. November 5, 1964. p. 3.
  7. ^ "French Newscast Direct". Winnipeg Free Press - TV-Radio. October 29, 1966. p. 6.
  8. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for CBWFT-DT
  9. ^ CBC (n.d.), "CBC Television Winnipeg Archived 2011-11-21 at the Wayback Machine" at cbc.radio-canada.ca, accessed 2011-10-04, 2011-12-09.
  10. ^ Digital Television - Office of Consumer Affairs (OCA) Archived 2008-09-16 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Speaking notes for Hubert T. Lacroix regarding measures announced in the context of the Deficit Reduction Action Plan

External linksEdit