The Certification Authority Browser Forum, also known as the CA/Browser Forum, is a voluntary consortium of certification authorities, vendors of Internet browser software, operating systems, and other PKI-enabled applications that promulgates industry guidelines governing the issuance and management of X.509 v.3 digital certificates that chain to a trust anchor embedded in such applications. Its guidelines cover certificates used for the SSL/TLS protocol and code signing, as well as system and network security of certificate authorities.
|Focus||Provide internet security industry standards for certificate authorities and certificate consumers such as Internet browsers|
As of November 2020[update], the consortium includes fifty certificate authorities, ten certificate consumer vendors, and industry standards and audit bodies including the European Accredited Conformity Assessment Bodies’ Council (ACAB’C), the WebTrust Task Force, and the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI).
The CA/Browser Forum has these working groups:
- Server Certificate Working Group, which has subcommittees for Validation and Network Security, which maintains the following standards:
- "Baseline Requirements for the Issuance and Management of Publicly-Trusted Certificates" (for SSL/TLS)
- "Guidelines For The Issuance And Management Of Extended Validation (EV) Certificates" (for SSL/TLS)
- "Network and Certificate System Security Requirements"
- Code Signing Working Group which maintains:
- "Baseline Requirements for the Issuance and Management of Publicly-Trusted Code Signing Certificates"
- S/MIME Certificate Working Group which is developing:
- "Baseline Requirements for the Issuance and Management of Publicly-Trusted S/MIME Certificates"
In 2005, Melih Abdulhayoglu of the Comodo Group organized the first meeting of CA/Browser Forum. The first meeting was held in New York City. This was followed by a meeting in November 2005 in Kanata, Ontario, and a meeting in December, 2005, in Scottsdale, Arizona with the main objective to enable secure connections between users and websites.
In addition to CA/Browser Forum members, representatives of the Information Security Committee of the American Bar Association Section of Science & Technology, Law and the Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants participated in developing the standards for issuing and managing Extended Validation SSL/TLS certificates. Version 1.0 of the EV Guidelines was adopted on 7 June 2007.
In November 2011, the CA/Browser Forum adopted version 1.0 of the "Baseline Requirements for the Issuance and Management of Publicly-Trusted Certificates" intended to provide minimum security standards for all browser-trusted SSL/TLS certificates. Subsequent versions expanded the Baseline Requirements to directly incorporate requirements from browser root store policy programs such as those of Mozilla and Microsoft.
In January 2013 the CA/Browser Forum's first "Network and Certificate System Security Requirements" took effect defining best practices for the general protection of CA networks and supporting systems.
In February 2013 a new industry group, the Certificate Authority Security Council (CASC), was formed with a mission that includes promoting CA/Browser Forum standards. Membership requires adherence to CA/Browser Forum standards. The CASC's founding members consisted Comodo CA (now Sectigo), Symantec (now DigiCert), Trend Micro (now Entrust), DigiCert, Entrust, GlobalSign  and GoDaddy.
In August 2020, the S/MIME Certificate Working Group was chartered to create a baseline requirement applicable to CAs that issue S/MIME certificates used to sign, verify, encrypt, and decrypt email.
In September 2020, the CA/Browser Forum adopted version 2.0 of the "Baseline Requirements for the Issuance and Management of Publicly-Trusted Code Signing Certificates", which had previously been maintained outside the group.
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- "How Can We Improve Code Signing?".
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- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2013-04-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- CA/Browser Forum S/MIME Certificate Working Group https://cabforum.org/working-groups/smime-certificate-wg/
- Official website
- "Windows Root Certificate Program members". Support. Knowledge Base. Microsoft. Jan 11, 2013. 931125. Archived from the original on 2013-12-16.
CAs approved for EV in Microsoft IE7
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