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Club de Deportes Cobreloa S.A.D.P. (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkluβ ðe ðe.ˈpoɾ.tes ko.βɾe.ˈlo.a] (About this soundlisten)), commonly referred to as Cobreloa, is a Chilean football profesional club based in Calama, Región de Antofagasta, Chile. That competes in the Primera B de Chile, the second tier flight of Chilean Football. The club's home ground is the Estadio Zorros del Desierto.

Cobreloa
Cobreloa's logo
Full nameClub de Deportes Cobreloa S.A.D.P.
Nickname(s)Zorros del desierto (desert foxes)
Loínos
Mineros (Miners)
Naranjas (Oranges)
Founded7 January 1977; 42 years ago
GroundEstadio Zorros del Desierto
Capacity12,000
ChairmanWalter Aguilera
ManagerVíctor Rivero
LeaguePrimera B
20182nd
WebsiteClub website

Founded in January 7 of 1977 by initiative of various local agrupations and the Chilean state-owned enterprise, CODELCO. This club was created starting from the Legal Personality of the local club, Deportes El Loa. On March 30, 2006, the club was change the way to manage into a Limited sports company with the unanimous approval of 56 of its socios (members).[1] According to the 2018 year public report, the capital of the club is $ 4.534 billon CLP (6.697.624,8 $ USD) spread on 1.000.000 stocks wihtout nominal value, mostly owned by the socios (members of club) with 999.999 of them and the chairman of the club with 1 stock.[2] On 2018 the first team team budget was $ 100 millon CLP.[3]

The club Professionalism debuts on Segunda división profesional de Chile in 1977, archiveing the promotion to Primera División in the same year. The club has won the Primera División title in 8 times, and the 1986 Copa Polla Lan Chile. One of its rivalities are with Club Social y Deportivo Colo-Colo team in the Clásico Albo-Loíno,[4] Club de Deportes Cobresal who dispute the Clasico del Cobre[4] and Deportes Antofagasta in the Clasico de la región de Antofagasta.[5]

In 2019, The Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation sort out in the 71st position in the Worldwide Historical Ranking of Clubs.[6] In CONMEBOL Libertadores Ranking 2019 its in 62nd position.[7]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Cobreloa is a relatively new club, having been founded on 7 January 1977. The name Cobreloa comes from combining the Spanish word for copper (Cobre), and Loa, after the province and the Loa River, the longest river in Chile, which is located near Calama and Chuquicamata, the world's largest open pit copper mining|mine.

The club was able to establish itself in Chile's top flight very quickly, earning promotion after its first season, where they have stayed ever since. Only four years after their foundation, Cobreloa reached the finals of the Copa Libertadores in 1981, losing in a third match to Brazilian club Flamengo. Cobreloa reached the Copa Libertadores final the following year, losing to Peñarol of Uruguay. The club also reached the semi-final of the Copa Libertadores in 1987.

They have competed in the Copa Libertadores de América 13 times, 3 times in the Copa Sudamericana and twice in the Copa CONMEBOL. In 1995 they reached the quarter-finals and the following year were eliminated in the first round. Cobreloa have 8 Primera División titles and 1 Copa Chile title making them the most successful side outside Santiago in Chile and one of the four biggest clubs of the country.

Colours, badge and symbolsEdit

 
The traditional color of the team was inspired in Netherlands National Football Team in the 70's according the former president, José Gorrini.

The traditional color of Cobreloa is orange, according to president, José Gorrini, the color of the club was selected due to give tribute to Netherlands National Football Team, in the 70's this selection was very popular by players like Johan Cruyff. Also, by commercial reasons this color was selected due obtain travel discounts in the national airline, Ladeco (Línea aérea del Cobre), whose corporative color was orange.[8]

 
A painting inside the Municipal de Calama of badge of the club with the eight titles won ultil 2004.

The first Cobreloa kit was red shirt and white shorts due lack of clothing, so its imrpovised on February of 1977, valid for Copa Chile, facing up Regional Antofagasta.[9][10] Since 1977 the classical kit of the team is full orange, with some modifications, like 1992-93 season with white shorts, in 2009-10 the official kit was change with white socks. The away kit has been mostly full white, until 2001-2006 year it changed by color black, also in 2013-15 and 2017-18 seasons alternating with white color during those years.

The first conmeorative shirt of the club was on 2007, with spanish sportwear company, Kelme. That attire was a special logo on them.[11] On december of 2016, the sportswear company, Macron, aunciated to sale a commemorative shirt to celebrate 40 years of the club , the design was similar to the 80's kits style.[12]

On February 4 of 2019, was showed the first tird kit in Cobreloa, being the black the color was elected, due to the popular choice in the club fans.[13]

The first badge was created by Enrique Escala,[14] inspired by the symbol of copper, make reference to corporate logo of Codelco also, with a soccer ball insert instead the ball in the company logo. This badge has been change in multiple times, specialy in the kits. The most notable change was change the name Cobreloa in below side of the badge instead Calama word and add the "Cobreloa" words in the upper side of the badge.[15]

Y en los triunfos y derrotas, gladiador tu frente noble
mostradas con tu hinchada gran devota,
donde jueges por amor te seguirá,
por el cobre y su gran mineral.

Part of the First Hymn of Cobreloa
Alejandro Álvarez Vargas.

The fist anthem of the club was written and composed by the musician and writer, Alejandro Álvarez Vargas—the winning contestant from a contest advertised through the local radio station[16]

The first mascot of the club was a cartoon fox called Loíto; it was the original idea and creation of journalist, Alfredo Llewellyn Bustos. The design of the mascot was by the director René Vásquez Rodríguez. The mascot appears for the first time on a handbill of the club for membership recruitment and also in the local journal El Mercurio de Calama in 1977 with the purpose of following the activities of the team week-by-week.[17]

 
 
 
 
 
Traditional color of the team
 
 
 
 
 
1992-93 years
 
 
 
 
 
2009 kit

Kit suppliers and shirt sponsorsEdit

Team Kit from 2005-to 2019
Period Kit supplier Shirt main sponsor Notes
1982–1984 Adidas None
1985-1988 Penalty
1989-1991 Adidas
1992 Reusch
1993-1994 Adidas Cristal
1995 Uhlsports
1996-1997 Puma
1998 Le Coq Sportif
1999 Kelme
2000-2001 Adidas None Change of away kit colors from white to black.
2002 Adidas Sky
2003-2004 Adidas Turbus
2005 Diadora Pullman Bus
2006 None
2007 Kelme Lider Presto First Commemorative kit to celebrate 30 years of the club.
2008 Garcis Hino
2008 Lotto
2009 Nissan
2010 Mitre Pal Airlines
2011 Finning CAT
2012-2015 Lotto
2015–present Macron
  • In 2017, the 40-year commemorative shirt in special format was made available for sale.
  • In 2019, the first third kit of the team, with black colors was added.


Kit dealsEdit

Kit supplier Period Contract
announcement
Contract
duration
Notes
Macron
2015–2018
15 January 2015[18]
June 2015[18] – August 2018 (3 years)
2018–2021
10 August 2018
August 2018 – January 2021 (2,5 years)

StadiumsEdit

Estadio "Zorros del Desierto" de Calama
The Orange Hell
 
LocationMatta Avenue, no Number, Calama, Chile
OwnerMunicipality of Calama
OperatorMunicipality of Calama
Capacity12,346 seatings
Construction
Broke groundFebruary 3, 2013
OpenedNovember 12, 1952
RenovatedApril 18, 2015
Construction costUS$ 8,66 million
ArchitectGerardo Marambio Cortés
Claudio Aceituno Husch
Patricia Vidal Aguayo
Tenants
Club de Deportes Cobreloa
Deportes Iquique

Since 1977 the first homeground of the club was the Estadio Municipal de Calama, who which played the national league and internationals Cups matches until January 27, 2013. The last match who was played by the team in this stadium was against Colo-Colo, the team wins by 5-2 goals.[19]

For the two finals of Copa Libertadores who the team played was in the Estadio Nacional de Chile, on 1981 and 1982, against Clube de Regatas do Flamengo and Club Atletico Peñarol respectively.[20]

On February 2013 due the renovation of the Stadium, the team had to plays in anothers homegrounds, the first staidum who whas elected to play like homeground was the Parque Estadio Juan López located in Antofagasta.[21] For the first class matches the stadium elected was the Tierra de Campeones on Iquique, who attain plays with Club de Deportes Universidad Católica.[22]

Then the wailings of the team about the infraestructure of the stadium Juan López, the directing of the club made negotiations with the Municipality of Antofagasta to play in the Stadium Calvo y Bascuñan, in this homeground the team was played the Copa Sudamericana matches, with Club Atletico Peñarol and Club Deportivo La Equidad and local first Class matches of the Local League in the rest of the year.[23]

From june of this year the main stadium who the team played the mostly the national league, was the reciently inagurated stadium Estadio Luis Becerra Constanzo, formed called Estadio la Madriguera de Calama in Calama, the team inganurated the homeground in a Copa Chile match against Club de Deportes Cobresal.

Since 2015, the team plays in the stadium Zorros del Desierto of Calama. The first match was againts Club de Deportes Antofagasta. Actualy plays the local competitions like the Primera B de Chile and Copa Chile.

HonoursEdit

National honoursEdit

1980, 1982, 1985, 1988, 1992, 2003-A, 2003-C, 2004-C
1986

International honoursEdit

Runners-up (2): 1981, 1982

RecordsEdit

Primera División top scorersEdit

Year Player Goals
1982 Jorge Luis Siviero 18
1983 Washington Olivera 29
1993 Marco Antonio Figueroa 18
Apertura 2004 Patricio Galaz 23
Clausura 2004 Patricio Galaz 19

Copa Chile top scorersEdit

Year Player Goals
1982 Jorge Luis Siviero 8
1986 Juan Carlos Letelier 11
1990 Adrián Czornomaz 13
1994 Alejandro Glaría 12

PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

Current squad of Cobreloa as of 21 May 2019 (edit)
Sources: ANFP Official Web Site

No. Position Player
1   CHI GK Claudio González
2   CHI DF Matías González
4   CHI DF Claudio Miranda
5   URU DF Sebastián Ramírez
6   URU MF Guillermo Firpo
7   CHI DF Michael Contreras
9   ARG FW Lucas Simón
10   CHI MF Ignacio Jara
11   ARG FW Rafael Viotti
12   CHI GK José Quezada
13   CHI MF Kevin Mundaca
14   CHI DF Diego Soto
15   CHI MF Felipe Báez
16   CHI DF Esteban Flores
17   CHI FW Sebastián Romero
No. Position Player
18   ARG FW Gonzalo Abán
19   CHI MF Matías Fernández
20   CHI DF Matías Álvarez
21   CHI MF Gonzalo Pérez
22   CHI DF Christopher Díaz
23   CHI FW Nicolás Barrera
24   CHI MF Axl Ríos
25   CHI FW Bastián Valdez
26   CHI FW Pablo Brito
27   CHI DF Nozomi Kimura
28   CHI DF Ignacio Carrasco
29   CHI MF Juan Pablo Abarzúa
33   CHI GK Hugo Araya
35   CHI MF Fabián Quilaleo
38   CHI MF Cristián Dubó

Manager: Víctor Rivero

2019 summer transfersEdit

InEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1   GK Claudio González (from Unión La Calera)
5   DF Sebastián Ramírez (from Deportes Copiapó)
11   FW Rafael Viotti (from Santiago Wanderers)
12   GK José Quezada (Free Agent)
14   DF Diego Soto (loaned from Universidad de Concepción)
15   MF Felipe Báez (from Deportes Colchagua)
No. Position Player
16   DF Esteban Flores (from Universidad de Concepción)
18   FW Gonzalo Abán (from Unión La Calera)
22   DF Christopher Díaz (loaned from Curicó Unido)
23   FW Nicolás Barrera (from Unión Compañías)
27   DF Nozomi Kimura (from Santiago Morning)
29   MF Juan Pablo Abarzúa (loaned from Universidad de Concepción)

OutEdit

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1   GK Gonzalo Collao (back to Universidad de Chile)
3   DF Miguel Sanhueza (to Deportes Melipilla)
5   DF Mario Parra (to Curicó Unido)
10   MF Jorge Luna (to Rangers)
11   MF José Luis Silva (to Deportes La Serena)
12   FW Cristian Ivanobski (Released)
13   DF Cristián Oviedo (Released)
14   MF Pablo Parra (loaned to Universidad de Chile)
15   DF Luis Maldonado (to Sport Huancayo)
No. Position Player
17   MF Arturo Sanhueza (to Fernández Vial)
19   DF Mario Larenas (back to Unión Española)
22   FW Diego Alvarado (to San Luis)
25   MF Eduardo Vidal (to Santiago Morning)
27   FW Gabriel Mazuela (back to Universidad de Chile)
28   FW Felipe Fritz (to Rangers)
29   MF Juan Carlos Araya (to Deportes Colchagua)
30   GK Raúl Olivares (to Always Ready)

Managerial and technical staffEdit

Head Coach   Victor Rivero Faccioli
Assistant Manager   Sebastián Prado
Goalkeeping Coach

  Eduardo Fournier Arriagada
  Matías Febre Ávila

Fitness Coach   Luis Toro Carrillo
 Felipe Rodriguez Letelier
Match Analysis   Felipe Donoso Barrera
Kinesiologist   Santiago Rojas Sexton
Paramedic   Juan Herrera Araya
 Carlos Videla Riveros

Source: www.sifup.cl

ManagementEdit

The club is managed by Sociedad Anonima Deportiva Profesional (Profesional Sports Corporation) format in Chile, through the Chilean law, N° 20.019 relativa a las Organizaciones Deportivas Profesionales (Related to Profesional Sports Organizations). This law allow to organizate, produce, marketing and participate into profesional sports activities in the country.[24]

On 2 october of 2017, the club make an extraordinary assambly with the members of the club, the assistance of these with suffrage right was of 86. For propouse was to reform the statute regime of the club in that moment. This renewed statutes lay down the official adress of the club, Calama, the indefinited length time of the directory and the unlimited number of member who could be owns.[25]

This statute allude the principles and objetives of the institution, the rights and duties of the members, the heritage and the administration, the members generals assamblies, the directory, the duties of the directors of the corporation, subdiaries of the club and the rules of this.[25]

Board of directorsEdit

Office Name
President Walter Aguilera Valenzuela
Vice president Duncan Araya Vega
Secretary Jose Luis Vega Chilla
Treasurer Jorge Pereira Vallejos
First Director Adrian León Diaz
Second Director Leonardo Troncoso Ramírez
third Director Luis Vega Campos

Source: www.cobreloa.cl

ManagersEdit

Cobreloa managers from 1977 to present

PresidentsEdit

Cobreloa presidents from 1977 to present
  • 1977: Francisco Núñez Venegas
  • 1978: Esteban Ibáñez
  • 1978: José Gorrini Sanguinetti
  • 1978–82: Sergio Stoppel García
  • 1983–87: Luis Gómez Araya
  • 1987–88: Sergio Stoppel García
  • 1989–91: Pedro Cortés Navia
  • 1991–92: Luis Urrutia Concha
  • 1992–93: Orlando Álvarez Campos
  • 1993–98: Sergio Jarpa Gibert
  • 1998–99: Pedro Pablo Latorre Muñoz
  • 1999–03: Heriberto Pinto García
  • 2003–06: Gerardo Mella Fernández
  • 2006–07: Augusto González Aguirre
  • 2007–10: Juan George George
  • 2010–12: Javier Maureira Alfaro
  • 2012–14: Mario Herrera Pinto
  • 2014: Jorge Pereira
  • 2014–15: Augusto González Aguirre
  • 2015–present: Gerardo Mella Fernandez

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "La historia cambió Cobreloa es Sociedad Anónima" (in Spanish). El Mercurio de Calama. 23 March 2006. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  2. ^ "Cobreloa S.A.D.P. memoria anual" (in Spanish). Comisión para el Mercado Financiero. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  3. ^ "Presupuesto Anual 2019" (in Spanish). Comisión para el Mercado Financiero. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  4. ^ a b Montenegro Araya, Iván (12 September 2015). "Los clásicos del fútbol chileno" (in Spanish). Sinfonia de Gol. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  5. ^ "ANTOFAGASTA SUPERÓ A COBRELOA EN EL CLÁSICO REGIONAL" (in Spanish). Asociación de fútbol profesional de Chile. 25 March 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  6. ^ "Worldwide Historical Ranking of Clubs". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  7. ^ "Ranking CONMEBOL Libertadores para la edición 2019" (in Spanish). CONMEBOL. Retrieved 5 May 2019.
  8. ^ "Especial Fútbol y Minería: Cobreloa, un gigante en tiempos de incertidumbre" (in Spanish). Minería Chilena. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  9. ^ "Cobreloa, el Zorro del Desierto" (in Spanish). FIFA.es. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  10. ^ Herrera, Francisco. "El debut en el profesionalismo de Cobreloa" (in Spanish). FIFA.es. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  11. ^ "Galaz presentó la nueva" (in Spanish). El Mercurio de Calama. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  12. ^ "Presentan camiseta para 2017 Nueva indumentaria oficial del club" (in Spanish). El Mercurio de Calama. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  13. ^ Alfaro P., Wilson. "Cobreloa tendrá tres modelos de camisetas para la temporada 2019" (in Spanish). SoyChile.cl. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  14. ^ "Genealogía calameña de Cobreloa" (in Spanish). Cobreloa.cl. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  15. ^ "Nuestras insignias a lo largo de la historia" (in Spanish). Cobreloa.cl. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
  16. ^ "Creador del himno de Cobreloa recibirá la Mazorca de oro 2017" (in Spanish). El AMERICA. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  17. ^ "Ya está disponible una nueva revista que cubre a Cobreloa en Calama" (in Spanish). Soychile.cl. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  18. ^ a b "Marca italiana vestirá a Cobreloa desde junio" (in Spanish). El Mercurio de Calama. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  19. ^ "Hace seis años Cobreloa arrolló a Colo Colo" (in Spanish). CDF.cl. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
  20. ^ "Santiago albergará su final número 13 de Copa Libertadores" (in Spanish). As.cl. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
  21. ^ "Ya está disponible una nueva revista que cubre a Cobreloa en Calama" (in Spanish). Cooperativa.cl. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
  22. ^ "Cobreloa de local en el "Tierra de Campeones" espera a la Universidad Católica" (in Spanish). Edición Cero. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
  23. ^ "Cobreloa jugará de local en el Calvo y Bascuñán de AntofagastaCatólica" (in Spanish). El Nortero. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
  24. ^ "Ley 20.019 REGULA LAS SOCIEDADES ANONIMAS DEPORTIVAS PROFESIONALES" (PDF) (in Spanish). Comisión del Mercado Financiero. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
  25. ^ a b "Acta de asamblea extraordinaria de la corporación de Club de Deportes Cobreloa celebrada con fecha dos de octubre de 2017" (PDF) (in Spanish). Cobreloa.cl. Retrieved 15 May 2019.

SourcesEdit

  • ‹See Tfd›(in Spanish) Libro Oficial Cobreloa Un Impacto en el Desierto (2007), Carlos Gómez/Cedep, Chile

External linksEdit