A cédula de identidad (Spanish), also known as cédula de ciudadanía or Documento de identidad (DNI), is a national identity document in many countries in Central and South America. In certain countries, such as Costa Rica, a cédula de identidad is the only valid identity document for many purposes; for example, a driving license or passport is not valid to open a bank account. The term "cédula" may also colloquially refer to the number on the identity document.[citation needed]

Cédula de identidad, Buenos Aires (1934)

The term cedula (Latin) means, in general, an order or authorization; in earlier times such a document on the authority of a king, or a royal decree, which for Spain and Spanish America was a decree issued directly by the monarch.[1][2] A cedula may take the form of a brief authenticating text concerning an attached relic, such as the cedulae in reliquary pockets of the Ottonian Cross of Mathilde in the treasury of Essen Cathedral.

Central America Edit

In Central America, the cédula de identidad is valid for border crossings between three Central American countries: Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador.[citation needed]

Costa Rica Edit

In Costa Rica, in recent years, a cédula de identidad, has been a credit card-sized plastic card. On one side, it includes a photo of the person, a personal identification number, and the card's owner personal information (complete name, gender, birth date, and others), and the user's signature. On the reverse, it may include additional information such as the date when the ID card was granted, expiration date of the ID card, and other such as their fingerprints, and all the owner's information in PDF417 code. The cards may include several security measures, including the use of ultraviolet coating. In the near future in Costa Rica, the cédulas de identidad will also be used in the digital signature process.[citation needed]

The cédula is required for nearly all bureaucratic procedures such as voting and receiving healthcare at a state-funded hospital or clinic. The cédula is acquired upon an citizen's 18th birthday, though a ID card for minors is available.

Guatemala Edit

In Guatemala, the national ID is called DPI (Documento Personal de Identificación / Personal Identification Document), mandatory for anyone 18 or older to have (although no penalty exists for not having one). It's a credit card-sized eID card required for everything; from opening a bank account to paying taxes to receiving Social Insurance.

See also Edit

Notes Edit

  1. ^ Mark A. Burkholder, "Cédula" in Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture, vol. 1, p. 43. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons 1996.
  2. ^ Guten-11.

External links Edit