Byron Mallott

Byron Ivar Mallott (April 6, 1943 – May 8, 2020) was an American politician, elder,[2] tribal activist and business executive from the state of Alaska. Mallott was an Alaska Native leader of Tlingit heritage and the leader of the Kwaash Ké Kwaan clan. He was lieutenant governor of Alaska, from December 2014 until his resignation on October 16, 2018.[3] He also previously served as the mayor of Yakutat, the mayor of Juneau, the president of the Alaska Federation of Natives and the executive director of the Alaska Permanent Fund.

Byron Mallott
Byron Mallott.jpg
12th Lieutenant Governor of Alaska
In office
December 1, 2014 – October 16, 2018
GovernorBill Walker
Preceded byMead Treadwell
Succeeded byValerie Davidson
Mayor of Juneau
In office
October 4, 1994 – February 13, 1995
Preceded byJamie Parsons
Succeeded byDennis Egan
Commissioner of the Alaska Department of Community and Regional Affairs
In office
1972–1974
GovernorBill Egan
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byLee McAnerney
Mayor of Yakutat
In office
1965–1966
Preceded byJay B. Mallot
Succeeded byJerry Nelson
Personal details
Born
Byron Ivar Mallott

(1943-04-06)April 6, 1943
Yakutat, Alaska, U.S.
DiedMay 8, 2020(2020-05-08) (aged 77)
Anchorage, Alaska, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic[1]
Other political
affiliations
Independent (2014–2018)
Spouse(s)Antoinette Mallott
Children5
EducationWestern Washington University

Mallott was the Democratic nominee for Governor of Alaska in 2014,[4] until he agreed to merge his campaign with that of independent candidate Bill Walker and become Walker's running mate. Walker and Mallott won the election and were sworn in on December 1, 2014. In 2018, Mallott abruptly resigned after it was discovered he made inappropriate overtures to a woman.

Early lifeEdit

 
Mallott as DCRA commissioner in 1973

Byron Ivar Mallott was born on April 6, 1943, in Yakutat, Alaska, to Jay B. Mallot and Emma M. Brown.[5] His father established a general store in a spare room of the family home in 1946. Byron spent most of his childhood living in Yakutat.[6] He graduated from Sheldon Jackson High School and studied for several years at Western Washington State College.[7]

CareerEdit

PoliticalEdit

Mallott's political career began in 1965 when his father, who served as Yakutat's mayor for the vast majority of the position's existence, died.[8] He left college and returned to Yakutat, running to replace him, and won the election.[6] He left office before the expiration of his term, taking a job in the office of Governor Bill Egan towards the end of Egan's first governorship. His job in the governor's office was focused on local government affairs, one of the few constitutionally mandated executive functions in Alaska.[6]

After Egan was defeated for re-election by Walter Hickel in 1966, Mallott returned to Yakutat and served on the city council.[9]

In 1968, Mallott received the Democratic nomination for the 5th district in the Alaska House of Representatives. In the general election he was narrowly defeated by Henry E. Reeves by twenty-three votes. Mallot posted the $250 for a recount, but the vote total remained the same.[10] In 1969, Senator Mike Gravel appointed him to serve as a special assistant.[11]

Business careerEdit

In 1972, Mallott became a member of the newly formed Sealaska Corporation and was elected director. He served as chairman of the board from 1976 to 1983. In 1982, he was selected to serve as the CEO and kept his position until retirement on July 1, 1992.[12][13]

Mallott became chairman of Alaska's Reapportionment Board, but on September 5, 1980, he resigned from the board for personal reasons.[14]

In 1982, Mallott was appointed to the board of trustees of the Alaska Permanent Fund Corporation by Governor Jay Hammond to replace Elmer Rasmuson.[15] In 1985, he was selected to serve as the chairman of the permanent fund and later served as the executive director from 1995 to 2000.[16][17][6][18] He had also established a permanent fund for Sealaska shareholders during his tenure there, which had grown to a net worth of $100 million by the late 1990s.[19]

Mayor of JuneauEdit

Incumbent mayor Jamie Parsons declined to seek re-election in 1994 after one term in office.[20] On August 16, 1994, Mallott announced that he would run in Juneau's mayoral election.[21] He was elected mayor of Juneau in that municipality's 1994 general election. He resigned from office after he was selected to serve as the executive director of the Alaska Permanent Fund Corporation.[17] Mallott faced harsh criticism when he initially announced that he could handle serving in both positions, leading to changing his mind and resigning the mayoral position. Mallott was succeeded as mayor by deputy mayor Dennis Egan.[22]

Other posts heldEdit

Mallott had also served as:[23][24]

  • President of the Alaska Federation of Natives. He was also awarded as "Citizen of the Year" by AFN.[19]
  • Executive director of the Rural Alaska Community Action Program (1970)
  • Chair of the Nature Conservancy of Alaska
  • A Director of the Alaska Public Radio Network
  • Co-chair of the Alaska Commission on Rural Governance and Empowerment, appointed by Governor Tony Knowles.
  • Director of the Alaska Commercial Fisheries and Agriculture Bank
  • Co-chair of the re-election campaign of Senator Lisa Murkowski during the 2010 election

He was also awarded an honorary doctorate in humanities by the University of Alaska.[19]

2014 gubernatorial electionEdit

 
Byron Mallott being sworn in as lieutenant governor of Alaska, 2014

Mallott announced on September 2, 2013 that he was running for the Democratic nomination for governor of Alaska in the 2014 election.[25] He won the Democratic gubernatorial primary with 80% of the vote on August 19, 2014.[4]

 
Alaska National Guard receives new commanding general

Independent candidate Bill Walker and Mallott merged their campaigns on September 2 to appear on the November ballot as one independent campaign, which the Alaska Democratic Party endorsed. On this ticket, Walker ran for governor with Mallott as his running mate. Both candidates' respective prior running mates withdrew.[26] They won the election on November 4, 2014, as there was a recount due to a close election result.[27]

2018 gubernatorial electionEdit

In 2017, Walker and Mallott registered to run for re-election on an independent ticket. Despite running for reelection as an independent, Mallott maintained his Democratic Party registration.[1]

They faced the Republican ticket headed by state senator Mike Dunleavy and the Democratic ticket headed by former senator Mark Begich, until Mallott's resignation from office on October 16 and Bill Walker's eventual campaign suspension on October 19 (Walker briefly ran with acting lieutenant governor Valerie Davidson after Mallott resigned).[28]

ResignationEdit

Mallott resigned his post as lieutenant governor on October 16, 2018, citing "inappropriate comments" that he had made to a woman whom Governor Walker refused to name. He was succeeded as lieutenant governor by Valerie Davidson, the former commissioner of the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services.[29]

Personal life and deathEdit

Mallott was married to Antoinette (Toni) Mallott,[9] a retired schoolteacher who spent most of her career teaching elementary grades in the Juneau School District. They had five children. The Mallotts lived in the West Juneau neighborhood of Juneau, located on Douglas Island near downtown Juneau.

Mallott suffered a heart attack at his home in Juneau on May 7, 2020, and was flown by a medical charter to Anchorage. He died the following day, at the age of 77.[30][31]

Electoral historyEdit

1968 Alaskan House of Representatives 5th district election[32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Henry E. Reeves 696 50.84% +50.84%
Democratic Byron Mallott 673 49.16% -50.84%
Total votes 10,421 100.00%
1994 Juneau mayoral election[33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Nonpartisan Byron Mallott 7,968 76.46%
Nonpartisan Genji League 1,223 11.74%
Nonpartisan Alan Wicks 1,141 10.95%
Nonpartisan Write-ins 89 0.85%
Total votes 10,421 100.00%
2014 Alaska Democratic-Libertarian-Independence gubernatorial primary[34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Byron Mallott 42,327 66.89%
Democratic Phil Stoddard 10,514 16.62%
Libertarian Carolyn Clift 10,436 16.49%
Total votes 63,277 100.00%
2014 Alaska lieutenant gubernatorial election[35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Byron Mallott 134,658 48.10% +48.10%
Republican Dan Sullivan 128,435 45.88% -13.18%
Libertarian Andrew C. Lee 8,985 3.21% +2.16%
Constitution Maria Rensel 6,987 2.50% +2.50%
Independent Write-ins 893 0.32% -0.04%
Total votes 279,958 100.00%
2018 Alaska lieutenant gubernatorial election[36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Kevin Meyer 145,631 51.44% +5.56%
Democratic Debra L. Call 125,739 44.41% -3.69%
Independent Byron Mallott (incumbent) 5,757 2.03% -46.07%
Libertarian Carolyn F. Clift 5,402 2.03% -1.30%
Independent Write-ins 605 0.21% -0.11%
Total votes 283,134 100.00%

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Walker-Mallott to run as independents again in 2018". KTUU. August 21, 2017.
  2. ^ "Sealaska community mourns the passing of Tlingit leader Byron Mallott" (Press release). Sealaska. 2020. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  3. ^ "Alaska Lt. Gov. Byron Mallott abruptly resigns following 'inappropriate comments'". 16 October 2018. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Alaska - Summary Vote Results". ASSOCIATED PRESS. August 20, 2014.
  5. ^ "Who's Who West, 1998-1999". Marquis Whos Who. January 1, 1997 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ a b c d Germain, David (1996-10-27). "Fund Manager Gives Away Cash: Rich or Poor, Alaskans Get Dividends". Los Angeles Daily News. Retrieved December 10, 2010.
  7. ^ "Sealaska President Begins Rebuilding". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 May 2020.
  8. ^ "1968 Directory – Borough & City Officials". Alaska Local Government. Juneau: Office of the Governor of Alaska, Local Affairs Agency. VI (9): 50. November 1967.
  9. ^ a b Atwood, Evangeline; DeArmond, Robert N. (1977). Who's Who in Alaskan Politics. Portland, Oregon: Binford & Mort for the Alaska Historical Commission. p. 61.
  10. ^ "Recount Begins On Several Races". Fairbanks Daily News-Miner. November 25, 1968. p. 3. Archived from the original on May 8, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  11. ^ "Sen. Gravel selects Byron Mallott". Daily Sitka Sentinel. January 17, 1969. p. 4. Archived from the original on May 8, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  12. ^ "Mallot to Speak At Commencement". Daily Sitka Sentinel. May 8, 1985. p. 6. Archived from the original on May 8, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  13. ^ "Sealaska Exec Mallott Announces Retirement". Daily Sitka Sentinel. April 24, 1992. p. 1. Archived from the original on May 8, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  14. ^ "Reapportionment Chief Byron Mallott Resigns". Daily Sitka Sentinel. September 8, 1980. p. 3. Archived from the original on May 8, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  15. ^ "Mallott Named To State Dividend Board". Daily Sitka Sentinel. August 4, 1982. p. 3. Archived from the original on May 8, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  16. ^ "Mallot Elected Fund Chairman". Daily Sitka Sentinel. August 16, 1985. p. 1. Archived from the original on May 8, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  17. ^ a b "Byron Mallott Chosen Permanent Fund Head". Daily Sitka Sentinel. February 6, 1995. p. 1. Archived from the original on May 9, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  18. ^ "Byron Mallott Biography". Archived from the original on October 3, 2019.
  19. ^ a b c Commission on Rural Governance and Empowerment, Final Report to the Governor. Juneau: Alaska Department of Economic and Community Development. June 1999. p. 118.
  20. ^ Phu, Lisa (2015-12-29). "Former Juneau mayor, capital city advocate Jamie Parsons dies at 74". KTOO-TV. Retrieved 2016-01-03.
  21. ^ "Ex-Sealaska CEO Announces Candidacy for Juneau Mayor". Daily Sitka Sentinel. August 18, 1994. p. 3. Archived from the original on May 9, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
  22. ^ "Juneau Assembly to weigh costs, benefits of special election to replace mayor". KTVA. Retrieved May 8, 2020.
  23. ^ "Byron Mallott Joins Board of Alaska Communications Systems". Business Wire. January 5, 2000. Retrieved 2008-04-24.
  24. ^ "Byron Mallott biography". Alaskool.org. 2004.
  25. ^ DeMarban, Alex (September 3, 2013). "Byron Mallott announces decision to run for Alaska governor". Alaska Dispatch. Retrieved September 3, 2013.
  26. ^ "Walker, Mallott to join forces in governor's race". Alaska Dispatch News. September 1, 2014. Retrieved September 2, 2014.
  27. ^ Decker, Cathleen. "Unity ticket defeats Alaska GOP Gov. Sean Parnell in drawn-out race". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 8 May 2020.
  28. ^ Kelly, Caroline (October 19, 2018). "Alaska Gov. Bill Walker suspends re-election bid". CNN. Retrieved October 19, 2018.
  29. ^ Zak, Annie; Hanlon, Tegan; DeMarban, Alex (October 16, 2018). "Alaska Lt. Gov. Byron Mallott abruptly resigns following "inappropriate comments"". Anchorage Daily News.
  30. ^ Herz, Nathaniel (May 8, 2020). "Alaska Native leader and former Lt. Gov. Byron Mallott dies at 77". Alaska Public Media. Retrieved May 8, 2020.
  31. ^ Brooks, James (May 8, 2020). "Byron Mallott, former Alaska lieutenant governor, has died at 77". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved May 8, 2020.
  32. ^ "AK State House 05 1968". February 6, 2010.
  33. ^ "Juneau Mayor 1994". April 29, 2009.
  34. ^ "AK Governor 2014 - ADL primary". May 22, 2016.
  35. ^ "AK Lt. Governor 2014". October 16, 2018.
  36. ^ "AK Lt. Governor 2018". November 26, 2018.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
J. B. Mallott
Mayor of Yakutat
1965–1966
Succeeded by
Jerry Nelson
New office Commissioner of the Alaska Department of Community and Regional Affairs
1972–1974
Succeeded by
Lee McAnerney
Preceded by
Jamie Parsons
Mayor of Juneau
1994–1995
Succeeded by
Dennis Egan
Preceded by
Mead Treadwell
Lieutenant Governor of Alaska
2014–2018
Succeeded by
Valerie Davidson
Party political offices
Preceded by
Ethan Berkowitz
Democratic nominee for Governor of Alaska
Withdrew

2014
Succeeded by
Bill Walker
Endorsed