Buxar

  (Redirected from Buxar, Bihar)

Buxar is a nagar parishad city in the state of Bihar, India bordering eastern Uttar Pradesh. It is the headquarters of the eponymous Buxar district, as well as the headquarters of the community development block of Buxar, which also contains the census town of Sarimpur along with 132 rural villages. It's also popular as Mini Kashi. Buxar is also called the city of Maharishi Vishwamitra and the site of education of Lord Ram. This city has had a great religious cultural and historical significance since time immemorial. In modern times, the historic Battle of Chausa and Battle of Buxar were fought in the vicinity.[1][2][3] Buxar Railway Station lies on Patna–Mughalsarai section of Howrah–Delhi main line. It is approximately 125 km from the state capital of Patna. The local language of Buxar is Bhojpuri.

Buxar

Buxar
City
Ganges river at Buxar, Buxar Bridge , Buxar Railway Station
Map of Buxar in Buxar block
Map of Buxar in Buxar block
Buxar is located in Bihar
Buxar
Buxar
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 25°33′38″N 83°58′50″E / 25.56049°N 83.98054°E / 25.56049; 83.98054Coordinates: 25°33′38″N 83°58′50″E / 25.56049°N 83.98054°E / 25.56049; 83.98054
Country India
StateBihar
DistrictBuxar
Established1480
Incorporated1991
Founded byTodar Rao & Domar Rao
Area
 • Total6.2 km2 (2.4 sq mi)
Elevation
55 m (180 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total102,861
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
 • NativeBhojpuri Language
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
802101
Telephone code06183
Vehicle registrationBR-44
Websitebuxar.bih.nic.in

TyponymEdit

According to local traditions, the name Buxar is derived from a lake in the town named Aghsar (effacer of Sin), which in course of time became Baghsar and took the present form that is Buxar. Another vedic legend states that, a sage or rishi named Besira transformed himself to take the look of a Tiger to frighten Durvasa rishi, and doomed by him to retain the form of Tiger forever. In order to restore his Hyman's form, Bedsira bathed in the holy pond of Aghsar and worshipped Garushankar. To commemorate this event the spot was called Vyaghrasar and later became Baghsar (The Tiger's pond).[4]

HistoryEdit

AncientEdit

Buxar is considered as the home of many sages and authors of vedic hymns. It is also said that that it was originally called Vedagarbh (the womb of origin of Vedas).[4]

A detailed description of Buxar can be found in numerous Hindu scriptures such as the Vedas, the Puranas, the YogVashishtha (a treatise by Sage Vashishtha), the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, and countless other sources. It was a place which was the abode of celestial sages and rishis, it was a forest full of beautiful flowers, fruit-laden trees, priceless medicinal herbs, ponds, lakes, hermitages & monasteries besides a huge variety of animals in its forests. It is said that approximately 80000 sages lived here, in their ashrams where they regularly performed vedic rituals, yagnas and scientific experiments. This place known as Siddhashram in former times was blessed by those sages. The great celestial sage Vishvamitra had also resided in this pious land to perform his rituals to complete his spiritual practice; that's why Buxar was a centre of India's sage culture, spirituality, occult practices as well as profound ancient sciences as well as being famous as the "tapobhumi"(site of ritual) of sage Vishvamitra.

More than 2,200,000 years ago during Satya Yuga, Lord Vaman, who was the fifth and first human incarnation of Vishnu, took birth on the pious banks of the river Ganga in Siddhashram (present day Buxar), and later went on to vanquish the Asura king, Mahabali, due to the Asuras terrorizing the world with criminal and sinful acts on a mass scale.

In the Ramayan period, Siddhashram was the site of rituals for Sage Vishvamitra who along with many other sages use to perform vedic yagnas and scientific research. Their experiments were regularly disturbed by asuras and demons living in the jungle. So Sage Vishvamitra decided to take the help of Prince Ram (who was yet another incarnation of Vishnu) and his brother Lakshman, the Princes of Kosal, the sage gave the princes his knowledge of divine and celestial weapons besides giving them much important knowledge. These weapons were later on used by Ram to defeat the asura Ravan and achieve the purpose of his life (Lord Vishnu had incarnated as Prince Ram to kill that demon king) Thus it was Buxar, where an enlightened Ram's magnificent personality erupted, the sage's grace awakened their immeasurable power and the world came to know that he was indeed an incarnation of god. Ram also used this knowledge to fight and kill the dreaded asuras viz Tadaka and her sons Mareech and Subahu who used to disturb the rishis in their rituals and further went on to eliminate Ravan

and his entire family ahead.

The Buxar Fort situated in Charitravan, Buxar is a medieval fortress on the banks of river Ganga, built by King Rudradev of the Parmar Dynasty in A.D. 1054 on the same spot where Sage Vishvamitra's ashram was located and the place where Ram slayed Tadaka. The Fort was abandoned but later on it was repaired by King Bhojdev and was used by subsequent rulers of the Parmar Dynasty.

Originally the oldest neburhood of Buxar is Sarimpur which was established by Todar Rao and Domar Rao. They belonged to Sikandarpur (Know Narainpur in Ghazipur) but later adopted Islam in 1470s and established the Sarimpur. Later, Goverment planed to Make it a city and byued land from the villagers of Sarmipur and nearby village and established Buxar City. Before, Buxar was a very hamlet of Sarimpur. The city of Buxar was statrted building in 1870s. But the main founders were Todar Rao and Domar Rao. Todar Rao and Domar Rao family also established Umarpur. The land were Buxar City stands mostly belonged to Sarimpur and Umarpur. When Todar Rao and Domar Rao after adopting islam came in Buxar they buyed 14,125 Bigha (3570 hectares) of land here on which later, goverment buyed and established Buxar.

The historic Battle of Chausa fought on the battlefield of Chausa, situated 10 miles southwest of Buxar city was a notable military engagement on 26 June 1539 between the forces of the Afghan king Sher Shah Suri and Mughal Emperor Humayun in which the latter was badly defeated by the Afghan king .

Battle of Buxar was fought on 22 October 1764, between the forces under the command of the British East India Company, led by Hector Munro, and the combined armies of Mir Qasim, the Nawab of Bengal, Nawab of Awadh Shuja-ud-Daulah and Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II . It was a decisive victory for the British East India Company as the combined forces of the Indian kings were ultimately routed by the British forces eventually leading to the beginning of the East India Company's consolidation and stronghold over Indian politics and conquest of the Indian subcontinent.

DemographyEdit

Historical populations
YearPop.±%
191111,309—    
192110,098−10.7%
193113,449+33.2%
194114,879+10.6%
195118,087+21.6%
196123,068+27.5%
197131,691+37.4%
198142,952+35.5%
199155,753+29.8%
200183,168+49.2%
2011102,861+23.7%
"District Census Handbook Part A - Buxar" (PDF). Census of India. p. 731.

As of 2011 India census,[5] Buxar had a population[6] of 102,861. Males constitute 52.65% of the population and females 47.35%. 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The 2011 census recorded the city of Buxar as having a literacy rate of 83.82%, with an 11.24% gap between male literacy (89.13%) and female literacy (77.89%). The whole of Buxar district had a literacy rate of 70.14%, with Buxar block (comprising both rural and urban areas) had a literacy rate of 77.45%, the highest in the district.[7]

GeographyEdit

Buxar district occupies an area of 1,703 square kilometres.[7]

EconomyEdit

Buxar is an important regional commercial and trade hub, with connections via road and rail along with river transport on the Ganges. Along with Dumraon, Buxar is one of the main centres for trade and industry in the district. Soap and furniture are manufactured in both cities. Major exports from Buxar include rice, paddy, gur, mango, vegetables, fish, and jail-related manufactured goods. Major imports include engineering goods and medicine.[8]

VillagesEdit

In addition to the urban settlements of Buxar and Sarimpur, Buxar block encompasses 132 villages. Of these, 97 are inhabited and 35 are uninhabited:[7]

Village name Total land area (hectares) Population (in 2011)
Karhansi 764 4,248
Gohuwana 24.7 0
Milki 89.8 0
Lalsagar 17 0
Mathia 48.1 756
Ijrisiram 215.7 2,312
Pirtampur 88.2 0
Ijribudhan 81.7 379
Karhansi 237 2,159
Rakasi Chak 279.3 2,259
Kudratipur 45.5 642
Jarigawan 115.7 1,408
Larai 46.6 445
Dubauli 36.8 0
Korarwa 34.4 478
Haripur 101.7 1,490
Gobindapur 26.7 1,430
Umarpur 52.7 15
Misraulia 104 1,783
Kamhariya 80.6 907
Kamarpur 253.8 3,074
Laropur 13.3 0
Kiratpura 64.7 865
Lachhmipur 58.8 3,341
Baluwa 80.2 2,275
Belahi 39.6 864
Jagdishpur 28 0
Puliya 98.4 822
Chhotka Nuawan 127.4 2,034
Dubauli 46.6 242
Gopnuawan 81.4 624
Barka Nuawan 122.6 1,511
Parmanandpur 27.1 0
Thora 66.8 1,339
Thoragangbarar 22.3 0
Bibiganj 68.4 1,370
Panrepatti 521.6 10,745
Misraulia 183.7 2,901
Mathia Gurdas 48.8 747
Lalganj 123.9 2,083
Betwa 82 0
Manauwar Chak 41.3 595
Jaso 227.1 4,817
Sohani Patti 75.3 3,770
Niranjanpur 19 2,406
Ahirauli 312.4 6,496
Katkaulia 20.6 310
Nadaon 468.6 5,858
Sondhila 259.8 2,432
Panditpur 88.5 1,049
Jagdishpur 285.7 5,142
Kulhariya 377.6 3,242
Karhansi 270 2,833
Parasiya 82.2 1,050
Patelawa 40 350
Shiupur 39.7 0
Suratpur 48 0
Harkishunpur 35.6 1,383
Dalsagar 138 4,545
Gogaura 80.9 1,594
Tarapur 15.8 121
Sahupara 31.6 1,291
Parari 149.4 1,372
Churamanpur 245 4,277
Darappur 73 948
Arjunpur 197 4,599
Sherpur 72 998
Balapur 67.2 642
Dungurpur 18.7 0
Tiwaripur 22.7 865
Dubauli 21.1 29
Gharaipur 28.7 0
Dahiwar 106.9 2,145
Garani 52.7 813
Majharia 495 2,302
Simra 17 69
Khutaha 146.4 4,188
Dudhar Chak 20.6 196
Kharanti 49.8 316
Ramubariya 64.7 1,032
Shankarpur 17.8 0
Paharpur 24.8 65
Bishunpura 24.3 0
Usrauliya 37 0
Balua 30 0
Panrepur 29.8 1,163
Upadhyapur 21.1 905
Kamkarahi 8.8 0
Jagdara 49 1,195
Gobindpur 32 0
Ganauli 66 0
Parari 52.8 714
Nat 39.8 1,615
Umarpur Diara 153.4 1,513
Mungraul 26.6 225
Padumpur 49.4 18
Misrauliya 62 2,876
Rampur 21 169
Bhosrampur 20.6 0
Sonbarsa 123.8 3,069
Desarbuzurg 73 440
Ammadarhi 45.3 861
Kharka 96 70
Marwa 62 337
Jatmahi 13 0
Narayanpur 25.9 0
Dumariya 9.9 0
Kothia 237.6 1,577
Balua 38 0
Belaur 118.6 1,637
Marautiya 101.2 0
Khadra 122.2 0
Baruna 779.8 6,694
Basauli 892 3,902
Boksa 639.8 5,580
Mahdah 1,443.1 9,344
Lachhmanpur 35.6 224
Bhabhuar Milki 23.1 0
Bhabhuar 110.8 1,007
Nuaon 71.6 953
Ramdiha 83.7 617
Nidhua 199 1,411
Pipra 42.4 0
Panditpur 59.1 285
Rahua 29.7 0
Sagrampur 60.2 788
Karauniyan 66 48
Babhani 108 1,383
Majhani Naubarar (Unsurveyed) 369 0
Umarpur Naubarar (Unsurveyed) 70 0
Umarpur Diara (Unsurveyed) 0 0
UmarpurJot MisranBarkaGaon 95.4 0

The total population of these villages is 180,308, in 27,985 households.[7]

Notable PeopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 11 March 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 11 March 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ https://www.telegraphindia.com/1151027/jsp/bihar/story_49751.jsp#.WMNcKfnyuM8 Archived 12 March 2017 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b Bihar And Orissa Gazetteers Shahabad. p. 163. ISBN 8172681224.
  5. ^ "Census of Buxar". Census of India. Archived from the original on 11 December 2013. Retrieved 9 December 2013.
  6. ^ Buxar Population, Buxar Population from 2001-2020. "Buxar Population".
  7. ^ a b c d "Census of India 2011: Bihar District Census Handbook - Buxar, Part A (Village and Town Directory)". Census 2011 India. pp. 19–20, 23–98, 681–82, 358–421, 730–746. Retrieved 3 July 2020.
  8. ^ "About District/". Buxar. National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 6 July 2020.