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The Butuanon are an ethnolinguistic group who inhabited in the region of Caraga. They are part of the wider ethnolingustic group Bisaya people, who constitute the largest Filipino ethnolinguistic group in the country.

Butuanon people
Kahimunan Festival 2018 Dance Presentation (Original Work).jpg
A dance number being presented at the annual Kahimunan Festival at the Libertad Sports Complex in Butuan City. The festival is celebrated every January.
Total population
1,420,000 (2000 census)
Regions with significant populations
Butuanon, Cebuano, Tagalog, English
predominantly Roman Catholic, others
Related ethnic groups
other Visayans, other Filipinos, other Austronesians groups (especially Indonesians, (Dayak, Malays, Meratus Dayak and other non-Muslim Pribumi)
A Butuanon woman holding a Sto. Niño image.


Butuanons live in the provinces of Agusan del Norte and Agusan del Sur. Some live in Misamis Oriental or in Surigao del Norte, all of which are in the northeastern corner of Mindanao.


Butuanons number about 1,420,000. They are the descendants of Austronesian-speaking immigrants who came from South China during the Iron Age. The native language of Butuanons is the Butuanon language, but most Butuanon nowadays primarily speak the Cebuano language, because of the mass influx of Cebuano settlers to Mindanao, and Filipino, English as second languages. Most are Roman Catholics, while some are Protestants.