Buttsbury is a village and former 2,079-acre (8.4 km2) civil parish (once ancient parish) in the Chelmsford District of Essex, England, a contraction of Botulph's Pirie, a major saint who died in 680. It is sometimes surmised that the name refers to a tree under which St Botolph preached. The civil parish was merged into Stock in 1936. In 1931 the civil parish had a population of 1709.
St. Mary's church
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It is centred on minor roads between the towns of Ingatestone and Billericay. The parish technically starts immediately north of the old centre of Billericay and extends around the south, west and north sides of Stock. the 14th century church St Mary is positioned at the cross roads on a hill, which overlooks Ingatestone Hall in the distance.
Today the village of Buttsbury is hard to spot on the Ordinance Survey Map, which has been a contention with locals, the church is marked by a simple cross.
The village of Buttsbury and the surrounding land dates back to Saxon times, St Botolph who died in 680AD, is said to have preached under a pear tree in the area of Buttsbury, the land was owned by a Saxon Family named Bond or Bodis, the Saxon Settlement was known as ´Joyberd at Buttsbury´, after the Norman Conquest of 1066, Buttsbury came under Norman rule and was entered in the Doomsday book as `Cinga`, the land was then owned by Henry De Ferrers.
The nearby church of St Mary was given to the Nunnery of St Leonard - atte - Bow in 1190.
In 1219 Buttsbury was known as Botolfvespire,
Under Norman rule in 1231 the parish of Buttsbury was referred to Ginges & `Ginges Laundry in 1236, consisting of several manors, it is likely that the parish took its name from the Blunts family, who had properties in nearby Billericay, alias ´Ging - Joyberd - Laundry´, being the largest manor in the parish, these manors embraced most of Stock & part of nearby Billericay known locally as Perry Street.
Today the village of Buttsbury consists of several houses and the Parish church, the reason for the isolated position of the church is a mystery and the disappearance of the village it served are; the village was cleared to make way for sheep, the Black Death of the 14th century decimated the local population, the descendants died in the Battle of Norsey Woods in the Peasants revolt of 1381, there were never any dwellings near the church, and the church was built geographically to be near the junction.
The land of Buttsbury has since the early medieval period been mainly agricultural, with some remaining areas of woodland. Of working adult men, in 1831, 84, a clear majority, worked in agriculture. The other three working sectors were: manufacturing: nil, retail and handicraft: 43 and other: 13. This remained the situation by 1881, by which time 18 of the women residents were domestic servants.
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In the early 1870s Buttsbury had 531 residents divided across 109 houses. A wave of early 20th century building was coupled with better general health especially lower infant mortality rates. Between 1911 and 1921 the population rose from 697 to 863, notwithstanding World War I in that period. In the following ten years it rose to 1,709.
- "History of Buttsbury, in Chelmsford and Essex - Map and description". www.visionofbritain.org.uk.
- Eilert Ekwall. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place Names. 4th ed.
- "Relationships and changes Buttsbury AP/CP through time". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Population Statistics Ridlington AP/CP through time". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Buttsbury AP/CP through time - Industry Statistics - Males aged 20 and over, in four industrial categories". www.visionofbritain.org.uk.
- "Buttsbury AP/CP through time - Industry Statistics - Occupation data classified into the 24 1881 'Orders', plus sex". www.visionofbritain.org.uk.
- "Buttsbury AP/CP through time - Agriculture and Land Use Statistics - 1801 Crop Acreages". www.visionofbritain.org.uk.
- "Buttsbury AP/CP through time - Population Statistics - Total Population". www.visionofbritain.org.uk.
- "Buttsbury AP/CP through time - Housing Statistics - Total Houses". www.visionofbritain.org.uk.
Media related to Buttsbury at Wikimedia Commons