Bush White House email controversy
During the 2007 Congressional investigation of the dismissal of eight U.S. attorneys, it was discovered that administration officials had been using a private Internet domain, called gwb43.com, owned by and hosted on an email server run by the Republican National Committee, for various official communications. The domain name is an abbreviation for "George W. Bush, 43rd" President of the United States. The use of this email domain became public when it was discovered that Scott Jennings, the White House's deputy director of political affairs, was using a gwb43.com email address to discuss the firing of the U.S. attorney for Arkansas. Communications by federal employees were also found on georgewbush.com (registered to "Bush-Cheney '04, Inc.") and rnchq.org (registered to "Republican National Committee"). Congressional requests for administration documents while investigating the dismissals of the U.S. attorneys required the Bush administration to reveal that not all internal White House emails were available. Conducting governmental business in this manner is a possible violation of the Presidential Records Act of 1978. Over 5 million emails may have been lost. Greg Palast claims to have come up with 500 of the Karl Rove emails, leading to damaging allegations. In 2009, it was announced that as many as 22 million emails may have been lost.
The "gwb43.com" domain name was publicized by Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington (CREW), who sent a letter to Oversight and Government Reform Committee chairman Henry A. Waxman requesting an investigation. Waxman sent a formal warning to the RNC, advising them to retain copies of all emails sent by White House employees. According to Waxman, "in some instances, White House officials were using nongovernmental accounts specifically to avoid creating a record of the communications." The Republican National Committee claims to have erased the emails, supposedly making them unavailable for Congressional investigators.
On April 12, 2007, White House spokesman Scott Stanzel stated that White House staffers were told to use RNC accounts to "err on the side of avoiding violations of the Hatch Act, but they should also retain that information so it can be reviewed for the Presidential Records Act," and that "some employees ... have communicated about official business on those political email accounts." Stanzel also said that even though RNC policy since 2004 has been to retain all emails of White House staff with RNC accounts, the staffers had the ability to delete the email, themselves.
On December 14, 2009, CNN reported that all 22 million missing emails had been found on backup tapes, and that the Obama Administration reached a settlement with two watchdog groups who had sued to obtain the emails.
Use by senior White House staffEdit
According to a former White House official, Karl Rove used RNC-hosted addresses for roughly "95 percent" of his email. Rove provided email from his email@example.com address in exhibits to the United States House Committee on the Judiciary.
White House deputy Jennifer Farley told Jack Abramoff not to use the official White House system "because it might actually limit what they can do to help us, especially since there could be lawsuits, etc." Abramoff responded, "Dammit. It was sent to Susan on her RNC pager and was not supposed to go into the WH system."
Investigations with missing emailsEdit
House Committee on Oversight and Government ReformEdit
The House Oversight committee in an interim staff report, released on June 18, 2007:
- At least eighty-eight Republican National Committee email accounts were granted to senior Bush administration officials, not "just a handful" as previously reported by the White House spokesperson Dana Perino in March 2007. Her estimate was later revised to "about fifty." Officials with accounts included: Karl Rove, the President’s senior advisor; Andrew Card, the former White House Chief of Staff; Ken Mehlman, the former White House Director of Political Affairs; and many other officials in the Office of Political Affairs, the Office of Communications, and the Office of the Vice President.
- The RNC has 140,216 emails sent or received by Karl Rove. Over half of these emails (75,374) were sent to or received from individuals using official ".gov" email accounts. Other users of RNC email accounts include former Director of Political Affairs Sara Taylor (66,018 emails) and Deputy Director of Political Affairs Scott Jennings (35,198 emails). These email accounts were used by White House officials for official purposes, such as communicating with federal agencies about federal appointments and policies.
- Of the 88 White House officials who received RNC email accounts, the RNC has preserved no emails for 51 officials.
- There is evidence that the Office of White House Counsel under Alberto Gonzales may have known that White House officials were using RNC email accounts for official business, but took no action to preserve these presidential records.
- The evidence obtained by the Committee indicates that White House officials used their RNC email accounts in a manner that circumvented these requirements. At this point in the investigation, it is not possible to determine precisely how many presidential records may have been destroyed by the RNC. Given the heavy reliance by White House officials on RNC email accounts, the high rank of the White House officials involved, and the large quantity of missing emails, the potential violation of the Presidential Records Act may be extensive.
Dismissal of U.S. attorneys controversyEdit
|Dismissal of U.S. attorneys controversy|
|G. W. Bush administration officials involved|
|Involved administration officials who resigned|
|U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary|
|U.S. House Committee on the Judiciary|
During the investigation into the firing of eight U.S. attorneys, it became known White House staff was using Republican National Committee (RNC) email accounts. The White House stated it might have lost five million emails.
On May 2, 2007, the Senate Judiciary Committee issued a subpoena to Attorney General Alberto Gonzales and the Department of Justice (DOJ) compelling the production of email Karl Rove sent to DOJ staff, regarding evaluation and dismissal of attorneys, no matter what email account Rove used, whether White House or National Republican party accounts, or other accounts, with a deadline of May 15, 2007 for compliance. The subpoena also demanded relevant email previously produced in the Valerie Plame controversy and investigation for the CIA leak scandal (2003).
CIA leak grand jury investigationEdit
Ambassador Joseph C. Wilson alleged that his wife's identity was covert and that members of the George W. Bush administration knowingly revealed that information as retribution for his New York Times op-ed entitled "What I Didn't Find in Africa," of July 6, 2003, regarding the claim that Saddam Hussein was seeking uranium. Patrick J. Fitzgerald, while investigating the leak, found that emails were missing from the White House server. Mother Jones wrote that this is possibly the reason the RNC changed the policy of deleting emails after 30 days to saving all email sent and received by White House officials. In light of the apparent vanished emails Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington (CREW) has asked to reopen the investigation.
General Services AdministrationEdit
It is feared that the missing emails might also affect congressional investigation of General Services Administration.
Department of EducationEdit
The Hatch ActEdit
The Hatch Act prohibits the use of government resources, including email accounts, for political purposes. The Bush administration stated the RNC accounts were used to prevent violation of this Act.
Presidential Records ActEdit
The Presidential Records Act mandates the preservation of all presidential records. Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington and The Wall Street Journal contend that the missing emails may constitute a violation of this Act.
- The Guardian. White House Says It Still Backs Gonzales. 25 March 2007.
- The Washington Post. GOP Groups Told to Keep Bush Officials' E-Mails. 27 March 2007
- "georgewbush.com Whois Record". (domaintools.com). Retrieved 2009-08-11.
- "rnchq.org Whois Record". (domaintools.com). Retrieved 2009-08-11.
- Rove and Co. Broke Federal Law With Email Scam by Jonathan Stein, Mother Jones, April 12, 2007
- CREW Releases New Report - Without A Trace: The White House Emails and The Violations of The Presidential Records Act Archived 2008-05-16 at the Wayback Machine"Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-05-02. Retrieved 2007-04-25.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington, April 13, 2006
- Officials' e-mails may be missing, White House says Democrats in Congress want messages from private system for probe of U.S. attorney firings By Tom Hamburger, Los Angeles Times, April 12, 2007
- "I have Karl Rove's emails". gregpalast.com. Retrieved 2007-05-26.
- "gwb43.com" - who is .com
- CREW asks for House Investigation into White House violations of Presidential Records Act. Archived April 20, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington (CREW), 15 March 2007.
- The Hill. Waxman wants RNC, Bush campaign to preserve e-mails. 26 March 2007
- News from CNN
- White House - April 12, 2007 Press Gaggle by Scott Stanzel Archived April 15, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- CNN Politics
- Froomkin, Dan. The Rovian Theory washingtonpost.com 2007-03-23
- "georgewbush.com" - who is .com
- "Rove Exhibits Part 1" (PDF). pp. 50, 55, 113 etc. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-08-25. and "Rove Exhibits Part 2" (PDF). pp. 8, 10, 40, 46. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-08-15. and "White House Documents". United States House Committee on the Judiciary. Archived from the original on 2009-08-13. Retrieved 2009-08-11.
- Financial Times. Aides to Bush told not to destroy e-mails. 26 March 2007
- Committee Staff (2007-06-18). "The Use of RNC E-Mail Accounts by White House Officials". Interim Report: Administration Oversight, White House Use of Private E-mail Accounts. U.S. House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform. Archived from the original on 2007-06-27. Retrieved 2007-06-18.
- Dismissal attorneys uncommon
- Advisers' E-Mail Accounts May Have Mixed Politics and Business, White House Says By SHERYL GAY STOLBERG, The New York Times, April 12, 2007
- Lahey, Patrick Rove Email Subpoena United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary (via Findlaw) May 2, 2007. Retrieved May 8, 2007.
- The Situation Room, CNN.Transcript
- White House Fails To Archive E-Mail; Issue in CIA Leak Case By JOSH GERSTEIN, The New York Sun, February 2, 2006
- Mother Jones: RE: Those Missing White House Emails. April 13, 2007
- Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington: CREW Writes Patrick Fitzgerald Asking to Re-Open Rove Case in Light of Missing Emails Archived March 6, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. April 13, 2007.
- CREW Writes Patrick Fitzgerald Asking to Re-Open Rove Case in Light of Missing Emails[permanent dead link] Yahoo, April 13, 2007
- Immunity for Ex-Gonzales Aide Weighed Potential Witness's Role in Firings Cited By Paul Kane, The Washington Post, April 18, 2007; Page A08
- CREW learns Dept. of Education staff are using private e-mails in violation of federal law Archived May 23, 2007, at the Wayback Machine CREW, May 16, 2007
- Ethics watchdog accuses Education Department of illegal e-mail use by Nick Juliano, Raw Story, May 16, 2007
- LEGAL WORRIES OVER MISSING EMAILS GROW by John D. McKinnon, Wall Street Journal
- Chronology of White House E-Mail Controversy National Security Archive, The George Washington University, April 17, 2008.
- Presidential Records Act (PRA) U.S. National Archives and Records Administration - Description of the records that must be retained by the President.
- Political Activity (Hatch Act) Office of Special Counsel—A discussion of restrictions on political activity by federal government employees.
- White House Email Controversy DominoPower and OutlookPower Magazines—A detailed, non-political technical analysis special report.
- Where Have All The Emails Gone? How Something As Seemingly Benign as White House Email Can Have Freaky National Security Consequences—An in-depth book based on the DominoPower and OutlookPower articles, plus a website with detailed forensic sources on the controversy.
- Jesse Lee. House Speaker Pelosi's office writes about House Oversight Committee investigation Links to deposition transcript of Susan Ralston, describing Karl Rove's use of non-White House accounts for government purposes, and link to the Oversight Committee's report. June 18, 2007.
- White House Admits No Back-Up Tapes for E-mail Before October 2003 National Security Archive, The George Washington University, January 16, 2008.