Busch Gardens Williamsburg

Busch Gardens Williamsburg (formerly known as Busch Gardens Europe and Busch Gardens: The Old Country) is a 422-acre (1.71 km2) amusement park located in James City County near Williamsburg, Virginia, United States. Located approximately 60 miles (100 km) northwest of Virginia Beach, the park was developed by Anheuser-Busch (A-B) and is owned by SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment. It opened on May 16, 1975,[1] adjacent to Anheuser-Busch's brewery and near its other developments including the Kingsmill Resort complex.

Busch Gardens Williamsburg
Previously known as Busch Gardens: The Old Country (1975–1992)
Busch Gardens Williamsburg (1993–2005, 2008–present)
Busch Gardens Europe (2006–2008)
Busch Gardens Williamsburg Logo.svg
LocationJames City County, Virginia, U.S.
Coordinates37°14′5″N 76°38′40″W / 37.23472°N 76.64444°W / 37.23472; -76.64444Coordinates: 37°14′5″N 76°38′40″W / 37.23472°N 76.64444°W / 37.23472; -76.64444
StatusOperating
OpenedMay 16, 1975; 47 years ago (1975-05-16)[1] (as Busch Gardens: The Old Country)
OwnerSeaWorld Parks & Entertainment
ThemeEurope
Slogan"Celebrate, Connect, and Care for the natural world through the power of entertainment."
Operating seasonYear round
Area422 acres (1.71 km2)
Attractions
Total53
Roller coasters9
Water rides3
WebsiteBusch Gardens Williamsburg Home Page
Main gate of Busch Gardens Williamsburg in 2014

The park is themed to a variety of European country themes and was originally named Busch Gardens: The Old Country. In 1993, the park was renamed Busch Gardens Williamsburg, and it was briefly named Busch Gardens Europe from 2006 to 2008. In 2015, an estimated 2.78 million guests attended the park, ranking it twentieth in overall attendance among amusement parks in North America.[2] In addition to its landscaping and European themes, Busch Gardens is widely known for its roller coasters, including Griffon, Verbolten, Pantheon, Alpengeist, and Apollo's Chariot, the latter of which was ranked as the fourth best steel coaster in the annual Golden Ticket Awards publication from Amusement Today in 2012.

HistoryEdit

Beginning in the early 1970s, the Busch Gardens theme park was developed by Anheuser-Busch (A-B) as a portion of the company's development investment in the Williamsburg area, which grew to include a brewery, the Kingsmill Resort, as well as residential and office properties. It opened 48 years ago in 1975 as Busch Gardens: The Old Country.[1][3]

The St. Louis-based brewer invested in the area following negotiations held between August Busch, II and Winthrop Rockefeller, who was the governor of Arkansas and the chairman of Colonial Williamsburg in the 1960s and 1970s.[4] (Water Country USA, a local water park, was acquired by A-B in the 1990s, and added to the company's theme park activities, which include a number of SeaWorld properties in other states as well).

In the last part of the 20th and early into the 21st century, as a brewer, A-B found itself competing in an increasingly global market. In 2008, after initially resisting an unsolicited stock bid, A-B announced it had reached an agreement to be acquired by the even larger Belgium-based InBev. The newer owners announced plans to sell off the portions of A-B activities that were not part of the core beverage business as it worked to reduce the debt incurred to fund the acquisition.

The Blackstone Group was selected in late 2009 to acquire and operate the 10 former A-B theme parks, including two in the Williamsburg area. In July 2010, the adjacent Kingsmill Resort was scheduled to be acquired by Xanterra Parks and Resorts, a company owned by Denver-based Phillip Anschutz.

By mid-March 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic delayed the opening of the park for the 2020 season. The park remained closed until August 6, 2020, when they reopened, offering an all-new special event - Coasters and Craft Brews.[5] The all-new special event featured limited capacity, required advanced reservations and temperature screening of guests upon arrival, and select villages of the park. As the pandemic progressed, the park has continued to host limited-capacity special events, including Taste of Busch Gardens Williamsburg, Halloween Harvest (in place of Howl-O-Scream), Christmas Celebration (in place of Christmas Town), Winter Weekends, and Mardi Gras.

Beginning in January 2021, the park began its year-round operation.[6] The previous operating season of Busch Gardens Williamsburg was late March through early January. The Winter Weekends and Mardi Gras limited-capacity events are the first time that the park has ever been open during the winter months.

Overview of featuresEdit

The park features a combination of roller coasters and Broadway-style shows. The park is broken into "countries", each having its unique style of food and music. The rides in the sections of the park are also themed to the country that they are located in.

ConservationEdit

Jack Hanna's Wild Reserve houses a variety of wild species including gray wolves and bald eagles. Busch Gardens is partnered with SeaWorld (also owned by SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment) in the SeaWorld & Busch Gardens Conservation Fund, which offers guests the opportunity to contribute to wildlife conservation. The Rhine River Cruise's boats are battery-powered to cut back on power generation and prevent water pollution. In addition, Busch Gardens and Water Country USA both use insects rather than pesticides in the parks' commitment to organic gardening. All brochures, maps, show guides and all paper products in the restrooms are made from recycled material.

Howl-O-ScreamEdit

 
Big Ben in Banbury Cross (England), decorated for Howl-O-Scream

Howl-O-Scream, the park's signature Halloween event, began in 1999 and offers more than a dozen attractions featuring vampires, zombies, clowns, witches, and skeletons.

Christmas TownEdit

Christmas Town is the park's Christmas event that began during the 2009 season. Several Christmas and winter holiday-themed attractions and shows are showcased, including a 50-foot (15 m) Christmas tree called "O Tannenbaum" that lights up in sync to Christmas music in the Oktoberfest hamlet of the park. Each of the show venues from the summer season has a holiday-themed show during Christmas Town, ranging from reinterpretations of classic Christmas stories (Scrooge No More), to ice skating (Twas That Night On Ice), to a cappella performances (Gift of Harmony). Many of the flat rides are in operation as well as the park's train, skyride, and (weather permitting) a few roller coasters, which have traditionally been Verbolten, InvadR and Pantheon since their 2012, 2017, and 2022 opening seasons, respectively, and recently Apollo's Chariot, though previous Christmas town seasons saw Tempesto, Griffon, and Alpengeist also operate. During the celebration, the park is decorated with millions of lights and dozens of real Christmas trees across the entire park. Shopping and dining are also a prominent part of Christmas Town, with many of the park's restaurants offering food and drinks catered to the season and colder weather. The event usually starts the weekend before Thanksgiving and continues every weekend until the week before Christmas, where it stays open for the rest of December until a few days after New Year's Day.[7]

HamletsEdit

The park is separated into 10 different hamlets, themed to European villages from England, France, Germany, Italy, Scotland and Ireland.

Two attractions provide transportation around the park. The Aeronaut Skyride gondola lift transports guests between the Sesame Street Forest of Fun, Aquitaine and Rhinefeld hamlets; while the Busch Gardens Railway's replica steam trains transport guests between the Heatherdowns, Festa Italia and New France hamlets. The train serves as a convenient way for families with small children to travel around the park together as well as providing an "Old Country" themed method of transportation fitting the park's overall theme.

Banbury Cross (England)Edit

 
2014 Street View of Banbury Cross, England

Banbury Cross is fashioned after England, with phone booths and classic English architecture. Guest Services windows are located next to the turnstiles of the Main gate. A simulacrum of the famous Elizabeth Tower (Big Ben) is the central element of this area. Banbury Cross also includes The Squire's Grill, serving breakfast and lunch, as well as a funnel cake shop, ice cream shop and candy store. The Globe Theatre, a double-sized replica of William Shakespeare's performance home, is the most prominent attraction in the area. In 2014, the theatre was renovated for the purpose of once again holding live performances. For many years preceding 2014, the Globe Theatre's entertainment lineup consisted of 4-D films, including Haunts of the Old Country, Pirates 4-D and R.L. Stine's Haunted Lighthouse. Prior to the 4-D films, the theater hosted a variety of live shows including Mark Wilson's World's Greatest Illusions, America on Ice, Hot Ice, Celebrate America and the People's Choice. It currently features a Sesame Street live show, with performers in costume as popular characters.

Heatherdowns (Scotland)Edit

 
Backfield view of Heatherdowns, Scotland
 
Tweedside railway station in the Heatherdowns (Scotland) hamlet at Busch Gardens Williamsburg.

Heatherdowns is a Scottish hamlet situated at the top of the hill on the path leading from Banbury Cross (the park's English hamlet). Tweedside Train Station offers a 20-minute ride through the park with additional stops in Festa Italia and at Caribou Station, in New France. Tweedside Gifts is located adjacent to the train station. Heatherdowns is also home to the Highland Stables featuring Scottish Blackface sheep, Border Collies and Clydesdales. Guests can interact with the animals and see them in action as they demonstrate their skills during daily demonstrations. Guests can also have pictures with the Clydesdales. Prior to 2010, the stables were home to several of the Anheuser-Busch Clydesdales until the theme park unit of Anheuser-Busch was sold in 2009. Other points of interest include seasonal kiosks for the park's Food and Wine Festival (in late spring) and the Summer Nights festival.

Sesame Street Forest of FunEdit

Opened on April 3, 2009, Sesame Street Forest of Fun features four new children and family rides and attractions themed to Sesame Street, including a Zierer junior roller coaster named Grover's Alpine Express, Bert and Ernie's Loch Adventure flume ride, Oscar's Whirly Worms rock-n-tug-type ride, Prince Elmo's Spire shot-n-drop ride a small drop tower and wet and dry play areas. The area also features a stage for the main show "Sunny Days Celebration" and a gift shop. The hamlet also contains the Skyride station nearest to the Main Gate. The Aeronaut (first leg) of the Skyride departs to Aquitaine, France, while the Zeppelin (third leg) Skyride arrives from Rhinefeld, Germany.

  • Bert and Ernie's Loch Adventure – A flat flume ride with water effects
  • Oscar's Whirly Worms – A rocking, spinning Rockin' Tug ride
  • Prince Elmo's Spire – A family-friendly shot-n-drop drop tower ride from Zamperla
  • Grover's Alpine Express – A Zierer family-friendly roller coaster standing 24 feet tall

Killarney (Ireland)Edit

 
2014 street view of Killarney, Ireland.

Formerly known as Hastings, England, this section of the park was re-themed in 2001 as Ireland, the newest country in over 20 years. This area features Celtic Fyre, at the Abbey Stone Theatre, a celebration of Irish dance. Previously, the theatre housing Celtic Fyre was named the Magic Lantern Theatre and housed some of the best theme park musical revue in the United States. Shows such as Kaleidoscope, Hats Off to Hollywood, Journey into Music, Stage Struck, Totally Television and Rockin the Boat are some of the names of these productions. Grogan's Grill offers Irish cuisine in this area.

Outside the gateway next to Castle O'Sullivan, the walkway makes a sharp left turn and begins a long, moderately steep climb toward Aquitaine, France. Several animal sanctuaries and two animal performance theaters are situated along this path. Originally named Jack Hanna's Wild Reserve when it opened in 2000, the animal sanctuary was considered its own section of the park, but in 2017 the Wild Reserve was merged with Killarney and renamed the Jack Hanna Trail.

  • Finnegan's Flyer – S&S Screamin' Swing opened in the spring of 2019. The ride swings guests at 100 feet at 45 mph.
  • Eagle Ridge & Wolf Valley – Animal exhibits located just outside the village.
  • Pet Shenanigans Theater – An outdoor venue that currently hosts the More Pet Shenanigans show.
  • Lorikeet Glen – A covered bird sanctuary for Lorikeets and other brightly colored birds. Guests can enter and the birds will approach and land on them.

San Marco (Italy)Edit

 
Street view of San Marco, Italy
 
A performance of "Mix It Up" in San Marco.

When Italy/San Marco was opened, it completed the outer circle walkway around Busch Gardens. Part of the park's expansion included a high pedestrian bridge across the Rhine River into Oktoberfest, Germany. San Marco is based upon Renaissance era Italy. A prominent feature within San Marco is Da Vinci's Garden of Inventions. This garden features Italian statues and flowers set amid rides based on sketches by Leonardo da Vinci. Also in the area is Ristorante Della Piazza, featuring Italian cuisine and allowing guests to watch "Mix It Up." During the summer until 2008, sounds of the Starlight Orchestra could be heard while dining.

  • Escape from Pompeii – A shoot-the-chutes boat ride featuring an extensive indoor portion within the city of Pompeii, featuring fire and water effects as well as falling statues to simulate the destruction of the city.
  • Little Gliders & Little Balloons – Family-sized carnival rides themed to Da Vinci's inventions.
  • The Battering Ram – A high-capacity, high-thrill swinging ship. This does not go upside down.
  • The Flying Machine – A lightly themed Tivoli manufactured orbiter ride that spins riders.

Festa Italia (Italy)Edit

Festa Italia is themed around a fair celebrating Marco Polo's return to Italy from his famous visit to China. It contains many of the park's midway games, all with a festival theme. Its attractions are themed around Roman mythology.

  • Apollo's Chariot – A Bolliger & Mabillard Hyper Coaster featuring dives towards and around ponds and hills. Apollo's Chariot also features a deep purple and gold color scheme which is easily visible from the park entrance and surrounding parking lots.
  • Roman Rapids – A circular-raft rapids ride among Roman ruins, which is deliberately designed to drench guests.
  • Tradewinds – A permanent-placement music express ride.
  • Elephant Run – Another child-friendly music express ride.
  • Turkish Delight – A variation of a teacups ride.
  • Tempesto – A Premier Rides steel roller coaster featuring three launches and a heartline roll, and goes about 60 mph backward and forwards.
  • Pantheon – An Intamin multi-launch coaster.

Festa Italia also includes the Festa Train Station of the Busch Gardens Railway.

Rhinefeld (Rhineland Germany)Edit

 
A street view of Rhinefeld, Germany
 
Rhinefeld in the spring.

This section is based on the country of Germany. It is largely themed to a runaway ski resort in the German Alps. The third leg of Busch Gardens' Skyride arrives and departs from this section. Also in Rhinefeld is Land of the Dragons, a large children's play area featuring a playground, five rides, and seasonal shows.

  • Alpengeist – A Bolliger & Mabillard inverted roller coaster, Alpengeist is themed to a ski-lift taken over by a local legend, the Alpengeist (Ghost of the Alps). In addition to its green and white Alpine color scheme, the station of Alpengeist features ski gear and other decorations to simulate a ski lodge in the Alps. The ride inverts riders six times.
  • Kinder Karussel – The park's antique Herschell Carousel.
  • Land of the Dragons – Interactive children's play area featuring a treehouse, children's rides and a Ferris wheel.

Land of the DragonsEdit

When it opened in 1994 (replacing the former Grimms Hollow children's area), Land of the Dragons was the main kiddie area at Busch Gardens. It is home to Dumpherey the Dragon, the area's mascot. Other major notes taken to Land of the Dragons include its dragon-themed 3-story tree house, a wet play area with waterfalls, squirting geysers, a serpent inhabiting the area and a dragon egg Ferris wheel. There are also smaller play zones, slides, smaller wet play areas and (formerly) a gift shop called Dragon Digs.

  • Flutter Splutter – A flying dragon ride
  • Chug-A-Tug – A boat ride
  • Bug-A-Dug – A music express-like ride with ladybug cars that are red and yellow
  • Dragon-themed Treehouse
  • Brook – A wet play area

As of the 2012 season, the Lost Children building has been relocated from its former building, dubbed Wild Moose Lodge, in New France, to what was formerly the Dragon Digs gift shop.

Oktoberfest (Bavarian Germany)Edit

 
Das Festhaus in Oktoberfest, site of live performances, shops, and eateries.
 
Beste Brezeln und Bier as viewed from the Oktoberfest bridge from San Marco.

Like Rhinefeld, this section is based on Germany during the annual celebration of Oktoberfest. Oktoberfest features many of the park's flat rides. It is also home to a large assortment of carnival-style games. Das Festhaus is a large, air conditioned eating facility where guests can purchase German food or American classics. While eating in Das Festhaus, guests can experience "Entwined", a show incorporating the Grimm Brothers' most famous fairy tales. A new show has been added recently titled "Roll out the Barrel." This section of the park formerly hosted The Big Bad Wolf, a suspended roller coaster. The Big Bad Wolf was closed on September 7, 2009.

On September 18, 2010, it was announced that in 2011, Oktoberfest would be renovated with new shops and sights including a new beer garden and pretzel shop known as Beste Brezeln und Bier with a Bavarian maypole occupying the flower garden in front of Das Festhaus, along with a 246-foot (75 m) drop tower called Mäch Tower. Also announced was a new "multi-launch" roller coaster that opened in the spring of 2012 on the former site of the Big Bad Wolf roller coaster. On September 17, 2011 it was announced that the new coaster would be called Verbolten. On May 18, 2012, Verbolten officially opened to the general public.[9]

The area also hosts a large part of the annual BierFest festival, featuring a large number of beers from around the world, with at least 22 different beers on tap throughout the whole area. German-themed food and non-alcoholic beverages are also sold during the festival.

The area also contained the trackless dark ride Curse of DarKastle. The attraction opened on May 1, 2005, and closed on September 4, 2017, to make way for a temporary Howl-O-Scream maze, Frostbite. On January 23, 2018, it was announced that Curse of DarKastle would not reopen for the 2018 season and would be officially closing for being a burden with maintenance costs. The building that harbored the dark ride was used as event space such as Santa's workshop for Christmas Town and a walkthrough maze for the 2021 Halloween event Howl-O-Scream. On September 6, 2022, it was announced that a new indoor launch coaster named DarKoaster: Escape The Storm would open in the space during Spring 2023.[10]

  • Der Autobahn (Bumper Cars)
  • Der Autobahn Jr. (Kiddie Bumper Cars)
  • Der Roto Baron (Red Baron)
  • Der Wirbelwind (Waveswinger) – classic yo-yo swings ride
  • DarKoaster: Escape The Storm(Indoor Straddle Coaster)
  • Verbolten – Brave The Black Forest – A family-style, Black Forest themed launched roller coaster with a top speed of 53 mph.[11] It also has a free fall when the track drops vertically while staying on a horizontal plane.

Aquitaine (France)Edit

 
Entering Aquitaine, France in 2014

Centering on the village of Aquitaine, this section is based on Belle Époque France. It is home to many boutiques and one of the park's Skyride stations, where the first leg of the Skyride arrives from England and the second leg departs for Rhinefeld, Germany. The Royal Palace Theatre in France hosts numerous shows throughout the season.

  • Griffon – A dive roller coaster, named after the legendary creature, the griffin; contains a ninety-degree drop from 205 feet, 2 Immelmann loops, and a "splashdown" finale; the brother ride of Busch Gardens Tampa Bay's SheiKra. Year Opened: 2007

New France (French Colonial Canada)Edit

 
The Final Plunge of Le Scoot Log Flume in New France.

New France is based on French colonial Canada and consists of a hub of Canadian-themed shops with a colonial tone throughout the area. Rides in New France include the Busch Gardens Railway departing from Caribou Station and Le Scoot Log Flume, featuring a 50-foot (15 m) plunge through a saw mill. A predominant feature in this area is the Trappers Smokehouse which has an outdoor grill centrally located. Trappers Smokehouse offers grilled and smoked items such as chicken, turkey legs, ribs, and beef brisket.

Roller coastersEdit

 
The Loch Ness Monster's interlocking loops
 
Griffon, Alpengeist, and Loch Ness Monster Rollercoasters shown in close proximity.

Existing (listed by first year)Edit

Name Manufacturer Type Opened
Loch Ness Monster Arrow Development Steel 1978
Alpengeist B&M Steel - Inverted 1997
Apollo's Chariot B&M Steel 1999
Griffon B&M Steel - Dive Coaster 2007
Grover's Alpine Express Zierer Steel - Junior 2009
Verbolten Zierer Steel - Launched 2012
Tempesto[12] Premier Rides Steel - Launched 2015
InvadR Great Coasters International Wooden 2017
Pantheon Intamin Steel - Launched 2022

DefunctEdit

Name Manufacturer Type Opened Closed Replaced By
Die Wildkatze Schwarzkopf Steel - Wildcat 1976 1983 Big Bad Wolf
Das Kätzchen Allan Herschell Company Steel - Little Dipper 1976 1984
Glissade Schwarzkopf Steel - Jumbo Jet 1975 1985 Wild Maus
Drachen Fire Arrow Dynamics Steel 1992 1998
Wild Maus Mack Rides Steel - Wild Mouse 1996 2003 Curse of DarKastle (DarKoaster: Escape the Storm)
Big Bad Wolf Arrow Dynamics Steel - Suspended 1984 2009 Verbolten

Defunct rides and attractionsEdit

Name Manufacturer Type Opened Closed Replaced by
Gladiator's Gauntlet Vekoma Canyon Trip 1988 1993
Questor Simulator ride 1990 1996 King Arthur's Challenge
Haunts of the Olde Country 4D film 1993 1998 R.L Stine's Haunted Lighthouse
Sea Dragon Mack Rides Sea Storm 1975 1998 Apollo's Chariot
Eagle One Monorail Monorail 1975 1998
The Enchanted Laboratory of Nostramos the Magnificent Stage show 1986 2000 Secrets of Castle O'Sullivan
King Arthur's Challenge Simulator ride 1996 2001 Corkscrew Hill
R.L Stine's Haunted Lighthouse 4D film 2003 2006 Pirates 4D
Le Mans Raceway Arrow Dynamics Antique car ride 1975 2006 Griffon
Secrets of Castle O'Sullivan Stage show 2001 2008
Corkscrew Hill Simulator ride 2001 2010 Europe in the Air
Pirates 4-D 4D film 2006 2013 London Rocks
Europe in the Air Reflectone Simulator ride 2010 2016 Battle for Eire
Curse of DarKastle Oceaneering Tracked Dark Ride 2005 2017 DarKoaster: Escape the Storm
Battle for Eire Simulator ride 2018 2020
Da Vinci's Cradle Zierer Magic Carpet 1983 2022
Mäch Tower Moser's Rides Drop Tower 2011 2023

Animal attractionsEdit

 
Border Collie playing in back fields of Highland Stables

Jack Hanna's Wild ReserveEdit

Jack Hanna's Wild Reserve includes bald eagles and wolves. Eagle Ridge is a 3,000+ foot area set aside for housing and rehabilitating bald eagles and providing education to visitors. Wolf Haven is a viewing area where guests may observe one of Busch Garden's pairs of wolves. One pair is on exhibition at a time. Busch Gardens also provides Wolf Valley for those wolves not on display. Over 8,000 feet (2,400 m) of natural habitat is intended to ensure the animals' health and well-being. It also contains an aviary named Lorikeet Glen, which displays Rainbow lorikeets, and other birds.[13] The wild reserve is located in the Ireland section of the park. In recent years, animal attractions at the park have been extensively removed, though the staple attractions remain.

Highland StablesEdit

Busch Gardens' Highland Stables features Scottish Blackface sheep, Border Collies, black Clydesdales and Highland cattle. Guests can interact with the animals during daily demonstrations.[14] It is located between the England and Scotland sections.

Parking and transportationEdit

At the park, special parking areas are provided for persons with disabilities, recreational vehicles and groups arriving by buses and motorcoaches. Trams provide shuttle service to and from entrance gates from outlying parking areas.

Within the park itself, three steam locomotive powered trains operate on the 3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge[15] Busch Gardens Railway, a 1.5-mile (2.4 km) loop of track, providing transportation between the Heatherdowns, Festa Italia and New France themed areas. Additionally, a skyride provides transportation between the Banbury Cross, Aquitaine and Rhinefeld themed areas.

Awards and recognitionEdit

Golden Ticket Awards: Best Landscaping – Amusement Park[16][17]
Year 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Ranking
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
NAPHA Survey: Most Beautiful Park
Year 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Ranking
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
NAPHA Survey: Favorite Theme Park
Year 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Ranking
1
1
-
1
1

Attendance (rounded)Edit

2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
3,094,000[21] 2,900,000[22] 2,800,000[23] 2,744,000[23] 2,856,000[24] 2,726,000[24] 2,699,000[25] 2,780,000[26]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Old Country 'shining jewel'". Free Lance-Star. (Fredericksburg, Virginia). Associated Press. May 17, 1975. p. 1.
  2. ^ http://www.teaconnect.org/images/files/TEA_160_611852_160525.pdf Archived 2016-06-18 at the Wayback Machine[bare URL PDF]
  3. ^ Moorhead, Jim (January 15, 1976). "Jimshorts". St. Petersburg Independent. (Florida). p. 3B.
  4. ^ O'Brien, Kerry A. (2008). Back to Williamsburg. Virginia: O'Brien Books and Publishing. p. 30. ISBN 9780615175263. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  5. ^ "Busch Gardens Williamsburg announces all-new 'Coasters and Craft Brews' event starting August 6". WTKR. 2020-07-30. Retrieved 2021-01-13.
  6. ^ "Busch Gardens to open all year long with limited capacity special events". WAVY.com. 2021-01-05. Retrieved 2021-01-13.
  7. ^ Christmas Town Official Website
  8. ^ Busch Gardens Williamsburg – Loch Ness Monster Archived May 27, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Bush Gardens Williamsburg (April 5, 2012). "The Wait Is Over For Busch Gardens' Verbolten". Blog. Sea World Parks Blog. Archived from the original on April 13, 2012. Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  10. ^ Collette, Christopher (September 6, 2022). "Busch Gardens Williamsburg announces DarKoaster indoor roller coaster". WVEC. Retrieved September 15, 2022.
  11. ^ YouTube video released during the September 17, 2011 Pass-members Appreciation Event.
  12. ^ "Tempesto Construction Update #2". 23 September 2014.
  13. ^ "A New Home to Roam at Busch Gardens Williamsburg". WildLIFE Conservation News. Spring 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-06-07. Retrieved 2007-06-24.
  14. ^ Busch Gardens Williamsburg – Highland Stables Archived July 16, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ Steamlocomotive.info
  16. ^ Busch Gardens Williamsburg Media Room Archived January 17, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ "All-time Winners By Category". The Golden Ticket Awards. Golden Ticket Awards. 8 January 2014. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
  18. ^ Amusement Today 2011 Park and Ride Winners Archived 2012-03-12 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ "Golden Ticket Awards" (PDF). Golden Ticket Awards. Golden Ticket Awards. p. 10. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
  20. ^ "Busch Gardens wins 'World's Most Beautiful Amusement Park' award". Williamsburg Yorktown Daily. Retrieved 26 September 2017.
  21. ^ "TEA/AECOM 2008 Global Attractions Report" (PDF). Themed Entertainment Association. 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 2, 2013. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
  22. ^ "TEA/AECOM 2009 Global Attractions Report" (PDF). Themed Entertainment Association. 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 2, 2010. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
  23. ^ a b "TEA/AECOM 2011 Global Attractions Report" (PDF). Themed Entertainment Association. 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 18, 2015. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
  24. ^ a b "TEA/AECOM 2013 Global Attractions Report" (PDF). Themed Entertainment Association. 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 6, 2014. Retrieved June 25, 2014.
  25. ^ "TEA/AECOM 2014 Global Attractions Report" (PDF). Themed Entertainment Association. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 26, 2015. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
  26. ^ "TEA/AECOM 2015 Global Attractions Attendance Report Report" (PDF). Themed Entertainment Association. 2016. Retrieved June 3, 2016.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit