Burwood, New South Wales
Burwood is a suburb in the Inner West of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) west of the Sydney central business district and is the administrative centre for the local government area of Municipality of Burwood.
Sydney, New South Wales
|Population||16,030 (2016 census)|
|• Density||8,000/km2 (21,000/sq mi)|
|Area||2 km2 (0.8 sq mi)|
|Location||10 km (6 mi) west of Sydney CBD|
|LGA(s)||Municipality of Burwood|
Archaeological evidence indicates people were living in the Sydney area for at least 11,000 years. This long association had led to a harmonious relationship between the indigenous inhabitants and their environment, which was interrupted by the arrival of the British in 1788. The European desire to cultivate the land aided and abetted by a smallpox epidemic that forced the local people, the Wangal clan, away from their source of food and their spiritual connection with the land.
Captain Thomas Rowley (1748–1806) received a grant of 260 acres (110 ha) in 1799, and called his property Burwood Farm after Burwood Park, England. Following more land grants, his estate increased to 750 acres (300 ha). The grant stretched from Parramatta Road to where Nicholson Street and The Boulevarde are today and eastwards where to Croydon railway station is now. This is where he ran merino sheep on the property.
The first house, Burwood Villa, was built in the area in 1814, the same year that a stagecoach began running between Sydney and Parramatta. Burwood became a staging post along the road and the beginnings of a settlement started to develop. One of its most prominent early residents was Dr. John Dulhunty, a former naval surgeon who was appointed the Superintendent of Police for the Colony of New South Wales after his arrival in Sydney from England in 1826. Dr. Dulhunty became famous in the colony for fighting a gang of bushrangers that attacked his residence, Burwood House. He died suddenly in the house in 1828 but his son, Robert Dulhunty, went on to become the founder of the New South Wales regional city of Dubbo.
Subdivisions in the Burwood area in the 1830s propelled the growth of a village and by 1855, when the railway line opened, Burwood was one of the initial six stops on the Sydney-to-Parramatta route. The railway led to a huge growth in population. In 1874, the area became a municipality.
Burwood features many fine examples of architecture from the Victorian and Federation styles. St Paul's Anglican Church on Burwood Road was designed by colonial architect Edmund Blacket and built in 1871. Sir Donald Bradman and Lady Bradman, Jessie Menzies were married here in 1932. The church and its pipe organ is listed on the New South Wales State Heritage Register and on the (now defunct) Register of the National Estate.
Nearby Woodstock in Church Street was built in the early 1870s by tobacco manufacturer Edwin Penfold. In the 1940s, it was taken over by the army, later becoming Broughton Migrant Hostel, before being bought by the council in 1974 for use as a community centre. Radio station 2RDJ-FM has been broadcasting from Woodstock since November 1983.
Further south on Burwood Road is The Priory, built in 1877 by local councillor Mowbray Forrest, and Gayton, built in 1888 by NSW parliamentarian Richard Jones. St Nectarios Greek Orthodox Church in Railway Parade was formerly a Methodist church and was built in 1879, listed on the local government heritage list.
Running between Burwood Road and Liverpool Road is The Appian Way, a model housing estate conceived by George Hoskins at the turn of the century. The street has been described as one of the finest streets of Federation houses in Australia and is listed on the local government heritage list. In the centre of the Appian Way is a communal reserve which was converted into a lawn tennis club.
Burwood has a number of heritage-listed sites, including the following sites listed on the New South Wales State Heritage Register:
- 168a Burwood Road: Burwood Post Office
- 205 Burwood Road: St Paul's Anglican Church, Burwood
- 213 Burwood Road: The Priory
- 223 Burwood Road: St Cloud
- 4 Clarence Street: Lynton
- Great Southern and Western railway: Burwood rail underbridge
- Great Southern and Western railway: Burwood railway station, Sydney
- Railway Parade: Burwood Sewer Vent
Lake in Burwood Park
|Location||Burwood, Burwood Council, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia|
|Operated by||Burwood Council|
|Status||Open all year|
Burwood Park was established by the local council in 1882 on land formerly known as Edrop's Paddock. The original design of the park was based on the Union Jack flag, although it was later modified to allow a cricket oval to be established at the western edge of the park. Other features of Burwood Park include memorials to soldiers who died in World War I and Sandakan, a rotunda, a playground, a lake and an obelisk commemorating the site of Burwood Villa, the area's first house. It is also the location for Carols in the Park each Christmas. Burwood Park is located on Burwood Road opposite Westfield Burwood.
According to the 2011 census, there were 12,466 residents in the suburb of Burwood, 30.4% of whom were born in Australia. The most common other countries of birth were China (excludes SARs and Taiwan) 26.5%, India 4.6% and Korea, Republic of (South) 4.0%. 25.5% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 22.5%, Cantonese 13.1% and Korean 4.3%. The most common responses in the 2011 Census for religion in Burwood were No Religion 29.6%, Catholic 21.4%, Buddhism 10.5%, Hinduism 6.9% and Anglican 4.5%.
In the 2016 census, there were 16,030 residents in the suburb of Burwood, 25.0% of whom were born in Australia. The most common countries and region of birth were China (excluding SARs and Taiwan) 34.5%, India 3.8%, South Korea 3.4%, Nepal 3.0% and Hong Kong (SAR of China) 2.8%. In Burwood, 20.1% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 34.0%, Cantonese 11.7%, Korean 3.7%, Nepali 3.0% and Italian 2.2%. The most common responses for religion in Burwood were No Religion 44.7%, Catholic 15.5%, Buddhism 9.3%, Not stated 8.6% and Hinduism 6.4%.
Burwood has a mixture of residential, commercial, and light industrial developments. The main shopping strip runs along Burwood Road, beside Burwood railway station. Westfield Burwood is a large regional shopping centre, north of the railway line, on Burwood Road opposite Burwood Park. Burwood Plaza is a smaller shopping centre on Railway Parade, south of the railway line.
Trams to Mortlake and Cabarita once travelled down Burwood Road; trams ceased in August 1948.
State Transit, Transdev NSW and Transit Systems provide many bus services to Burwood, from Hurstville, Rockdale, Eastgardens, Kingsford, Strathfield, Homebush, Campsie, Ryde, Bankstown, Liverpool as well as other locations across Sydney. There are two terminuses, Burwood station and Westfield Burwood. Transit Systems' Burwood Bus Depot is located on the corner of Shaftesbury and Parramatta Roads.
The following were either born or have lived in the suburb of Burwood
- Arthur Cuthbertson – Ice hockey player, born in Burwood
- Eleanor Dark – novelist, born in Burwood
- Clare Dennis – swimmer, born in Burwood
- Sir Norman McAlister Gregg – ophthalmologist, born in Burwood
- Norman Hetherington – cartoonist, grew up at 35 Meryla Street Burwood
- Miriam Hyde – composer and pianist, born and lived in Burwood
- Richard Jones MLC – lived at Gayton in Burwood Road
- Robert Kaleski – writer, environmentalist, and dog breeder influential, born in Burwood
- Rita Mabbett – cellist, lived in George Street Burwood
- Richard Makinson - physicist, was born in Burwood
- William McMahon – Prime Minister, lived in Burwood
- William MacDonald – serial killer, lived in a store in Burwood
- Earle Page – Prime Minister, lived in Burwood
- George Reid – Prime Minister, lived in Burwood
- Arthur Renwick – physician, philanthropist and politician
- Doug Sutherland – former lord mayor of Sydney
- Angus and Malcolm Young – musicians, grew up in Burwood
- Charles Smith Wilkinson – spent his last days in Burwood
- John Manning Ward – historian and vice chancellor, born in Burwood
Burwood currently has five sister cities:
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Burwood (NSW) (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
- Australian Suburb Guide: Sydney Inner West Archived 26 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 7 August 2013.
- "Local History". Burwood Council. Archived from the original on 22 July 2008. Retrieved 18 April 2009.
- Pollon, F. (1990.) The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Angus & Robertson Publishers, Sydney, p.41
- "St. Paul's Anglican Church and Pipe Organ". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00436. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Woodstock". New South Wales Heritage Database. Office of Environment and Heritage.
- "Priory and Grounds". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00287. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Gayton". New South Wales Heritage Database. Office of Environment and Heritage.
- "Death of Mr. Richard Jones". The Maitland Daily Mercury. 7128 (4771). New South Wales, Australia. 1 May 1909. p. 4. Retrieved 27 April 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "St Nectarios Greek Orthodox Church". New South Wales Heritage Database. Office of Environment and Heritage.
- "Appian Way Precinct". New South Wales Heritage Database. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 12 January 2020.
- "Burwood Heritage Trail". Burwood Council. Archived from the original on 22 July 2008. Retrieved 18 April 2009.
- "Burwood Post Office (former)". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01490. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "St. Cloud and Site". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00564. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Lynton". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00284. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Burwood rail underbridge". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01030. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Burwood Railway Station group". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01106. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Burwood Sewer Vent". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01638. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981, pp. 2 – 14
- "Congregational Church". New South Wales Heritage Database. Office of Environment and Heritage.
- "Deolee". New South Wales Heritage Database. Office of Environment and Heritage.
- "MLC School". New South Wales Heritage Database. Office of Environment and Heritage.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Burwood (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 21 September 2014.
- Sydney Metro West stations confirmed Sydney Metro 21 October 2019
- Sydney Metro West Project Overview Booklet Sydney Metro 21 October 2019
- "Sister and Friendship Cities". Burwood Council. 17 August 2012. Archived from the original on 27 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2015.
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