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Burru is an Ashanti-Jamaican style of drumming. It originated on slave plantations, where slave masters permitted its continuance as it provided a rhythm for the slaves to work by. "Burru" originates from the Twi word "Bru" meaning to "ravage"; "strike" or "destroy", "burru" in Jamaican patois also refers to an individual that is a "ruffian". This was possibly an insult from one Twi speaking slave or Coromantee (an archaic British term to refer to Twi speaking Akan slaves from the inland above the Gold Coast) to another. This derived from an Ashanti style drum called Aburukuwa that is cylindrical in shape, also called "burru" drum in Jamaica.[1] It has been used in reggae music, popularised by Count Ossie and also used by artists such as Bob Marley.[2]


  1. ^ Murrell, Nathaniel Samuel (1998). Chanting Down Babylon: The Rastafari Reader. Temple University Press.
  2. ^ Moskowitz, David (2006). Caribbean Popular Music. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 46.