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Burlington Gardens

A view of Burlington House in the 1690s, before the area was fully developed, with the Burlington Gardens at the far end

Burlington Gardens is a street in central London, on land that was once part of the Burlington Estate.[1]

Contents

LocationEdit

 
The immediate vicinity of Burlington Gardens

The street is immediately to the north of the Royal Academy of Arts[2] and joins Old Bond Street and New Bond Street in the west and Vigo Street in the east. Cork Street, Savile Row and Old Burlington Street all run north from Burlington Gardens.

On the south side of Burlington Gardens is one end of the Burlington Arcade and the rear of Albany at 10 and 12 Burlington Gardens which is wedged between the end of Burlington Gardens and the start of Vigo Street. This part of Albany was designed by Henry Holland.[3]

HistoryEdit

Burlington Gardens was once part of Vigo Lane (later renamed Vigo Street) which originally ran all the way from Bond Street to Glasshouse Street before the part behind Burlington House was renamed Burlington Gardens[4] by 1831.[5]

And before it was either Vigo Street or Lane, the whole roadway from what is now Bond Street to the current Glasshouse Street was called Glasshouse Street.[5]

Listed buildingsEdit

 
1819 map showing Burlington Gardens at the top.

Burlington Gardens contains a number of historic buildings. Both number six and number seven are Grade II* listed by English Heritage.[6]

Atkinsons BuildingEdit

Atkinsons Building, which includes 2 and 4 Burlington Gardens, is on the corner of Old Bond Street and Burlington Gardens. It was built in 1926 in the Gothic Revival style and includes Arts and Crafts detailing. It is Grade II listed by English Heritage.[7]

6 Burlington GardensEdit

6 Burlington Gardens is used by the Royal Academy and is the largest building in the street. It was built in 1866-7 on the garden of Burlington House to a design by Sir James Pennethorne.[8] It was originally the headquarters of the University of London. From 1900 it was occupied by the Civil Service Commission. It then became the Museum of Mankind before being taken over by the Royal Academy.[1] It has an Italianate facade and the portico includes four statues by Joseph Durham of Newton, Bentham, Milton and Harvey, representing Science, Law, Arts and Medicine.[8]

7 Burlington GardensEdit

7 Burlington Gardens is on the north side of the street and was built in 1721–23 to designs by the Italian architect Giacomo Leoni. It was first occupied by the Duke of Queensberry, and the poet John Gay also lived there. It was originally known as Queensberry House, but became Uxbridge House after the Earl of Uxbridge bought it in 1785. From 1785–89, it was extended by the architects John Vardy the Younger and Joseph Bonomi the Elder for Lord Uxbridge.[9] It later became home to the Marquess of Anglesey, the Bank of England and the Royal Bank of Scotland.[1] It is now an Abercrombie & Fitch store, the first in Europe.[10][11]

Shops in Burlington GardensEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Hibbert, Christopher (2010). The London Encyclopaedia. London: Pan Macmillan. p. 115. ISBN 978-0-230-73878-2. 
  2. ^ "Plan your visit". Royal Academy of Arts. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  3. ^ Allinson, Kenneth. (2013). Architects and architecture of London. Oxford: Architectural Press/Elsevier. p. 116. ISBN 1-136-42965-4. 
  4. ^ Wheatley, Henry B. (1891). London past and present: Its history, associations, and traditions. III. London: John Murray. Cambridge University Press reprint, 2011. p. 435. ISBN 978-1-108-02808-0. 
  5. ^ a b Kingsford, Charles Lethbridge. (1925). The early history of Piccadilly Leicester Square Soho & their neighbourhood based on a plan drawn in 1585 and published by the London Topographical Society in 1925. Cambridge: University Press. p. 127. 
  6. ^ "Ethnography Department of the British Museum". The National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  7. ^ 1266364 English Heritage, 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
  8. ^ a b The University of London at No. 6 Burlington Gardens: Stone Conduit Close Survey of London, Vol. 31 & 32: St James Westminster, Part 2 (1963), pp. 435–441. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
  9. ^ "Uxbridge House". English Heritage. Retrieved 3 June 2014. 
  10. ^ a b Barriaux, Marianne. (19 March 2007). "Abercrombie & Fitch to open London shop". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  11. ^ "Abercrombie & Fitch". Time Out. Retrieved 12 June 2014. 
  12. ^ Musgrave, Eric. (2009). Sharp suits. London: Pavilion. p. 21. ISBN 9781862058521. 
  13. ^ Stores Ede & Ravenscroft, 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2014.

External linksEdit