Burke & Hare (2010 film)
Burke & Hare is a 2010 British black comedy film, loosely based on the Burke and Hare murders of 1828. Directed by John Landis from an original screenplay by Nick Moorcroft and Piers Ashworth, the film stars Simon Pegg and Andy Serkis as William Burke and William Hare respectively. It was Landis's first feature film release in 12 years, the last being 1998's Susan's Plan. The film was released in the United Kingdom on 29 October 2010.
|Burke & Hare|
UK release poster
|Directed by||John Landis|
|Produced by||Barnaby Thompson|
|Screenplay by||Piers Ashworth|
|Music by||Joby Talbot|
|Edited by||Mark Everson|
|Distributed by||Entertainment Film Distributors (UK)|
IFC Films (US)
|Budget||$10 million|
|Box office||$4.3 million|
The film opens in Edinburgh. Narration by Angus the Hangman explains how the corpses of the hanged are transported to Dr Robert Knox for dissection. Knox's rival, Dr Alexander Monro, wants the steady supply of cadavers but is forced to rely on severed limbs for dissection. Monro's assistant Charles Darwin arrives with a letter containing a bylaw directing that all corpses thenceforth must be sent to Monro. Angus tells Knox's assistant, Patterson, the news. Patterson delivers the message to Knox.
William Burke and William Hare, immigrants from Ulster, attempt to sell cheese mould as a patent medicine. When their fraud is discovered, they flee to an inn owned by Hare's wife, Lucky. One of her lodgers has died, and she wants Burke and Hare to remove the body. On the way, they stop for a drink and Hare hears from Fergus, a local henchman of villain Danny McTavish, that Dr Knox pays for cadavers, especially now demand has gone up. Burke and Hare decide to sell the corpse to Knox. They are forced to break the corpse's spine to fit it into a barrel in order to smuggle it through the city. Burke and Hare present the now-mangled corpse to Knox. After some negotiation, Knox agrees to pay them a good sum of money for each corpse they bring him for dissection. In addition to using cadavers in lectures, Knox is attempting to create a pictorial reference of the human body by using an early form of photography. Using this, he hopes to win royal patronage from the king when he comes to Holyrood Palace.
Burke and Hare try grave-digging to procure more cadavers. They accidentally dig up a long-dead body and are then caught by the militia, who chase them out of the cemetery, shooting Burke in the rear end in the pursuit.
Back at the inn, they find Lucky drunk and barely conscious. Lucky says she is drinking because Joseph, another lodger at the inn, is near death. Not willing to wait for the outcome, Burke and Hare suffocate Joseph and take the body to Knox.
Flush with money, Burke and Hare dress up for a night in a posher pub. There they meet a young former prostitute, Ginny Hawkins, who performs an excerpt from Macbeth to the indifferent patrons. Burke is instantly taken with Ginny and asks her about her performance. Ginny proves to be an intelligent and ambitious young woman whose dream is to become an actress. Burke plans to use his money to finance Ginny's theatrical ambitions, and Hare decides to open a funeral parlour.
Hare comes home to find Lucky in good spirits and waiting with a home-cooked meal. He is suspicious, then scared when Lucky tells him she knows what he and Burke have been up to. Surprisingly, she thinks it a good idea and makes Hare give her a pound per corpse as a tax between man and wife.
Burke is kidnapped and bundled into a carriage by McTavish and Fergus, who have already captured Hare. McTavish threatens to kill them unless they give him half the money from Knox. Forced to agree, they are then thrown from the carriage. As they trek back to the inn, they plan a string of murders to make up their losses to McTavish.
The people of Edinburgh becomes suspicious of all the deaths in the area, as does police captain Tom McLintock of the militia. Missing posters of the dead are put up and Burke begins to panic. Hare says they have finished the murders and will go into the funeral parlour business.
McTavish kidnaps Hare again and attempts to extort the remainder of the money. Shortly afterward, McTavish appears as Knox's next dissection cadaver, where McLintock recognises his body. He discovers Knox's collection of anatomical photographs, recognising many of the photos as people who were reported missing. Knox confesses his arrangement with Burke and Hare. McLintock arrests Burke and Ginny, and Hare and Lucky, while both couples are having sex.
In prison, Burke is repentant, but Hare tells him not to confess or all of them, including the women, will be hanged. Meanwhile, the Solicitor General and the Lord Provost want to keep the scandal out of the papers, as the news would ruin the reputation of Edinburgh's medical schools and the money they generate. They bribe McLintock into a deal by making him a colonel. Knox's anatomical photographs are destroyed.
McLintock tells the prisoners that if any one of them confesses to the murders, the others will go free. Burke agrees to confess if he and Ginny can finish what they were doing when McLintock apprehended them.
Just before Burke's hanging, Angus asks Burke for his final words. Seeing Ginny in the crowd, Burke says that he did it for love
Onscreen text over the credits describes the fates of all the characters in the story, concluding with an image of the actual skeleton of William Burke at the Anatomical Museum of the University of Edinburgh Medical School.
- Simon Pegg as William Burke
- Andy Serkis as William Hare
- Isla Fisher as Ginny Hawkins
- Tom Wilkinson as Dr Robert Knox
- Tim Curry as Prof. Alexander Monro
- Jessica Hynes as Lucky
- Bill Bailey as Angus the Hangman
- Hugh Bonneville as Lord Harrington
- Allan Corduner as Joseph Nicephore Niepce
- Simon Farnaby as William Wordsworth
- David Hayman as Danny McTavish
- David Schofield as Fergus
- Ronnie Corbett as Capt. Tom McLintock
- Reece Shearsmith as Sgt. McKenzie
- Christian Brassington as Charles
- Michael Smiley as Patterson
- Christopher Lee as Old Joseph
- Jenny Agutter as Lucy
- Georgia King as Emma
- John Woodvine as Lord Provost
- Steven Spiers as McMartin's doorman
- Stephen Merchant as Holyrood Footman
- Paul Whitehouse as Gentleman drunk
- Michael Winner as Gentleman passenger
- Ray Harryhausen as Distinguished doctor
- Seamus (Irish Wolfhound) as himself
Burke & Hare was developed by Ealing Studios, who had been known for producing acclaimed black comedy films such as Kind Hearts and Coronets and The Ladykillers. John Landis read the screenplay, which piqued his interest in making the film. Landis wanted the film to be similar in style to Ealing's black comedies, as well as to the films of Laurel and Hardy, describing the portrayal of Burke and Hare in this film as an "evil Laurel and Hardy".
Filming took place around Edinburgh with some scenes also being shot in Stirling, London and at Knole in Kent, and also at Ealing Studios. The script was written by Piers Ashworth and Nick Moorcroft, who previously wrote St Trinian's, also for Ealing, which was the highest grossing British independent film of the last 10 years.
Working at a revitalised Ealing Studios will be a great honour (...) Films like Kind Hearts and Coronets and The Ladykillers have been guiding examples to me over the years, and I hope to honour that mix of darkness and comedy again with Burke and Hare.
It was released on 29 October 2010.
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Rotten Tomatoes, a review aggregator, reports that 32% of 57 surveyed critics gave the film a positive review; the average rating was 4.84/10. Metacritic rated it 46/100 based on 10 reviews. Nathan Rabin of The A.V. Club rated it B and called it a "minor but welcome return" for Landis. Neil Genzlinger of The New York Times described it as "a ghoulish comedy" not for nitpickers. Charles Gant of Variety called it an "amiable, creaky comedy" that represents "a step back from the brink." Ray Bennett of The Hollywood Reporter wrote that it is "unpleasant drivel that tries to make fun out of murder."
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- John Landis interview, Burke & Hare DVD, IFC Films, 2011
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- "Critic Reviews for Burke and Hare at Metacritic". Metacritic.com. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
- Rabin, Nathan (8 September 2011). "Burke & Hare". The A.V. Club.
- Genzlinger, Neil (8 September 2011). "Burke and Hare (2010)". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
- Gant, Charles (26 October 2010). "Review: 'Burke & Hare'". Variety. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
- Bennett, Ray (28 October 2010). "Burke and Hare: Film Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 4 April 2014.