Bureya (river)

The Bureya (Russian: Бурея) is a south-flowing, left tributary of the river Amur. It is 623 kilometres (387 mi) long, and has a drainage basin of 70,700 square kilometres (27,300 sq mi).[1] Its name comes from the Evenk word birija, meaning river.

Bureya
BureyaHPP3.jpg
Native nameБурея
Location
CountryRussia
Physical characteristics
SourceBureya Massif
 • locationKhabarovsk Krai
 • coordinates51°39′45″N 134°16′54″E / 51.66250°N 134.28167°E / 51.66250; 134.28167
 • elevation580 m (1,900 ft)
MouthAmur
 • coordinates
49°24′28″N 129°31′58″E / 49.4077°N 129.5328°E / 49.4077; 129.5328Coordinates: 49°24′28″N 129°31′58″E / 49.4077°N 129.5328°E / 49.4077; 129.5328
 • elevation
95 m (312 ft)
Length623 km (387 mi)
Basin size70,700 km2 (27,300 sq mi)
Discharge 
 • locationMouth
 • average940 m3/s (33,000 cu ft/s)
 • maximum18,100 m3/s (640,000 cu ft/s)
Basin features
ProgressionAmurSea of Okhotsk

CourseEdit

The Bureya is formed from the junction of the Pravaya (right) Bureya and the Levaya (left) Bureya.[2]

GeographyEdit

Its basin is bounded in the west by the Turan Range and the river Zeya, to the south by the Amur, to the east by the Bureya Massif, the rivers Urmi and Amgun, and to the north by the Ezop Range and several rivers that flow northeastwards into the Sea of Okhotsk.

There are no cities on the river, the largest settlements on the river are Novy Urgal on the Baikal Amur Mainline and, Novobureysky and Bureya, both on the Trans-Siberian Railway. The Tyrma is a left tributary that crosses the railway south from Novy Urgal at the town of Tyrma. The Chegdomyn coal fields are north of Novy Urgal. The Bureya hydro power plant holds back middle stream of the river and mitigates extremal surge events during summer rainy seasons. Currently the project of Lower Bureya hydro power plant is under preliminary investigations and preparatory works. M58 highway (Russia) crosses it on a bridge.

Landslide in December 2018Edit

The river was blocked by a landslide in December 2018 on a width of about 600 to 800 meters and a height of 80 to 160 meters.[3] Initial reports have speculated that the landslide was caused by a meteor impact.[4] Meanwhile, however, an earthquake is considered as the most likely cause for the landslide. The blockade of the river might be removed by explosions or air raids of the Russian army. This, however, involves the risk of a torrent.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Река БУРЕЯ in the State Water Register of Russia (Russian)
  2. ^ Sokolov, A.A. "Chapter 23. Rivers of Far East // Hydrography of USSR" (in Russian). 1954 y.
  3. ^ a b Russian Army preparing to blow up 'mountain' blocking Siberian river.
  4. ^ A large hill crashes into the Bureya River caused by 'a meteorite'

External linksEdit