Bunroku (文禄) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, "year name") after Tenshō and before Keichō. This period spanned the years from December 1592 to October 1596.[1] The reigning emperor was Go-Yōzei-tennō (後陽成天皇).[2]

Change of eraEdit

  • 1592 Bunroku gannen (文禄元年): The era name was changed. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Tenshō 20.

Events of the Bunroku eraEdit

  • 1589-1595: An agrarian reform (Bunroku no Kenchi) initiated by Hideyoshi; a general census of the population and a national survey.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Bunroku" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 92; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Tittsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 402–405.
  3. ^ Titsingh, p. 405.
  4. ^ Cholmondeley, Lionel Berners (1915). The History of the Bonin Islands from the Year 1827 to the Year 1876. London: Constable & Co.
  5. ^ Sansom, George. (1961). A History of Japan, 1334-1615, p. 364.
  6. ^ Sansom, p. 366.


External linksEdit

Preceded by
Tenshō (天正)
Era or nengō
Bunroku (文禄)

Succeeded by
Keichō (慶長)