Buner District

  (Redirected from Buner Valley)

Buner District (Pashto: بونیر ولسوالۍ‎, Urdu: ضِلع بونیر‎) is a district in Malakand Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. Before becoming a district in 1991, it was a tehsil within Swat District.[4]:1 The predominant language is Pashto, which is spoken natively by 96.6% of the population.[4]:33

Buner
Location in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Location in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
CountryPakistan
ProvinceKhyber Pakhtunkhwa
HeadquartersDaggar[1]
Area
 • Total1,865 km2 (720 sq mi)
Population
 • Total897,319
 • Density480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Number of tehsils6
Number of Union Councils27[3]

HistoryEdit

 
The grave of Pir Baba

The Buner Valley lies on the Peshawar valley border of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. It is a small mountain valley, dotted with villages and divided into four sub-divisions. The Mora Hills and the Ilam range divide it from the Swat Valley, the Sinawar range from Yusafzai, the Guru mountains from the Mardan Valley, and the Duma range from the Puran Valley.[5]

During the 1580s, many Yusufzais and Mandanrs rebelled against the Mughal Empire.[6] In late 1585, Mughal Emperor Akbar sent military forces under Zain Khan Koka and Birbal to crush the rebellion. In February 1586, about 8,000 Mughal soldiers, including Birbal, were killed near the Karakar Pass by the Yusufzai lashkar, led by Kalu Khan. This was the greatest disaster faced by the Mughal Army during Akbar's reign.[7]

During the 19th century, the inhabitants of Buner rose twice against the British Raj.[8]

In April 2009, the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan seized control of Buner, after a brief battle with local residents. Strict rules were reportedly being enforced, including the elimination of video stores, bans on cutting beards, and the prevention of women from appearing in many public places.[9] On 29 April the government responded to the Taliban by sending the army to the region and dropping parachutists by helicopter.[10] By the end of May 2009, almost all of Buner was cleared of the Taliban.[11]

EducationEdit

The first public sector university, University of Buner was founded in 2017. There are many other public and private sector university campuses in Buner now, Abdul Wali Khan University, Government Degree College Daggar, Government Polytechnic Institute of Buner, Buner Institute of Medical Sciences, Rafiq Institute of Information Technology, Buner Paramedical Institute Abdali public school and college ,Abasia public school bazargai , and many other.

AdministrationEdit

Buner TehsilsEdit

Buner District is currently subdivided into 6 Tehsils.

  1. Daggar
  2. Gagra
  3. Khudu Khel
  4. Chamla
  5. Chagharzai
  6. Gadezai/Salarzai

National assemblyEdit

This district is represented by one elected MNA (Member of National Assembly) in Pakistan National Assembly. Its constituency is NA-28.[12]

Election Member Party
2002 Sher Akbar Khan PPP (S)
2008 Istiqbal Khan ANP
2013 Sher Akbar Khan JI
2018 Sher Akbar Khan PTI

Provincial assemblyEdit

The district has three constituencies in the Provincial Assembly of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa[13] and one in the National Assembly of Pakistan.

Constituency MPA Party
PK-20 (Buner-I) RIAZ KHAN PTI
PK-21 (Buner-II) SYEDFAKHRE JEHAN BACHA PTI
PK-22 (Buner-III) SARDARHUSSAIN BABAK ANP

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Uncertainty rules Pakistan's Buner district" Archived 2014-07-14 at the Wayback Machine, Radio Nertherlands Worldwide
  2. ^ "DISTRICT AND TEHSIL LEVEL POPULATION SUMMARY WITH REGION BREAKUP: KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA" (PDF). Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. 2018-01-03. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-04-24. Retrieved 2018-04-23.
  3. ^ "Village/Neighbourhood Council". lgkp.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 2018-02-26. Retrieved 2017-07-03.
  4. ^ a b 1998 District Census report of Buner. Census publication. 98. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 2000.
  5. ^   One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Buner". Encyclopædia Britannica. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 798.
  6. ^ "Imperial Gazetteer2 of India, Volume 19– Imperial Gazetteer of India". Digital South Asia Library. p. 152. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
  7. ^ Richards, John F. (1993). The Mughal Empire. The New Cambridge History of India. Cambridge University Press. pp. 50–51. ISBN 9780521566032.
  8. ^ Chisholm 1911.
  9. ^ Taliban Exert Influence in Pakistan: April 21, 2009
  10. ^ Pakistani forces seize main town of Buner district from Taliban
  11. ^ "90% Buner Cleared: May 27, 2009". Archived from the original on 2012-03-18. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
  12. ^ http://ecp.gov.pk/GE.aspx
  13. ^ Constituencies and MPAs – Website of the Provincial Assembly of the NWFP Archived April 22, 2009, at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 34°31′01″N 72°29′02″E / 34.5169°N 72.4839°E / 34.5169; 72.4839