Bundesstraße 8

The Bundesstraße 8 (abbr. B8) is a German federal highway in southwestern Germany of great historical importance. It has existed since the 9th century, known then as Via Publica, and until recent times was a key trade route linking the towns of Brussels, Duisburg, Cologne, Frankfurt, Würzburg, Nuremberg, Regensburg and Passau. Today it has been replaced as a main route by the A3 motorway which runs parallel to it.

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B8
Bundesstraße 8
Route information
Length800 km (500 mi)
Major junctions
Northwest endEmmerich am Rhein
Southeast endPassau
Location
StatesNorth Rhine-Westphalia, Rhineland-Palatinate, Hesse, Bavaria
Highway system

HistoryEdit

The Via Publica (later known as the Poststraße or Handelsstraße) was first mentioned in 839 in a diploma of Louis the Pious. In the Middle Ages it joined the commercial cities of Cologne, Frankfurt, Nuremberg and Regensburg. The Steinerne Brücke bridge in Regensburg (1135-46), the Innbrücke bridge in Passau (1143), the Lahnbrücke bridge in Limburg (completed 1341) and the main bridges in Würzburg (1133), Frankfurt (before 1222) and Kitzingen (before 1300) are among the oldest stone bridges in central Europe and testify to the historical importance of this road.

In 1615 the general postmaster Lamoral von Taxis was tasked by emperor Matthias with setting up a postal route between Brussels and Prague, via Frankfurt and Nuremberg. To achieve this the Via Publica was expanded to a Poststraße. The present day Bundesstraße 8 is largely identical to the Via Publica. The medieval trade route largely used dry level roads rather than the valleys, which were swampy and impassible after rain. Part of the Via Publcia was referred to as the Mauspfad.

Route / JunctionsEdit

from Arnhem   N336
  (NL) border crossing
North Rhine-Westphalia
Elten
Emmerich am Rhein   B220
Rees   B67
Wesel   B473   B58   B70
  (1) Dinslaken-West   A59

replaced by L1


Duisburg-Huckingen   B288
Düsseldorf-Wittlaer
  Düsseldorf-Kaiserswerth
  Düsseldorf-Lohausen
  (30) Düsseldorf-Stockum   A44
  Düsseldorf-Derendorf   B1/  B7
  (23) Düsseldorf-Bilk   B326   A46

replaced by   A46   A59


Düsseldorf-Benrath   B228
  (23) Düsseldorf-Garath   A59
Langenfeld   B229
  (2) Langenfeld-Reusrath   A542
Opladen   B232
  (22) Opladen   A3
  Leverkusen-Wiesdorf
Leverkusen   A1
Cologne   B51   B506   B55   B55a
  (31) Gremberghoven   A59
  (36) Lind   A59
Siegburg   B56

replaced by L333



replaced by   A560


  (7) Hennef (Sieg)-Ost   A560
Rheinland-Pfalz
Altenkirchen (Westerwald)   B256   B414
Höchstenbach   B413
Hahn am See   B255
Wallmerod
Hesse
Limburg an der Lahn   B54/  B49   B417
  Lahn
  Tunnel Schiede Tunnel 240 m
  (43) Limburg-Süd   A3
Bad Camberg
Waldems-Esch   B275
Königstein   B455   B519
Kraftfahrstraße
  Kelkheim   B519
  Bad Soden
  Sulzbach
end of motor road
  (16) Frankfurt-Höchst   A66

replaced by   A66

  (18) Eschborner 3-way interchange   A648

replaced by   A648

  (3) Westkreuz Frankfurt   A5
  (5) Katharinenkreisel (formerly Opelrondell)   B44

  (-) Frankfurt-Messe   A648
  (21) Frankfurt-Miquelallee   A66
Frankfurt am Main   B3
  (14) Frankfurt-Ost   A661
  (33) Maintal-Bischofsheim   A66

replaced by   A66

  (36) Hanau-Nord   B45   A66

  (37) Erlensee interchange   A66
  Hanau-Lamboy
  Hanau   B43
Hanau
  Hanau-Wolfgang   B43a
Bayern
Kahl
Karlstein
  (45b) Kleinostheim   A45
Kleinostheim
  (58) Aschaffenburg-West   A3
  Mainaschaff
Kraftfahrstraße
  Mainaschaff-Ost/Aschaffenburg-Strietwald
end of motor road
Aschaffenburg   B26

replaced by   A3


  (65) Marktheidenfeld   A3
  Main
Marktheidenfeld
  (67) Helmstadt   B468   A3
Würzburg   B27   B19   B13
  Main
  bei Rottendorf 3-way interchange   B22
  (72) Rottendorf   A3
  Biebelried-West
  (103) Kitzingen   A7
Kitzingen
  Main
Enzlar   B286
Barred to lorry traffic
Open to lorry traffic
Neustadt/Aisch local diversion   B470
Kraftfahrstraße
  Langenzenn/Wilhermsdorf
  Langenzenn-Burggrafenhof
  Langenzenn-Horbach (entry   / exit  )
  Seukendorf
  with southwest tangent, 3-way interchange   B8 branches off
Fürth–Burgfarrnbach local diversion
  Fürth West
end of motor road
Fürth
  (38) Nuremberg/Fürth   A73
  Maximilianstraße   B4 R

replaced by   B4 R

Nürnberg   B2   B4   B14

  Münchener Straße   B4 R
  (45) Nuremberg-Zollhaus   A73

replaced by   A73


  (48) Nuremberg/Feucht   A73
Feucht local diversion
Schwarzenbruck
Pfeifferhütte
Oberferrieden local diversion
Postbauer-Heng
Neumarkt-Pölling local diversion
Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz local diversion   B299
Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz
Deining
Batzhausen local diversion
Seubersdorf
Daßwang
Hemau local diversion
Nittendorf
  (97) Nittendorf   A3
  (39) Regensburg-Pfaffenstein   A93
Regensburg   B15   B16
  Nibelungen Bridge Regensburg
  (103) Rosenhof   A3
Pfatter local diversion
Rain local diversion
Straubing local diversion
Aiterhofen local diversion   B20
Straßkirchen local diversion
  (22) Plattling-West   A92
Barred to lorry traffic
Plattling
Open to lorry traffic
Osterhofen local diversion
Vilshofen an der Donau
Passau   B12   B85
  (A) border crossing

continues towards Linz

See alsoEdit