Bulunsky District

Bulunsky District (Russian: Булу́нский улу́с; Yakut: Булуҥ улууһа) is an administrative[1] and municipal[6] district (raion, or ulus), one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the north of the republic and borders Ust-Yansky District in the east, Verkhoyansky District in the southeast, Eveno-Bytantaysky and Zhigansky Districts in the south, Olenyoksky District in the west, and Anabarsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 223,600 square kilometers (86,300 sq mi).[2] Its administrative center is the urban-type settlement of Tiksi.[2] As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 9,054, with the population of Tiksi accounting for 55.9% of that number.[3]

Bulunsky District

Булунский улус
Other transcription(s)
 • YakutБулуҥ улууhа
Bennett Island in the Lena River delta, a protected area of Russia in Bulunsky District
Bennett Island in the Lena River delta, a protected area of Russia in Bulunsky District
Flag of Bulunsky District
Flag
Coat of arms of Bulunsky District
Coat of arms
Location of Bulunsky District in the Sakha Republic
Coordinates: 70°41′N 127°21′E / 70.683°N 127.350°E / 70.683; 127.350Coordinates: 70°41′N 127°21′E / 70.683°N 127.350°E / 70.683; 127.350
CountryRussia
Federal subjectSakha Republic[1]
EstablishedDecember 10, 1930[2]
Administrative centerTiksi[2]
Area
 • Total223,600 km2 (86,300 sq mi)
Population
 • Total9,054
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
8,339 (−7.9%)
 • Density0.040/km2 (0.10/sq mi)
 • Urban
55.9%
 • Rural
44.1%
Administrative structure
 • Administrative divisions1 Settlements, 8 Rural okrugs
 • Inhabited localities[2]1 Urban-type settlements[5], 9 Rural localities
Municipal structure
 • Municipally incorporated asBulunsky Municipal District[6]
 • Municipal divisions[7]1 Urban settlements, 6 Rural settlements
Time zoneUTC+9 (MSK+6 Edit this on Wikidata[8])
OKTMO ID98612000
Population of Bulunsky District
2010 Census9,054[3]
2002 Census9,775[9]
1989 Census17,257[10]
1979 Census14,671[11]

GeographyEdit

The district is washed by the Laptev Sea in the north. The main river in the district is the Lena. Other rivers include the Olenyok, the Omoloy, and the Khara-Ulakh. There are many lakes in the Lena River delta. The Lena Delta Wildlife Reserve is located in the district.

ClimateEdit

Average January temperature varies from −32 °C (−26 °F) on the coast to −40 °C (−40 °F) in the interior and average July temperature varies from +4 °C (39 °F) in the north to +14 °C (57 °F) in the south. Average precipitation ranges from 150 to 200 millimeters (5.9 to 7.9 in) in the north and from 250 to 300 millimeters (9.8 to 11.8 in) in the south.

HistoryEdit

The district was established on December 10, 1930.[2] Initially, its administrative center was in the selo of Kyusyur. In 1957, the administrative center was moved to Tiksi.

Administrative and municipal statusEdit

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Bulunsky District is one of the thirty-four in the republic.[1] It is divided into one settlement (an administrative division with the administrative center in the urban-type settlement (inhabited locality) of Tiksi) and eight rural okrugs (naslegs), all of which comprise nine rural localities.[2] As a municipal division, the district is incorporated as Bulunsky Municipal District.[6] The Settlement of Tiksi is incorporated into an urban settlement, and the eight rural okrugs are incorporated into six rural settlements within the municipal district.[7] The urban-type settlement of Tiksi serves as the administrative center of both the administrative[2] and municipal[6] district.

Inhabited localitiesEdit

Administrative[2]/municipal[7] composition
Settlements/Urban settlements Population[3] Inhabited localities in jurisdiction
Tiksi
(Тикси)
2,756
Rural okrugs/Rural settlements Population Rural localities in jurisdiction*
Borogonsky Rural Okrug/Rural Settlement
(Борогонский)
526
Bulunsky Rural Okrug/Rural Settlement
(Булунский)
1,345
Bykovsky Rural Okrug/Rural Settlement
(Быковский)
517
Siktyakhsky Rural Okrug/Rural Settlement
(Сиктяхский)
287
Tumatsky Rural Okrug
(Туматский)
10
  • selo of Sklad
    (municipally, a part of Tyumetinsky Rural Settlement)
Tyumyetinsky Rural Okrug/Rural Settlement
(Тюметинский)
757
Khara-Ulakhsky Rural Okrug/Rural Settlement
(Хара-Улахский)
522
Ystannakhsky Rural Okrug
(Ыстаннахский)
27
  • selo of Ust-Olenyok
    (municipally, a part of Tyumetinsky Rural Settlement)

*Administrative centers are shown in bold

EconomyEdit

 
Bulunsky District's stand at the fish industry fair in Vladivostok

The economy of the district is mostly based on reindeer husbandry and fishing. Tiksi is a sea port on the Northern Sea Route.

DemographicsEdit

As of the 2010 Census, the ethnic composition was as follows:[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Constitution of the Sakha Republic, Article 45
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. ^ The count of urban-type settlements may include the work settlements, the resort settlements, the suburban (dacha) settlements, as well as urban-type settlements proper.
  6. ^ a b c d Law #172-Z #351-III
  7. ^ a b c Law #173-Z #354-III
  8. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  11. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia] (XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 – via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.

SourcesEdit

  • Official website of the Sakha Republic. Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic. Bulunsky District. (in Russian)
  • Верховный Совет Республики Саха (Якутия). 4 апреля 1992 г. «Конституция (основной закон) Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Конституционного закона №1077-З №1035-IV от 8 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений и дополнений в Конституцию (основной закон) Республики Саха (Якутия)». Опубликован: "Якутские ведомости", №7, 26 апреля 1992 г. (Supreme Council of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. April 4, 1992 Constitution (Basic Law) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Constitutional Law #1077-Z No. 1035-IV of June 8, 2012 On Amending and Supplementing the Constitution (Basic Law) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. ).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №172-З №351-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1535-З №597-V от 27 ноября 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в статьи 1 и 2 Закона Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #172-Z No. 351-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1535-Z No. 597-V of November 27, 2015 On Amending Articles 1 and 2 of the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №173-З №353-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1058-З №1007-IV от 25 апреля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #173-Z No. 353-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1058-Z No. 1007-IV of April 25, 2012 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).