Bulgarian diaspora

The Bulgarian diaspora includes ethnic Bulgarians living outside Bulgaria and its surrounding countries, as well as immigrants from Bulgaria abroad.

Map of the Bulgarian diaspora in the world (includes people with Bulgarian ancestry or citizenship).
  Bulgaria
  + 100,000
  + 10,000
  + 1,000

The number of Bulgarians outside Bulgaria has sharply increased since 1989, following the Revolutions of 1989 in Central and Eastern Europe. Over one million Bulgarians have left the country, either permanently or as a temporary workforce, leading to a marked decline in its population. Many took advantage of the US green card lottery system. Also, many Bulgarians immigrated to Canada using the advantage of the Canadian immigration point system for skilled workers. Others went across the European Union. In countries such as Germany and Spain where many Bulgarians work and stay there intermittently, while retaining Bulgaria as their permanent residence. This trend increased following the 2007 enlargement of the European Union, when Bulgaria became a European Union member state.

Most of the causes for the spread of the post-1990s Bulgarian diaspora throughout the EU member states and North America have been related to work and education. Therefore, the majority of the emigrants have been allowed residence in other countries on skilled worker or student basis. That includes people of various skills - lower education workers (which usually deal with utilities and housekeeping), plumbers, construction workers, gardeners, handymen, maids, as well as a substantial amount of higher-education specialists - usually from the areas of engineering, computer science, chemistry and medicine.

The largest communities of the Bulgarian diaspora in the Western part of the European Union are in Spain, Germany, the United Kingdom, France and Italy.

Other places that attracted Bulgarian immigration are Australia, New Zealand, South America (especially Argentina and Brazil), South Africa, and some expats in United Arab Emirates.

The numbers of Bulgarians living abroad has been reported in vastly different numbers by varying groups such as the government and various NGOs, leading to some criticism.[1]

Distribution by countryEdit

Country Bulgarian Citizens Ethnic Bulgarians Article
  Turkey 700,000 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarian Turks in Turkey and Bulgarians in Turkey
  Greece 300,000 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Greece
  United States 300,000 (in 2011)[2] 95,588[3]
2010 US Census
Bulgarian Americans
  Spain 250,000 (in 2011)[2] 150,878 (in 2011)[4] Bulgarians in Spain
  Germany 226,926 (in 2016)[5] Bulgarians in Germany
  United Kingdom 100,000 (in 2011)[2] 35,000 (in 2009)[6] Bulgarians in the United Kingdom
  Italy 100,000 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Italy
  Canada 70,000 (in 2011)[2] 30,485 (by ancestry, 2011 Census)[7] (official data) Bulgarian Canadians
  North Macedonia 500,000 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in North Macedonia
  Cyprus 35,000 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Cyprus
  Netherlands 34 809 (in 2019)[8] Bulgarians in the Netherlands
  Russia 32,265 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Russia
  France 30,000 (in 2011)[2] 34,000 (in 2011)[citation needed] Bulgarians in France
  Moldova 20,000 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Moldova
  South Africa 20,000 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in South Africa
  Austria 18,481 (in 2014)[2] Bulgarians in Austria
  Belgium 18,000 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Belgium
  Australia 15,000 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarian Australian
  Portugal 15,000 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Portugal
  Serbia 150,000 (in 2011)[2] 18,543 (2011) [9] Bulgarians in Serbia
  Poland 14,000 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Poland
  Sweden 9,105 (in 2016)[2] Bulgarians in Sweden
  Israel 7,500 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarian Jews in Israel
  Switzerland 4,500 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Switzerland
  Denmark 4,200 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Denmark
  UAE 3,500 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in UAE
  Czech Republic 3,206 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Czechoslovakia and Bulgarians in Czech Republic
  Ireland 3,000 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Ireland
  New Zealand 3,000 Bulgarians in New Zealand
  Hungary 2,800 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Hungary
  Argentina 2,500 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Argentina
  Romania 2,000 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Romania
  Norway 1,800 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Norway
  Slovakia 1,800 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Slovakia
  Slovenia 1,500 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Slovenia
  Syria 1,200 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Syria
  Lebanon 1,000 Bulgarians in Lebanon
  Jordan 1,000 (in 2011)[2]
  State of Palestine 1,000 (in 2011)[2]
  Finland 1,000 (in 2011)[2]
  Uruguay 1,000 (in 2005)[10][11] to 2,000 persons (1998)[12] Bulgarians in Uruguay
  Latvia 921 (2011 est.)[13]
  Luxembourg 800 (in 2011)[2]
  Kuwait 700 (in 2011)[2]
  Qatar 600 (in 2014)[14]
  Mexico 500 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Mexico
  Ukraine 420 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Ukraine
  Japan 350 (in 2011)[2]
  Morocco 312 (in 2011)[2]
  Croatia 872 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Croatia
  Brazil 277 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Brazil
  China 256 (in 2011)[2]
  Egypt 250 (in 2011)[2]
  Nigeria 250 (in 2011)[2]
  Indonesia 235 (in 2011)[2]
  Algeria 200 (in 2011)[2]
  Tunisia 200 (in 2011)[2]
  Chile 200 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Chile
  India 104 (in 2011)[2]
  Belarus 100 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Belarus
  Kosovo 100 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Kosovo
  South Korea 100 (in 2011)[2]
  Cuba 65 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Cuba
  Yemen 60 (in 2011)[2]
  Azerbaijan 50 (in 2011)[2]
  Vietnam 50 (in 2011)[2]
  Bosnia 44 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Bosnia
  Armenia 30 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarian Armenians in Armenia
  Albania 2,600 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Albania
  Georgia 25 (in 2011)[2]
  Montenegro 25 (in 2011)[2]
  Iran 20 (in 2011)[2]
  Kazakhstan 20 (in 2011)[2] Bulgarians in Kazakhstan
  Ethiopia 16 (in 2011)[2]
  Pakistan 11 (in 2011)[2]
  Uzbekistan 8 (in 2011)[2] 2,166 (in 1989 Soviet Census)[15]
  Mongolia 6 (in 2011)[2]
  Afghanistan 2 (in 2011)[2]
  Nicaragua 50 Bulgarians in Nicaragua
  Singapore 350 Bulgarians in Singapore
TOTAL 2,000,000 - 2,500,000   Bulgaria: 7,380,000 (in 2011)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "How Many Bulgarians Migrate? No One Knows". Archived from the original on 2018-03-22. Retrieved 2018-03-22.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs Брой на българските граждани в чужбина (2011 г.) | www.EuroChicago.com - The Bulgarian Media Portal in Chicago
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "National Institute of Statistics of Spain - 2011 Census" (PDF). ine.es. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-04-04. Retrieved 2011-05-23.
  5. ^ "Ausländische Bevölkerung. Ergebnisse des Ausländerzentralregisters" (in German). Statistisches Bundesamt. 2016. p. 37. Retrieved 2016-10-29.
  6. ^ "Estimated population resident in the United Kingdom, by foreign country of birth (Table 1.3)". Office for National Statistics. September 2009. Archived from the original on 2011-01-22. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
  7. ^ Statistics Canada. "2011 National Household Survey: Data tables". Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  8. ^ CBS
  9. ^ "Serbian 2011 census".
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 2015-08-14.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "Внук на нашенски емигрант ни представя в Уругвай". monitor.bg. Archived from the original on 2012-09-04.
  12. ^ "??????? ????? - Държавата се е "самоотстранила" от българския национален въпрос (отпечатване)". vestnikataka.com.
  13. ^ (in Latvian) Latvijas iedzīvotāju sadalījums pēc nacionālā sastāva un valstiskās piederības
  14. ^ "Qatar´s population by nationality - bq magazine". Archived from the original on 2014-12-21. Retrieved 2014-12-21.
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-01-06. Retrieved 2015-12-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit