Korean water toad

  (Redirected from Bufo stejnegeri)

The Korean water toad, Korean toad, water toad, or Stejneger's toad (Bufo stejnegeri), is a species of toad found in East Asia.[2] Two distinct populations are known to exist, one in eastern Liaoning province of northeastern China, and one in the central mountains of the Korean Peninsula.[1] Within South Korea, it is found in eastern Gyeonggi (specifically Gapyeong) and also in Gangwon-do (particularly the Odaesan mountain complex). In addition, it is expected that there are or have been additional populations in the region between central Korea and Liaoning.

Korean water toad
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Bufo
B. stejnegeri
Binomial name
Bufo stejnegeri
Schmidt, 1931
  • Bufo kangi Kang and Sunwoo, 1973 – nomen nudum
  • Bufo kangi Yoon, 1975
  • Bufo cycloparotidos Zhao and Huang, 1982

The classification of the Korean water toad into the genus Bufo was challenged in a 2006 paper.[3] However, no alternative classification was proposed and the species is at present provisionally allocated to Bufo.[2]

The Korean water toad is found inland, at elevations from 200 to 700 meters above sea level. As its name suggests, it favors water, and is typically found in wooded riparian areas.[1] Breeding and egg-laying take place in the waters of streams and rivers. The water toad is typically nocturnal, but is also active during the day during the summer rains.

Because of their superficial similarity to frogs, Korean water toads are sometimes eaten. However, like other toads, they are poisonous. A case of severe poisoning from a digoxin-like immunoreactive substance was reported in 1998.[4]


  1. ^ a b c Matsui, M. & Zhao, W. (2004). "Bufo stejnegeri". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2004: e.T54766A11200818. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS.T54766A11200818.en.
  2. ^ a b c Frost, Darrel R. (2020). "Bufo stejnegeri Schmidt, 1931". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 25 February 2020.
  3. ^ Frost, D. R.; Grant, T.; Faivovich, J. N.; Bain, R. H.; Haas, A.; Haddad, C. F. B.; De Sá, R. O.; Channing, A.; Wilkinson, M.; Donnellan, S. C.; Raxworthy, C. J.; Campbell, J. A.; Blotto, B. L.; Moler, P.; Drewes, R. C.; Nussbaum, R. A.; Lynch, J. D.; Green, D. M. & Wheeler, W. C. (2006). "The amphibian tree of life". Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. 297: 1–291. doi:10.1206/0003-0090(2006)297[0001:TATOL]2.0.CO;2. hdl:2246/5781.
  4. ^ Kwak, HC; Oh YL; Kwon HJ; Oh SJ; Kim SG; Kim KS; Yoo HJ; Won DJ & Park JS (1998). "증례 : 물두꺼비 ( Bufo stejnegeri Schmidt ) 섭취에 의한 digoxin - like immunoreactive substance ( DLIS ) 중독증 1예" [A case of digoxin-like immunoreactive substance (DLIS) poisoning after ingestion of fried water toad (Bufo stejnegeri Schmidt)]. Korean Journal of Medicine (in Korean). 54 (4): 542–546.