Buenaventura, Valle del Cauca
Municipality and town
El Puerto (the Port)
|Department||Valle del Cauca Department|
|Region||Pacific Region of Colombia|
|Regional District||Special economic zone district|
|Foundation||14 July 1540|
|Founded by||Juan Ladrillero by order from Pascual de Andagoya|
|• Mayor||Víctor Hugo Vidal Piedrahíta|
|• City Council|
|• Total||6,078 km2 (2,347 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||7 m (23 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||0 m (0 ft)|
|• Rank||Ranked 19th|
|• Density||71/km2 (180/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Colombia Standard Time)|
Buenaventura is a city with a population of 333,194 as of the 2005 census. Most city development lies on Cascajal Island. Most of the city's land is rural with scattered small villages. It is served by the Gerardo Tobar López Airport.
The city was founded on July 14, 1540, by Juan de Ladrilleros through orders from Pascual de Andagoya. At that time it was inhabited by the Buscajas. The city was destroyed by Native Americans before 1600[why?]; it was later rebuilt. Buenaventura thrived after the opening of the Panama Canal in 1914; and in the 1950s became a regular stopover for the 'international jet set'. Today, the city is crucial for sending raw materials to nearby areas; this has brought prosperity and allowed recent new development to occur.
Afro-Colombian: 220,318 (85.25%)
No response: 4,289 (1.66%)
Indigenous: 3,919 (1.52%)
Raizal: 48 (0.02%)
Palenquero: 33 (0.01%)
Romani: 13 (0.01%)
The city is one of the major ports on the continent, accounting for nearly 60% of all Colombian sea imports and exports. However, due to its strategic position, the city's economy has been hampered by gang-related activity fighting over control of the port, making it among the most impoverished cities in Colombia.
The city is surrounded by rivers, including: the Dagua; the Anchicayá; the Calima; the Raposo; the Mayorquín; the Cajambre; the Yurumanguí; and part of the right arm of the Naya River and part of the left arm of the River San Juan at its mouth. In addition, it has many streams and smaller rivers, such as Agua Clara, San Marcos, Sabaletas, San Cipriano and Escalerete, which supplies the municipal capital through an aqueduct.
Well paved and maintained roads, that are designed to be unaffected by landslides, leave the city via Loboguerrero, where it divides to go to Cali, or Buga and then onwards to the cities of Armenia, Medellín and Bogotá. This route is known as "La Vía al Mar", as it connects the parts of the country together.
Gerardo Tobar López Airport connects Buenaventura with direct flights of 1 hour 20 minutes to Bogotá via Satena, as well as to other cities.
Colombian authorities have seized almost US$28 million in cash from drug kingpins. The money found was in several shipping containers sent from Manzanillo, Colima (Mexico) and Houston (United States), that belonged to brothers Luis Enrique and Javier Antonio Calle Serna, also known as the ‘Combas’.
Between 2008 and 2010, the number of reported homicides in the city doubled. In 2010, the murder rate of Buenaventura was 175.2 homicides per 100,000, a rate 24 times that of New York City. To counter the violence, the Colombian government has set up a marine special forces unit in the worst area of the city. In 2011, it seemed that counter-violence efforts had improved crime metrics, even while aspects of the Colombian drug war in that city worsened. According to community activist Victor Hugo Vidal, "If you ask the authorities, they will tell you [the city] is better -- that the homicide rates are way down. But for us [living here], during the last 10 years, there has been no change."
The city hosts higher education universities, both private and public:
- Universidad del Valle is the leading academic institution in south-western Colombia, with the third-highest student population in the country. Its main campus is in the city of Cali, but apart from the capital of Valle del Cauca, there are campuses in Barrio San Fernando, where the Faculty of Health and the Faculty of Administration are based, and they have regional headquarters in: Buga, Cartago, Caicedonia, Northern Cauca, Buenaventura, Palmira, Tulua, Yumbo and Zarzal. In haws a total of 30,000 students (2007) of which almost 25,000 are undergraduates and 5,000 postgraduates. The headquarters of the Universidad del Valle in the city of Buenaventura, are on the Avenida Simon Bolivar km 9 Contiguo ITI College, GVC.
- Universidad del Pacífico - is a University Public Institution of Higher Education. It has five academic programs; Systems Engineering, Architecture, Sociology, Humid Tropics Agriculture, Aquaculture Technology, and Computer Technology. The administrative office is located at Avenida Simon Bolivar # 54A-10 in Buenaventura. It also has offices in Guapi and Tumaco.
- Universidad del Quindío
- Universidad Antonio Nariño is one of the largest private universities in the country, with campuses in nearly all major cities in Colombia, including Buenaventura
Buenaventura is located a few miles from the western cordillera of the Andes mountain range and about 116 kilometres (72.1 mi) by road from the major city of Cali, the department's capital. It is one of the rainiest cities in the world, with 6,000 to 7,000 millimetres (240 to 280 in) of rainfall annually.
|Climate data for Buenaventura Airport|
|Average high °C (°F)||29.6
|Daily mean °C (°F)||25.8
|Average low °C (°F)||22.9
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||413.9
|Average rainy days||22||18||21||23||25||26||26||26||26||26||24||23||286|
|Average relative humidity (%)||89||88||88||88||89||88||89||89||89||89||89||89||89|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||86.8||87.5||96.1||105.0||99.2||99.0||114.7||124.0||93.0||99.2||87.0||86.8||1,178.3|
|Mean daily sunshine hours||2.8||3.1||3.1||3.5||3.2||3.3||3.7||4.0||3.1||3.2||2.9||2.8||3.2|
The most notable tourist venue is the Cascajal Island located in the western part of the city. It is inhabited, and is surrounded by marshes and in it are important tourist and commercial sites including Néstor Urbano Tenorio park, the field of handicrafts sea of the same, the cathedral San Buenaventura Hotel Station, the ramp or site boats to go to nearby islands and the pier.
Piangüita, a coastal town near Buenaventura, has the Ecoparque Theme Green Iguanas, created by Rigoberto Gomez. The Ecopark comprises four hectares, and is part of the homelands of the black community of Bazán. It also has beaches which attract tourists.
Bahía Málaga is a deepwater port designed to provide support to large ships that cannot enter the port of Buenaventura.
Places of interestEdit
- Cathedral of Buenaventura
- National Palace
- San Cipriano and Escalarete rivers Nature Reserve.
- Beaches of La Bocana, Piangüita, Juanchaco, Ladrilleros and La Barra
- Hotel Maguipi
- Botanical Garden Bushes, within the area of Bahía Málaga Uramba National Natural Park
Other places of interestEdit
- Néstor Urbano Tenorio Park
- Tourist floating dock.
- Mural "Buenaventura 450 years in space"
- Spa on the outskirts of the city
- Hotel Station
Notable natives and residentsEdit
- Petronio Álvarez Quintero, singer-songwriter Currulao
- Juan Carlos Candelo, former NABF Light Middleweight champion
- Raul Cuero, professor of microbiology at Prairie View A&M University and Inventor
- Margarita Diez-Colunje y Pombo (1838-1919), historian, translator, genealogist
- Marbelle, pop singer
- Edison Miranda, a 2000 Colombia Olympian, former WBO Latino, NABA, and IBF Latino Middleweight champion
- Fernando Montaño, soloist with the Royal Ballet in London
- Freddy Rincón, retired Colombian football midfielder
- Gerardo Valencia Cano, Apostolic vicariate de Buenaventura
- Adolfo Valencia, retired Colombian football striker
The city has had two professional football teams; each club played Categoría Primera B and had only a short existence. Pacífico F.C. only existed for the 2010–2011 season, whereas Atlético Buenaventura played between 1991 and 1995.
- "Resultados y proyecciones (2005-2020) del censo 2005" (in Spanish). Retrieved 1 July 2019.
- Kraul, Chris (21 September 2009). "Colombian crackdown appears to be paying off". Retrieved 19 April 2018 – via LA Times.
- "World Gazetteer: Buenaventura - profile of geographical entity includ…". world-gazetteer.com. 9 February 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2018.[dead link]
- "Once Colombia's 'Deadliest City,' Buenaventura Is Coming Back". Retrieved 2018-10-03.
- "DANE demographics Buenaventura, Colombia 2018".
- "Buenaventura: Dismemberment and Displacement (Full Length) - VICE News". VICE News. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
- "Colombia's new urban drugs war". 18 August 2007. Retrieved 19 April 2018 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
- "U.S. Targets Powerful, Profitable "Super Cartel"". cbsnews.com. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
- Reuters (24 March 2010). "Bomb Kills at Least 6 in Port City in Colombia". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
- Dickinson, Elizabeth (August 2011). "Colombia's Invisible War". theatlantic.com. Retrieved 19 April 2018.