Budi Darma

Budi Darma, BA, MA, Prof. Emeritus (born April 25, 1937 in Rembang, Central Java, Indonesia) is often described as one of Indonesia's most influential writers.[1] He is the fourth of six children, all male.[2] During his childhood and teens, Budi and his family lived in a number of different cities in Java, including Yogyakarta, Bandung and Semarang, due to the nature of his father's position in the postal service.[3] His schooling reflected his family's nomadic existence. Budi's attended elementary school in Kudus, junior high in Salatiga, and high school in Semarang, graduating from there in 1957.[3] He then studied at the English Literature Department, Faculy of Letters, University of Gadjah Mada.[3] After graduating in 1963, Budi moved to Iowa for the International Writing Program at the University of Iowa.[2] In 1970, he received a scholarship from the East-West Center to study humanities at the University of Hawaii, before graduating with an MA from Indiana University Bloomington in 1976.[4] Four years later, in 1980, he earned his Ph.D for his dissertation on "Character and Moral Judgment in Jane Austen's Novels", from the same university.[3] His return to Indonesia was followed by a succession of notable appointments: between the years 1984-1987 he was appointed Dean of the English Department of the State University of Surabaya (formerly IKIP Surabaya), became a member of the Arts Council, and Rector of the Surabaya Teachers' Training College.[4] Budi Darma continued lecturing at the English Department of the State University of Surabaya until his retirement, at the age of 70, in 2007.[5]

Budi Darma
Budi Darma delivering speech, International Conference on Education, Language, and Literature (ICon-ELite), Surabaya, 2018-07-18 02.jpg
Born (1937-04-25) 25 April 1937 (age 82)
Rembang, Central Java
OccupationEssayist, Novelist, Literary Critic, Literature Professor
ResidenceIndonesia
NationalityIndonesian

In 1983 Budi wrote the novel, Olenka. It was his first work, inspired by a woman he met while studying at Bloomington. The title was taken from a collection of short stories by Anton Chekov.[6] Although set in America, the novel remains steadfastly Indonesian in its use of Javanese wordplay to tell the story of an amorous plight of a young man with Olenka, the female heroine. Budi has explained his reasons for his choice of style as being due to his firm belief that a writer will never lose his or her roots, no matter how distanced from their place of birth.[6] The novel was published by Balai Pustaka and went on to win several awards including the Jakarta Art Institute Literary award and the S.E.A. Write Award (Southeast Asian Write award).[6] "Olenka" has been reprinted several times, the most recent reprinting coincided with the Indonesian Book Festival in Senayan, Central Jakarta in 2009.[6]

Although Olenka is his best known work, Budi is also the author of several novels, a number of collections of short stories and essays.[3] Prior to writing Olenka, he published an anthology of eight short stories, called Orang-orang Bloomington (Bloomington People) (published 1980)[3] After Olenka, he wrote the novels Rafilus, published in 1988, and Ny. Talis, published in 1996.[3] As at 2010, Budi Darma has authored over 38 works, many of which are available in translation worldwide.[7]

Educational backgroundEdit

  • Elementary School: Kudus, Central Java (1950)
  • Junior High School: Salatiga, Central Java (1953)
  • Senior High School : Semarang, Central Java (1956)
  • Bachelor Program : Faculty of Letter (Major: English), Gadjah Mada University, Central Java (1963)
  • Master Program: Indiana University, United States (1975)
  • Doctorate Program: Indiana University, United States (1980)

Others:

  • International Writing Program, Iowa University, United States (1967)
  • Basic Humanities, Hawaii University, Honolulu, United States (1971)

AwardEdit

Notable worksEdit

BookEdit

  • Pengantar Teori Sastra (2005)
  • Pengantar Teori Sastra (2019)

NovelEdit

  • Olenka (1983)[6]
  • Rafilus (1988)
  • Ny.Talis (1995)

Short storyEdit

  • Derabat (1977)
  • Kecap Nomor Satu di Sekeliling Bayi (1969)
  • Ranjang (1970)
  • Nancy Krie (1970)
  • Tanah Minta Digarap (1970)
  • Mangut-Mangut Semacam Ini Biasakah (1970)
  • Mbah Jambe (1970)
  • Pistol (1970)
  • Bulan (1973)
  • Kitri (1970)
  • Pengantin (1971)
  • Sebelum Esok Tiba (1971)
  • Gadis (1971)
  • Anak (1972)
  • Alang Kepalang (1976)
  • Gauhati (1984)
  • Madelun (1993)
  • Mata yang Indah (2001)
  • Kisah Pilot Bejo (2007)
  • Bluke Kecil (2009)
  • Misbahul (2010)
  • Pohon Jejawi (2010)[8]
  • Laki-laki Pemanggul Goni (2012) [9]
  • Tangan-tangan Buntung (2012)[10]
  • Dua Sahabat (2013)
  • Percakapan (2013)[11]
  • Tanda Tanya (2013)[12]
  • Angela (2014)[13]
  • Hotel Tua (2014)[14]
  • Sang Pemahat (2015)[15]
  • Dua Penyanyi (2015)[16]
  • Presiden Jebule (2016)
  • Darojat dan Istrinya (2016)
  • Tukang Cukur (2016)
  • Bukan Mahasiswa Saya (2017)
  • Tarom (2017)
  • Suara di Bandara (2018)
  • Lorong Gelap (2018)
  • Tamu (2019)

Short story anthologyEdit

  • Orang-orang Bloomington (1980)
  • Kritikus Adinan (2002)
  • Fofo & Senggring (2005)
  • Orez
  • Laki-laki Lain dalam Sepucuk Surat: pilihan cerita (2008)

EssayEdit

  • Sebuah Solilokui mengenai Goenawan Mohamad (1977)
  • Pengaruh Zionisme atas Sastra Dunia (1978)
  • Sastra Amerika Masa Kini (1979)
  • Beberapa Gejala dalam Penulisan Prosa (1983)
  • Keindahan: Pandangan Romantik (1983)
  • Novel Indonesia adalah Dunia Melodrama (1983)
  • Persoalan Proses Kreatif (1983)
  • Kemampuan Mengebor Sukma (1984)
  • Perihal Kritik Sastra (1984)
  • Kritikus Nirdawat: Seorang Kritikus Sastra (1985)
  • Pengalaman Pribadi dengan Nugraho Notosusastro (1985)
  • Perkembangan Puisi Indonesia (1985)
  • Manusia Indonesia Berbicara (1987)
  • Kritik Sastra dan Karya Sastra (1987)
  • Romantika Sastra, Kita (1988)
  • Tanggung Jawab Pengarang (1988)
  • Konstalasi Sastra : Homo Comparatikus (1989)
  • Melihat Citra Bangsa melalui Novel (1990)
  • Sastra Indonesia Mutakhir (1990)
  • Stagnasi Kritik Sastra (1990)
  • Kisah Sebuah Odise (1991)
  • Sastra dan Kebudayaan (1992)
  • Novel dan Jati Diri (1993)
  • Manusia Konotasi dan Manusia Denotasi (1997)
  • Mempersoalkan Cerita Pendek (1999)
  • Jebakan Rogue Journals (2019)
  • Jebakan Rouque Journals (2019)
  • Jebakan Roque Jurnals (2019)
  • Dalang Wayang Kulit (2000)
  • Pendidikan Seni Pertunjukan (2000)
  • Suratman Markasan : Sastra Melayu Singapura (2000)
  • Fiksi dan Biografi (2001)
  • Ironi si Kembar Siam : Tentang Posmo dan Kajian Budaya (2001)
  • Manusia sebagai Makhluk Budaya (2001)
  • Sastra dan Kebangsaan (2001)
  • Sastra dan Pluralisme (2001)
  • Visi Pengembangan Kebudayaan (2001)
  • Memperhitungkan Masa Lampau (2004)
  • Bahasa yang Indah (2012)
  • Mempertanyakan Orhan Pamuk (2012)
  • Penulisan Sejarah Indonesia (2014)
  • Tersandera oleh Wibawa (2015)
  • Ketika Lapis Atas dan Bawah Sama-sama Timpang (2015)[17]
  • Berdoa Kepada Tuhan (2016) [18]

Essay anthologyEdit

  • Solilokui (1983)
  • Sejumlah Esai Sastra (1984)
  • Harmonium (1995)
  • Moral dalam Sastra (1981)
  • Art and Culture in Surabaya: A Brief Introduction (1992)

TranslationEdit

The Legacy (1996)

Non-LiteratureEdit

  • Sejarah 10 November 1945 (1987, Pemda Jatim)
  • Culture in Surabaya (1992, IKIP Surabaya)
  • Modern Literature of ASEAN (Chief Editor, 2000)
  • Kumpulan Esai Sastra ASEAN Asean Committee on Culture and Information

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "WRITERS STAND TOGETHER AGAINST TERROR". The Jakarta Post. October 5, 2005.
  2. ^ a b "Budi Darma". Badan Bahasa. 30 April 2009. Retrieved 30 March 2012.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Budi Darma". Goodreads. 2012. Retrieved 29 March 2012.
  4. ^ a b "World Writers #148:Budi Darma". 29 September 2011. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  5. ^ Evi Mariani (16 September 2005). "Polite teacher views human absurdity". The Jakarta Post. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  6. ^ a b c d e Dina Indrasafitri (26 July 2009). "Welcome back 'Olenka'". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  7. ^ "Budi Darma". WorldCat Identities. 2010. Retrieved 30 March 2012.
  8. ^ "Pohon Jejawi". Kompas. 26 December 2010. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 25 March 2012.
  9. ^ "Laki-laki Pemanggul Goni". Kompas. 27 February 2012. Retrieved 11 May 2013.
  10. ^ "Tangan-tangan Buntung". Kompas. 29 July 2012. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  11. ^ "Percakapan". Kompas. 23 June 2013. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  12. ^ "Tanda Tanya". Kompas. 1 December 2013. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  13. ^ "Angela". Kompas. 20 April 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  14. ^ "Hotel Tua". Kompas. 7 September 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
  15. ^ "Sang Pemahat". Kompas. 2 August 2015. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
  16. ^ "Dua Penyanyi". Kompas. 6 December 2015. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  17. ^ "Ketika Lapis Atas dan Bawah Sama-sama Timpang". Jawa Pos. 26 December 2015. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
  18. ^ "Berdoa Kepada Tuhan". Kompas. 7 January 2016. Retrieved 3 March 2016.[permanent dead link]

External linksEdit