Budgam district

Budgam district is a district in the Indian administered union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. Created in 1979 with its headquarters at Budgam, it is the district with the largest population of Shias in the Kashmir valley.[3]

Budgam

Badgom

Badgam
A flock of sheep on a green meadow, with woods in the background
Doodhpathri pastures in Budgam district
Location of Budgam district in Jammu and Kashmir
Location of Budgam district in Jammu and Kashmir
Coordinates: 34°1′12″N 74°46′48″E / 34.02000°N 74.78000°E / 34.02000; 74.78000Coordinates: 34°1′12″N 74°46′48″E / 34.02000°N 74.78000°E / 34.02000; 74.78000
Country India
Union TerritoryJammu and Kashmir
Established1979
Founded byAga Syed Yousuf
HeadquartersBudgam
Government
 • TypeDemocracy
Area
 • Total1,370 km2 (530 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total753,745
 • Density537/km2 (1,390/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialKashmiri, Urdu, Hindi, Dogri, English[1][2]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationJK04
Sex ratio1.13250283 /
Literacy57.98%
VillagesIchgam, Khansahib, Dooniwari, Beerwah, Chadoora, Parnewa, Wahabpora
Websitebudgam.nic.in

AdministrationEdit

Budgam district is the closest district to the union territory capital Srinagar (11 km). Budgam district came into existence in 1979, prior to which it was part of Srinagar district. In former times, Budgam was a part of Baramulla district, when Srinagar itself was a constituent of the Anantnag district. It was then known as tehsil Sri Pratap. Historical records suggests that Budgam was also referred to as Pargana Deesu. According to the well-known chronicler Khawaja Azam Demari, the area was also known as Deedmarbag. Budgam district borders the districts of Baramullah and Srinagar in the north, Pulwama in the south and Poonch in the south west.

In 2008, Budgam district consisted of eight blocks.[4] Currently, the district consists of seventeen blocks: Beerwah, Budgam, B.K.Pora, Chadoora, Charari Sharief, Khag, Khansahib, Nagam, Narbal, Pakherpora, Parnewa, Rathsoon, Soibugh, Sukhnag, Surasyar, S.K.Pora and Waterhail.[5] Each block consists of a number of panchayats.

The district is subdivided into the nine tehsils of Charari Sharief Tehsil, Magam tehsil, Beerwah Tehsil, Budgam Tehsil, Chadoora Tehsil, Khansahib Tehsil, Khag Tehsil, BK Pora Tehsil and Narbal Tehsil.[6][7]

Other detailsEdit

Number of Sub-division 03
Number of Municipalities 06
Number of Tehsils 09
Number of Blocks 17
Number of Gram Panchayats 281
Number of villages 510

DemographyEdit

Religion in Budgam district (2011)[8]

  Islam (97.65%)
  Hinduism (1.34%)
  Sikhism (0.74%)
  Christianity (0.20%)
  Buddhism (0.01%)
  Not stated (0.13%)

Budgam district: mother-tongue of population, according to the 2011 Census.[9]

  Gojri (3.01%)
  Hindi (0.69%)
  Kashmiri (94.78%)
  Punjabi (0.50%)
  Others (1.02%)

According to the 2011 census Budgam district has a population of 735,753[10] roughly equal to the nation of Guyana[11] or the US state of Alaska,[12] making it 494th in India (out of a total of 640).[citation needed] The district has a population density of 554 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,430/sq mi).[10] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 24.14%.[10] Badgam has a sex ratio of 883 females for every 1000 males,[10] and a literacy rate of 56.08% (males 66.30%, females $44.85),[10] an increase from 42.20% (males 53.13%, females 30.29%) in 2001.[10] Literacy is higher in urban areas (average 68.87%, male 79.46%, female 55.38%) than in rural areas (average 54.01%, male 64.00%, female 43.29%).[10]

Sex Ratio in Badgam District in 2011 Census.[8]
(no. females per 1,000 males)
Religion (and population) Sex Ratio
Muslim (pop 736,054)
915
Hindu (pop 10,110)
109
Sikh (pop 5,559)
674
Other (pop 2,022)
532
Total (pop 753,745)
894
Budgam district: religion, gender ratio, and % urban of population, according to the 2011 Census.[8]
Hindu Muslim Christian Sikh Buddhist Jain Other Not stated Total
Total 10,110 736,054 1,489 5,559 47 6 2 478 753,745
1.34% 97.65% 0.20% 0.74% 0.01% 0.00% 0.00% 0.06% 100.00%
Male 9,119 384,281 965 3,321 36 4 1 314 398,041
Female 991 351,773 524 2,238 11 2 1 164 355,704
Gender ratio (% female) 9.8% 47.8% 35.2% 40.3% 23.4% 33.3% 50.0% 34.3% 47.2%
Sex ratio
(no. of females per 1,000 males)
109 915 543 674 894
Urban 7,502 89,111 561 635 26 3 0 74 97,912
Rural 2,608 646,943 928 4,924 21 3 2 404 655,833
% Urban 74.2% 12.1% 37.7% 11.4% 55.3% 50.0% 0.0% 15.5% 13.0%

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 94.78% of the population in the district spoke Kashmiri as their first language.[9]

Budgam district
mother-tongue of population, according to the 2011 Census.[9]
Mother tongue code Mother tongue People Percentage
001002 Assamese 333 0.04%
002007 Bengali 635 0.08%
004001 Dogri 592 0.08%
005018 Gujarati 119 0.02%
006102 Bhojpuri 152 0.02%
006195 Garhwali 66 0.01%
006207 Gojri/Gujjari/Gujar 22,706 3.01%
006240 Hindi 5,175 0.69%
006400 Marwari 55 0.01%
006439 Pahari 1,732 0.23%
007016 Kannada 154 0.02%
008005 Kashmiri 714,418 94.78%
011016 Malayalam 325 0.04%
012003 Meitei (Manipuri) 145 0.02%
013071 Marathi 750 0.10%
015043 Odia 425 0.06%
016038 Punjabi 3,759 0.50%
020027 Tamil 486 0.06%
021046 Telugu 421 0.06%
022015 Urdu 345 0.05%
040001 English 218 0.03%
082005 Lushai/Mizo 90 0.01%
109005 Shina 53 0.01%
Others 591 0.08%
Total 753,745 100.00%

Shias form 30–40% of Budgam district's population;[13] almost 90% of the urban population of the district are Shia,[13] whilst the majority of the rural population of the district are Sunni.[13]

EducationEdit

There are 590 schools in Budgam, both private and public, 33 of which are Higher Secondary Schools. The Government Degree College, Budgam is located near the Paller village. It is the only degree college in district Budgam. Budgam is of one of backward districts in kashmir till date because some political issues. Budgam is district is also known to its great Muslim preachers as:Baba-Hanif-Ud-Din, locally the graveyard is known as "Baba sabin Ziyarath" which is situated at the most beautiful mountain which ends up in Rathsun, a small cute village. The people of Rathsun are very kind, as from the old times. Magam is one of the main town in budgam right now, because it is approximately at centre of the district budgam. Ompora, Charar Sharif, Kralpora, Gotapora and Soibugh are highly populated localities of Budgam district. Magam, Ichgam, Iskandarpora, Wahabpora villages of Budgam district are the biggest villages with Shia population.

RailwaysEdit

Budgam district has two railway stations: Budgam and Mazhom, which are both on the Jammu–Baramulla line.

Budgam railway station is located in Ompora town nearly 2.5 km (1.6 mi) from Budgam's district headquarters and 9 km (5.6 mi) from Srinagar's city centre, Lalchowk. It is the biggest railway station in Kashmir division. This railway station has the administrative head controlling the rail service in the Kashmir valley.

Health careEdit

Outside Budgam railway station, there is a big hospital, named Ibn-Sina Hospital, which is Budgam district's first private hospital.[14]

AttractionsEdit

 
Valley in Budgam district

Budgam contains the only airport in Kashmir valley at Ichgam. The district's main tourist attractions are Doodhpathri, Yusmarg, Tosamaidan, Nilnag, Khag and Pehjan. District Budgam offers many stunning locales and has tremendous tourism potential that has largely remained untapped so far. The attractive places that can be visited are Doodhpathri, Yousmarg, Tosamaidan, Nilnag and Khag. Kani Shawl adomed the caesar's court and was looked upon by Mughals and later by Nawabs as mark of nobility. In 1776, Napoleon Bonaparte presented a Kani shawl to his wife Josephine and with that took off a new fashion trend in Europe. The revered shrine of Sheikh Noor-ud-din Wali can also be found in the Charari Sharief Tehsil of Budgam district. Asia's oldest/largest Chinar resides at Chattergam Budgam. Aga Sahib Shrine and Tomb of Shams-ud-Din Araqi are also situated in this district.

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Jammu and Kashmir Official Languages Act, 2020" (PDF). The Gazette of India. 27 September 2020. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  2. ^ "Parliament passes JK Official Languages Bill, 2020". Rising Kashmir. 23 September 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  3. ^ "Are Kashmiri Shias The Next Pandits?". 14 November 2013. Archived from the original on 21 June 2015. Retrieved 21 May 2014.
  4. ^ Statement showing the number of blocks in respect of 22 Districts of Jammu and Kashmir State including newly Created Districts, as on 31-03-2008 (PDF), 13 March 2008, archived from the original (PDF) on 10 September 2008, retrieved 30 August 2008
  5. ^ It consists of seventeen blocks: Beerwah, Budgam, B.K.Pora, Chadoora, Charari Sharief, Khag, Khansahib, Nagam, Narbal, Pakherpora, Parnewa, Rathsoon, Soibugh, Sukhnag, Surasyar, S.K.Pora and Waterhail.
  6. ^ "ERO's and AERO's". Chief Electoral Officer, Jammu and Kashmir. Archived from the original on 22 October 2008. Retrieved 28 August 2008.
  7. ^ https://budgam.nic.in/tehsil/
  8. ^ a b c C-1 Population By Religious Community – Jammu & Kashmir (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  9. ^ a b c C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Jammu & Kashmir (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011: Badgam District". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 15 January 2021.
  11. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Guyana 744,768
  12. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 1 January 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Alaska 710,231
  13. ^ a b c Iyer-Mitra, Abhijit (27 September 2019). "After scrapping of Article 370, Shias in Kashmir are in a state of relief and caution". ThePrint. Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  14. ^ Malik, Saqib (7 January 2018). "Private hospitals need to evolve in emergency care: Akhtar". Greater Kashmir. Retrieved 3 March 2021.

External linksEdit