Buštěhrad (Czech pronunciation: [ˈbuʃcɛɦrat]) is a town in Kladno District in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 3,700 inhabitants.

Buštěhrad
Pond in the town centre
Pond in the town centre
Coat of arms of Buštěhrad
Buštěhrad is located in Czech Republic
Buštěhrad
Buštěhrad
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°9′19″N 14°11′19″E / 50.15528°N 14.18861°E / 50.15528; 14.18861Coordinates: 50°9′19″N 14°11′19″E / 50.15528°N 14.18861°E / 50.15528; 14.18861
Country Czech Republic
RegionCentral Bohemian
DistrictKladno
First mentioned1209
Government
 • MayorDaniela Javorčeková
Area
 • Total7.61 km2 (2.94 sq mi)
Elevation
322 m (1,056 ft)
Population
 (2022-01-01)[1]
 • Total3,703
 • Density490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
273 43
Websitewww.mestobustehrad.cz

EtymologyEdit

The settlement was originally named Buščeves, which was derived from Buškova ves (i.e. "Bušek's village"). After the village became a town, the name was changed to Buckow and the local castle was called Buštěhrad (meaning "Bušek's castle"). In the 19th century, the name of the castle was transferred to the town.[2]

GeographyEdit

Buštěhrad is located about 14 kilometres (9 mi) northwest of Prague. It lies in a flat agricultural landscape of the Prague Plateau. The Buštěhradský Stream springs in the municipal territory, flows through the town, and supplies two small ponds in the town centre.

HistoryEdit

 
Church of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross

The first written mention of Buštěhrad is from 1209. In the 13th century, a fortress was built here, later rebuilt into a castle, which was one of the biggest in the kingdom in the 15th century. In 1497, Buštěhrad was promoted to a town by King Vladislaus II.[3]

During the Thirty Years' War, the castle was destroyed. After the war, houses were built in the ruins, and it became a unique quarter, today called Starý Hrad ("Old Castle"). In the 19th century, the town developed thanks to coal mining and construction of the railway.[3]

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Buštěhrad is twinned with:[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2022". Czech Statistical Office. 2022-04-29.
  2. ^ "Jak získal Buštěhrad své jméno" (in Czech). Město Buštěhrad. Retrieved 2022-05-17.
  3. ^ a b "Historie Buštěhradu" (in Czech). Město Buštěhrad. Retrieved 2021-06-24.
  4. ^ "Česko-ledrenské přátelství dnes". ledro.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 2020-08-08.

External linksEdit