Bruno Le Maire
Bruno Le Maire (born 15 April 1969) is a French politician and former diplomat serving as Minister of the Economy and Finance since 2017. He previously served as Secretary of State for European Affairs from 2008 to 2009 and Minister of Food, Agriculture and Fishing from 2009 to 2012.
Bruno Le Maire
|Minister of the Economy and Finance|
|Assumed office |
17 May 2017
|Prime Minister||Édouard Philippe|
|Preceded by||Michel Sapin|
|Minister of Food, Agriculture and Fishing|
23 June 2009 – 15 May 2012
|Prime Minister||François Fillon|
|Preceded by||Michel Barnier|
|Succeeded by||Stéphane Le Foll|
|Secretary of State for European Affairs|
18 December 2008 – 23 June 2009
|Prime Minister||François Fillon|
|Preceded by||Jean-Pierre Jouyet|
|Succeeded by||Pierre Lellouche|
|Member of the National Assembly|
for Eure's 1st constituency
20 June 2012 – 21 July 2017
|Preceded by||Guy Lefrand|
|Succeeded by||Séverine Gipson|
20 June 2007 – 13 January 2009
|Preceded by||Françoise Charpentier|
|Succeeded by||Guy Lefrand|
|Born||15 April 1969|
|Political party||Union for a Popular Movement (Before 2015)|
The Republicans (2015–2017)
La République En Marche! (2017–present)
Pauline Doussau de Bazignan (m. 1998)
|Alma mater||École normale supérieure|
École nationale d'administration
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Career
- 3 Other activities
- 4 Political positions
- 5 Personal life
- 6 Depiction in film
- 7 Bibliography
- 8 References
Early life and educationEdit
Bruno Le Maire was born on 15 April 1969 in Neuilly-sur-Seine. He is the son of Maurice Le Maire, an executive at the oil company Total, and Viviane Fradin de Belâbre, a headmistress of private Catholic schools, mainly Lycée Saint-Louis-de-Gonzague. Le Maire was educated at Lycée Saint-Louis-de-Gonzague until he obtained his baccalauréat.
Le Maire began attending École Normale Supérieure in 1989 and Paris-Sorbonne University where he studied French literature. He graduated from Sciences Po in 1995 and was accepted into École nationale d'administration (ÉNA) in 1996.
After leaving the ÉNA in 1998, Bruno Le Maire found a job in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development. He eventually joined the team assisting the Secretary General of the Office of the President, Dominique de Villepin. He went on to a role of Foreign Affairs Advisor in the ministry in 2002, then onto an advisor role in the Interior ministry in 2004.
Following several roles in Government including one working directly with Dominique de Villepin, Le Maire was chosen to be political advisor to the Prime Minister. In July 2006, Le Maire was appointed to the role of being Chief of Staff for the Prime Minister, replacing Pierre Mongin remaining in the role until Villepin's departure from the office of Prime Minister.
From 2007 to 2008, he was a member of the National Assembly of France, representing Eure's 1st constituency. After becoming a political advisor to the UMP, Le Maire was appointed to be Secretary of State in charge of European Affairs, replacing Jean-Pierre Jouyet, in December 2008, serving until 2009.
Minister of Food, Agriculture and Fishing, 2009–2012Edit
In June 2009, Le Maire became the new Minister of Food, Agriculture and Fishing in the government of François Fillon. During his tenure at the Ministry, he created a new framework to modernize French agriculture, food and fishing. He also hosted the G20 Agriculture summit in 2011, which resulted in the creation of AMIS (Agricultural Market Information System). The main objective of AMIS is to monitor the global agricultural market under a rotating presidency. An intervention Forum can be convoked if the presiding country judges it necessary.
Candidacies for leadership rolesEdit
On August 2012, Le Maire announced that he would be a candidate for the presidency of the Union for a Popular Movement, competing against former Prime Minister François Fillon, Secretary General Jean-François Copé and former Minister of Ecology Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet. He decided to develop a reformist line and to focus his campaign around four main axes:
- Enhancing European economic integration
- Strengthening French entrepreneurship and economy
- Going back to the values of respect and authority in society
- Renewing generations in political parties.
He failed however to obtain the necessary number of sponsors. In November 2014, Le Maire obtained 29.8% of votes against Nicolas Sarkozy in the election for the presidency of The Republicans (formerly UMP).
Le Maire was considered a serious challenger of the 2016 centre-right primary as the polls suggested he could be third-placed but got a poor result with 2.4%. He became LR candidate François Fillon’s international affairs spokesman, but resigned when Fillon was embroiled in a financial scandal during his campaign. Le Maire has since distanced himself from his party, calling for the right to work constructively with Macron to ensure the president's five years in office succeeds and prevents the far-right National Front making further electoral inroads.
Minister of the Economy and Finance, 2017–presentEdit
In May 2017, Le Maire was appointed by President Emmanuel Macron Minister of the Economy in the first Philippe government. In this capacity, he is supported by Budget Minister Gerald Darmanin. Shortly after being appointed as the Minister of the Economy, Le Maire became a member of La République En Marche! following conflicting reports that he was excluded from The Republicans party. Le Maire was able to win reelection in his constituency after beating National Front candidate, Fabienne Delacour. He was appointed Minister of the Economy and Finance in the second Philippe government on 19 June 2017.
By November 2017, Le Maire was reported to explore his options to succeed Jeroen Dijsselbloem as the next President of the Eurogroup; the role of which was eventually given to Mário Centeno of Portugal. In 2019, he led the European Union’s selection process for a European candidate to succeed Christine Lagarde as managing director of the International Monetary Fund.
Speaking to the BBC in January 2019, Le Maire said the Brexit withdrawal agreement could not be re-negotiated and it was up to the UK to find way through the impasse. He also said a no-deal Brexit would be "catastrophic" for the UK. 
European Union organisationsEdit
- European Investment Bank (EIB), ex officio member of the Board of Governors
- European Stability Mechanism (ESM), member of the Board of Governors
- Asian Development Bank (ADB), ex officio member of the Board of Governors
- Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), ex officio member of the Board of Governors
- European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), ex officio member of the Board of Governors
- Inter-American Investment Corporation (IIC), ex officio member of the Board of Governors
- International Monetary Fund (IMF), ex officio member of the Board of Governors
- Joint World Bank-IMF Development Committee, Member
- Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), World Bank Group, ex officio member of the Board of Governors
- World Bank, ex officio member of the Board of Governors
During the conservative primaries in 2016, Le Maire shifted to the right, taking a tough stance on law and order and national identity issues. He called for the immediate expulsion of foreigners regarded as suspect by the security services, the deportation of foreign nationals who complete jail terms, and a curb of refugee numbers.
Le Maire has set out a free-market economic agenda, calling for the privatisation of France's labour offices, the end of subsidised jobs and capping of welfare benefits. Since taking office, he has steered Macron's drive to lighten the government touch on the economy and cut red-tape, and is overseeing a push to privatize airports and other state-controlled companies.
In 2016, however, Le Maire was quoted as saying the prospect of Britain leaving the European Union was a "fabulous opportunity for France" as it would remove the bloc's main champion of deregulation. He vowed on 9 July 2017 to put forward a plan to protect French companies from foreign takeovers.
On Brexit itself, Le Maire caused controversy on 20 July 2017 when he told the French Parliament's economic affairs committee: "The United Kingdom has a remaining balance to pay to the EU budget of €100 billion" The view held by Le Maire has been shared by European Leaders since April 2017 with some of them believing the "divorce-bill" will lead the UK to owing the European Union £50 billion He also promised to set up a special court to handle English-law cases for financial contracts after Brexit during a conference in New York.
On foreign trade, Le Maire expressed his opposition against the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) and also argued for a more protectionist trade policy in order to better defend against "dumping" by China.
In August 2017, he called upon EU nations to step up efforts to address how they tax the digital economy and stated that a "new momentum" was needed to get a fairer contribution from digital platforms, after a report that Airbnb paid less than €100,000 of taxes in France in 2016. He categorised low tax payments as "unacceptable".
On foreign policy, Le Maire is a traditional Gaullist, favouring French national independence. He has argued for a reinforced European defense policy to secure the bloc's exterior borders and fight terrorism, with more spending on the military by Germany in particular.
Le Maire is married to Pauline Doussau de Bazignan. They have four children.
Depiction in filmEdit
In the movie La conquête (The conquest), about Nicolas Sarkozy's career, he was played by Emmanuel Noblet.
- Le Ministre. Editions Grasset, 2004
- Des hommes d'Etat. Editions Grasset, 2007 (2008 Edgar Faure Prize)
- Jours de pouvoir, Editions Gallimard, 2013
- Webpage Archived 28 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- Biography Archived 24 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- John Irish (17 May 2017), Macron picks pro-EU conservative Le Maire as French finance chief Reuters.
- OECD Archived 6 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- Long-Term Investors Club Archived 27 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- "Bruno Le Maire: L'agriculture n'est pas une voie de garage" (in French). Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- "L'étrange emploi de la femme de Bruno Le Maire". www.20minutes.fr (in French). Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- "L'étrange emploi de la femme de Bruno Le Maire à l'Assemblée nationale entre 2007 et 2013". Le Huffington Post. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- Mathieu, Mathilde. "L'emploi flou de l'épouse de Bruno Le Maire". Mediapart (in French). Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- Arrêté du 30 juillet 2002 portant nomination au cabinet du ministre, retrieved 22 July 2017
- Arrêté du 22 avril 2004 portant nomination au cabinet du ministre, retrieved 22 July 2017
- Arrêté du 12 juillet 2006 relatif à la composition du cabinet du Premier ministre, retrieved 22 July 2017
- "Wikiwix's cache". archive.wikiwix.com. Archived from the original on 4 December 2014. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- Cynthia Kroet (1 March 2017), Bruno Le Maire quits François Fillon’s team Politico Europe.
- "Bernard Accoyer on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
- "Macron's new-look government stretches across French political spectrum". Reuters. 17 May 2017. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
- Factbox: Ministers in new French government Reuters, 17 May 2017.
- Berdah, Arthur; Boichot, Loris (18 May 2017). "Pour Baroin, Le Maire et Darmanin sont des "prises d'otages", pas des "prises de guerre"". Le Figaro (in French). ISSN 0182-5852. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- magazine, Le Point, (22 May 2017). "Législatives : Bruno Le Maire, candidat sous l'étiquette La République en marche". Le Point (in French). Retrieved 22 July 2017.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
- Noah Barkin and Michel Rose (5 November 2017), France's Le Maire heads to Berlin to test Eurogroup waters Reuters.
- Pan Pylas and Raf Casert (4 December 2017), Portugal's finance chief wins race for eurogroup president Chicago Tribune.
- Francesco Guarascio (July 26, 2019), World Bank's Georgieva added to EU list of candidates to lead IMF Reuters.
- Board of Governors European Investment Bank (EIB).
- Board of Governors: Bruno Le Maire European Stability Mechanism.
- Board of Governors Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).
- Board of Governors European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).
- Board of Governors International Monetary Fund (IMF).
- Members Joint World Bank-IMF Development Committee.
- Board of Governors Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), World Bank Group.
- Board of Governors World Bank.
- Members European Council on Foreign Relations.
- Emmet Livingstone (14 January 2017), François Fillon will curb refugee numbers in France, says aide Politico Europe.
- Michel Rose (16 October 2018), Factbox: France's Emmanuel Macron reshuffles government - only one big move Reuters.
- Nicholas Vinocur (18 August 2016), Brexit is ‘fabulous’ for France, says Bruno Le Maire Politico Europe.
- "Le Maire Vows to Protect Big French Companies From Predators". Bloomberg.com. 9 July 2017. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- "France to Britain: 'We want our money back'". POLITICO. 20 July 2017. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- "Britain will get money back from the EU instead of paying to leave under plans being considered by ministers". The Telegraph. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- "In New York, France promises English-law contracts after Brexit". Mail Online. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- Nicholas Vinocur (11 May 2016), From ‘yes man’ to his own man: Bruno Le Maire’s EU gamble Politico Europe.
- Agnew, Harriet; Brunsden, Jim (10 August 2017). "France urges 'new momentum' in taxation of US tech groups". Financial Times. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
- L'étrange emploi de la femme de Bruno Le Maire à l'Assemblée nationale entre 2007 et 2013, The Huffington Post, 8 October 2013
| Minister of Agriculture
Stéphane Le Foll
| Minister of the Economy