Bruno Bertotti (24 December 1930 – 20 October 2018) was an Italian physicist, emeritus professor at the University of Pavia. He was one of the last students of physicist Erwin Schrödinger.[1]

Bruno Bertotti
Born(1930-12-24)24 December 1930
Mantua, Italy
Died20 October 2018(2018-10-20) (aged 87)
Pavia, Italy
AwardsItalian Gold Medal for Merit in Science and Culture (2007)
Academic background
Alma materUniversity of Pavia
Academic advisorsErwin Schrödinger
Academic work
DisciplineTheoretical physics
InstitutionsUniversity of Pavia
Notable studentsAlberto Vecchio

Bertotti was well known for his contributions to general relativity – particularly the Bertotti-Robinson electrovacuum, an exact solution of the Einstein field equation. He pioneered the post-Minkowskian expansion.[2] He has also obtained a more accurate measurement of the parameter gamma of the parameterized post-Newtonian formalism, with the Cassini radioscience experiment.[3] The PPN gamma parameter measures the curvature of space in the metric theory of gravitation and it is equal to one in general relativity.[4]

More recent studies [5][6] revealed that the measured value of the PPN parameter gamma is affected by gravitomagnetic effect caused by the orbital motion of Sun around the barycenter of the solar system. The gravitomagnetic effect in the Cassini radioscience experiment was implicitly postulated by Bertotti as having a pure general relativistic origin but its theoretical value has been never tested in the experiment which effectively makes the experimental uncertainty in the measured value of gamma actually larger (by a factor of 10) than that claimed by Bertotti and co-authors in Nature.

Between 1953 and 1956, Bertotti worked as a scholar at the Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies. Following, Bertotti was a visiting scholar at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, in 1958-59.[7] In 2007 he was awarded the Italian Gold Medal for Merit in Science and Culture.[8] Among the last scholars in relativity from the University of Pavia are Alessandro Spallicci and Alberto Vecchio.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Ghezzi, Anna (22 October 2018). "Addio al fisico Bruno Bertotti I suoi esperimenti nello spazio". La Provincia Pavese (in Italian). Archived from the original on 23 October 2018. Retrieved 24 October 2018.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  2. ^ Bertotti, B. (1956-10-01). "On gravitational motion". Il Nuovo Cimento. 4 (4): 898–906. Bibcode:1956NCim....4..898B. doi:10.1007/BF02746175. ISSN 1827-6121. S2CID 120443098.
  3. ^ Bertotti, B.; Iess, L.; Tortora, P. (2003). "A test of general relativity using radio links with the Cassini spacecraft". Nature. 425 (6956): 374–376. Bibcode:2003Natur.425..374B. doi:10.1038/nature01997. PMID 14508481. S2CID 4337125.
  4. ^ Bertotti, B.; Catenacci, R.; Dappiaggi, C. (2005). "Pseudospheres in geometry and physics: from Beltrami to De Sitter and beyond". arXiv:math.HO/0506395.
  5. ^ Kopeikin S.~M.; Polnarev A.~G.; Schaefer G.; Vlasov I. Yu. (2007). "Gravimagnetic effect of the barycentric motion of the Sun and determination of the post-Newtonian parameter γ in the Cassini experiment". Physics Letters A. 367 (4–5): 276–280. arXiv:gr-qc/0604060. Bibcode:2007PhLA..367..276K. doi:10.1016/j.physleta.2007.03.036. S2CID 18890863.
  6. ^ Kopeikin S.~M. (2009). "Post-Newtonian limitations on measurement of the PPN parameters caused by motion of gravitating bodies". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 399 (3): 1539–1552. arXiv:0809.3433. Bibcode:2009MNRAS.399.1539K. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.15387.x. S2CID 10506077.
  7. ^ Institute for Advanced Study: A Community of Scholars
  8. ^ "Le onorificenze della Repubblica italiana". Presidenza della Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 28 March 2016.